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Alexander Vorontsov

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Count Alexander R. Vorontsov.
Count Alexander R. Vorontsov.

Count Alexander Romanovich Vorontsov (Russian: Алекса́ндр Рома́нович Воронцо́в) (4 February 1741 – 2 December 1805) was the Chancellor of the Russian Empire during the early years of Alexander I's reign.[1]

He began his career at the age of fifteen in the Izmailovsky regiment of the Guards. He was the son of Russian General-in-chief Roman Illarionovich Vorontsov (1707—1783) and Marfa Ivanovna Surmina (1718—1745). In 1759, Alexander's uncle, the grand chancellor Mikhail Illarionovich Vorontsov, sent him to Strasbourg, Paris and Madrid to train him in diplomacy. Under Peter III, who was in love with his sister Elizabeth, he represented Russia for a short time at the court of St James's. Catherine II created him a senator and president of the Board of Trade; but she never liked him, and ultimately (1791) compelled him to retire from public life.[2]

In 1802, Alexander I summoned him back to office and appointed him imperial chancellor. This was the period of the triumph of the Vorontsovs, who had always insisted on the necessity of a close union with Austria and Great Britain,[3] in opposition to Nikita Panin and his followers, who had leaned on France or Prussia till the outbreak of the French Revolution made friendship with France impossible.[2]

Vorontsov was also an implacable opponent of Napoleon Bonaparte, whose "topsy-turvyness" he was never weary of denouncing. The rupture with Napoleon in 1803 is mainly attributable to him. He also took a leading part in the internal administration and was in favour of a thorough reform of the Governing Senate and the ministries. He retired in 1804. A lifelong bachelor, he possessed an extraordinary memory and a firm and wide grasp of history.[2] His Memoirs of My Own Times is printed in vol. VII of the Vorontsov Archives.[4]

Family members

References

  1. ^ "Воронцов Александр Романович". Посольство РФ в Великобритании и Сев.Ирландии, МИД РФ. Retrieved 9 November 2015.
  2. ^ a b c  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainBain, Robert Nisbet (1911). "Vorontsov s.v. Alexander Romanovich Vorontsov". In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica. 28 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 212.
  3. ^ Карабанов П. Ф. Списки замечательных лиц русских / [Доп.: П. В. Долгоруков]. — М.: Унив. тип., 1860. — 112 с. — (Из 1-й кн. «Чтений в О-ве истории и древностей рос. при Моск. ун-те. 1860»)
  4. ^ "OldSpb". Archived from the original on 17 August 2016. Retrieved 2 July 2016.

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Aleksandr Borisovich Kurakin (acting)
Imperial Chancellor of Russia
1802–1804
Succeeded by
Adam Jerzy Czartoryski (de facto)

This page was last edited on 27 April 2021, at 17:21
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