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Alberta provincial electoral districts

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Alberta provincial electoral districts are currently single member ridings that each elect one member to the Legislative Assembly of Alberta. There are 87 districts fixed in law in Alberta.

History

The Calgary district in 1930.
The Calgary district in 1930.

The original twenty five districts were drawn up by Liberal Member of Parliament Frank Oliver prior to the first general election of 1905. The original boundaries were widely regarded as being gerrymandered to favor the Alberta Liberal Party, although the Liberal Party did receive the majority of votes in the 1905 election and thus rightly formed majority government. Every boundary redistribution since 1905 has been based on the original boundaries, with districts being split or merged.

From 1905 to 1926 with only a few exceptions each district elected a single member on the First Past the Post system. Calgary and Edmonton as well as Medicine Hat were elected on a plurality block vote, where each voter could cast as many votes as seats to be filled.

There have also been a couple of cases where members were elected outside of the geographical districts and did not represent any districts. Such was the case in the world wars when Albertans serving overseas voted for their own representatives.

From 1924 to 1956 Calgary and Edmonton MLAs were elected in multiple-member districts encompassing whole cities that used Single Transferable Vote to elect five to seven members. In 1926, Medicine Hat was a two-member district. Outside these cities single-member districts elected single MLAs using the Alternative Voting system, with vote transfers taking place only if no candidate had a majority of the vote. By-elections in the two big cities during this period were conducted using Alternative Voting. Under STV, some results were known as soon as the first vote count was done, but some seats took a couple days of vote transfers to fill. But the mixed representation elected in each city under STV, reflective of the mixed sentiment of the city's voters, was thought worth the wait.

There were no district changes between 1926 and 1940.

With Alberta in a population boom in the fifties and Calgary and Edmonton growing, single transferable vote was seen as too complicated, with vote counting taking days before final results could be announced. The Social Credit government felt threatened by the growing number of opposition MLAs being elected, and in 1959 returned Alberta to First past the post elections in single-member districts. No government has since changed the electoral system.

In 1977 Elections Alberta was established as an independent, non-partisan office of the Legislative Assembly responsible for administering provincial elections, by-elections and referenda.

The early 1990s proved to be a contentious period for delineation of electoral districts in Alberta. The Supreme Court of British Columbia ruling in Dixon v. Attorney General of British Columbia in 1989 invalidated the provincial electoral district re-distribution due to wide variations between electoral district populations for British Columbia, finding these differences inconsistent with the Charter of Rights and Freedoms.[1] Cognizant of this the Alberta Legislature tasked a Special Committee chaired by Taber-Warner MLA Bob Bogle to evaluate the re-distribution of electoral districts in the province. The Report of the Select Special Committee on Electoral Boundaries was submitted to the Legislature in November 1990[2] and was referred to the Court of Appeal of Alberta. While the Court of Appeals reference found the boundaries consistent with the Charter,[3] the report was scrapped and amendments to the Electoral Divisions Act were introduced in early 1991 to effectively "Charter-proof" the new districts.[4]

The same Select Committee was tasked with creating the new report which was presented to the Legislature in November 1992,[5] and once again referred to the Court of Appeal of Alberta to rule on the constitutional validity of the boundaries. The four Progressive Conservative MLAs on the Select Committee (Bob Bogle, Stockwell Day, Pat Nelson, Mike Cardinal) participated fully in developing the report, while the Opposition refused to appoint any MLAs.[4] Subsequently, the boundaries were implemented and used for the June 1993 Alberta general election. The Court of Appeal of Alberta withheld Charter condemnation, but found numerous issues with the process and requirements put forward for the re-distribution. In particular the members of the Select Committee were unable to provide sufficient rationale to the court for a number of the boundaries and district sizes recommended in the report.[4] The court explicitly voiced the opinion that a proper electoral boundary review was necessary within the term of the present government (which would expire in 1997).[6]

Following the issues in the early-1990s, a semi-independent boundary commissions were set up to tweak the boundaries to population changes that occurred after every census. Committees are composed of a neutral Judge, two members appointed by the governing party, and two members appointed by the official opposition.

As is the case with nearly every other Canadian jurisdiction, the number of districts has not increased in proportion to the growth in the provincial population. In 1905, 25,000 votes were cast across the province to elect 25 MLAs. In 1982, 945,000 votes, almost 40 times the 1905 total, were cast across the province to choose 79 MLAs, less than four times the 1905 seat total. Prior to the 1986 election the number of districts was fixed by law at 83 thus any change to that number would have to be enacted by the legislature. Even though the population has increased by more than 40 percent since 1986, the number of districts did not change until 2010. The 2012 election saw the number increase to 87.

Naming conventions

Like the federal districts in Alberta, urban ridings traditionally begin with the city name. This has generally applied where an urban area is divided and joined with rural areas, such as Grande Prairie-Wapiti and Fort McMurray-Lac La Biche. Notable exceptions are Cypress-Medicine Hat and Brooks-Medicine Hat, which follow the convention in other rural areas of listing communities in alphabetical order (another exception being Vermilion-Lloydminster-Wainwright).

Unlike federal practice, Alberta uses hyphens to join all name elements. This is true for electoral districts named for multiple communities as well as urban districts (where the city name is followed by a direction, a neighbourhood, a landmark, or the name of a historical politician). For example, compare the provincial Fort McMurray-Conklin with the federal Fort McMurray—Cold Lake, where the em dash is used instead of the hyphen to join names of separate communities. Also compare the provincial Edmonton-Strathcona with the federal Edmonton Strathcona, where a space indicates that Strathcona is a neighbourhood of Edmonton.

Current districts named for individuals include several premiers:

Three are named for former party leaders:

In addition, Edmonton-McClung is named for suffragette and MLA Nellie McClung. The abolished riding of Edmonton-Roper was named for CCF leader Elmer Roper.

List of provincial electoral districts

Current districts

Name Created MLA Party Population (2016)
1 Calgary-Acadia 2012 Tyler Shandro United Conservative 48,966
2 Calgary-Beddington 2019 Josephine Pon United Conservative 50,220
3 Calgary-Bow 1971 Demetrios Nicolaides United Conservative 51,358
4 Calgary-Buffalo 1971 Joe Ceci New Democrat 49,907
5 Calgary-Cross 1993 Mickey Amery United Conservative 50,634
6 Calgary-Currie 1971 Nicholas Milliken United Conservative 48,403
7 Calgary-East 1963* Peter Singh United Conservative 50,838
8 Calgary-Edgemont 2019 Prasad Panda United Conservative 50,803
9 Calgary-Elbow 1971 Doug Schweitzer United Conservative 48,618
10 Calgary-Falconridge 2019 Devinder Toor United Conservative 52,688
11 Calgary-Fish Creek 1979 Richard Gotfried United Conservative 47,691
12 Calgary-Foothills 1971 Jason Luan United Conservative 45,715
13 Calgary-Glenmore 1959 Whitney Issik United Conservative 49,543
14 Calgary-Hays 2004 Ric McIver United Conservative 50,782
15 Calgary-Klein 2012 Jeremy Nixon United Conservative 50,338
16 Calgary-Lougheed 1993 Jason Kenney United Conservative 42,956
17 Calgary-McCall 1971 Irfan Sabir New Democrat 48,735
18 Calgary-Mountain View 1971 Kathleen Ganley New Democrat 49,442
19 Calgary-North 1957* Muhammad Yaseen United Conservative 39,120
20 Calgary-North East 1959* Rajan Sawhney United Conservative 40,366
21 Calgary-North West 1979 Sonya Savage United Conservative 48,766
22 Calgary-Peigan 2019 Tanya Fir United Conservative 45,810
23 Calgary-Shaw 1986 Rebecca Schulz United Conservative 45,169
24 Calgary-South East 1959* Matt Jones United Conservative 40,309
25 Calgary-Varsity 1993 Jason Copping United Conservative 45,742
26 Calgary-West 1959 Mike Ellis United Conservative 46,266
27 Edmonton-Beverly-Clareview 1997 Deron Bilous New Democrat 46,496
28 Edmonton-Castle Downs 1997 Nicole Goehring New Democrat 46,112
29 Edmonton-City Centre 2019 David Shepherd New Democrat 47,715
30 Edmonton-Decore 2004 Chris Nielsen New Democrat 48,927
31 Edmonton-Ellerslie 1993 Rod Loyola New Democrat 48,024
32 Edmonton-Glenora 1971 Sarah Hoffman New Democrat 45,519
33 Edmonton-Gold Bar 1971 Marlin Schmidt New Democrat 45,446
34 Edmonton-Highlands-Norwood 2004 Janis Irwin New Democrat 43,550
35 Edmonton-Manning 1993 Heather Sweet New Democrat 48,376
36 Edmonton-McClung 1993 Lorne Dach New Democrat 44,625
37 Edmonton-Meadows 2019 Jasvir Deol New Democrat 51,776
38 Edmonton-Mill Woods 1979 Christina Gray New Democrat 50,265
39 Edmonton-North West 1959* David Eggen New Democrat 45,523
40 Edmonton-Riverview 1997 Lori Sigurdson New Democrat 45,214
41 Edmonton-Rutherford 1993 Richard Feehan New Democrat 47,353
42 Edmonton-South 1917* Thomas Dang New Democrat 45,801
43 Edmonton-South West 2012 Kaycee Madu United Conservative 45,901
44 Edmonton-Strathcona 1971 Rachel Notley New Democrat 46,578
45 Edmonton-West Henday 2019 Jon Carson New Democrat 43,046
46 Edmonton-Whitemud 1971 Rakhi Pancholi New Democrat 46,833
47 Airdrie-Cochrane 2019 Peter Guthrie United Conservative 51,170
48 Airdrie-East 2019 Angela Pitt United Conservative 49,978
49 Athabasca-Barrhead-Westlock 2019 Glenn van Dijken United Conservative 46,920
50 Banff-Kananaskis 2019 Miranda Rosin United Conservative 46,824
51 Bonnyville-Cold Lake-St. Paul 2019 Dave Hanson United Conservative 53,809
52 Brooks-Medicine Hat 2019 Michaela Glasgo United Conservative 51,070
53 Camrose 1921* Jackie Lovely United Conservative 44,082
54 Cardston-Siksika 2019 Joseph Schow United Conservative 42,655
55 Central Peace-Notley 2019 Todd Loewen United Conservative 28,993
56 Chestermere-Strathmore 2019 Leela Aheer United Conservative 48,203
57 Cypress-Medicine Hat 1993 Drew Barnes United Conservative 50,109
58 Drayton Valley-Devon 2012 Mark Smith United Conservative 46,637
59 Drumheller-Stettler 2004 Nate Horner United Conservative 41,535
60 Fort McMurray-Lac La Biche 2019 Laila Goodridge United Conservative 44,166
61 Fort McMurray-Wood Buffalo 2004 Tany Yao United Conservative 41,420
62 Fort Saskatchewan-Vegreville 2004 Jackie Armstrong-Homeniuk United Conservative 52,141
63 Grande Prairie 1930* Tracy Allard United Conservative 46,343
64 Grande Prairie-Wapiti 1993 Travis Toews United Conservative 48,481
65 Highwood 1971 RJ Sigurdson United Conservative 48,813
66 Innisfail-Sylvan Lake 1993 Devin Dreeshen United Conservative 46,717
67 Lac Ste. Anne-Parkland 2019 Shane Getson United Conservative 46,546
68 Lacombe-Ponoka 2004 Ron Orr United Conservative 44,898
69 Leduc-Beaumont 2012 Brad Rutherford United Conservative 48,337
70 Lesser Slave Lake 1971 Pat Rehn United Conservative 27,818
71 Lethbridge-East 1971 Nathan Neudorf United Conservative 46,204
72 Lethbridge-West 1971 Shannon Phillips New Democrat 46,525
73 Livingstone-Macleod 1997 Roger Reid United Conservative 48,120
74 Maskwacis-Wetaskiwin 2019 Rick Wilson United Conservative 43,798
75 Morinville-St. Albert 2019 Dale Nally United Conservative 50,225
76 Olds-Didsbury-Three Hills 1997 Nathan Cooper United Conservative 49,418
77 Peace River 1905 Dan Williams United Conservative 39,974
78 Red Deer-North 1986 Adriana LaGrange United Conservative 47,672
79 Red Deer-South 1986 Jason Stephan United Conservative 52,743
80 Rimbey-Rocky Mountain House-Sundre 2012 Jason Nixon United Conservative 45,138
81 Sherwood Park 1986 Jordan Walker United Conservative 45,992
82 Spruce Grove-Stony Plain 2019 Searle Turton United Conservative 51,267
83 St. Albert 1905 Marie Renaud New Democrat 47,745
84 Strathcona-Sherwood Park 2012 Nate Glubish United Conservative 47,853
85 Taber-Warner 1963* Grant Hunter United Conservative 42,625
86 Vermilion-Lloydminster-Wainwright 2019 Garth Rowswell United Conservative 46,042
87 West Yellowhead 1986 Martin Long United Conservative 50,604

Districts prior to 2019 election

Name Created Last MLA   Party Population Median
Income, 2011[7]
2011[8] 2016[9]
Airdrie 2012 Angela Pitt United Conservative 45,955 57,930 $60,524
Athabasca-Sturgeon-Redwater 2012 Colin Piquette New Democratic 37,060 38,051 $56,741
Banff-Cochrane 1940* Cam Westhead New Democratic 46,075 63,990 $56,603
Barrhead-Morinville-Westlock 2004 Glenn Van Dijken   United Conservative 40,670 45,030 $48,588
Battle River-Wainwright 2004 Wes Taylor   United Conservative 37,675 36,905 $46,988
Bonnyville-Cold Lake 1997 Scott Cyr United Conservative 35,165 39,696 $59,996
Calgary-Acadia 2012 Brandy Payne New Democratic 37,890 43,000 $53,262
Calgary-Bow 1971 Deborah Drever New Democratic 39,520 45,049 $64,985
Calgary-Buffalo 1971 Kathleen Ganley New Democratic 39,415 52,963 $54,913
Calgary-Cross 1993 Ricardo Miranda New Democratic 46,195 59,406 $42,992
Calgary-Currie 1971 Brian Malkinson New Democratic 44,450 51,611 $53,241
Calgary-East 1963* Robyn Luff Independent 47,735 56,618 $43,880
Calgary-Elbow 1971 Greg Clark Alberta Party 45,760 48,363 $67,959
Calgary-Fish Creek 1979 Richard Gotfried United Conservative 38,455 40,566 $64,793
Calgary-Foothills 1971 Prasad Panda United Conservative 43,015 54,180 $65,262
Calgary-Fort 1997 Joe Ceci New Democratic 41,660 51,083 $46,862
Calgary-Glenmore 1959 Anam Kazim New Democratic 46,095 48,972 $58,712
Calgary-Greenway 2012 Prab Gill Independent 46,130 56,474 $41,333
Calgary-Hawkwood 2012 Michael Connolly New Democratic 47,520 52,223 $64,978
Calgary-Hays 2004 Ric McIver United Conservative 41,505 46,893 $66,327
Calgary-Klein 2012 Craig Coolahan New Democratic 42,800 49,130 $55,235
Calgary-Lougheed 1993 Jason Kenney United Conservative 47,285 54,734 $60,144
Calgary-Mackay-Nose Hill 2012 Karen McPherson Alberta Party 42,535 56,625 $54,491
Calgary-McCall 1971 Irfan Sabir New Democratic 45,245 68,523 $42,245
Calgary-Mountain View 1971 David Swann Liberal 40,850 47,808 $64,783
Calgary-North West 1979 Sandra Jansen New Democratic 46,460 51,011 $76,108
Calgary-Northern Hills 2012 Jamie Kleinsteuber New Democratic 51,610 61,377 $58,324
Calgary-Shaw 1986 Graham Sucha New Democratic 43,940 48,056 $63,218
Calgary-South East 1959* Rick Fraser Alberta Party 48,945 79,034 $64,020
Calgary-Varsity 1993 Stephanie McLean New Democratic 40,875 48,107 $60,908
Calgary-West 1959 Mike Ellis United Conservative 40,950 45,966 $85,624
Cardston-Taber-Warner 1997 Grant Hunter United Conservative 38,505 43,467 $44,658
Chestermere-Rocky View 2012 Leela Aheer United Conservative 45,925 46,966 $64,826
Cypress-Medicine Hat 1993 Drew Barnes United Conservative 40,345 41,148 $50,184
Drayton Valley-Devon 2012 Mark Smith United Conservative 40,215 47,883 $50,869
Drumheller-Stettler 2004 Rick Strankman United Conservative 36,840 37,852 $43,459
Dunvegan-Central Peace-Notley 2012 Marg McCuaig-Boyd New Democratic 23,050 25,192 $44,932
Edmonton-Beverly-Clareview 1997 Deron Bilous New Democratic 45,475 51,834 $49,755
Edmonton-Calder 1971* David Eggen New Democratic 44,655 53,918 $52,833
Edmonton-Castle Downs 1997 Nicole Goehring New Democratic 45,740 52,775 $54,878
Edmonton-Centre 1959 David Shepherd New Democratic 40,750 51,659 $48,993
Edmonton-Decore 2004 Chris Nielsen New Democratic 43,755 49,942 $48,398
Edmonton-Ellerslie 1993 Rod Loyola New Democratic 42,540 59,091 $54,820
Edmonton-Glenora 1971 Sarah Hoffman New Democratic 42,000 48,138 $50,122
Edmonton-Gold Bar 1971 Marlin Schmidt New Democratic 42,540 44,691 $58,042
Edmonton-Highlands-Norwood 2004 Brian Mason New Democratic 43,020 54,804 $46,860
Edmonton-Manning 1993 Heather Sweet New Democratic 44,860 51,953 $53,328
Edmonton-McClung 1993 Lorne Dach New Democratic 39,265 42,971 $55,752
Edmonton-Meadowlark 1971 Jon Carson New Democratic 41,925 52,039 $49,474
Edmonton-Mill Creek 1997 Denise Woollard New Democratic 41,495 56,995 $52,849
Edmonton-Mill Woods 1979 Christina Gray New Democratic 41,030 48,364 $49,154
Edmonton-Riverview 1997 Lori Sigurdson New Democratic 40,000 45,517 $57,990
Edmonton-Rutherford 1993 Richard Feehan New Democratic 40,185 45,255 $57,782
Edmonton-South West 2012 Thomas Dang New Democratic 43,780 66,489 $64,343
Edmonton-Strathcona 1971 Rachel Notley New Democratic 40,315 44,400 $51,350
Edmonton-Whitemud 1971 Bob Turner New Democratic 48,860 52,574 $72,504
Fort McMurray-Conklin 2012 Laila Goodridge United Conservative 26,075 29,533 $98,417
Fort McMurray-Wood Buffalo 2004 Tany Yao United Conservative 40,855 59,576 $106,908
Fort Saskatchewan-Vegreville 2004 Jessica Littlewood New Democratic 42,945 49,399 $57,137
Grande Prairie-Smoky 1993 Todd Loewen United Conservative 44,115 57,580 $57,038
Grande Prairie-Wapiti 1993 Wayne Drysdale United Conservative 48,800 56,975 $60,916
Highwood 1971 Wayne Anderson United Conservative 48,940 56,268 $60,078
Innisfail-Sylvan Lake 1993 Devin Dreeshen United Conservative 42,230 43,996 $51,930
Lac La Biche-St. Paul-Two Hills 2012 Dave Hanson United Conservative 30,790 38,260 $43,825
Lacombe-Ponoka 2004 Ron Orr United Conservative 39,760 44,389 $49,907
Leduc-Beaumont 2012 Shaye Anderson New Democratic 46,550 52,734 $58,093
Lesser Slave Lake 1971 Danielle Larivee New Democratic 27,700 30,094 $49,192
Lethbridge-East 1971 Maria Fitzpatrick New Democratic 43,175 44,927 $45,912
Lethbridge-West 1971 Shannon Phillips New Democratic 40,285 46,211 $49,241
Little Bow 1913 Dave Schneider United Conservative 37,755 39,627 $41,775
Livingstone-Macleod 1997 Pat Stier United Conservative 42,700 42,794 $46,943
Medicine Hat 1905* Bob Wanner New Democratic 38,350 44,469 $48,013
Olds-Didsbury-Three Hills 1997 Nathan Cooper United Conservative 43,010 47,038 $47,923
Peace River 1905 Debbie Jabbour New Democratic 35,680 41,492 $49,380
Red Deer-North 1986 Kim Schreiner New Democratic 43,765 58,914 $49,891
Red Deer-South 1986 Barb Miller New Democratic 46,800 51,627 $54,916
Rimbey-Rocky Mountain House-Sundre 2012 Jason Nixon United Conservative 40,205 41,942 $44,905
Sherwood Park 1986 Annie McKitrick New Democratic 41,475 45,474 $69,023
Spruce Grove-St. Albert 2012 Trevor Horne New Democratic 51,800 59,453 $63,117
St. Albert 1905 Marie Renaud New Democratic 44,420 48,430 $67,036
Stony Plain 1905 Erin Babcock New Democratic 42,430 47,018 $63,712
Strathcona-Sherwood Park 2012 Estefania Cortes-Vargas New Democratic 46,620 46,971 $71,299
Strathmore-Brooks 1997 Derek Fildebrandt Freedom Conservative 44,900 52,474 $50,121
Vermilion-Lloydminster 1993 Richard Starke Progressive Conservative 36,540 40,544 $52,877
West Yellowhead 1986 Eric Rosendahl New Democratic 30,995 36,901 $62,422
Wetaskiwin-Camrose 1993 Bruce Hinkley New Democratic 41,890 43,350 $47,164
Whitecourt-Ste. Anne 1993 Oneil Carlier New Democratic 37,190 39,128 $53,828

* District has been abolished and re-established.

Historical provincial electoral districts

See also

References

  1. ^ Dixon v. Attorney General of British Columbia ,  [1989]  248 (BCSC)
  2. ^ Select Special Committee on Electoral Boundaries; Bob Bogle (November 1990). Report of the Select Special Committee on Electoral Boundaries. Edmonton, AB: Legislative Assembly of Alberta. Retrieved 20 June 2020.
  3. ^ Reference re: Order in Council O.C. 91/91 in Respect of the Electoral Boundaries Commission Act ,  [1991]  317 (ABCA)
  4. ^ a b c Stinson, Douglas (July 1, 1999). "Knowing Where to Draw the Line - Alberta Views - The Magazine for Engaged Citizens". albertaviews.ca. Retrieved 2018-05-31.
  5. ^ Select Special Committee on Electoral Boundaries; Bob Bogle (November 1992). Report of the Select Special Committee on Electoral Boundaries: established by Motion 24, July 2, 1992. Edmonton, AB: Legislative Assembly of Alberta. Retrieved 20 June 2020.
  6. ^ Reference re: Order in Council 215/93 Respecting the Electoral Divisions Statutes Amendment Act ,  [1994]  342 (ABCA)
  7. ^ "Alberta Finance, 2011 Census" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2015-12-14.
  8. ^ "Alberta Finance, 2011 Census" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2015-12-14.
  9. ^ "Alberta Electoral Boundaries Commission: Stats". Archived from the original on 2017-01-08. Retrieved 2017-01-13.

External links

This page was last edited on 18 September 2020, at 20:44
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