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Albert Johnson (congressman)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Albert Johnson
JOHNSON, ALBERT. HONORABLE LCCN2016858443 (cropped).jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Washington's 3rd district
In office
March 4, 1915 – March 3, 1933
Preceded byWilliam La Follette
Succeeded byMartin F. Smith
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Washington's 2nd district
In office
March 4, 1913 – March 3, 1915
Preceded byStanton Warburton
Succeeded byLindley H. Hadley
Personal details
BornMarch 5, 1869
Springfield, Illinois
DiedJanuary 17, 1957 (aged 87)
American Lake, Washington
Resting placeHoquiam, Washington
Political partyRepublican

Albert Johnson (March 5, 1869 – January 17, 1957) was an American politician who served as the U.S. Representative from Washington's third congressional district from 1915 to 1933.

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Transcription

Contents

Biography

Born in Springfield, Illinois, Johnson attended the schools at Atchison, Kansas and Hiawatha, Kansas. He worked as a reporter on the St. Joseph (Missouri) Herald and the St. Louis Globe-Democrat from 1888 to 1891, as managing editor of the New Haven Register in 1896 and 1897, and as news editor of the Washington Post in 1898.

To edit the Tacoma News he moved to Tacoma, Washington in 1898. He became editor and publisher of Grays Harbor Washingtonian (Hoquiam, Washington) in 1907.

Albert Johnson was elected as a Republican to the Sixty-third and to the nine succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1913 – March 3, 1933), but was defeated in a bid for reelection in November 1932.

While a Member of Congress, Johnson was commissioned a captain in the Chemical Warfare Service during the First World War, receiving an honorable discharge on November 29, 1918. He served as chairman of the Committee on Immigration and Naturalization (Sixty-sixth through Seventy-first Congresses), where he played an important role in the passage of the anti-immigrant legislation of the 1920s. Johnson appointed one of the leading eugenicists of the era, Harry Laughlin, as the committee's Expert Eugenics Agent.[1]

Johnson was the chief author of the Immigration Act of 1924, which in 1927 he justified as a bulwark against "a stream of alien blood, with all its inherited misconceptions respecting the relationships of the governing power to the governed."[2] Johnson has been described as "an unusually energetic and vehement racist and nativist."[3] He was the head of 'The Eugenics Research Association', a group which opposed interracial marriage and supported forced sterilization of the mentally disabled. In support of his 1919 proposal to suspend immigration he included this quote from a State Department official referring to Jewish people as "filthy, un-American, and often dangerous in their habits."[4]

Johnson retired from the newspaper business in 1934. He died in a veterans hospital at American Lake, Washington, January 17, 1957. He is buried in Sunset Memorial Park, Hoquiam, Washington.

References

  1. ^ Gur-Arie, Rachel (2014-12-19). "Harry Hamilton Laughlin (1880-1943)". Embryo Project Encyclopedia. Arizona State University. Retrieved October 15, 2017.
  2. ^ Roger Daniels, Guarding the Golden Door (NY: Hill and Wang, 2004), p. 55.
  3. ^ Dennis Wepman, Immigration: From the Founding of Virginia to the Closing of Ellis Island (New York City, Facts on File, 2002), p. 243
  4. ^ Dennis Wepman, Immigration: From the Founding of Virginia to the Closing of Ellis Island (New York City, Facts on File, 2002), p. 242

Sources

External links

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Stanton Warburton
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Washington's 2nd congressional district

1913-1915
Succeeded by
Lindley H. Hadley
Preceded by
William La Follette
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Washington's 3rd congressional district

1915-1933
Succeeded by
Martin F. Smith
This page was last edited on 28 November 2019, at 09:47
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