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Albert H. Tracy

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Albert H. Tracy
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 21st district
In office
March 4, 1819 – March 3, 1821
Serving with Nathaniel Allen
Preceded by
Succeeded byElijah Spencer
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 22nd district
In office
December 3, 1821 – March 3, 1823
Preceded byNew district
Succeeded byJustin Dwinell
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 30th district
In office
March 4, 1823 – March 3, 1825
Preceded byNew district
Succeeded byDaniel G. Garnsey
Member of the New York State Senate
from the 8th district
In office
1830–1837
Preceded byEthan B. Allen
Succeeded byWilliam A. Moseley
Personal details
Born(1793-06-17)June 17, 1793
Norwich, Connecticut, United States
DiedSeptember 19, 1859(1859-09-19) (aged 66)
Buffalo, New York, United States
Resting placeForest Lawn Cemetery, Buffalo, New York, United States
Political partyDemocratic-Republican
Other political
affiliations
RelativesPhineas L. Tracy (brother)

Albert Haller Tracy (June 17, 1793 – September 19, 1859) was an American lawyer and politician from New York.

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Transcription

The simple questions are the hardest ones to answer. What is a thing? Why do things happen? And why DO they happen the way they do? Let's try to approach this step by step. What are you made of? You are matter, which is made of molecules, which are made of atoms, and those are made of elementary particles. But, if elementary particles are the smallest things that exist, What are THEY made of? To answer a simple question, let's start simply. Let's wipe the universe clean. Away with matter, antimatter, radiation, particles, anything. Now let's take a closer look at absolutely nothing. What is empty space? Is it what we call a vacuum? There are no atoms, no matter, nothing! Is it really all that empty? Nothing gives us the building blocks for everything. In a sense, empty space is a lot like a vast, calm ocean. While the water is very still when nothing is happening, a stiff breeze can create some serious waves. Our universe works a lot like this. There are these oceans everywhere. Physicists call them fields. This might be strange and new, but think about radiation for example. By exciting what's known as the electromagnetic field, a little kink is created which is the particle we call the photon. The particle that carries radiation, we perceive it as light. This isn't unique to light; every particle in the universe is made this way. There are fields for every particle of matter all with their own rules. For example, along with the electromagnetic field, there is an electron field everywhere in the universe and little kinks in that field are electrons. All together, the fields of our universe can produce 17 particles which can be divided into 3 categories. The leptons, and the quarks, and the bosons. Leptons consist of the electron as well as its cousins: muon and tau particles. Each has an associated neutrino. Then, there are quarks. The quarks are the nuclear family of particles. They're always found bound together in groups and pairs and make up protons and neutrons, which make up the nuclei of atoms. Together, the leptons and quarks are the matter particles. They make up all the things you see. The air you breathe, the sun that warms you, the computer you're using right now to distract yourself from the stuff you should be doing. But things don't just exist, they also do stuff. In some philosophical sense, the properties of a thing are just as much a part of it as existence itself. This is where the bosons and the fields that makes them come in to play. While the quarks and leptons are made by the matter fields, the bosons are made by force fields. We call a rule of the universe a force. And so far, 4 fundamental forces have been discovered: Electromagnetism, gravity, and the strong and weak nuclear forces. These forces are the rule book of a game where the pieces are the particles, and the game is the universe. They tell particles what they can do and how they can do it. Bishops move diagonally, massless particles move at the speed of light, knights can jump, gravity attracts. The forces are the rules for how particles interact Which ultimately make them the rules for how particles assemble into all the big things we see in the universe. Gravity isn't just the rule for orbits around the sun or apples falling from trees. As a rule, it says matter attracts, which builds planets and stars. Electromagnetism isn't just the rule for magnets attracting or repelling, or electric currents in light bulbs. It governs all atomic bonds, building every molecule. Together, forces and particles are sort of like the Tinkertoys of existence. The bosons are like messengers. Passed between, you could say, connecting the matter particles. Which they use to tell each other how to move. Each particle uses a certain set of the forces to interact with other particles. Quarks, for example, can interact with each other with electromagnetism and the strong nuclear force, but electrons don't use the strong force, just electromagnetism. The quarks exchange strong force bosons, communicating the strong nuclear attraction to each other, while the protons they build exchange the particles of electromagnetism, photons with the electrons. Thus, the quarks end up locked up in nuclei, while the electrons remain attached by their electric attraction, building atoms. Even though the universe has lots of big, messy phenomena like life, supernova, and computers, that seem complex on the surface. If you zoom in far enough on anything, you just get 17 particles emerging from underlying fields, playing a game with 4 rules. To summarize, in the most basic form we know right now, this is what things are. This theory is what physicists call the Standard Model of Particle Physics. You are basically nothing more than disturbances on an ocean that's excited by energy and guided by forces that make up the rules of the universe. But why? And what is a force? We'll have to explore a few more simple questions to get to the bottom of this. We made some wallpapers from some of the graphics in this video: You can get them on patreon.com If you want to help us make more videos, you can do so there. We really appreciate your support. While you decide, here are some more videos we made.

Contents

Life

He was the son of Dr. Philemon Tracy (1757–1837, a physician) and Abigail (Trott) Tracy. He pursued classical studies, and later studied medicine. In 1811, he removed to New York, where he abandoned medicine and studied law. He was admitted to the bar in 1815, commenced practice in Buffalo, and became a prominent attorney.[1] Tracy married and had two sons: Albert Haller Tracy (b. 1834) and Francis Walsingham Tracy (b. 1839).

Tracy was elected as a Democratic-Republican to the 16th, 17th and 18th United States Congresses, holding office from March 4, 1819, to March 3, 1825. He was Chairman of the Committee on Expenditures in the Department of the Treasury (17th Congress). In February 1825, Tracy was brought forward as a compromise candidate for U.S. Senator from New York, and was nominated by resolution in the State Senate, but the different majority in the State Assembly refused to concur, and nobody was elected.

In March 1826, Tracy was appointed as Judge of the Eighth Circuit Court, but declined to take office. He was a member of the New York State Senate from 1830 to 1838, and was aligned politically with the Anti-Masons and later the Whigs.[1] Tracy sat in the 53rd, 54th, 55th, 56th, 57th, 58th, 59th and 60th New York State Legislatures.

Tracy was involved in business and cultural organizations within Buffalo throughout his life. He was one of the nine original members of the Buffalo Harbor Company, which was organized in 1819. Tracy was a member of the first board of directors of the branch of the United States Bank, which was established in Buffalo in 1826. He was one of the incorporators in 1846 of the University at Buffalo. Tracy was also the president of the Buffalo Water Works Company from 1855-1859.[1]

He died in Buffalo on September 19, 1859, and was buried at Forest Lawn Cemetery.

Congressman Phineas L. Tracy was his brother.

See also

Sources

  • United States Congress. "Albert H. Tracy (id: T000343)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  • The New York Civil List compiled by Franklin Benjamin Hough (pages 71, 128ff, 146 and 356; Weed, Parsons and Co., 1858)
  • Genealogy of the Family of Lt. Thomas Tracy, of Norwich Connecticut by Matilda O. Abbey (pages 101, 118ff and 125) [incorrectly gives September 12 as death date]
  • Albert H. Tracy at Find a Grave

References

  1. ^ a b c "Albert Haller Tracy Papers, 1815-1874; bulk 1821-1844". New York State Library Website. New York State Library. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
John C. Spencer,
Benjamin Ellicott
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 21st congressional district

1819–1821
with Nathaniel Allen
Succeeded by
Elijah Spencer
Preceded by
new district
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 22nd congressional district

1821–1823
Succeeded by
Justin Dwinell
New district Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 30th congressional district

1823–1825
Succeeded by
Daniel G. Garnsey
New York State Senate
Preceded by
Ethan B. Allen
New York State Senate
Eighth District (Class 3)

1830–1837
Succeeded by
William A. Moseley
This page was last edited on 16 May 2019, at 08:29
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