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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

B.I
Albatros B.I paper model.JPG
Paper model of an Albatros B.I(Ph)
Role Reconnaissance aircraft
Manufacturer Albatros Flugzeugwerke
Primary user Luftstreitkräfte

The Albatros B.I, (post-war company designation L.1) was a German military reconnaissance aircraft designed in 1913 and which saw service during World War I.[1]

Design and development

The B.I was a two-seat biplane of conventional configuration that seated the observer and the pilot in separate cockpits in tandem. The wings were originally of three-bay design, but were later changed to a two-bay, unstaggered configuration. A floatplane version was developed as the Albatros W.I.

Variants

B.I
German production aircraft for the Luftstreitkräfte
Phönix 20.01
First prototype for Austrian production.[2]
Phönix 20.02
second prototype for Austrian production.
B.I(Ph) series 21
Production by Phönix Flugzeug-Werke AG at Vienna for the Austro-Hungarian Imperial and Royal Aviation Troops.
B.I(Ph) series 24
Production by Phönix Flugzeug-Werke AG at Vienna for the Austro-Hungarian Imperial and Royal Aviation Troops.
B.I(Ph) series 25
Production by Phönix Flugzeug-Werke AG at Vienna, with the KNV (Knoller Verspannung) for the Austro-Hungarian Imperial and Royal Aviation Troops; 48 ordered, reduced to 16 due to delays and persistent problems.

Operational history

The B.Is were withdrawn from front line service in 1915 but some examples served as trainers for the remainder of the war.

Operators

 Austria-Hungary
 Bulgaria
 German Empire
 Netherlands
 Poland
 Turkey

Survivors

Phönix 20.01:Prototype for Austrian production of the Albatros B.I(Ph)
Phönix 20.01:Prototype for Austrian production of the Albatros B.I(Ph)

The Phönix 20.01, prototype for Austrian production of the Albatros B.I(Ph), is preserved at the Heeresgeschichtliches Museum in Vienna.

Specifications (B.I)

Data from German aircraft of the First World War[3]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 8.57 m (28 ft 1 in)
  • Wingspan: 14.48 m (47 ft 6 in)
  • Height: 3.15 m (10 ft 4 in)
  • Empty weight: 747 kg (1,647 lb)
  • Gross weight: 1,080 kg (2,381 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Mercedes D.I 6-cylinder water-cooled in-line piston engine, 75 kW (100 hp)
  • Propellers: 2-bladed fixed-pitch wooden propeller

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 105 km/h (65 mph, 57 kn)
  • Range: 650 km (400 mi, 350 nmi)
  • Endurance: ca 4 hours
  • Time to altitude: 800 m (2,625 ft) in 10 minutes

See also

Related development Albatros B.II - Albatros B.III - Albatros C.III - Lebed XI - Lebed XII Related lists

References

  1. ^ Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions. p. 51.
  2. ^ Treadwell, Terry C. (2010). German & Austro-Hungarian aircraft manufacturers 1908–1918. Stroud: Amberley Publishing. pp. 236–244. ISBN 978-1-4456-0102-1.
  3. ^ Gray, Peter; Owen Thetford (1970). German aircraft of the First World War (2nd ed.). London: Putnam. p. 252. ISBN 0-370-00103-6.

Bibliography

  • Klaauw, Bart van der (March–April 1999). "Unexpected Windfalls: Accidentally or Deliberately, More than 100 Aircraft 'arrived' in Dutch Territory During the Great War". Air Enthusiast (80): 54–59. ISSN 0143-5450.
This page was last edited on 15 February 2021, at 16:45
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