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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Albanophilia (literally love for Albania and Albanians) the expression by a non-Albanian person of a strong interest in or appreciation for the Albanian language, Albanian culture, Albanian literature, Albanian history or the Albanian people.

Albanophilia in Europe

Austrian Theodor Ippen in Shkodër with traditional costume. (1900)
Austrian Theodor Ippen in Shkodër with traditional costume. (1900)

Johann Erich Thunmann in the 18th century supported the theory of the autochthony of the Albanians[1] and also presented the Illyrian origin theory.[2][3] Later on Gustav Meyer proved that Albanian language was part of the Indo-European family.[4]

British poet Lord Byron wrote: "Land of Albania! Let me bend mine eyes.On thee, thou rugged Nurse of savage men"[5][unreliable source?]

In 2001 during the Insurgency in Macedonia the German foreign minister Joschka Fischer declared, that the Albanian question in the Balkans is not solved. Germany and Austria supported an Independent Albania, including cities like Parga, Tetovo and Prishtina.[6]

Albanophilia in Balkans

North Macedonia

According to the Gallup Balkan Monitor 2010 report, (53%) of the people living in North Macedonia support the idea to live in Greater Albania, although the same report noted that most thought this unlikely to happen.[7][8]

Montenegro

The Montenegrin Federalist Party was the only party in Montenegro which promoted common Illyrian theory with Albanians. The party's theoretician, Sekula Drljević, promoted ideas of a separate Montenegrin ethnicity (ideas that become more extreme throughout the 1930s), arguing that the Montenegrins were Illyrian.[9] He wrote:

Races are communities of blood, whereas people are creatures of history. With their language, the Montenegrin people belong to the Slavic linguistic community. By their blood, however, they belong [to the Dinaric peoples]. According to the contemporary science of European races, [Dinaric] peoples are descended from the Illyrians. Hence, not just the kinship, but the identity of certain cultural forms among the Dinaric peoples, all the way from Albanians to South Tyroleans, who are Germanized Illyrians.[10]

Notable Albanophiles

Pro-Albanian political parties

References

  1. ^ Elsie, Robert (19 March 2010). Historical Dictionary of Albania. Scarecrow Press. p. 159. ISBN 978-0-8108-7380-3. Johann Erich Thunmann (1746–1778) of the University of Halle first disseminated the theory of the autochthony of the Albanians
  2. ^ Schwandner-Sievers, Stephanie; Fischer, Bernd Jürgen (2002). Albanian Identities: Myth and History. Indiana University Press. p. 75. ISBN 0-253-34189-2. Although the first major exposition of the Illyrian theory, published by the German scholar Johann Thunmann in 1774...
  3. ^ Stipčević, Aleksandar (1977). The Illyrians: history and culture. Noyes Press. p. 73. ISBN 978-0-8155-5052-5. The first one who clearly formulated the thesis of the Illyrian origin of the Albanians, was the German historian Johannes Thunmann in the eighteenth century.
  4. ^ Philip Baldi (1983). An Introduction to the Indo-European Languages. SIU Press. pp. 87–88. ISBN 978-0-8093-1091-3. In fact, Albanian was not established definitively Indo-European until the latter part of the nineteenth century, when certain structural and lexical correspondences that demonstrated the Indo-European character of the language were noted (especially by Gustav Meyer)
  5. ^ "Lord George Gordon Byron and Albanians". albabyron.tripod.com. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  6. ^ "deutschland-und-die-albanische-frage". blaetter. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  7. ^ Gallup Balkan Monitor Archived 27 December 2012 at the Wayback Machine, 2010
  8. ^ Balkan Insight Poll Reveals Support for 'Greater Albania' , 17 November 2010 [1]
  9. ^ Morrison, Kenneth (2009). Montenegro: A Modern History. I.B. Tauris. pp. 47–49. ISBN 978-1845117108.
  10. ^ Banac, Ivo (1984). The National Question in Yugoslavia: Origins, History, Politics. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press. p. 290. ISBN 978-0-8014-9493-2.
  11. ^ Péter, László; Rady, Martyn C.; Studies, University of London. School of Slavonic and East European (1 January 2004). British-Hungarian relations since 1848. Hungarian Cultural Centre. p. 170. ISBN 978-0-903425-73-5. Edith Durham, the noted Albanophile, comes here to mind.
This page was last edited on 25 June 2021, at 09:20
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