To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Al Gore 2000 presidential campaign

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Al Gore for President 2000
Gore-Lieberman campaign logo
Gore-Lieberman campaign logo
Campaign2000 Democratic primaries
2000 U.S. presidential election
CandidateAl Gore
45th Vice President of the United States
Joe Lieberman
U.S. Senator from Connecticut
AffiliationDemocratic Party
StatusAnnounced: June 16, 1999
Presumptive nominee: March 14, 2000
Official nominee: August 17, 2000
Lost election: November 7, 2000
Projected defeat: December 12, 2000
Formally conceded: December 13, 2000
HeadquartersNashville, Tennessee
Key peopleDonna Brazile, campaign manager
William M. Daley, campaign chairman
SloganLeadership for the New Millennium
Prosperity for America's Families[1]
(Archived – October 29, 2000)
Al Gore 2000 original campaign logo

The 2000 presidential campaign of Al Gore, the 45th vice president of the United States under President Bill Clinton, began when he announced his candidacy for the presidency of the United States in Carthage, Tennessee, on June 16, 1999. Gore became the Democratic nominee for the 2000 presidential election on August 17, 2000.

On November 7, 2000, projections indicated that Gore's opponent, then-Governor of Texas George W. Bush, the Republican candidate, had narrowly won the election. Gore won the national popular vote but lost the Electoral College vote after a legal battle over disputed vote counts in the state of Florida. Bush won the state of Florida in the initial count and also in each subsequent recount at the time. While a NORC study of uncounted ballots released on November 12, 2001 found that with a full statewide hand recount, Gore may have won Florida under revised vote standards (depending on which standard was used, his margin of victory would have varied from 60 to 171 votes),[2] under rules devised by the Florida Supreme Court and accepted by the Gore campaign at the time, Bush would likely have won the recount.[3]

The legal dispute was ultimately resolved by the Supreme Court of the United States in a 5–4 decision. Bush won the election by 537 votes in Florida, and won the electoral college vote of 271 to 266. One elector pledged to Gore did not cast an electoral vote; Gore received 267 pledged electors. The election was one of the most controversial in American history.[4][5]

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/3
    3 399
    255 442
    1 023 543
  • How the U.S. Supreme Court Decided the Presidential Election of 2000 | Biography
  • How the Supreme Court Decided the 2000 Election | Bush v. Gore
  • What if Al Gore Won In 2000?


Announcement and Democratic primaries

CNN interview

Prior to his announcement that he would be running in the 2000 election, Gore participated in a March 9, 1999, interview for CNN's Late Edition with Wolf Blitzer. Gore stated in the interview, "During my service in the United States Congress I took the initiative in creating the internet. I took the initiative in moving forward a whole range of initiatives that have proven to be important to our country's economic growth and environmental protection, improvements in our educational system."[6] Former UCLA professor of information studies, Philip E. Agre[7][8] and journalist Eric Boehlert[9] both argue that three articles in Wired News led to the creation of the widely spread urban legend that Gore claimed to have "invented the Internet", which followed this interview.[10] This urban legend became "an automatic laugh. Jay Leno, David Letterman, or any other comedic talent can crack a joke about Al Gore 'inventing the Internet,' and the audience is likely to respond with howls of laughter."[11]

In response to the controversy, Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn argued that they didn't think, "as some people have argued, that Gore intended to claim he 'invented' the Internet. Moreover, there is no question in our minds that while serving as Senator, Gore's initiatives had a significant and beneficial effect on the still-evolving Internet."[12]

Gore would later poke fun at the controversy on the Late Show with David Letterman when he read Letterman's Top 10 List, which for this show was called, "Top Ten Rejected Gore - Lieberman Campaign Slogans". Number nine on the list was: "Remember, America, I gave you the Internet, and I can take it away!"[13] A few years later, on June 6, 2005, Gore was awarded the Lifetime Achievement Award "for three decades of contributions to the Internet" at the Webby Awards.[14][15]


There was talk of a potential run for president by Gore as early as January 1998.[16]

Gore formally announced his candidacy for president on June 16, 1999, in Carthage, Tennessee.[17] He was introduced by his eldest daughter, Karenna Gore, who was pregnant at the time with her first child.[17] The speech was "briefly interrupted" by AIDS protesters claiming Gore was working with the pharmaceutical industry to prevent access to generic medicines for poor nations.[17] Additional speeches were also interrupted by the protesters. Gore responded, "I love this country. I love the First Amendment ... Let me say in response to those who may have chosen an inappropriate way to make their point, that actually the crisis of AIDS in Africa is one that should command the attention of people in the United States and around the world."[18] In making the announcement, Gore also distanced himself from Bill Clinton, whom he stated had lied to him.[17] In an interview for 20/20 Gore stated, "What he did was inexcusable, and particularly as a father, I felt that it was terribly wrong."


Gore faced an early challenge by former New Jersey senator Bill Bradley.[17] Bradley was the only candidate to oppose Gore[19] and was considered a "fresh face" for the White House.[20] Bradley, in comparing himself with the current administration, argued that "One of the reasons I'm running for president is to restore trust and public service and confidence in our collective will."[19] By the fall of 1999, a number of polls showed Bradley running even with the Vice President in key primary states."[20] Gore responded by switching his campaign headquarters from Washington, D.C., to Nashville, Tennessee, in an effort to further distance himself from Bill Clinton.[21] Gore then challenged Bradley to a series of debates which took the form of "town hall" meetings.[22] Gore went on the offensive during these debates[23] leading to a drop in the polls for Bradley.[24] Gore eventually went on to win every primary and caucus and in March 2000, secured the Democratic nomination.[25]


Running mate selection


Short list[27][26]

Joe Lieberman and nomination

In August 2000, Gore announced that he had selected Senator Joe Lieberman of Connecticut as his vice presidential running mate. Lieberman became "the first person of the Jewish faith to run for the nation's second-highest office" (Barry Goldwater, who ran for president in 1964, was of "Jewish origin").[28] Lieberman, who was a more conservative Democrat than Gore, had publicly blasted President Clinton for the Monica Lewinsky affair. Many pundits saw Gore's choice of Lieberman as another way of trying to distance himself from the scandals of the Clinton White House.[29] However, Lieberman voted against Clinton's removal from office in both counts. Lieberman was selected from a group of potential running mates that included Senators John Kerry from Massachusetts and John Edwards from North Carolina, both of whom eventually became the Democratic nominees four years later.[30]

Gore's daughter, Karenna, together with her father's former Harvard roommate Tommy Lee Jones,[31] officially nominated Gore as the Democratic presidential candidate during the 2000 Democratic National Convention in Los Angeles.[32] Gore accepted his party's nomination and spoke about the major themes of his campaign, stating in particular his plan to extend Medicare to pay for prescription drugs, to work for a sensible universal health-care system.[32]

Campaign trail and platform

Soon after the convention, with running mate Joe Lieberman, Gore hit the campaign trail. He and Bush were deadlocked in the polls.[33]

During his first presidential run in 1988, Gore ran his campaign as "a Southern centrist, [who] opposed federal funding for abortion. He favored a moment of silence for prayer in the schools and voted against banning the interstate sale of handguns."[34] Gore's policies changed substantially during the 2000 campaign, reflecting his eight years as vice president.[35] According to an article by PBS, Gore promised to appoint pro-choice judges with more liberal leanings. Gore appointees are more likely to support gay rights and maintain a separation between religion and government. Gore vowed to maintain a firm distinction between Church and State, and did not focus on religion as a major issue. However, Gore did promote government partnerships with faith-based groups. His running mate, Senator Joe Lieberman, was an observant Jew who often talked about increasing the role of religion in public life. During Gore's eight years as vice president, the Clinton administration appointed 150 gay people to government posts. Al Gore said he wanted to lift the "don't ask, don't tell" policy on LGBT people in the military, which was supported by President Clinton. Gore also promised to work toward expanding gay rights, and supports legislation such as the Hate Crime Prevention Act that would broaden the definition of hate crimes to include crimes committed against gay people.[35]

Economic platform

Al Gore's platform pledged to "keep our economy strong by building on the careful fiscal policies of the last seven years".[36]

National debt and Social Security

The platform included a plan to pay off the national debt by 2012. Gore's platform stated: "This fiscally-disciplined approach assures that our children will not be saddled with debt - and the enormous annual interest burden on that debt - and the costs of paying for the Baby Boomers' retirement." Gore's balanced budget plan also devoted the $2.3 trillion social security surplus exclusively to social security and the national debt, thereby extending solvency "through at least 2054".[36]

Medicare "lock box"

Gore's platform involved creating a "Medicare lock box" designed so that Medicare payroll taxes could only be used to strengthen Medicare and pay down the national debt.[36]

Tax cuts

Gore proposed a $500 billion package of targeted tax cuts, "to afford quality child care, higher education and lifelong learning, health insurance and long-term care for an aging or disabled relative".[36]

Trust funds

Gore called for the establishment of "three new trust funds to improve and expand access to affordable health care, dramatically improve education, and clean up [America's] environment". The environmental trust fund would use market-based mechanisms to target the transportation, electric power generation and industrial production sectors of the economy.[36]

Investing in technology

Gore's plan called for increased investment in biotechnology, information technology, a university research ideas "which are later turned into benefits that we all enjoy such as high-speed wireless networks that can provide telemedicine, distance learning, and electronic commerce to remote rural communities; supercomputers that can dramatically increase our ability to predict tornadoes and hurricanes; and computers that are much easier to use, and can 'understand' human language; new research leading to the design of effective drugs and a speed-up of the time it takes to find important new treatments and cures". These investments were considered "a vital element of preserving and expanding America's prosperity".[36]

Investing in communities

Gore's platform included measures aimed at "revitalizing distressed communities". This included creating and funding more empowerment zones and enterprise communities (EZs and ECs), tax credits and grants as part of the New Markets Initiative, and $35 million increased funding for the Community Development Financial Institutions (CDFI) Fund.[36]


Gore called for opening markets to "spur innovation, speed the growth of new industries, and make [American] businesses more competitive", but also stressed the need to "negotiate worker rights, human rights, and environmental protections", stating: "we should use trade to lift up standards around the world not drag down standards here at home".[36]


Gore's economic platform also contained a section entitled "Keep Our Defense Strong and Protect Americans Abroad", in which he stated his intention to "use part of the surplus to make reasonable increases in military spending - targeted to improve benefits and quality of life for servicemen and women, improve force readiness and provide the most modern equipment".[36]


Gore and Bush participated in three televised debates. A Gallup debate-reaction survey taken right after the first debate found that viewers felt Gore won the debate by 48% to 41%.[37] Media analysis focused on the presentation style of each of the candidates. Issues of style and presentation would continue to be a theme throughout the election. Stuart Rothemberg analyzed the debate and declared that Bush appeared to be a "'deer in the headlights' in the first debate. But the governor was relaxed and authentic, and he seemed at ease on the same stage with the sitting vice president ... Gore may have been more aggressive on issues, and he surely was more detailed. But the vice president also looked and sounded about as appealing as a case of the flu. His makeup was terrible, and his comments sounded canned. Gore has always had problems sounding natural, and his first debate performance made him look like a phony politician, not a sincere leader."[38] After three days of such analysis, support for Gore went from a pre-debate lead by 8 points to a tie of 43% for both candidates.[37] After the second debate, Gore was criticized as too "reticent" while Bush was "relaxed and self-confident."[38] Finally, critics argued that Gore's performance during the third debate was too aggressive.[39]

Florida recount and Bush v. Gore

Al Gore won the states in blue, George W. Bush won the states in red

On election night, news networks first called Florida for Gore, later retracted the projection, and then called Florida for Bush, before finally retracting that projection as well.[40] Florida Secretary of State Republican Katherine Harris eventually certified the Florida count.[41] This led to the Florida election recount, a move to further examine the Florida results. The Florida recount was stopped a few weeks later by the Supreme Court of the United States. In the ruling, Bush v. Gore, the Florida recount was called unconstitutional and that no constitutionally valid recount could be completed by the December 12 deadline, effectively ending the recounts. This 7–2 vote ruled that the standards the Florida Supreme Court provided for a recount as unconstitutional due to violations of the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, and further ruled 5–4 that no constitutionally valid recount could be completed by the December 12 deadline. This case ordered an end to recounting underway in selected Florida counties, effectively giving George W. Bush a 534-vote victory in Florida and consequently Florida's 25 electoral votes and the presidency.[42][43] The results of the decision led to Gore winning the popular vote by approximately 500,000 votes nationwide, but receiving 266 electoral votes (1 DC Elector abstained) to Bush's 271.[44]

Gore strongly disagreed with the Court's decision, but in a widely praised concession speech, co-written with his chief White House and campaign speechwriter Eli Attie, Gore said, "for the sake of our unity as a people and the strength of our democracy, I offer my concession."[45][46][47]

In the introduction to his global warming presentation, Gore later jokingly introduced himself as "the former next President of the United States".[48] Gore became the fourth candidate in American history to win the popular vote but lose the electoral vote after Andrew Jackson, Samuel Tilden, and Grover Cleveland.[49] (Hillary Clinton, the First Lady of the United States during Al Gore's vice presidency and later a US Senator and US Secretary of State during US President Barack Obama's first term, would subsequently become the fifth such candidate over a decade later, in 2016.[50])

Transition planning

A presidential transition was contingently planned from President Clinton to Gore.

Months before the election, transition planning began, with Al Gore appointing Roy Neel to lead the planning effort.[51]

On November 9, Neel announced that all transition planning would be paused by the Gore team.[52] With the result of the election remaining in flux, for some time, Gore would keep this pause on transition planning. Contrarily, Bush proceeded with his transition efforts.[53][54] Gore's camp criticized this as Bush's team rushing to declare a victory before the election result had even been decided.[51]

Unlike Bush, who would have to start from scratch to form an administration, Gore had many top-aides for which he had had input in hiring already in place in Clinton's White House.[51] A Gore transition, unlike a Bush transition would be a "friendly transition", with the same political party remaining in control of the executive branch.[55]

In late November, with the inauguration day ever nearing, Gore began resuming work on his transition effort.[53][56] The Clinton administration would attempt to treat it as though two different presidential transitions were taking place simultaneously.[53] The FBI began conducting background checks for each transition team's potential appointees.[53] Resuming work on his transition, Gore, Lieberman, and Neel gathered a small group of associates and aides, which included Katie McGinty, Secretary of Labor Alexis Herman, Gore's chief of staff Charles Burson, and Gore's national security adviser Leon Fuerth to work on planning activities. They created preliminary lists of nominees for top administration roles.[57] Gore and Lieberman also consulted with individuals such as AFL–CIO president John Sweeney and civil rights leader Jesse Jackson.[57] On November 23, The New York Times reported on Neel making moves related to potential Cabinet picks.[57] On November 24, The New York Times reported that Gore had met at Number One Observatory Circle with Lieberman, Neel, William M. Daley, and Leon Fuerth to discuss transition plans.[57]

Gore's transition effort ended when Bush became president-elect after the Bush v. Gore decision.



There were a number of theories connected to Gore's loss. Gore, according to a 2002 NPR article, attributed it to "the economic downturn and stock market slide that began earlier that year."[58] His running mate, Joe Lieberman, criticized Gore for adopting a populist theme, stating that he had objected to Gore's "people vs. the powerful" message, as he believed that it was not the best strategy for a sitting Vice President (Lieberman also stated that he would still endorse Gore if he decided to run for the 2004 election).[59] Other critics attributed Gore's loss in part to Green Party candidate Ralph Nader who garnered 2.7% of the vote, enough of whose votes which they argued might have otherwise gone to Gore to swing the result.[60][61]

Another theory suggests that Al Gore attempted to run a populist campaign but failed to separate himself from the abuses of the Clinton presidency. The public was not able to forget the Campaign fund raising controversy at the Hsi Lai Temple 1996 United States campaign finance controversy. There is also a theory concerning Al Gore's first campaign interviews on CNN.[62]

However, it has been acknowledged that Gore's decision to distance himself from Clinton—whose Gallup approval ratings were well above 50% throughout the year[63]—was a costly mistake for his campaign.[64][65][66]

Television appearances

A few years later, Gore began to make a number of television appearances in which he displayed a willingness to poke fun at himself, such as in episodes of Futurama and Saturday Night Live.[67][68] Some argued that this was evidence that he was "presenting a whole new side of himself" to contradict the perception of a persona "often associated with stiffness and caution." There was further speculation that it was indicative of a 2004 presidential run.[67]

HBO film

The election is the subject of a 2008 made-for-TV movie directed by Jay Roach, produced by, and starring Kevin Spacey called Recount. It premiered on the HBO cable network on May 25, 2008.

See also


  1. ^ "The Living Room Candidate - Commercials - 2000 - Successful Leader".
  2. ^ Schwarz, Jon (November 10, 2018). "Democrats Should Remember Al Gore Won Florida in 2000 — but Lost the Presidency With a Pre-emptive Surrender". The Intercept. Retrieved October 7, 2020.
  3. ^ "Bush Wins, Gore wins – depending on how ballots are added up". Chicago Tribune.
  4. ^ "Al Gore". Encyclopædia Britannica. Archived from the original on October 16, 2007. Retrieved October 13, 2007.
  5. ^ "George W. Bush, et al., Petitioners v. Albert Gore, Jr., et al., 531 U.S. 98 (2000)". Archived from the original on October 15, 2007. Retrieved October 13, 2007.
  6. ^ "Transcript: Vice President Gore on CNN's 'Late Edition'". CNN. CNN. March 9, 1999. Archived from the original on June 13, 2007. Retrieved June 2, 2007.
  7. ^ Agre, Philip (October 17, 2000). "Who Invented "Invented"?:Tracing the Real Story of the "Al Gore Invented the Internet" Hoax". Red Rock Eater Digest. Red Rock Eater Digest. Archived from the original on June 3, 2004. Retrieved June 2, 2007.
  8. ^ Finkelstein, Seth (April 28, 2006). "Al Gore "invented the Internet"-resources". Archived from the original on May 22, 2007. Retrieved June 2, 2007.
  9. ^ Boehlert, Eric (April 28, 2006). "Wired Owes Al Gore an Apology". Archived from the original on July 14, 2007. Retrieved June 2, 2007.
  10. ^ "Did Al Gore Claim He Invented the Internet?". Snopes. October 26, 2015.
  11. ^ Wiggins, Richard (October 2, 2000). "Al Gore and the Creation of the Internet". Vol. 5, no. 10. Retrieved January 14, 2015.
  12. ^ Kahn, Bob; Cerf, Vint; et al. (September 29, 2000). "Al Gore and the Internet". Retrieved June 2, 2007.
  13. ^ Boehlert, Eric (September 14, 2000). "Gore Does Dave". Archived from the original on May 3, 2007. Retrieved June 2, 2007.
  14. ^ A.P. (May 5, 2005). "Webby Awards not laughing at Gore's contribution to Net Former Vice President of the United States". USA Today. Retrieved June 15, 2008.
  15. ^ Carr, David (June 8, 2005). "Accepting a Webby? Brevity, Please". American Broadcasting Company. Archived from the original on May 13, 2011. Retrieved June 15, 2008.
  16. ^ "Al Gore: Waiting in the wings". BBC. January 27, 1998. Retrieved July 3, 2008.
  17. ^ a b c d e "Gore launches presidential campaign". CNN. June 16, 1999. Archived from the original on June 8, 2008. Retrieved July 3, 2008.
  18. ^ Babcock, Charles R.; Connolly, Ceci (June 18, 1999). "AIDS Activists Badger Gore Again". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 3, 2008.
  19. ^ a b "Bradley returns to boyhood home to launch fall campaign". CNN. September 8, 1999. Retrieved July 3, 2008.
  20. ^ a b Berke, Richard (September 19, 1999). "Republicans Express a Joint Fear: Of Bradley, Not Gore". The New York Times. Retrieved July 3, 2008.
  21. ^ "Gore challenges Bradley to debates; moves campaign HQ to Tennessee". CNN. September 29, 1999. Archived from the original on December 5, 2006. Retrieved July 3, 2008.
  22. ^ Dao, James (October 20, 1999). "Bradley Accepts Gore's Offer, And 7 Debates Will Be Held". The New York Times. Retrieved July 3, 2008.
  23. ^ Balz, Dan; Connolly, Ceci (October 10, 1999). "Gore Takes Another Swing at Bradley". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 3, 2008.
  24. ^ Benedetto, Richard (March 8, 2000). "Little time left on Bradley clock". USA Today. Retrieved July 3, 2008.
  25. ^ Colby, Edward (March 10, 2000). "Bradley, McCain Drop Out of Race". Harvard Crimson. Retrieved July 3, 2008.
  26. ^ a b "OnlineAthens: Election 2000: Gore narrows vice presidential short list to six 08/04/00". Archived from the original on August 17, 2000.
  27. ^ a b DePaulo, Lisa (December 14, 2011). "The (Real) Governator". GQ.
  28. ^ "Joe Lieberman". The New York Observer. August 13, 2000. Archived from the original on December 7, 2008. Retrieved July 15, 2008.
  29. ^ Sack, Kevin (August 9, 2000). "The 2000 Campaign: The Vice President; Gore and Lieberman Make Tolerance the Centerpiece". The New York Times. Retrieved July 3, 2008.
  30. ^ Barstow, David; Seelye, Katharine Q. (August 9, 2000). "The 2000 Campaign: The Selection; In Selecting a No. 2, No Detail Too Small". The New York Times. Retrieved July 3, 2008.
  31. ^ "Joe Lieberman, Karenna Gore Schiff Speak to the Democratic National Convention". CNN. August 16, 2000. Archived from the original on April 17, 2021. Retrieved July 3, 2008.
  32. ^ a b "Democrats nominate Gore for presidency". CNN. August 17, 2000. Archived from the original on February 28, 2007. Retrieved July 3, 2008.
  33. ^ Ferullo, Mike (September 4, 2000). "Bush, Gore kick off fall campaign season with appeal to working families". CNN. Archived from the original on August 29, 2013. Retrieved July 1, 2008.
  34. ^ "The first presidential run". CNN. 2000. Archived from the original on January 1, 2007. Retrieved July 1, 2008.
  35. ^ a b Spencer, Jane (September 20, 2000). "Who Cares Who Wins?". PBS. Archived from the original on January 5, 2008. Retrieved July 1, 2008.
  36. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Al Gore 2000 On The Issues Economy".
  37. ^ a b Gallup, Inc. (September 25, 2008). "Presidential Debates Rarely Game-Changers".
  38. ^ a b Rothenberg, Stuart (October 16, 2000). "Stuart Rothenberg: Gore, Bush hope third debate is the charm". CNN. Retrieved July 1, 2008.
  39. ^ Novak, Robert (October 18, 2000). "Robert Novak: Big win eludes Gore in final presidential debate". CNN. Retrieved July 1, 2008.
  40. ^ "Online NewsHour". Archived from the original on July 31, 2010. Retrieved August 23, 2017.
  41. ^ "Bush to begin transition, urges Gore not to contest Florida". CNN. Archived from the original on March 2, 2007.
  42. ^ "BUSH v. GORE".
  43. ^ "Breaking News, Daily News and Videos -". CNN.
  44. ^ "It's a Mess, But We've Been Through It Before". Time. Retrieved September 6, 2006
  45. ^ "Vice President Al Gore Delivers Remarks"
  46. ^ "Breaking News, Daily News and Videos -". CNN. Archived from the original on July 6, 2010.
  47. ^ Smith, Roger (November 20, 2002). "Al Gore Has Stopped The Sighs". Jewish World Review.
  48. ^ Harvard News Office. "Harvard Gazette: Gore family values".
  49. ^ "For Gore, It's Now or Never" Archived January 13, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. Salon. Retrieved on October 14, 2007.
  50. ^ "Hillary Clinton Officially Wins Popular Vote by Nearly 2.9 Million". ABC News.
  51. ^ a b c Weisman, Jonathan (November 13, 2000). "Job of staffing new government can be awesome". The Record. Hackensack, NJ. The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved February 4, 2021 – via
  52. ^ Burke (2004), p. 21
  53. ^ a b c d Skinner, Richard (October 7, 2016). "Bill Clinton set a bad example with his transition". Vox. Retrieved January 30, 2021.
  54. ^ Fournier, Ron (October 21, 2004). "Kerry camp plans though stance in a recount". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Associated Press. Retrieved February 4, 2021 – via
  55. ^ Burke (2004), p. 29
  56. ^ "Agencies are preparing 2 camps for transition along 'parallel tracks'". Star Tribune. The Associated Press. November 30, 2000. Retrieved January 31, 2021 – via
  57. ^ a b c d Burke (2004), p. 30
  58. ^ "Al Gore Takes on Al Gore". National Public Radio. Retrieved February 25, 2007.
  59. ^ Nagourney, Adam (July 29, 2002). "Lieberman Critical of Gore for Moving Campaign Off Center". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 20, 2008. Retrieved December 30, 2007.
  60. ^ Morin, Richard; Deane, Claudia (November 8, 2000). "Why the Fla. Exit Polls Were Wrong". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 23, 2010.
  61. ^ Moore, Jessica (2004). "Ralph Nader: The 2000 Election". Online Newshour, PBS. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  62. ^ Gromov, Gregory. "Al Gore's Pileup on the Information Superhighway". NetValley. Archived from the original on June 20, 2011. Retrieved June 8, 2011.
  63. ^ Gallup, Inc. (March 11, 2008). "Presidential Approval Ratings -- Bill Clinton".
  64. ^ "". Retrieved June 9, 2013.
  65. ^ Weisberg, Jacob (November 8, 2000). "Why Gore (Probably) Lost". Slate. Retrieved June 9, 2013.
  66. ^ "". Archived from the original on May 16, 2011. Retrieved June 9, 2013.
  67. ^ a b Marlantes, Liz (September 19, 2002). "A 'new' Al Gore returns: front, not quite center". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved June 6, 2007.
  68. ^ "Al Gore Appears on "SNL"". CNN. December 15, 2002. Retrieved February 24, 2008.

Sources cited

  • Burke, John P. (2004). Becoming President: The Bush Transition, 2000-2003. Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner Publishers. ISBN 1-58826-292-8.

External links

This page was last edited on 13 November 2023, at 15:42
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.