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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Al Midan

الميدان
Neighborhood
Midan Souk - Jezmatieh Street
Midan Souk - Jezmatieh Street
Al-Mydan on the District map of Damaskus
CountrySyria
CityDamascus
Midan - Jezmatieh Street
Midan - Jezmatieh Street

Al-Midan (Arabic: حي الميدان‎) is a neighbourhood and municipality in Damascus, Syria, just south of the old walled city and very near the modern city centre. In the 2004 census, it had a population of 177,456.[1] Its streets and alleys are full of heritage and history due to the age of the neighbourhood. Throughout history, its people fought alongside their brothers from other neighbourhoods to protect Damascus. Also, there are many great Damascene scholars who were born here. Today, the neighbourhood is often considered to be one of the most conservative in Damascus.

Etymology

The name Midan is derived from Midan Al Hassa (Arabic: ميدان الحصى‎) or the field of gravel. The neighbourhood was located between two sub Barada streams and when it rained heavily, the land gravel deposits filled the streams and consequently, the neighbourhood.[2]

History

Al-Midan neighborhood in 1929
Al-Midan neighborhood in 1929

Al-Midan started during the Mamluk rule over Damascus. It took its final form about 400 years ago during the Ottoman empire and has not experienced any major changes since. It is considered the Southern Gate of Damascus and was created as a trading center by the people of Damascus for them to be closer to the people of the Hauran and to improve trade and economic relations between them.

During the French occupation, the people of this neighborhood fought fiercely for their freedom. The people of Midan revolted aggressively against the French and thus suffered heavy bombing during the Great Syrian Revolt of 1925-1927.[3] Their actions were driven in part by the extensive commercial links connecting the grain merchants of the neighborhood with Druze notables in the Hawran, among whom the revolt had begun.[4]

Michel Aflaq and Salah al-Din al-Bitar, the founders of the Ba'th Party, were both born in the Midan, the sons of grain merchants.

The neighborhood was and still is (compared to other neighbourhoods in Damascus) very conservative.

Traditional Midani Sweet Shop
Traditional Midani Sweet Shop

Cuisine

Midan is known throughout Syria and the surrounding countries for the delicious sweets it offers. Hundreds of years of cooking and making the best foods and sweets have made this neighbourhood extremely famous. In fact, some of the stores that are based in this neighbourhood are now worldwide and are loved by everyone Some examples of these stores are Daoud Brothers Sweets and Abu Haidar Sweets. Some of the sweets for which Midan is famous for Baklava, Barazek, Knafah, Namorah, Awameh.

Districts

  • Bab Masr (pop. 11,330)
  • Daqaq (pop. 10,858)
  • Al-Haqleh (pop. 8,076)
  • Al-Qa'a (pop. 11,791)
  • Midan al-Wastani (pop. 23,745)
  • Al-Tadamon (pop. 86,793)
  • Az-Zahreh (pop. 24,863)

See also

References

  1. ^ Damascus governorate population 2004 census
  2. ^ http://www.discover-syria.com/bank/162
  3. ^ http://www.syrianhistory.com/content/conservative-al-midan-neighborhood-damascus-1920s
  4. ^ Provence, Michael (2005). The Great Syrian Revolt and the Rise of Arab Nationalism. Austin: University of Texas Press. pp. 13, 69.
This page was last edited on 10 September 2019, at 03:12
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