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Ahmed Vefik Pasha

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ahmed Vefik

Ahmed Vefik Paşa.jpg
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
In office
4 February 1878 – 18 April 1878
MonarchAbdul Hamid II
Preceded byAhmed Hamdi Pasha
Succeeded byMehmed Sadık Pasha
In office
1 December 1882 – 3 December 1882
MonarchAbdul Hamid II
Preceded byMehmed Sadık Pasha
Succeeded byMehmed Said Pasha
Personal details
Born3 July 1823
Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
Constantinople, Ottoman Empire

Ahmed Vefik Pasha (Ottoman Turkish: احمد وفیق پاشا‎) (3 July 1823, Constantinople – 2 April 1891, Constantinople), was an Ottoman statesman, diplomat, scholar, playwright, and translator during the Tanzimat and First Constitutional Era periods.[1] He was commissioned with top-rank governmental duties, including presiding over the first Ottoman Parliament in 1877.[2] He also served as Grand Vizier for two brief periods. Vefik also established the first Ottoman theatre[3] and initiated the first Western style theatre plays in Bursa and translated Molière's major works. His portrait was depicted on a former Turkish postcard stamp.[4]

Ahmed Vefik Pasha, 1860
Ahmed Vefik Pasha, 1860

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  • ✪ Sinan Paşa Eserleri - Hafıza Teknikleri
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payitaht abdülhamid series of 75 episodes of the cem in the scene of the flight of the cem flying Ahmet celaleddin pasha character is not much information about this subject although I wanted to give brief information about the celaleddin pasha. Ahmet Celalettin Pasha is a politician and an intelligence officer. He is known for his sensitivity in the field of intelligence and has sought to fulfill the task of Abdülhamit II himself. 2.Abdülhamid appointed as chief of intelligence, ie, chief of intelligence. He was a fan of Europe and he tried to prevent the work of Young Turks, who were also plagued by the Sultan in the last period of Ottoman Empire, and they followed them closely. In order to prevent the activities of the Young Turks, Ahmet Celalettin Pasha closed some of his newspapers, but then stopped being with the Sultan and moved to the opposition side. With this betrayal of Ahmet Celalettin Pasha, the second Abdulhamit had received a very deep wound.


Ahmed Vefik Pasha was born of Greek extraction,[5][6][7][8][9][10][11] his ancestors having previously converted to Islam, like many other Greek Muslims particularly from Crete (Cretan Turks) and the regions of Epirus and Greek Macedonia in northwestern Greece (see Vallahades).[5] He started his education in 1831 in Constantinople and later went to Paris with his family, where he graduated from Saint Louis College.

Ahmed Vefik became the Minister of Education of the Ottoman Empire and Grand Vizier two times. He built a theatre in Bursa when he was made the governor of the city. In 1860, he became the Ottoman ambassador to France. He wrote the first Turkish dictionary and is considered to be the among the first Pan-Turkists.


  1. ^ "Ahmed Vefik Paşa". Retrieved 2009-08-12. Ahmed Vefik Paşa Ottoman statesman and scholar born July 6, 1823, Constantinople [now Istanbul] died April 2, 1891, Constantinople. Ottoman statesman and scholar
  2. ^ "Ahmed Vefik Paşa". Retrieved 2009-08-12. Ahmed Vefik Paşa Ottoman statesman and scholar born July 6, 1823, Constantinople [now Istanbul] died April 2, 1891, Constantinople… He presided over the first Ottoman Parliament (1877) and was twice appointed grand vizier (chief minister) for brief periods in 1878 and 1882.
  3. ^ "Ahmed Vefik Paşa". Retrieved 2009-08-12. Ahmed Vefik Paşa Ottoman statesman and scholar born July 6, 1823, Constantinople [now Istanbul] died April 2, 1891, Constantinople....In 1879 he became the vali (governor) of Bursa, where he sponsored important reforms in sanitation, education, and agriculture and established the first Ottoman theatre.
  4. ^
  5. ^ a b Berkes, Niyazi – Ahmad, Feroz (1998). The development of secularism in Turkey. C. Hurst & Co. Publishers. p. 29. ISBN 1-85065-344-5. Ahmed Vefik Pasa (1823-91), the grandson of a Greek convert to Islam and the holder of several of the highest positions, was one of those interested in Turkish studies.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  6. ^ Galton, Sir Francis (1864). Vacation tourists and notes of travel in 1860 [1861, 1962-3]. Macmillan. p. 91. OCLC 228708521. The statesman whom the Turks like best is Achmet Vefyk Effendi. Although a Greek by descent, he is a more orthodox Moslem than Fuad or Aali, and is the head of the reforming party, whose object is to bring about reform for the purpose of re-establishing the Turkish empire on the basis on which it stood in its palmy day, rather than adopt European customs.
  7. ^ Stewart, Desmond (1971). The Middle East: temple of Janus. Doubleday. p. 189. OCLC 135026. Ahmed Vefik Pasha was the grandson of a Greek convert to Islam.
  8. ^ Layard, Sir Austen Henry – Bruce, William Napier – Otway, Sir Arthur John (1903). Sir A. Henry Layard, G.C.B., D.C.L. J. Murray. p. 93. OCLC 24585567. Fuad Pasha — unlike Ahmed Vefyk, who had Greek blood in his veins — was a pure Turk by descent.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  9. ^ Pickthall, Marmaduke William - Islamic Culture Board – Asad, Muhammad (1975). Islamic culture. Islamic Culture Board - Hyderabad, Deccan. OCLC 1774508. Ahmad Vefik Pasha (grandson of a Greek convert) published influential works : Les Tuns Anciens et Modernes (1169) and Lahja-i-Osmani, respectivelyCS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  10. ^ Macfie, A. L. (1998). The end of the Ottoman Empire, 1908-1923. Longman. p. 85. ISBN 0-582-28763-4. In 1876 Ahmed Vefik Pasha, the grandson of a Greek convert to Islam, and a keen student of Turkish customs, published the first Turkish-Ottoman dictionary
  11. ^ Taher, Mohamed (1997). Encyclopaedic survey of Islamic culture. Anmol Publications PVT. LTD. p. 97. ISBN 81-7488-487-4. Ahmad Vefik Pasha) (grandson of a Greek convert) published influential works : Les Turcs Anciens et Modernes ( 1 1 69) and Lahja-i-Osmani, respectively

Further reading

  • Whitaker, Edgar (1911). "Ahmed Vefik" . In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 432–433. This contains a more detailed biography, although comparison with the newer Encyclopædia Britannica entry suggests the information about his early life is in error.
Political offices
Preceded by
Ahmed Hamdi Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
4 February 1878 – 18 April 1878
Succeeded by
Mehmed Sadık Pasha
Preceded by
Mehmed Said Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
1 December 1882 – 3 December 1882
Succeeded by
Mehmed Said Pasha
This page was last edited on 16 December 2019, at 12:55
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