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Agriculture in Serbia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Over 60% of Serbia is arable land
Over 60% of Serbia is arable land

Agriculture in Serbia is still an important section of Serbian economy with an annual potential of EUR 12 billion in exports.[1] The total area of agricultural land exceeds 6.12 million hectares.[2][3] Agricultural production is most prominent in Northern Serbia on the fertile Pannonian Plain, and the southern lowlands adjacent to the Sava, Danube and Great Morava rivers. There has been in a sharp decline in agricultural activity since 1948, when almost three-quarters of the population engaged in farming, to the present one-quarter.[4]

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Transcription

Contents

Production

Serbia produces various agricultural products, mostly grains, fruits and vegetables which constitute a significant part of its GDP and exports. Serbia is number two producer of raspberries (84,299 tons, second to Russia) and plums (146,776 tons, second to China) in the world, it is also significant producer of maize (6,158,120 tons, ranked 32nd in the world) and wheat (2,095,400 tons, ranked 35th in the world). The production of sugar beet (2,299,770 tons) and sunflower seeds (454,282 tons) meets domestic demand for sugar and vegetable oil and permits export of some 180,000 tons of sugar to the European Union.[5]

Fruit production

Fruit farms cover over 310,000 hectares of arable land in Serbia.

Fruit production volume in tons (as of2012):[6]

Major agricultural products

Wine

A vineyard near Vlasotince, Serbia
A vineyard near Vlasotince, Serbia

Serbia is the 19th largest producer of wine in the world. The country has one of Europe's longest history of viticulture and belongs chronologically to the Old World wine producing countries.

There are nearly 70,000 hectares of vineyards in Serbia, producing about 425,000 tons of grapes annually, which position Serbia among the first 20 wine producing countries in the world. The majority of production is dedicated to local wineries.

Major varieties include the Belgrade Seedless, Prokupac, Sauvignon, "Italian Riesling", Cabernet, Chardonnay, White and Red Burgundy, Hamburg, Muscat, Afus Ali, Vranac, Tamjanika, Krstac, Smederevka, and Dinka.

Education and Research in Agriculture

There are several faculties that offer tertiary education of agriculture to students:

Fruit Research Institute in Čačak
Fruit Research Institute in Čačak

There are several scientific institutes with scope of their activities devoted to the development of agriculture:[7]

  • Institute for Medicinal Plant Research "Josif Pančić" in Belgrade
  • Institute of Agricultural Economics in Belgrade
  • Institute for Plant Protection and Environment in Belgrade
  • Institute for Animal Husbandry in Belgrade
  • Institute of Forestry in Belgrade
  • Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops in Novi Sad
  • Maize Research Institute "Zemun Polje" in Zemun
  • Institute for Science Application in Agriculture in Belgrade
  • Institute of Meat Hygiene and Technology in Belgrade
  • Institute of Pesticides and Environmental Protection in Belgrade
  • Institute of Agricultural Economics in Belgrade
  • Fruit Research Institute in Čačak

See also

References

  1. ^ "Serbia's agricultural potential - EUR 12 billion". B92. 15 March 2013. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
  2. ^ "Food Industry". SIEPA. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
  3. ^ "Agriculture and Enlargement" (PDF). European Commission. May 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 May 2013. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
  4. ^ "Agriculture and forestry". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
  5. ^ "Serbia Overview". Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Archived from the original on 1 April 2013. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
  6. ^ "Food Industry in Serbia" (PDF). SIEPA. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
  7. ^ "Izdanje 23. jun 2017 - broj 61". pravno-informacioni-sistem.rs (in Serbian). Službeni Glasnik RS. 23 June 2017. p. 38. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
This page was last edited on 25 December 2018, at 21:50
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