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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Agathe Lasch
Agathe Lasch died 1942.jpg
Alma mater Heidelberg University
Known for grammar and dictionary of Middle Low German, linguistics of Berlin and Hamburg dialects
Scientific career
Fields German studies, Linguistics, Philology
Institutions

Agathe Lasch (born 4 July 1879, in Berlin; died 18 August 1942, in Riga) was a German philologist. She was the first female professor of German studies in Germany, and the first female professor at the University of Hamburg. She founded the historical study of the Middle Low German language. As a Jew, Lasch was murdered during World War II.

Life

Lasch was born into a family of Jewish merchants in 1879. Like her three sisters, she first trained as a teacher (1898) and then taught at various girls' schools and vocational schools until 1906. In 1906 she received her Abitur from the Kaiserin Augusta Gymnasium in Charlottenburg (Berlin). After this she was able to study German in Halle and then at Heidelberg under the supervision of Wilhelm Braune, and received her doctorate in 1909, despite the fact that as a woman she was not permitted to attend courses in Berlin in 1908. Because of her impressive achievements she was offered a job as Associate Professor at the women's liberal arts college Bryn Mawr in Pennsylvania. Here she produced her Middle Low German grammar (1914), which is still a standard reference work in Germanic linguistics today. Due to the USA's entry into the First World War, Lasch returned to Germany in 1917 to take up a post as Assistentin in German at Hamburg. Following her habilitation (1919), in 1923 she was the first woman to receive the title of professor at the University of Hamburg, and the first female Germanist to receive this title in all of Germany. In 1926 an extraordinary chair in Low German philology was created for her at Hamburg. There, Lasch continued the study of the linguistic history of Berlin that had begun in her dissertation, and published these in 1928 in her book Berlinisch. In addition, she worked with Conrad Borchling on two large dictionary projects to systematically capture the lexicon of Middle Low German and of the Hamburgisch dialect. In 1928 she was able to publish the first volume of her Middle Low German dictionary (Mittelniederdeutsches Handwörterbuch). The dictionary of Hamburgisch only started to appear in 1956 on the basis of her preparations.

Researchers from abroad were briefly able to prevent her being dismissed immediately once the Nazi Party came to power, but in 1934 she was nevertheless stripped of her professorship. In 1937 she moved to Berlin to live with her sisters and attempted to continue her research. She was banned from publishing, and was no longer allowed to use public libraries. In addition, on 8 December 1938, Jewish researchers lost their previous special right to use university libraries.[1] Her own library of around 4,000 volumes was seized and confiscated on 9 July 1942. The German government prevented her from taking up job offers at universities abroad (Tartu and later Oslo). On 13 August 1942 she and her sisters were ordered to a concentration camp, and on August 15 she was deported to Riga.[2] She never reached the ghetto, but was murdered on 18 August 1942 in the woods around Šķirotava, shortly after her arrival there.[3]

Honours and awards

Stolperstein at the University of Hamburg
Stolperstein at the University of Hamburg
Commemorative plaque in Halensee
Commemorative plaque in Halensee

In 1970, a street in the Othmarschen quarter of Hamburg was named after her.

Since 1992, the city of Hamburg has offered an Agathe Lasch Prize (5000 €) for exceptional achievements in Low German linguistics.

An auditorium at the University of Hamburg has borne her name since 1999.

In Halensee, Berlin, a city square was named after her in 2004, near to the Kurfürstendamm.

In 2007, on the initiative of the Verein für Hamburgische Geschichte (Hamburg History Association), a Stolperstein (commemorative flagstone) for Agathe Lasch was laid in front of No. 9 Gustav-Leo-Straße, Hamburg. Another Stolperstein can be found in front of the main building of the University of Hamburg, at Edmund-Siemers-Allee 1.

A memorial stone for Agathe Lasch was erected in the Women's Garden at Ohlsdorf Cemetery in Hamburg in 2009 by the Verein Garten der Frauen (Women's Garden Association).

In 2010 another Stolperstein was laid in Schmargendorf, Berlin, in front of Caspar-Theyß-Straße 26, in memory of Agathe Lasch and her sisters Elsbeth and Margarete Lasch.

Works

  • (1909) Geschichte der Schriftsprache in Berlin bis zur Mitte des 16. Jahrhunderts (History of written language in Berlin before the middle of the 16th century). Dissertation, University of Berlin.
  • (1914) Mittelniederdeutsche Grammatik (Middle Low German grammar)
  • (1919) Der Anteil des Plattdeutschen am niederelbischen Geistesleben im 17. Jahrhundert (The role of Low German in the spiritual life of the Lower Elbe region in the 17th century). Habilitation thesis, University of Hamburg, 1919.
  • (1928) Berlinisch. Eine berlinische Sprachgeschichte (Berlinisch: a linguistic history of Berlin)
  • (1928-1934) Mittelniederdeutsches Handwörterbuch (Middle Low German dictionary), vols. 1-7
  • (2006) Kleines Hamburgisches Wörterbuch (Concise Hamburgisch dictionary), eds. Beate Hennig, Jürgen Meier. Wachholtz Verlag, Hamburg 2006, ISBN 3-529-04650-7.

Literature

  • Conrad Borchling: Agathe Lasch zum Gedächtnis. Ansprache auf der Jahresversammlung des Vereins für niederdeutsche Sprachforschung zu Goslar am 28. September 1946. In Niederdeutsche Mitteilungen. Herausgegeben von der Niederdeutschen Arbeitsgemeinschaft zu Lund, vol. 2, 1946, pp. 7–20.
  • Matthias Harbeck, Sonja Kobold: Spurensicherung – Provenienzforschung zur Bibliothek von Agathe Lasch. Ein Projekt der Universitätsbibliothek der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin. In Stefan Alker et al. (eds.): Bibliotheken in der NS-Zeit. Provenienzforschung und Bibliotheksgeschichte. VR Unipress, Göttingen et al. 2008, ISBN 978-3-89971-450-0.
  • Christine M. Kaiser, Agathe Lasch (1879–1942): erste Germanistikprofessorin Deutschlands, Teetz et al.: Hentrich & Hentrich / Berlin: Stiftung Neue Synagoge, Centrum Judaicum, 2007, (Jüdische Miniaturen; vol. 63), ISBN 3-938485-56-6.
  • Christine M. Kaiser: ‚Ich habe Deutschland immer geliebt...‘ Agathe Lasch (1879-1942). In Joist Grolle, Matthias Schmoock (eds.): Spätes Gedenken. Hamburg 2009, ISBN 978-3-8378-2000-3, pp. 65–98.
  • Jürgen Meier (1982), "Lasch, Agathe", Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB) (in German), 13, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 645–646; (full text online)
  • Lexikon deutsch-jüdischer Autoren. Volume 15. Saur, München 2007, pp. 170–174

Links

References

  1. ^ Christine M. Kaiser: ‚Ich habe Deutschland immer geliebt...‘ Agathe Lasch.... In Joist Grolle, Matthias Schmoock (eds.): Spätes Gedenken. Hamburg 2009, ISBN 978-3-8378-2000-3, pp. 66-67.
  2. ^ See the entries for Agathe Lasch at the Yadvashem Names DB.
  3. ^ Alfred Gottwaldt, Diana Schulle: Die „Judendeportationen“ aus dem Deutschen Reich 1941–1945: eine kommentierte Chronologie. Marix, Wiesbaden 2005, ISBN 3-86539-059-5, pp. 251 and 255.
This page was last edited on 31 May 2018, at 21:14
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