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Africaine (1832 ship)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The barque Africaine in the Indian Ocean, Wednesday 12 October 1836.jpg
The barque Africaine in the Indian Ocean, Wednesday 12 October 1836; watercolour by one of the passengers, John Michael Skipper in the First Fleet of South Australia
History
United Kingdom
Name: Africaine
Builder: Robert & Thomas Brown Jr., Jarrow, Newcastle upon Tyne[1]
Launched: 1831[1]
Fate: Wrecked 23 September 1843
General characteristics [1]
Tons burthen: 316 (bm)
Length: 98 ft 9 in (30.1 m)
Beam: 27 ft 0 in (8.2 m)
Sail plan: Barque

Africaine (or African, or Africanus), was a barque launched in 1831 at Jarrow on the River Tyne in England.[2] In 1836 she carried immigrants as part of the First Fleet of South Australia. She was wrecked on 23 September 1843.

Career

Africaine first appeared in Lloyd's Register (LR) in 1832 as African, with Thompson, master, Fenwick, owner, and trade London–Quebec.[3]

Africaine's next voyage was to Smyrna in what is now Turkey. On 8 April 1833, as she was sailing from Liverpool to Smyrna she grounded on Cape Trafalgar for about three hours. A coaster helped her off, but in doing so carried away her stream anchor and cable. Africaine, Thompson, master, then continued on her voyage on the 9th.[4]

In 1834 and 1835, under command of John Finlay Duff, Africaine sailed via Calcutta, Mauritius, and Hobart to Sydney.

Robert Gouger and John Brown chartered Africaine in 1836 to carry goods and passengers as part of the First Fleet of South Australia.[2] She departed London Docks on 28 June 1836 and arrived at Holdfast Bay on 8 November 1836. Duff remained the captain, with his new wife on board.[5][Note 1] Soon after unloading her passengers and cargo at Holdfast Bay, Africaine went on to Hobart Town in Van Diemen's Land (now Tasmania) to acquire more supplies. She arrived in ballast at Launceston on 13 March 1837 from Gulf St. Vincent.[8] She then traded between Hobart and Launceston.[9]

In 1838 her owner became John Griffiths et al., of Launceston. In 1840, under the command of William Dutton, she visited the whaling grounds of New Zealand.[10] Then in November 1841 her owner became James Henty, also of Launceston.[1]

Year Master Owner Homeport Trade Source & notes
1840 M'Taggart J.Griffiths Launceston London–Australia LR; new keel and small repairs 1834
1843 G.Coxon G.Coxon North Shields Newcastle–London LR; new keel and small repairs 1834, & mall repairs 1842

Fate

Africaine was wrecked in a storm on 23 September 1843 with the loss of two of her crew. She was on a voyage from Newcastle to Quebec when she wrecked off Cape St Lawrence, Cape Breton Island.[11][5] Her entry in LR for 1843 carries the annotation "LOST".[12]

Notes

  1. ^ The diary of one of the passengers, Mary Thomas, was later published as a book in 1915.[6] The book was edited by her grandson.[7]

Citations

  1. ^ a b c d Tyne Built Ships: Africaine.
  2. ^ a b Sexton, Bob. "Africaine". Bound for South Australia. History Trust of South Australia. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  3. ^ LR (1832), Supple.pages "A", Seq.№A99.
  4. ^ "SHIP NEWS". Morning Post (London, England), 25 April 25, 1833; Issue 19463.
  5. ^ a b "The Africaine". Encounter Bay Family History Group. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  6. ^ Thomas, Mary (1915), Thomas, Evan Kyffin (ed.), The diary and letters of Mary Thomas (1836-1866): being a record of the early days of South Australia, W.K. Thomas & Co, retrieved 5 April 2020
  7. ^ ""DIARY AND LETTERS OF MARY THOMAS."". The Journal. South Australia. 25 August 1915. p. 1 (5 P.M. EDITION). Retrieved 5 April 2020 – via Trove.
  8. ^ "SHIP NEWS". The Cornwall Chronicle. Tasmania, Australia. 18 March 1837. p. 2. Retrieved 8 April 2020 – via Trove.
  9. ^ Brummitt, Jane (7 July 1989). "JOHN FINLAY DUFF, ANNE ELIZA DUFF and their daughter JESSIE LIGHT DUFF". Ancestry.com. Retrieved 5 April 2020.[self-published source]
  10. ^ Cumpston, John S. (1966). "Dutton, William (1811–1878)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. 1 (MUP ed.). Melbourne University Press. ISSN 1833-7538. Retrieved 9 April 2020 – via National Centre of Biography, Australian National University.
  11. ^ "Further Wrecks of Twenty Vessels During the Late Gales". Lloyd's Weekly London Newsletter (50). London. 5 November 1843.
  12. ^ LR (1843), Seq.№A161.


This page was last edited on 24 December 2020, at 22:17
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