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Adrien Maurice de Noailles

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Adrien Maurice de Noailles
Duke of Noailles
Féron - Adrien Maurice de Noailles (1678-1766) - MV 1082.jpg
Born(1678-09-29)29 September 1678
Kingdom of France
Died24 June 1766(1766-06-24) (aged 87)
Kingdom of France
Noble familyNoailles
Spouse(s)Françoise Charlotte Amable d'Aubigné
Issue
Françoise Adélaide, Countess of Armagnac
Amable Gabrielle, Duchess of Villars
Marie Louise, Duchess of La Force
Louis, Duke of Noailles
Philippe, Count of Noailles
Marie Anne Françoise, Countess of Schleiden
FatherAnne Jules, Duke of Noailles
MotherMarie-Françoise de Bournonville

Adrien Maurice de Noailles, 3rd Duke of Noailles (29 September 1678 – 24 June 1766) was a French nobleman and soldier.

Biography

Son of Anne Jules de Noailles, he inherited the title duc de Noailles on his father's death in 1708.

He fought in the War of the Spanish Succession (1710–1713) during which the forces under his command on 24–26 July 1710 drove back a British attack on Sète. He was president of the Finance Council from 1715 to 1718. He distinguished himself in the War of the Polish Succession (1733–1738) and was made a marshal of France in 1734,[1] becoming dean of the marshals in 1748. He served in the War of the Austrian Succession and was appointed to command the French forces in March 1743. He was defeated at the Battle of Dettingen in June 1743,[1] but successfully drove the Austrians out of Alsace-Lorraine the following year, although he missed an opportunity to seriously damage the Austrian army as it was crossing the Rhine.

The duc de Noailles was Foreign Minister from April to November 1744, and regarded Great Britain as a greater enemy of France than Austria. He later acted in a diplomatic capacity and had substantial influence over the course of foreign policy.

Married

In 1698, as comte d'Ayen, he married Françoise Charlotte Amable d'Aubigné, niece and beneficiary of the marquise de Maintenon, and by her had six children, 4 daughters and 2 sons. His two sons Louis, 4th duc de Noailles, and Philippe, duc de Mouchy, also went on to become marshals of France.[1]

The duc de Noailles was made a knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece in 1702, a Grandee of Spain in 1711, and a Knight of the Order of Saint-Esprit in 1724.

Issue

French nobility
Preceded by
Anne-Jules
Duke of Noailles
1708–1766
Succeeded by
Louis
Political offices
Preceded by
Jean-Jacques Amelot de Chaillou
Foreign Minister of France
26 April 1744 – 19 November 1744
Succeeded by
René Louis de Voyer de Paulmy d'Argenson

References

  1. ^ a b c Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Noailles s.v. Adrien Maurice" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 19 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 723.
This page was last edited on 10 May 2021, at 23:07
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