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Administrative divisions of Yugoslavia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Yugoslavia had various administrative divisions in different time periods.

1918–1922

Provinces of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
Provinces of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes

From 1918 to 1922, the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes continued to be subdivided into the pre–World War I divisions (districts, counties and kingdoms) of the Habsburg Monarchy and the formerly independent Balkan kingdoms of the Serbia and the Montenegro.

The provinces (pokrajine) were:

  • Slovenia
  • Croatia and Slavonia
  • Dalmatia
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Banat, Bačka, Baranja
  • Serbia
    • Northern Serbia
    • Southern Serbia
  • Montenegro

1922–1929

Oblasts of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
Oblasts of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes

The Vidovdan Constitution of 1921 established the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes as a unitary state and, in 1922, 33 new administrative oblasts (provinces) ruled from the center were instituted:

1929–1941

Banovinas of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Banovinas of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Banovina of Croatia
Banovina of Croatia

From 1929, the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes was renamed Kingdom of Yugoslavia and was subdivided into nine new provinces called banovinas. Their borders were intentionally drawn so that they would not correspond either to boundaries between ethnic groups, or to pre–World War I imperial borders. They were named after various geographic features, mostly rivers. Slight changes to their borders were made in 1931 with the new Yugoslav Constitution. The banovinas were as follow:

As an accommodation to Yugoslav Croats, the Banovina of Croatia (Banovina Hrvatska) was formed in 1939 from a merger of the Littoral (Maritime) and Sava Banovinas, with some additional territory from the Vrbas and Zeta Banovinas. Like Sava, its capital was Zagreb.

1941–1944

Axis occupation and partition of Yugoslavia in World War II
Axis occupation and partition of Yugoslavia in World War II

During World War II, Kingdom of Yugoslavia was occupied and partitioned by the Axis powers and was divided into 3 Axis puppet states:

Other parts of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia were occupied by German, Italian, Hungarian, Bulgarian and Albanian Axis troops.

1945–1992

Republics and provinces of the SFR Yugoslavia
Republics and provinces of the SFR Yugoslavia

Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was divided into 6 republics and two autonomous provinces:

Successor states

Successor states of former Yugoslavia, 2008
Successor states of former Yugoslavia, 2008

After dissolution of Yugoslavia, in 1991–1992, five successor states were formed:

Notes

  1. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008. Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement. Kosovo is currently recognized as an independent state by 97 out of the 193 United Nations member states. In total, 112 UN member states have recognized Kosovo at some point, of which 15 later withdrew their recognition.

References

This page was last edited on 19 November 2021, at 21:33
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