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Adaptations of The Wizard of Oz

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Poster for Fred R. Hamlin's 1902 musical extravaganza, the first major theatrical adaptation of The Wizard of Oz
Poster for Fred R. Hamlin's 1902 musical extravaganza, the first major theatrical adaptation of The Wizard of Oz

The Wonderful Wizard of Oz is a 1900 children's novel written by American author L. Frank Baum. Since its first publication in 1900, it has been adapted many times: for film, television, theatre, books, comics, games, and other media.

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Many of the television programs cited in this list are not strict adaptions of The Wizard of Oz; rather, they have reinterpreted aspects of the book, such as characters and plot, to create sequels, prequels or side-plots, which are inspired by Baum's original text.



There are over 40 canonical Oz books, including 14 by Baum, all of which are considered "official" sequels or prequels to The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. In addition, the following books use the Oz milieu as settings for their tales:

  • The Wizard of the Emerald City, a 1939 children's novel by Russian writer Alexander Melentyevich Volkov, is a loose translation of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. It was adapted into animated series (1973)[19] and a live action film (1994).[20] It has five sequels by the same author.
  • The Number of the Beast is a science fiction novel written by Robert A. Heinlein in 1980. The story uses Oz as one of many alternate universe settings in which events take place, alongside alternate versions of the setting's Earth.
  • A Barnstormer in Oz is a 1982 novel by Philip José Farmer in which a pilot named Hank Stover, who is Dorothy's son, is transported to Oz when his plane becomes lost in a green cloud over Kansas.
  • Was, Geoff Ryman's 1992 parallel novel, imagines three interwoven narratives: one of a real-life "Dorothy Gael" whose experiences are far from wonderful, the second loosely based on Judy Garland's own childhood, and the third story featuring a gay male actor who loves the 1939 film. Was was republished in 2014 by Small Beer Press.
  • Home from Oz (Thomas Nelson, 1994) and The Oz Syndrome (Hillcrest Publishers, 2001) are two books penned by psychologist and professor, Dr.Michael A. O'Donnell which deal with the Oz characters and the MGM musical version from a psychological point of view.
  • Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West, a revisionist look at the land and characters of Oz, was published in 1995 by Gregory Maguire. Instead of depicting Dorothy, the novel focuses on Elphaba, the future Wicked Witch of the West. The Independent characterized the novel as "an adult read reflecting on the nature of being an outcast, society's pressures to conform, and the effects of oppression and fascism".[16] Wicked has three sequels: Son of a Witch (2005), A Lion Among Men (2008) and Out of Oz (2011). Wicked was adapted into a 2003 stage musical.
  • Oz Reimagined: New Tales from the Emerald City and Beyond is a 2013 anthology edited by Douglas Cohen & John Joseph Adams published by Amazon Publishing's 47North imprint.[21]
  • Dorothy Must Die is a 2014 young adult book by Danielle Paige and makes up part of the Dorothy Must Die series, which also includes three prequel novellas: No Place Like Oz, The Witch Must Burn and The Wizard Returns, which were published together in March 2015. The next three prequel novellas, Heart of Tin, The Straw King and Ruler of Beasts, were released in a paperback book titled Dorothy Must Die Stories: Volume #2 in June 28, 2016. Two more novellas, Order of the Wicked and Dark Side of the Rainbow, have also been released. A sequel titled The Wicked Will Rise was published on March 30, 2015, following the events of Dorothy Must Die. The third installment of the series titled Yellow Brick War was published on March 15, 2016. The fourth and final book, The End of Oz, was published on March 14, 2017.
  • Sherlock Holmes and the Wicked Wizard of Oz, (2017) by Wakii Reeder and Fickal MacSciance is an Oz ebook in which the wizard is a drug and gun smuggler'.[22]



Other media

  • In 1967, The Seekers recorded "Emerald City", with lyrics about a visit there, set to the melody of Beethoven's "Ode to Joy".
  • Todd McFarlane created a sinister toy series called Twisted Land of Oz that portrays all of the characters as more sinister (such as the monster Toto) and adult oriented (BDSM Dorothy).[31]
  • The rock band Aerosmith put some original audios from the 1939 movie and Steven Tyler's voice repeating some quotes of the characters in the song The Farm in the album 'Nine Lives' from 1997.
  • Walt Disney originally wanted to make an animated version of The Wizard Of Oz to serve as the follow-up to Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs,[32] but the film rights were bought by Samuel Goldwyn, who originally intended to make it as a standard musical comedy, with Eddie Cantor as his star. However, Goldwyn ended up selling the rights to MGM.
  • The Felice Brothers wrote a song called "Don't Wake the Scarecrow" which features several references to The Wizard of Oz.
  • American McGee's Oz was a darkly, twisted series of figurines based on Baum's original Wizard of Oz characters. This series was released before McFarlane's, and was supposed to help McGee launch a franchise around this interpretation.
  • Stargate SG-1 has several verbal references to The Wizard of Oz, including Colonel Jack O'Neill calling Samantha Carter "Dorothy" when she defeated one of the show's villains.
  • The band Scissor Sisters released a song on their self-titled album called "Return to Oz", referencing the sequel.
  • The John Boorman film Zardoz derives its title from the Wizard of Oz (The WiZARD of OZ).[33]
  • Elton John's album Goodbye Yellow Brick Road is a clear reference to The Wizard of Oz.
  • The Wiyos's album Twist is an original song cycle loosely based on The Wizard of Oz.[34]
  • The band Blues Traveler's video of the song "Run-Around" has a Wizard of Oz motif, with Blues Traveler playing behind a curtain in a nightclub while a young, "hip" and more "photogenic" group appears to be playing the song.
  • The band The Good Life's video for the song "Heartbroke" has characters from The Wizard of Oz going to a pastry/ice cream shop. There are two versions to this video; a "nice" version and a "mean" version. In the "nice" version the characters pretend to rob the shop but then purchase treats. In the "mean" version they violently rob the store, but the Scarecrow (who was supposed to be the getaway car) does not make it on time due to a flat tire and the would-be robbers get arrested.
  • The Black Eyed Peas music video "Imma Be Rocking That Body" has claimed to be the futuristic version of The Wizard of Oz.[35]
  • Ray Bradbury's short story "The Exiles" mentions the Emerald City and its inhabitants existing alongside other famous literary characters and locales on a Martian colony.
  • Big Finish Productions made a full-cast audio drama adaptation of the novel, adapted by Marc Platt.


  1. ^ Weingus, Leigh (23 August 2013). "'The Wizard Of Oz' Just Keeps Getting Hotter". Huffington Post.
  2. ^ Hughes, Jason. "Welcome To 'Emerald City'". Huffington Post.
  3. ^ Goldberg, Lesley (22 August 2014). "NBC Drops Limited Series Emerald City". The Live Feed: The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 23 August 2014.
  4. ^ Andreeva, Nellie (15 April 2015). "'Emerald City' Resurrected By NBC With Straight-To-Series Order, New Writer".
  5. ^ "The Wiz Live! Defied The Skeptics, Returns For A Second Round". NPR. December 20, 2015. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
  6. ^ "The Wiz Live!". NBC. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
  7. ^ Lost in Oz (TV Series 2015– ), retrieved 2017-06-27
  8. ^ Spangler, Todd (2017-03-07). "Turner, Warner Bros. to Launch Boomerang Cartoon Streaming-Subscription Service for $5 Monthly". Variety. Retrieved 2017-06-27.
  9. ^
  10. ^ Swartz, Before the Rainbow, pp 34, 47, 56
  11. ^ Raymond, Kurt. "We're Off To Stage The Wizard of Oz". Beyond the Rainbow to Oz website. Archived from the original on 14 July 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-15.
  12. ^ "Wizard of Oz (R.S.C. 1988)". Tams–Witmark Music Library. 2005. Archived from the original on 1 July 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-15.
  13. ^ "Vintage Holiday On Ice Show Programs". Ice Skating Accessories Galore Collectible Skating Programs. Lisa Ilona Hlavacek. Retrieved 23 June 2012.
  14. ^ [1] Archived June 12, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  15. ^ [2][dead link]
  16. ^ a b Christie, Nicola (August 17, 2006). "Wicked: tales of the witches of Oz". The Independent. Archived from the original on February 26, 2011. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
  17. ^ "RNZB website". RNZB show page. Royal New Zealand Ballet. Retrieved 30 April 2016.
  18. ^ "Premijera mjuzikla Čarobnjak iz Oza" [The Musical Premiere of the Wizard of Oz]. Osnovna škola August Šenoa Osijek (in Croatian). Retrieved 2018-05-16.
  19. ^ "Volshebnik izumrudnogo goroda (1974)"., Inc. Retrieved 23 June 2012.
  20. ^ "Volshebnik izumrudnogo goroda (1994)"., Inc. Retrieved 23 June 2012.
  21. ^ Jane Anders, Charlie (22 October 2012). "You've never seen the Wizard of Oz like this before)". io9. io9. Retrieved 22 October 2012.
  22. ^ "Good Reads :: Sherlock Holmes and the Wicked Wizard of Oz:: By Wakii Reeder".
  23. ^ McAvennie, Michael; Dolan, Hannah, ed. (2010). "1970s". DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. Dorling Kindersley. p. 165. ISBN 978-0-7566-6742-9. The Yellow Brick Road from Munchkin Land to the Emerald City was also wide enough to accommodate DC and Marvel as they produced their first-ever joint publication ... Roy Thomas scripted a faithful, seventy-two page adaptation of Dorothy Gale's adventure, while John Buscema's artwork depicted the landscape of Oz in lavish detail.
  24. ^ " review of Dorothy of Oz". Archived from the original on 6 May 2008. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  25. ^ "Wonderful Game of OZ". BoardGameGeek. May 4, 2005. Retrieved 20 June 2014.
  26. ^ "Computer Game Museum Display Case - Wizard of Oz". 2001-07-07. Retrieved 2015-11-03.
  27. ^ "Telarium Corporation". 1930-11-09. Retrieved 2015-11-03.
  28. ^ "Wizard of Land Oz". World of Spectrum. Retrieved 2011-09-28.
  29. ^ "Riz-Zoawd Hands-On Preview". 1UP 1UP Games. Archived from the original on 4 November 2012. Retrieved 23 June 2012.
  30. ^ "Orion's Bell". Orion's Bell. Retrieved 4 January 2015.
  31. ^ "The Twisted Land of OZ". Spawn. Archived from the original on 13 March 2012. Retrieved 23 June 2012.
  32. ^ Jim Hill (3 November 2006). "Disney's long, long journey to Oz". Jim Hill Media. Jim Hill Media. Retrieved 23 June 2012.
  33. ^ "Cinema: Celtic Twilight". Time. 1974-02-18. Retrieved 2010-04-23.
  34. ^ "Outsight Radio Hours interviews Michael Farkas of The Wiyos on the group's Oz-inspired album Twist". Retrieved 29 April 2012.
  35. ^ van BlackEyedPeasVEVO. "Black Eyed Peas - Imma Be (Making Of)". YouTube. Retrieved 20 June 2014.

Further reading

Kevin Scott Collier. The Wonderful Animated World of the Wizard of Oz: The Good, The Bad and The Ugly! CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, 2018. ISBN 172632558X

This page was last edited on 20 October 2018, at 00:13
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