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Acts of Parliament of the United Kingdom relating to the European Communities and the European Union

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of current, amended, spent and repealed Acts of the Parliament of the United Kingdom relating to its former membership and current relationship to the European Communities and the European Union from 1972 onwards.

Some of the Acts (particularly the European Communities Act 1972 and the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018) represent some of the most important constitutional legislation formerly or currently on the statue book.

Act of United Kingdom accession and membership to the European Communities / European Union

Act Chapter (c.) Royal Assent Current status
European Communities Act 1972 68 17 October 1972 Repealed

This Act legislated for the accession of the United Kingdom to the European Communities which later became the European Union and also gave legal effect to European Union Law (then Community law) which came into effect on 1 January 1973, the day the UK officially joined.

Although the Act was repealed by the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018 upon the UK's withdrawal from the EU on 31 January 2020, most of its provisions remained in effect via Section 1A of the Withdrawal Act until the end of the Brexit transition period on 31 December 2020.

Amending Acts

Act Chapter (c.) Royal Assent Current status Notes
European Communities (Amendment) Act 1986 58 17 November 1986 Repealed This Act incorporated the Single European Act into the 1972 Act.
European Communities (Amendment) Act 1993 36 20 July 1993 Repealed This Act incorporated the Maastricht Treaty into the 1972 Act which created the European Union.
European Communities (Amendment) Act 1998 21 11 June 1998 Repealed This Act incorporated the Amsterdam Treaty into the 1972 Act.
European Communities (Amendment) Act 2002 3 26 February 2002 Repealed This Act incorporated the Nice Treaty into the 1972 Act.
European Union (Amendment) Act 2008 7 19 June 2008 Repealed This Act incorporated the Treaty of Lisbon into the 1972 Act.

Finance Acts

Act Chapter (c.) Royal Assent Current status
European Communities (Finance) Act 2001 22 4 December 2001 Repealed
European Communities (Finance) Act 2008 1 19 February 2008 Repealed
European Union (Finance) Act 2015 32 21 July 2015 Repealed

These Acts also amend the 1972 Act.

Act related to the 1975 United Kingdom European Communities membership referendum

Act Chapter (c.) Royal Assent Current status
Referendum Act 1975 33 8 May 1975 Repealed

This Act legislated for the holding of the United Kingdom European Communities membership referendum which was held on Thursday 5 June 1975.

Act related to the European Economic Area

Act Chapter (c.) Royal Assent Current status
European Economic Area Act 1993 10 5 November 1993 Amended

This Act incorporated the agreement which created the European Economic Area which came into effect on 1 January 1994.

Acts related to the European Assembly / Parliament

Act Chapter (c.) Royal Assent Current status
European Assembly Elections Act 1978 10 5 May 1978 Repealed
European Assembly (Pay and Pensions) Act 1979 50 26 July 1979 Repealed
European Parliamentary Elections Act 1993 41 5 November 1993 Repealed
European Parliamentary Elections Act 1999 1 14 January 1999 Repealed
European Parliamentary Elections Act 2002 24 24 July 2002 Repealed
European Parliament (Representation) Act 2003 7 8 May 2003 Repealed

These Acts legislated for the holding of European Parliament elections within the United Kingdom.

European Union Act & amending Acts

Act Chapter (c.) Royal Assent Current status
European Union Act 2011 11 19 July 2011 Repealed

This Act amended the 2002 Act and legislated for the requirement of a UK-wide referendum for any approval of any proposed transfers of power to the EU.

Acts related to the European Union Act 2011

Act Chapter (c.) Royal Assent Current status
European Union (Approval of Treaty Amendment Decision) Act 2012 15 31 October 2012 Repealed
European Union (Approvals) Act 2015 37 17 December 2015 Repealed

This Act approves under the European Union Act 2011 the creation of the European Stability Mechanism for Eurozone states and approves for Macedonia to become an observer in the work of the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights.

Accession Acts

Act Chapter (c.) Royal Assent Current status
European Communities (Greek Accession) Act 1979 50 20 December 1979 Repealed
European Communities (Spanish and Portuguese Accession) Act 1985 75 19 December 1985 Repealed
European Union (Accessions) Act 1994 38 3 November 1994 Repealed
European Union (Accessions) Act 2003 35 13 November 2003 Repealed
European Union (Accessions) Act 2006 2 16 February 2006 Repealed
European Union (Croatian Accession and Irish Protocol) Act 2013 5 31 January 2013 Repealed

These Acts legislated for subsequent enlargements of the European Communities/European Union.

Acts related to and incidental to the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union

Act Chapter (c.) Royal Assent Current status Notes
European Union Referendum Act 2015 36 17 December 2015 Spent This Act required the holding of the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum no later than 31 December 2017, which was duly held on Thursday 23 June 2016.
European Union (Notification of Withdrawal) Act 2017 9 16 March 2017 Spent This Act (now spent) authorised the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom to notify the European Union of the United Kingdom's intention to withdraw by invoking Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty, in pursuance of and subsequent to the case of R (Miller) v Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union.[1]
European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018 16 26 June 2018 Amended This Act legislates to enable the implementation of the country's exit from the European Union (Brexit) and automatically repealed the European Communities Act 1972 on "exit day" – defined in the legislation as 29 March 2019 (at 11.00 p.m.) which was later revised by secondary legislation first to 31 October 2019 and then finally 31 January 2020.
European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2019 16 8 April 2019 Repealed Nicknamed the Cooper-Letwin Act, this Act started as a Private Member's Bill. It forced the government to ask Parliament to agree to an extension of the UK's membership of the EU. This happened and Parliament overwhelmingly voted in favour. A second extension of the UK's membership, to 31 October 2019, was agreed the day after, but extension negotiations had been ongoing since before the vote.
European Union (Withdrawal) (No. 2) Act 2019 26 9 September 2019 Repealed Nicknamed the Benn Act, this act was also a Private Member's Bill. The process to get the bill to a vote saw 21 Conservative MPs kicked out of their party. The bill set out conditions, in order to avoid a no-deal Brexit. Its conditions led to a rare Saturday sitting of the House of Commons, during which the government tried to get its revised withdrawal agreement passed by MPs. Ultimately, the government was not successful, thanks to an amendment by Oliver Letwin, and was forced, by the act, to ask the EU for a third extension of its membership. This extension ultimately saw the UK leave the EU on 31 January 2020.
European Union (Withdrawal Agreement) Act 2020 1 23 January 2020 Amended This Act confirms the 31 January 2020 withdrawal date and also ratifies the revised version of the Brexit withdrawal agreement. The Act also saves the effect of the European Communities Act 1972 after the withdrawal date and legally binds changes to EU law until the end of the implementation period (to 31 December 2020).
European Union (Future Relationship) Act 2020 29 31 December 2020 Current This Act incorporates the EU–UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement which sets out the new relationship bewteen the UK and the European Union and was agreed on 24 December 2020 into the domestic law of the United Kingdom.

See also


This page was last edited on 26 January 2021, at 03:51
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