To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

An academician is a full member of an artistic, literary, or scientific academy. In many countries, it is an honorific title used to denote a full member of an academy that has a strong influence on national scientific life. In systems such as the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, the title grants privileges and administrative responsibilities for funding allocation and research priorities.

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/3
    Views:
    4 072
    15 569
    59 920
  • ✪ Engineering and Physical Sciences Research
  • ✪ 7 Habits of Successful Early Career Researchers - jobs.ac.uk Careers Advice
  • ✪ The Perfect Proposal

Transcription

My research involves understanding the interactions that occur between materials and the human body. By understanding these interactions, we are able to design new and better ways of regenerating any tissues that are maybe damaged during the course of ones life. Our research focuses on developing new materials for the advanced manufacturing technology sectors. This includes the aerospace, nuclear, medical and defence sectors. We are revolutionising the way through which the high value manufacturing sector is developing through investigating advanced technologies such as 3d printing and powder technology. We are exploring quantum sensors which are the quantum technology closest to market and has diverse applications ranging from deciphering buried history, finding novel oil and gas resources or not even avoiding traffic jams by people not having to dig up the road. By precisely assembling molecules we are evolving nano-technology based tools for early and accurate disease diagnosis. Our goal is to transform personalised medicine enabling greater treatment and prevention of disease in the future. Our research aims to grow expertise in the UK in nuclear energy with research that extends all the way from nuclear materials to nuclear waste management and decommissioning. Our aim in the future is to help develop a new generation of nuclear reactors also to try and manage the legacy waste problem. We are exploring all aspects of railway systems. We are helping to improve the energy efficiency of trains, improve the capacity of the network so we can run more trains and also increase the reliability of infrastructure such as point machines. The work that we have done has already been implemented by Network Rail and London Underground, as well as others throughout the world such as Beijing Metro and Guangzhou Metro.

Contents

History

Historically, the meaning for the title of Academician follows the traditions of the two most successful early scientific societies: either the Royal Society, where it was an honorary recognition by an independent body of peer reviewers and was meant to distinguish a person, while giving relatively little formal power, or the model of the French Academy of Sciences, which was much closer integrated with the government, provided with more state funding as an organization, and where the title of Academician implied in a lot more rights when it came to decision making. While both approaches are, to a degree, political, normally in the scientific academies shaped after British model, the nature of politics involved in becoming an academician is more rooted in scientific argument, while organization modeled after French typically involve a lot more vested funding interests and purely political reasons that have nothing to do with science.

Eastern Europe and China

"Academician" may also be a functional title and denote a full member of the National Academy of Sciences in those countries where the academy has a strong influence on national scientific life, particularly countries that were part of, or influenced by, the Soviet Union. In such countries, "academician" is used as an honorific title (like "Doctor", "Professor", etc.) when addressing or speaking about someone. Countries where the term academician is used in this way include China, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Georgia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Mongolia, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovenia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Ukraine, and Bosnia and Herzegovina.

However, since the reforms of late USSR dismantled the de facto monopoly of the state on forming academies, the creation of voluntary academies has been allowed. While some of the newly created academies did improve the relatively rigid structure, the prestige and meaning of the title has been substantially undermined; as the title of "academician" could be awarded by associations of pseudoscientists or organizations that use the title for the sole purpose of gaining money. Therefore, it became customary and almost compulsory to list which academy gave the title to assert its meaningfulness.

United Kingdom

The British honours "Fellow of the Royal Society" (FRS) or Fellow of the Academy of Social Sciences can be considered rough equivalents. Fellowship of the Academy of Social Sciences was known as the Award of Academician until July 2014.[1]

Canada

In Canada, Fellowship of the Royal Society of Canada is a comparable honour.

Finland

In Finland, "Academician" (Finnish: akateemikko, Swedish: akademiker) is an honorary title and the President of the Republic nominates the Academicians. There can be 12 Finnish Academicians representing science and scholarly pursuits and eight Academicians representing fine arts and literature at the same time. The Academy of Finland is the state funding agency of Finnish science and letters, but it has no organizational connection to Finnish Academicians. The scientists and scholars funded by the Academy of Finland are called Academy Professors (Finnish: akatemiaprofessori, Swedish: akademiprofessor) and Academy Research Fellows (Finnish: akatemiatutkija, Swedish: akademiforskare). In addition to Academy of Finland, Finland has four independent national academies.

Corresponding member

A related option of membership also exists in some countries — a Corresponding Member is a person who is eminent in respect of scientific results but cannot or does not wish to become a full academy member.

One of the reasons for this may be that he/she is living far from a location of the academy and it is inconvenient to often arrrive to the headquarter. It is, for example, the case when the person is not a resident in the country which the academy belongs to.[2] For communication, such a scientist uses "correspondence"[2].

Another possible reason is that the charter or traditions of the academy do not admit election of a person to a full membership, unless he/she had been a corresponding member during certain time and demonstrated additional achievements in this period. So, in particular, in the Russian Academy of Sciences a corresponding membership is a lower level of membership as compared to the academicians.

References

  1. ^ "Academicians now 'Fellows of the Academy of Social Sciences' -". www.acss.org.uk.
  2. ^ a b Australian Academy of Sciences. "Corresponding members". Archived from the original on 2012-10-14. Retrieved November 25, 2012.

See also

This page was last edited on 12 December 2018, at 13:38
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.