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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The av beit din (Hebrew: אָב בֵּית דִּין ʾabh bêth dîn, "chief of the court" or "chief justice"[1]), also spelled av beis din or abh beth din and abbreviated ABD (אב״ד), was the second-highest-ranking member of the Sanhedrin during the Second Temple period, and served as an assistant to the Nasi (Prince).[2] The Av Beit Din was known as the "Master of the Court;" he was considered the most learned and important of these seventy members.[3]

The last Av Beth Din in Jewish tradition is Menahem the Essene who abdicated to "serve the King" in 20 BCE. Caiaphas was set to be next Av Beth Din but was opposed by the House of Shammai until Gamaliel became Nasi. Apparently the post of Av Beit Din was eventually filled, since the Babylonian Talmud states that Joshua ben Hananiah was Av Beit Din[4] and Nathan the Babylonian was Av Beit Din.[5] The Jerusalem Talmud tells the story of how Gamaliel II was deposed and Eleazar ben Azariah replaced him as Nasi. After Gamaliel was reinstated, Eleazar ben Azariah was made Av Beit Din.[6] The parallel story in the Babylonian Talmud has Eleazar ben Azariah remaining as a co-Nasi with Gamaliel.[7]

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  • ✪ Rav Eliyahu Ben Haim (NY Av Beit Din) Public Support of Rabbi Yaron Reuven
  • ✪ Orthodox Jewish Conversion & Wedding Combo at Beit Din AMAZING MUST WATCH
  • ✪ Shiur - The Process of Attending Bet Din Part 1/2 - Rav Moshe Lowy


I know Rabbi Yaron Reuven...May HaShem protect him and give him long life... He has great middot, is a Talmid Chacham (Torah Scholar)...Baruch HaShem... He serves as an example of how a person who has done Teshuva should live... He came from a place where he didn't grow up learning Torah...And yet got to a great level (in Torah)! Baruch HaShem we need to strengthen him and support him... We take pride in him, that he came from our very own Sephardic community... A man that so talented and contributing... And (as the verse says)..."And I am looking for my brothers"... we ask you to support him and assist him...You know how hard is life in America... And he is sacrificing himself for the sake of the general public... And so the general public has to support him...As the Gemara says... ''The public needs to take care of it's own people.'' This is an obligation There is this story that was once told by the Lubavitcher Rebbe... He used to receive a small salary...And when people asked him why... He said he wants to teach the people that the people that sacrifice for their communities, the communities must take care of them. He (Rabbi Yaron) is also a great Talmid Chacham and has brought Jews closer to Judaism... And also helped many non-Jews to become Jews...Thus , benefiting the masses! There were young men that sadly went out with non-Jews... Baruch HaShem (Praise G-d) that he brought them closer to Judaism...And also... And when the time were appropriate he helped their spouses get proper conversions... And Baruch HaShem they ended up raising beautiful Jewish families... Therefore I always tell him (Rav Yaron) to be strong and forthright... Not to ever run or be scared of anybody!... Usually always when someone is successful, they have many opponents... This is the rule of this world!... The Gemara says that if everyone loves a person (and no one hates him)...This is not a good sign... That's why I always tell Rav Yaron to never worry... And thus, I keep telling Rabbi Reuven, strengthen and fortify in your way, never run or be scared of anyone, and continue in your path! Spread Torah among the multitude and bring Jews closer (to Torah)... And if by chance a Jew goes out with a non-Jew...If they (the non-Jew) truly are in the path of Torah keeping Shabbat and the mitzvot... They are permitted to start keeping all the mitzvot in a proper manner...And I tell him that you are doing the right thing to bring them closer (to Judaism)... And if a couple is already married and they have kids... And the spouse wants to keep all the 613 mitzvot without a doubt... To help them out is a great deed indeed... There is a great answer given by Rav Chaim Ozer zt'l.. By Rav Ovadia zt'l... That if a Jew has already fallen prey to the impurity (of intermarriage) and wants to do Teshuva (repentance)... but his wife now genuinely desires to observe the Torah and mitzvot... It's a big mitzvah to bring them closer (to Judaism)... Unless, if the person is a Kohen...If he is a Kohen then there is no such permission ... A Kohen is forbidden to be with a converted woman...But if he is a normal Jew, then for sure, go ahead, get them closer. And as you (Rav Yaron) keep spreading the Torah day and night, a great blessing will be upon you!... By getting the sons closer to their father in heaven!... As the Torah says...''You are children to HaShem your G-d''...We are His children!... When a Jew sins G-d forbid, there is a great sorrow for the Shechina (Divine Presence)... Therefore, all the Jews that you bring closer to G-d, a blessing will be upon you... May HaShem bless you and you succeed getting higher and higher at your holy duty...Amen ve Amen!

Modern usage

In modern times the title av beis din is often used as an honorific for the presiding rabbi of a beth din (rabbinical court), who is typically the salaried rabbi of the local Jewish community and usually a posek ("decisor" of Halakha). It is also abbreviated as AB"D when it is after the name of the Chief Rabbi of a national Jewish community.

It can also refer to the most senior member of the court.[8]

See also


  1. ^ Yaakov Yosef Reinman (2002). Medrash Rabba HaMeVoAr. ISBN 1583306102.
  2. ^ Rabbi Aryeh Kaplan. "The Jewish Court System".
  3. ^
     One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSinger, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901–1906). "BET DIN". The Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls. Retrieved 2012-03-15.
  4. ^ Bavli Baba Kamma 74b
  5. ^ Bavli Horayot 13b
  6. ^ Yerushalmi Berachot ch.4 halacha 1
  7. ^ Bavli Berachot 27b
  8. ^ "What is a Beit Din".

This page was last edited on 3 September 2019, at 01:49
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