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A Place in the Sun (1951 film)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A Place in the Sun
A Place in the Sun (1951 poster).jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byGeorge Stevens
Screenplay byMichael Wilson
Harry Brown
Based onAn American Tragedy
1925 novel
by Theodore Dreiser
An American Tragedy
1926 play
by Patrick Kearney
Produced byGeorge Stevens
StarringMontgomery Clift
Elizabeth Taylor
Shelley Winters
CinematographyWilliam C. Mellor
Edited byWilliam Hornbeck
Music byFranz Waxman
Distributed byParamount Pictures
Release dates
  • April 5, 1951 (1951-04-05) (Cannes Film Festival)
  • August 14, 1951 (1951-08-14) (Los Angeles)
Running time
122 minutes
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$2.3 million
Box office$7 million

A Place in the Sun is a 1951 American drama film based on the 1925 novel An American Tragedy by Theodore Dreiser and the 1926 play, also titled An American Tragedy. It tells the story of a working-class young man who is entangled with two women: one who works in his wealthy uncle's factory, and the other a beautiful socialite. Another adaptation of the novel had been filmed once before, as An American Tragedy, in 1931. All these works were inspired by the real-life murder of Grace Brown by Chester Gillette in 1906, which resulted in Gillette's conviction and execution by electric chair in 1908.[1]

A Place in the Sun was directed by George Stevens from a screenplay by Harry Brown and Michael Wilson, and stars Montgomery Clift, Elizabeth Taylor, and Shelley Winters; its supporting actors included Anne Revere and Raymond Burr.[2][3] Burr's performance impressed TV producer Gail Patrick, and would later lead to her casting him as Perry Mason.

The film was a critical and commercial success, winning six Academy Awards and the first-ever Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Drama. In 1991, A Place in the Sun was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".

Plot

In 1950, George Eastman, the poor nephew of rich industrialist Charles Eastman, arrives in town following a chance encounter with his uncle while working as a bellhop in Chicago. Although George is regarded as an outsider by the Eastmans, Charles offers George an entry-level job at his factory. George starts dating fellow factory worker Alice Tripp in defiance of the workplace rules. Alice is a poor and inexperienced girl who is dazzled by George and slow to believe that his Eastman name brings him no advantages.

Over time, George begins a slow move up the corporate ladder and is invited by Charles to a social event, where George meets and falls for socialite Angela Vickers, who is also attracted to him. They fall in love. Just as George enters the intoxicating and care-free lifestyle his new life with Angela brings, Alice announces she is pregnant and, unable to procure an abortion, expects George to marry her. George puts Alice off and continues spending more time with Angela without Alice's knowledge. George is invited to Angela's family lake house over Labor Day and tells Alice the visit will advance his career. Alice discovers George's lie after seeing a newspaper photograph of George and Angela boating with friends. Alice calls George at the Vickers home and threatens to come there and reveal herself unless he leaves and returns to her. Shaken, George tells his hosts his mother is sick and he must leave.

The next morning, George and Alice drive to City Hall to get married but it is closed for Labor Day. George is relieved and, remembering Alice cannot swim, begins forming a plan to drown her in the lake by feigning an accident. Alice unsuspectingly agrees to the lake venture. Arriving at the lake, George attempts to cover for the upcoming murder by falsely stranding his car in the woods and renting a rowboat under a false name. While they are out on the lake, Alice talks about her dreams concerning their happy future together with their child. As George apparently takes pity on her, Alice tries to stand up in the boat, causing it to capsize, and Alice drowns.

George escapes, swims to shore, behaves suspiciously when he comes across campers on his way back to the car, and eventually drives to the Vickers' lodge. He fails to report the accident. Alice's body is discovered and her death is treated as a homicide as the evidence against George begins to mount. Just as Angela's father approves Angela's marriage to him, George is arrested and charged with Alice's murder. George's furtive actions before and after Alice's death condemn him. His denials are futile, and he is found guilty of murder and sentenced to death in the electric chair. Near the end, he agrees when the priest suggests that, although he did not kill Alice, he did not act to save her because he was thinking of Angela. The priest then states that, in his heart, it was murder. Angela visits George in prison, saying that she will always love him, and George slowly marches toward his execution.

Cast

Censorship

In a November 14, 1949, letter from the Production Code Administration, Joseph I. Breen pointed out an issue regarding the dialogue between Alice and her doctor. Breen cautioned against direct references to abortion, specifically the line in the script in which Alice says, "Doctor, you've got to help me." In the finished film, the line became, "Somebody's got to help me" and, while abortion is possibly implied, the film does not include any actual mention of it.[4]

In 1965, director Stevens threatened to sue for US$1,000,000 any TV station that inserted any commercial into the running of his film without his specific approval of the ad.[5]

Reception

The film earned an estimated $3.5 million at the U.S. and Canadian box office, and earned critical acclaim in 1951.[6][7] Upon seeing the film, Charlie Chaplin called it "the greatest movie ever made about America".[8]

One impact of the film was from the Edith Head white party dress with its bust covered with flower blossoms worn by Taylor; it was the most popular prom dress style in the U.S. in 1951[9] and influenced prom and wedding dress design for the rest of the decade.[10]

The film's acclaim has not completely held up over time. Reappraisals of the film find that much of what was exciting about the film in 1951 is not as potent in the 21st century. Critics cite the soporific pace, the exaggerated melodrama, and the outdated social commentary as qualities present in A Place in the Sun that are not present in the great films of the era, such as those by Alfred Hitchcock and Elia Kazan, although the performances by Clift, Taylor, and Winters continue to receive praise.[11][12][13][14]

Still, many consider the film to be a classic. It was listed at No. 92 in American Film Institute's 1998 list 100 Years...100 Movies, and No. 53 in 100 Years...100 Passions in 2002, while the film holds a strong 81% rating on Rotten Tomatoes from 36 reviews.[15] In 2013, the British Film Institute re-released the picture across the United Kingdom because of its significant merit.[16]

Both appearing briefly in this film, character actors Douglas Spencer (the Boat Keeper) and Paul Frees (the Priest) would also appear together (earlier in 1951) in the film The Thing From Another World

Awards and nominations

Montgomery Clift at the premiere of A Place in the Sun (1951)
Montgomery Clift at the premiere of A Place in the Sun (1951)
Poster for a 1959 theatrical re-release
Poster for a 1959 theatrical re-release
Award Category Nominee(s) Result
Academy Awards Best Motion Picture George Stevens Nominated
Best Director Won
Best Actor Montgomery Clift Nominated
Best Actress Shelley Winters Nominated
Best Screenplay Michael Wilson and Harry Brown Won
Best Cinematography – Black-and-White William C. Mellor Won
Best Costume Design – Black-and-White Edith Head Won
Best Film Editing William Hornbeck Won
Best Scoring of a Dramatic or Comedy Picture Franz Waxman Won
Cannes Film Festival[17] Grand Prix George Stevens Nominated
Directors Guild of America Awards Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Motion Pictures Won
Golden Globe Awards Best Motion Picture – Drama Won
Best Actress in a Motion Picture – Drama Shelley Winters Nominated
Best Director – Motion Picture George Stevens Nominated
Best Cinematography – Black and White William C. Mellor Nominated
Nastro d'Argento Best Foreign Director George Stevens Won
National Board of Review Awards Best Film Won
Top Ten Films Won
National Film Preservation Board National Film Registry Inducted
New York Film Critics Circle Awards Best Director George Stevens Nominated
Best Actress Shelley Winters Nominated
Producers Guild of America Awards Hall of Fame – Motion Pictures Won
Writers Guild of America Awards Best Written American Drama Michael Wilson and Harry Brown Won
Best Written Film Concerning American Scene Nominated

References

  1. ^ York, Michelle (11 July 2006). "Century After Murder, American Tragedy Draws Crowd". The New York Times. Retrieved 12 February 2021.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. ^ "A Place in the Sun". Variety (Film review; poor reproduction quality). Vol. 183, no. 6. New York, New York. 18 July 1951. p. 6. Retrieved 12 February 2021 – via mediahistory collection at Internet Archive.
  3. ^ ""A Place in the Sun" with Montgomery Clift, Elizabeth Taylor and Shelley Winters". Harrison's Reports (Film review). Vol. XXXIII, no. 29. New York, New York. 21 July 1951. p. 115. Retrieved 12 February 2021 – via Media History Digital Library at Internet Archive.
  4. ^ "A Place in the Sun (1951)". Turner Classic Movies. Archived from the original on 13 April 2014. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  5. ^ Mooring, William H. (November 12, 1965). "Legal Test Case Scheduled On TV Editing Of Movies". The Voice. p. 29. Retrieved April 11, 2021.
  6. ^ 'The Top Box Office Hits of 1951', Variety, January 2, 1952
  7. ^ Golden, Herb. "Review: A Place in the Sun." Variety. 18 July 1951. 9 April 2014.
  8. ^ Andrew, Geoff. "A Place in the Sun." Archived 2014-07-17 at the Wayback Machine "Cinematheque".
  9. ^ Matelski, Elizabeth M. (2011). The Color(s) of Perfection: The Feminine Body, Beauty Ideals, and Identity in Postwar America, 1945-1970 (Dissertation). Loyola eCommons. p. 30. Docket 158. Retrieved 20 March 2022.
  10. ^ Truhler, Kimberly (25 January 2013). "The Style Essentials - Edith Head Style Finds A Place in the Sun at 2013 Golden Globes". www.glamamor.com/. GlamAmor. Retrieved 20 March 2022.
  11. ^ Kehr, Dave. "A Place in the Sun." Chicago Reader. 9 April 2014.
  12. ^ Huddleston, Tom. "A Place in the Sun (U)." Time Out. 29 January 2013. 9 April 2014.
  13. ^ "A Place in the Sun." Archived 2014-04-13 at the Wayback Machine TV Guide. 9 April 2014.
  14. ^ Maltin, Leonard. "A Place in the Sun." Turner Classic Movies. 9 April 2014.
  15. ^ "A Place in the Sun".
  16. ^ Andrew, Geoff. "Hollywood's beautiful people". "BFI". 3 April 2013
  17. ^ "Festival de Cannes: A Place in the Sun". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved January 16, 2009.

Further reading

  • Tibbetts, John C., and James M. Welsh, eds. The Encyclopedia of Novels Into Film (2nd ed. 2005) pp 15–17.

External links

This page was last edited on 24 August 2022, at 21:40
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