To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

A Journey to Arzrum

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A Journey to Arzrum during the Campaign of 1829
A Journey to Arzrum.jpg
Author Alexander Pushkin
Original title Путешествие в Арзрум во время похода 1829 года
Translator The first translation of 'Journey to Arzrum' into English was by Birgitta Ingemanson in 1974
Country Russian Empire
Language Russian, with some French
Genre Travel literature
Publisher Sovremennik
Publication date
Media type Print

A Journey to Arzrum (Russian: «Путешествие в Арзрум»; full title: A Journey to Arzrum during the Campaign of 1829, «Путешествие в Арзрум во время похода 1829 года») is a work of travel literature by Alexander Pushkin. It was originally written by Pushkin in 1829, partially published in 1830, reworked in 1835, and then fully published in Pushkin's journal Sovremennik in 1836.[1]

The work recounts the poet's travels to the Caucasus, Armenia, and Arzrum (modern Erzurum) in eastern Turkey at the time of the Russo-Turkish War (1828–29). The Tsarist authorities never allowed Pushkin to travel abroad and he had only been permitted to travel as far as Tiflis (Tbilisi), capital of Georgia and Russian Transcaucasia. His unauthorized journey across the border into Turkey infuriated Tsar Nicholas I who "threatened to confine Pushkin to his estate once again."[2]

Pushkin's text challenged, though did not entirely reject, the Orientalist romanticism of his earlier Prisoner of the Caucasus.[3] As a result, it was not popularly received by contemporary readers who expected a romantic epic poem about the Caucasus.[4]

A Journey to Arzrum was later adapted into a film during the Soviet era. Produced by Lenfilm and released on the 100th anniversary of Pushkin's passing in 1937, it was directed by Moisei Levin and starred Dmitri Zhuravlyov as Pushkin.[5]

English translations


  1. ^ Greenleaf, Monika Frenkel (Winter 1991). "Pushkin's 'Journey to Arzrum': The Poet at the Border". Slavic Review. 50 (4): 940–945. 
  2. ^ Lermontov, Mikhail (2013). A Hero of Our Time. Translated by Nicholas Pasternak Slater. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 192. ISBN 978-0199652686. 
  3. ^ Layton, Susan (1995). Russian Literature and Empire: Conquest of the Caucasus from Pushkin to Tolstoy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 62-66. ISBN 978-0521444439. 
  4. ^ Langleben, Maria (2004). "A Journey to Arzrum: The Structure and the Message". In Reid, Robert; Andrew, Joe. Two Hundred Years of Pushkin, Vol. 3: Pushkin's Legacy. Amsterdam and New York: Rodopi. p. 89. ISBN 978-9042009585. 
  5. ^ Puteshestvie v Arzrum at the Internet Movie Database.

See also

External links

This page was last edited on 1 July 2018, at 16:04
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.