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AFC U-20 Asian Cup

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

AFC U-20 Asian Cup
AFC U20 logo.svg
Founded1959; 62 years ago (1959)
RegionAFC (Asia)
Number of teams16
Current champions Saudi Arabia
(3rd title)
Most successful team(s) South Korea (12 titles)
2020 AFC U-19 Championship

The AFC U-20 Asian Cup, formerly known as the AFC Youth Championship and AFC U-19 Championship, is a biennial international association football competition organised by the sport's Asian governing body, the Asian Football Confederation (AFC). The competition has been held since 1959. Between 1959 and 1978, the tournament was held annually (without qualification); since 1980, it has been held every two years. The 1980 AFC Youth Championship had a qualification stage for first time.

The tournament has been played in a number of different formats during its existence. Currently, it consists of two stages, similar to the AFC's other Asian Championship competitions. The qualifying stage is open to all AFC members and the final stage is contested between 16 teams. The most recent edition, the 40th, was held in Indonesia. The AFC have proposed switching the tournament from under-19 to under-20 starting from 2023.[1] Moreover, the tournament will also be rebranded from the "AFC U-19 Championship" to the "AFC U-20 Asian Cup".[2]

Format

History

Results

  • Coordinate is based on the capital of the country.
Edition Year Host Final Third place match
Champions Score Runners-up Third place Score Fourth place
1 1959  Malaya
South Korea
3
Malaya

Japan
3
Hong Kong
2 1960  Malaya
South Korea
4–0
Malaya

Japan
3–2
Indonesia
3 1961  Thailand
Indonesia


Myanmar
0–0
1

Thailand
2–1
South Korea
4 1962  Thailand
Thailand
2–1
South Korea

Indonesia
3–0
Malaya
5 1963  Malaya
South Korea


Myanmar
2–2
1

Thailand

Hong Kong
2–2
2
6 1964  South Vietnam
Myanmar


Israel
0–0
1

Malaysia
5–1
South Korea
7 1965  Japan
Israel
5–0
Myanmar

Malaysia
4–1
Hong Kong
8 1966  Philippines
Israel


Myanmar
1–1
1

Republic of China[3]

Thailand
0–0
2
9 1967  Thailand
Israel
3–0
Indonesia

Myanmar
4–0
Singapore
10 1968  South Korea
Myanmar
4–0
Malaysia

South Korea

Israel
0–0
2
11 1969  Thailand
Myanmar


Thailand
2–2
1

Iran
2–1
Israel
12 1970  Philippines
Myanmar
3–0
Indonesia[4]

South Korea
5–0
Japan
13 1971  Japan
Israel
1–0
South Korea

Myanmar
2–0
Japan
14 1972  Thailand
Israel
1–0
South Korea

Iran
3–0
Thailand
15 1973  Iran
Iran
2–0
Japan

South Korea
3–0
Saudi Arabia
16 1974  Thailand
India


Iran
2–2
1

South Korea
2–1
Thailand
17 1975  Kuwait
Iraq


Iran
0–0
1

Kuwait

North Korea
2–2
2
18 1976  Thailand
Iran


North Korea
0–0
1

South Korea
2–1
Thailand
19 1977  Iran
Iraq
4–3
Iran

Bahrain
3–1
Japan
20 1978  Bangladesh
Iraq


South Korea
1–1
1

North Korea

Kuwait
1–1
2
21 1980  Thailand
South Korea
3
Qatar

Japan
3
Thailand
22 1982  Thailand
South Korea
3
China PR

Iraq
3
United Arab Emirates
23 1985  United Arab Emirates
China PR
3
Saudi Arabia

United Arab Emirates
3
Thailand
24 1986  Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
2–0
Bahrain

North Korea
1–0
Qatar
25 1988  Qatar
Iraq
1–1
(5–4 p)

Syria

Qatar
2–0
United Arab Emirates
26 1990  Indonesia
South Korea
0–0
(4–3 p)

North Korea

Syria
1–0
Qatar
27 1992  United Arab Emirates
Saudi Arabia
2–0
South Korea

Japan
3–0
United Arab Emirates
28 1994  Indonesia
Syria
2–1
Japan

Thailand
1–1
(3–2 p)

Iraq
29 1996  South Korea
South Korea
3–0
China PR

United Arab Emirates
2–2
(4–3 p)

Japan
30 1998  Thailand
South Korea
2–1
Japan

Saudi Arabia
3–1
Kazakhstan
31 2000  Iran
Iraq
2–1 (a.e.t.)
Japan

China PR
2–2 (a.e.t.)
(8–7 p)

Iran
32 2002  Qatar
South Korea
1–0 (a.e.t.)
Japan

Saudi Arabia
4–0
Uzbekistan
33 2004  Malaysia
South Korea
2–0
China PR

Japan
1–1
(4–3 p)

Syria
34 2006  India
North Korea
1–1 (a.e.t.)
(5–3 p)

Japan

South Korea
2–0
Jordan
Edition Year Host Final Losing semi-finalists 4
Champions Score Runners-up
35 2008  Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
2–1
Uzbekistan
 Australia and  South Korea
36 2010  China
North Korea
3–2
Australia
 South Korea and  Saudi Arabia
37 2012  United Arab Emirates
South Korea
1–1
(4–1 p)

Iraq
 Australia and  Uzbekistan
38 2014  Myanmar
Qatar
1–0
North Korea
 Myanmar and  Uzbekistan
39 2016  Bahrain
Japan
0–0 (a.e.t.)
(5–3 p)

Saudi Arabia
 Iran and  Vietnam
40 2018  Indonesia
Saudi Arabia
2–1
South Korea
 Japan and  Qatar
415 2020  Uzbekistan Cancelled due to COVID-19 pandemic [5]
42 2023  Uzbekistan TBD TBD TBD TBD and TBD
Notes
1 Title shared.
2 Third place shared.
3 Final tournaments in round-robin format.
4 No third place match played since 2008; losing semi-finalists are listed in alphabetical order.
5 Cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Successful national teams

Team Champions Runners-up Third-place Fourth-place Semi-finalists Total
(Top 4)
 South Korea 12 (1959, 1960, 1963, 1978, 1980, 1982, 1990, 1996, 1998, 2002, 2004, 2012) 5 (1962, 1971, 1972, 1992, 2018) 6 (1968, 1970, 1973, 1974, 1976, 2006) 2 (1961, 1964) 2 (2008, 2010) 27
 Myanmar 7 (1961, 1963, 1964, 1966, 1968, 1969, 1970) 1 (1965) 2 (1967, 1971) 1 (2014) 11
 Israel 6 (1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1971, 1972) 1 (1968) 1 (1969) 8
 Iraq 5 (1975, 1977, 1978, 1988, 2000) 1 (2012) 1 (1982) 1 (1994) 8
 Iran 4 (1973, 1974, 1975, 1976) 1 (1977) 2 (1969, 1972) 1 (2000) 1 (2016) 9
 North Korea 3 (1976, 2006, 2010) 2 (1990, 2014) 3 (1975, 1978, 1986) 8
 Saudi Arabia 3 (1986, 1992, 2018) 2 (1985, 2016) 2 (1998, 2002) 1 (1973) 1 (2010) 9
 Thailand 2 (1962, 1969) 4 (1961, 1963, 1966, 1994) 5 (1972, 1974, 1976, 1980, 1985) 11
 Japan 1 (2016) 6 (1973, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2006) 5 (1959, 1960, 1980, 1992, 2004) 4 (1970, 1971, 1977, 1996) 1 (2018) 17
 China PR 1 (1985) 3 (1982, 1996, 2004) 1 (2000) 5
 Indonesia 1 (1961) 2 (1967, 1970) 1 (1962) 2 (1960, 1964) 6
 Qatar 1 (2014) 1 (1980) 1 (1988) 2 (1986, 1990) 1 (2018) 6
 Syria 1 (1994) 1 (1988) 1 (1990) 1 (2004) 4
 United Arab Emirates 1 (2008) 2 (1985, 1996) 3 (1982, 1988, 1992) 6
 India 1 (1974) 1
 Malaysia 3 (1959, 1960, 1968) 2 (1964, 1965) 1 (1962) 6
 Bahrain 1 (1986) 1 (1977) 2
 Uzbekistan 1 (2008) 1 (2002) 2 (2012, 2014) 4
 Australia 1 (2010) 2 (2008, 2012) 3
 Kuwait 2 (1975, 1978) 2
 Hong Kong 1 (1963) 2 (1959, 1965) 3
 Chinese Taipei 1 (1966) 1
 Singapore 1 (1967) 1
 Kazakhstan 1 (1998) 1
 Jordan 1 (2006) 1
 Vietnam
1 (2016) 1
Total (as of 2018) 49 31 39 29 12 160

Notes:

  • Bold Italic indicates hosts for that year.
  • Total (40 editions): 9 editions shared champions, 5 editions shared third place, and 6 editions with no third place match.

Medal summary

As of 2018 tournament
RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 South Korea125825
2 Myanmar71311
3 Israel6017
4 Iraq5117
5 Iran4138
6 North Korea3238
 Saudi Arabia3238
8 Thailand2046
9 Japan16613
10 China PR1315
11 Indonesia1214
12 Qatar1124
13 Syria1113
14 United Arab Emirates1023
15 India1001
16 Malaysia0325
17 Australia0123
 Uzbekistan0123
19 Bahrain0112
20 Kuwait0022
21 Chinese Taipei0011
 Hong Kong0011
 Vietnam0011
Totals (23 nations)493151131

Participating nations

Legend:
  • 1st – Champions
  • 2nd – Runners-up
  • 3rd – Third place
  • 4th – Fourth place
  • SF – Semi-finalists
  • QF – Quarter-finals
  • GS – Group stage
  • q – Qualified for upcoming tournament
  • DQ – Disqualified
  •  ••  – Qualified but withdrew
  •  •  – Did not qualify
  •  ×  – Did not enter
  •  ×  – Withdrew / Banned / Entry not accepted by FIFA
  • — Country not affiliated to AFC at that time
  • — Country did not exist or national team was inactive
  •      – Hosts
  •      – Not affiliated to FIFA
Nation Federation of Malaya
1959
Federation of Malaya
1960
Thailand
1961
Thailand
1962
Federation of Malaya
1963
South Vietnam
1964
Japan
1965
Philippines
1966
Thailand
1967
South Korea
1968
Thailand
1969
Philippines
1970
Japan
1971
Thailand
1972
Iran
1973
Thailand
1974
Kuwait
1975
Thailand
1976
Iran
1977
Bangladesh
1978
 Afghanistan × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × GS × QF GS
 Australia
 Bahrain × × × × × × × × × × × × × × GS × QF × 3rd QF
 Bangladesh × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × GS × GS GS
 Bhutan × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × ×
 Brunei × × × × × × × × × × × GS × GS × GS GS × × ×
 Cambodia × × × × GS × × × × × × × × GS × GS × × × ×
 China PR × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × QF QF × GS
 Chinese Taipei × × GS × × × × 3rd GS GS GS GS GS GS × GS × × × ×
 Guam × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × ×
 Hong Kong 4th × × GS 3rd × 4th QF GS GS GS QF GS GS GS QF QF GS GS ×
 India × × × × GS GS GS QF QF GS × × QF GS GS 1st GS GS QF GS
 Indonesia × 4th 1st 3rd × × × × 2nd × GS 2nd GS QF GS × GS QF × QF
 Iran × × × × × × × × × × 3rd QF QF 3rd 1st 1st 1st 1st 2nd QF
 Iraq × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × 1st QF 1st 1st
 Israel × × × × × 1st 1st 1st 1st 3rd 4th QF 1st 1st × × × × × ×
 Japan 3rd 3rd GS GS GS GS GS GS GS GS QF 4th 4th QF 2nd QF GS GS 4th GS
 Jordan × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × GS GS
 Kazakhstan
 Kuwait × × × × × × × × × × × × QF × × × 3rd GS × 3rd
 Kyrgyzstan
 Laos × × × × × × × × × × GS QF × GS × GS × × × ×
 Lebanon × × × × × × × × × × × × × × QF × × × × ×
 Macau × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × ×
 Malaysia 2nd 2nd GS 4th GS 3rd 3rd QF GS 2nd QF GS QF GS GS QF GS GS GS GS
 Maldives × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × ×
 Mongolia × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × ×
 Myanmar 6th GS 1st GS 1st 1st 2nd 1st 3rd 1st 1st 1st 3rd QF QF GS GS QF × ×
   Nepal × × × × × × × × × × × × GS GS × GS × × × ×
 North Korea × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × 3rd 1st × 3rd
 Oman × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × ×
 Pakistan × × × GS × × × × × × × × × × GS × × × × ×
 Palestine × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × ×
 Philippines 9th GS × × GS × GS GS GS R2 GS GS GS GS × GS GS × × ×
 Qatar × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × ×
 Saudi Arabia × × × × × × × × × × × × × × 4th × × × QF QF
 Singapore 7th GS GS GS GS × × GS 4th GS GS GS GS QF QF QF GS GS GS GS
 South Korea 1st 1st GS 2nd 1st 4th GS QF GS 3rd QF 3rd 2nd 2nd 3rd 3rd × 3rd QF 1st
 South Yemen × × × × × × × × × × QF × × ×
 Sri Lanka 8th × GS × GS × × GS QF × GS GS × × × × × GS × GS
 Syria × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × GS × × ×
 Tajikistan
 Thailand 5th GS 3rd 1st 3rd GS GS 3rd QF R2 1st GS GS 4th QF 4th × 4th × ×
 Timor-Leste
 Turkmenistan
 United Arab Emirates × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × ×
 Uzbekistan
 Vietnam × × 4th GS GS GS GS × QF GS QF GS GS × × GS × × × ×
 Yemen × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × GS
Nation Thailand
1980
Thailand
1982
United Arab Emirates
1985
Saudi Arabia
1986
Qatar
1988
Indonesia
1990
United Arab Emirates
1992
Indonesia
1994
South Korea
1996
Thailand
1998
Iran
2000
Qatar
2002
Malaysia
2004
India
2006
Saudi Arabia
2008
China
2010
United Arab Emirates
2012
Myanmar
2014
Bahrain
2016
Indonesia
2018

2020
Total
 Afghanistan × × × × × × × × × × × × DQ × × 3
 Australia Part of OFC QF SF 2nd SF GS GS QF q 8
 Bahrain × 2nd GS GS GS QF q 10
 Bangladesh 5th × × × GS GS × 6
 Bhutan × × × × × × × × × × × × × × 0
 Brunei × × × × × × × × × × 4
 Cambodia × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × q 4
 China PR 2nd 1st GS 2nd GS 3rd QF 2nd QF QF QF GS QF GS GS 18
 Chinese Taipei × × Part of OFC GS 10
 Guam × × × × × × × × × × × × 0
 Hong Kong × × × × × 16
 India GS × GS GS × GS GS QF GS GS 22
 Indonesia GS × GS GS × GS GS × QF q 18
 Iran × × × × × GS × GS 4th GS GS GS GS QF GS SF q 21
 Iraq × 3rd 1st × × 4th × GS 1st QF QF GS GS 2nd GS QF GS q 18
 Israel Part of OFC and later UEFA 9
 Japan 3rd GS GS 3rd 2nd 4th 2nd 2nd 2nd 3rd 2nd QF QF QF QF 1st SF q 38
 Jordan × × × × × × × × × 4th GS GS QF GS 7
 Kazakhstan × GS 4th Part of UEFA 2
 Kuwait × × GS GS GS GS × 8
 Kyrgyzstan × × GS × × × 1
 Laos × × × × × × × × × GS q 6
 Lebanon × × × × × × × × GS × 2
 Macau × × × × 0
 Malaysia × × QF GS GS q 24
 Maldives × × × × × 0
 Mongolia × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × 0
 Myanmar × × × × × × × × × × SF 19
   Nepal × × × GS × 4
 New Zealand OFC member GS OFC member 1
 North Korea × DQ × 3rd GS 2nd × × × × × × 1st QF 1st GS 2nd GS GS 13
 Oman × × × GS GS 2
 Pakistan × × GS × × × 3
 Palestine × × × × × × × × × × × DQ 0
 Philippines × × × × × × × × × 13
 Qatar 2nd × 4th 3rd 4th GS GS GS GS GS QF GS 1st GS SF q 15
 Saudi Arabia × 2nd 1st × 1st × 3rd 3rd QF QF SF GS 2nd 1st q 15
 Singapore × × 18
 South Korea 1st 1st GS GS 1st 2nd GS 1st 1st GS 1st 1st 3rd SF SF 1st GS GS 2nd q 39
 South Yemen × × × 1
 Sri Lanka × × × GS × × × × × × 10
 Syria × 2nd 3rd 1st GS QF 4th GS GS QF × 10
 Tajikistan × × GS GS QF QF q 5
 Thailand 4th 4th GS 3rd GS GS GS GS GS GS GS GS GS QF GS QF 33
 Timor-Leste × × DQ × × × 0
 Turkmenistan × × •• × 0
 United Arab Emirates × 4th 3rd 4th 4th 3rd GS QF GS 1st QF GS QF GS GS 14
 Uzbekistan × × 4th QF 2nd QF SF SF QF q 8
 Vietnam × × × × × × × × GS GS GS GS GS GS SF GS q 20
 Yemen × × × × × × GS GS GS GS GS q 7

All-time results

As of 2018 tournament
Rank Team Part Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
1  South Korea 38 185 109 44 32 367 149 +218 358
2  Japan 37 168 70 29 69 293 232 +61 239
3  Myanmar 19 94 60 15 19 242 84 +158 195
4  Iran 20 88 53 17 18 183 69 +114 176
5  Thailand 33 138 52 24 62 229 214 +15 174
6  Saudi Arabia 14 69 42 13 14 144 75 +69 139
7  Iraq 17 75 39 19 17 151 75 +76 136
8  Israel1 9 49 37 8 4 138 14 +124 119
9  Malaysia 23 88 35 13 41 159 161 –2 118
10  North Korea 13 65 31 15 19 98 61 +37 108
11  China PR 18 72 30 18 24 104 89 +15 108
12  Qatar 14 59 28 9 22 96 86 +10 93
13  Indonesia 17 70 26 13 31 114 121 –7 91
14  India 22 80 22 16 42 95 145 –50 82
15  Syria 10 44 22 8 14 70 46 +24 74
16  United Arab Emirates 14 56 18 15 23 83 80 +3 69
17  Hong Kong 16 60 20 9 31 96 132 –36 69
18  Vietnam2 19 66 17 13 36 70 138 –68 64
19  Uzbekistan 7 34 17 9 8 57 44 +13 60
20  Singapore 18 67 16 7 44 79 190 –111 55
21  Bahrain 9 37 14 10 13 47 44 +3 52
22  Australia 7 30 14 9 7 44 31 +13 51
23  Kuwait 8 36 12 15 9 49 44 +5 51
24  Chinese Taipei 10 35 5 6 24 30 98 –68 21
25  Jordan 7 25 4 6 15 22 52 –30 18
26  Philippines 13 45 5 3 37 32 161 –129 18
27  Laos 5 16 4 4 8 20 29 –9 16
28  Yemen3 7 24 4 3 17 19 45 –26 15
29  Sri Lanka 10 37 4 2 31 37 157 –120 14
30  Tajikistan 4 14 3 3 8 14 28 –14 12
31  Cambodia 3 11 3 1 7 14 26 –12 10
32  Pakistan 3 11 3 0 8 12 35 –23 9
33  Kazakhstan 2 10 2 2 6 15 25 –10 8
34  Bangladesh 6 21 1 5 15 10 53 –43 8
35  Lebanon 2 7 1 3 3 5 13 –8 6
36  Oman 2 7 0 3 4 3 15 –12 3
37    Nepal 4 12 1 0 11 6 47 –41 3
38  Kyrgyzstan 1 3 0 2 1 1 8 –7 2
39  Afghanistan 3 10 0 2 8 4 31 –27 2
40  New Zealand4 1 4 0 0 4 2 13 –11 0
41  Brunei 4 13 0 0 13 3 94 –91 0

1 No longer an AFC member.
2 Represented South Vietnam from 1959 to 1974.
3 Representing South Yemen in 1975 and North Yemen in 1978.
4 Not an AFC member: participated in tournament as part of intercontinental play-off to qualify for the 1993 FIFA World Youth Championship.

FIFA U-20 World Cup performances

Legend
  • 1st – Champions
  • 2nd – Runners-up
  • 3rd – Third place
  • 4th – Fourth place
  • QF – Quarterfinals
  • R2 – Round 2
  • R1 – Round 1
  •      – Hosts
  •      – Not affiliated to AFC
  • q – Qualified for upcoming tournament
Team Tunisia
1977
Japan
1979
Australia
1981
Mexico
1983
Soviet Union
1985
Chile
1987
Saudi Arabia
1989
Portugal
1991
Australia
1993
Qatar
1995
Malaysia
1997
Nigeria
1999
Argentina
2001
United Arab Emirates
2003
Netherlands
2005
Canada
2007
Egypt
2009
Colombia
2011
Turkey
2013
New Zealand
2015
South Korea
2017
Poland
2019
Indonesia
2023
Total
 Australia OFC member R1 R1 R1 3
 Bahrain R1 1
 China PR R1 QF R1 R2 R2 5
 Indonesia R1 Q 2
 Iran R1 R1 R1 3
 Iraq R1 QF R1 4th 4
 Japan R1 QF QF 2nd R1 QF R2 R2 R2 R2 10
 Jordan R1 1
 Kazakhstan Part of Soviet Union R1 UEFA member 1
 Malaysia R1 1
 Myanmar R1 1
 North Korea R1 R1 R1 3
 Qatar 2nd R1 R1 R1 4
 Saudi Arabia R1 R1 R1 R1 R1 R1 R2 R2 R1 9
 South Korea R1 R1 4th QF R1 R1 R1 R2 R1 R1 QF R2 QF R2 2nd 15
 Syria R1 QF R1 R2 4
 United Arab Emirates R2 QF QF 3
 Uzbekistan Part of Soviet Union R1 R1 QF QF 4
 Vietnam R1 1

See also

References

  1. ^ "AFC Competitions Committee recommends changes to youth competitions". AFC. 26 November 2018.
  2. ^ "AFC rebrands age group championships to AFC Asian Cups". AFC. 2 October 2020.
  3. ^ "The Straits Times, 16 May 1966, Page 22". Retrieved 7 June 2013.
  4. ^ "Newspapers – The Straits Times, 3 May 1970, Page 22, Myanmar rout Indons 3–0 in final". Retrieved 6 June 2013.
  5. ^ Latest update on AFC Competitions in 2021, Asian Football Confederation official website, 25 January 2021

External links

This page was last edited on 15 November 2021, at 12:28
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