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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

AEC Militant Mk I
AEC Militant Mk1, Abergavenny.jpg
AEC Militant, Mk I GS wagon
TypeMedium/heavy artillery tractor, 10-ton cargo truck
Place of originUnited Kingdom
Production history
DesignerAssociated Equipment Company
ManufacturerAssociated Equipment Company
Produced1952–1964
No. built3,200
VariantsO859 (6x4)
O860 (6x6)
Specifications
MassUnladen 10.1–10.3 long tons (10.3–10.5 t)
Length24 ft 1 in (7.34 m)
Width8 ft (2.4 m)
Height9 ft 8 in (2.95 m)

EngineAEC A223 straight-six diesel
150 bhp (110 kW)
Drive6x4 or part time 6x6
Transmission5F1Rx2
SuspensionLive axles on semi-elliptical multi-leaf springs inverted at the rear
Maximum speed 25 mph (40 km/h)
ReferencesA complete directory of military vehicles[1]
AEC Militant Mk III
Type10-ton cargo truck
Specifications
MassUnladen 11.66 long tons (11.85 t)
Length29 ft 9 in (9.07 m)
Width8 ft 2 in (2.49 m)
Height11 ft 6 in (3.51 m)

EngineAEC AV760 straight-six diesel
226 bhp (169 kW)
Drive6x6
Transmission6F1Rx2
Maximum speed 33 mph (53 km/h)
ReferencesThe illustrated encyclopedia of military vehicles[2]

The AEC Militant (or "Milly") was a post-war development by AEC of the AEC Matador artillery tractor used during World War II. Externally the most noticeable development was the cab, which was considerably enlarged. Unlike the Matador only 6-wheel versions were produced.[citation needed] 4-wheel versions are extant, but they are probably conversions[original research?] and one is a Matador with a Mk1 Militant cab. Other changes included the fitting of a larger, 11.3-litre 6-cylinder, diesel engine and the use of a steel frame for the cab, rather than the ash (fraxinus) wood frame of the Matador. The Militant Mark 1 was produced in 6x4 (6 wheels, 4 driven) and 6x6 form (6 wheels, 6 driven).

Variants

Although primarily intended as a replacement for the Matador artillery tractor, other variants included an articulated lorry tractor unit, a General Service or cargo lorry with a longer wheelbase and as a chassis for mounting various cranes, usually supplied by Coles.

Service and Civilian Life

The Militant served with the British Army and some other armies in most parts of the world. It was intended as an improved artillery tractor, but after the Second World War, the development of large artillery pieces was gradually dropped in favour of more effective rockets and missiles, making this role largely redundant during the Militant's service life. Crews had mixed views of the Militant. Because it had no power steering, it took considerable effort to turn the steering wheel at slow speeds and in difficult conditions. However, it was credited with a good cross-country performance and was often used to recover the six-wheel drive Alvis Stalwart amphibious lorries that bogged in difficult conditions. (The MkIII did have a power assist Steering Ram).

Most variants were fitted with a chassis-mounted winch that was driven through the gearbox. This winch, which was intended for manoeuvering of the towed field gun and for self-recovery of the vehicle, proved extremely strong and reliable. The Militant gained the nickname 'Knocker' from its military crews which may have been due to the rhythmic sound of the slow-revving engines.

The Knocker was the nickname of the MkI and the one MkI CALM was still in service with each RCT Transport Squadron until the AEC fleet was replaced by the Bedford 14 Tonne 6X6 in the early 90s. AEC MkIII Recovery Trucks were replaced by Foden GS Recovery 6X6.

Many Militants were sold off by the Army in the 1970s and were purchased as heavy recovery vehicles or for forestry use by civilian operators. They were not as popular for forestry operations as their predecessor the Matador because the extra length and an extra axle made them less manoeuvrable in confined spaces. However, some users simply shortened the chassis and removed one axle, effectively creating a more powerful version of the Matador.

AEC MK1 Militants were still in service as late as 1985; the MK3s were still in service as late as 1990.[citation needed]

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ Ware, Pat (2012). A complete directory of military vehicles. Wigston: Anness Publishing Ltd. p. 100.
  2. ^ Hogg, Ian V.; Weeks, John (1980). The illustrated encyclopedia of military vehicles. London: New Burlington Books. p. 293.

External links

This page was last edited on 2 April 2020, at 05:20
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