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ABC Owned Television Stations

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

ABC Owned Television Stations
TypeDivision
IndustryTV broadcasting
Founded1948; 74 years ago (1948)
Headquarters,
Number of locations
8
Key people
Chad Matthews (President)
ServicesAdvertising
Owner
DivisionsLocalish
SubsidiariesABC National Television Sales
Websiteabcotvs.com

ABC Owned Television Stations is a division of ABC Entertainment Group operated by Walt Disney Television that oversees the owned-and-operated stations of the American Broadcasting Company (ABC), a division of The Walt Disney Company. The division consists of eight stations plus ABC National Television Sales and Localish.

History

A news crew for WABC in New York City
A news van for KABC in Los Angeles
The WLS studio building in Chicago
Antennas outside the KGO studio building in San Francisco
The KTRK studio building in Houston

ABC Network

The ABC Network's first TV station signed on August 10, 1948, as WJZ-TV,[1] the first of three television stations signed on by ABC during that same year, with WENR-TV in Chicago and WXYZ-TV in Detroit being the other two.[2] KGO-TV in San Francisco and KECA in Los Angeles, signed on during the next 13 months after WJZ.[citation needed]

In February 1953, ABC merged with United Paramount Theatres (UPT), the former theater division of Paramount Pictures. UPT subsidiary Balaban and Katz owned WBKB (which shared a CBS affiliation with WGN-TV). The newly merged American Broadcasting-Paramount Theatres, as the company was known then, could not keep both stations because of Federal Communications Commission (FCC) regulations then enforced that forbade the common ownership of two television stations licensed to the same market. As a result, WBKB's channel 4 license was sold to CBS, which subsequently changed that station's call letters to WBBM-TV; that outlet would move to VHF channel 2 several months later on July 5, 1953. The old WBKB's on-air and behind-the-scenes staff stayed at the new WBBM-TV, while the WBKB call letters and management moved to channel 7 (from 1965 to 1968, a "-TV" suffix was included in the station's calls, modifying it to WBKB-TV).[3]

Capital Cities/ABC

On March 19, 1985, Capital Cities announced that it would purchase ABC for $3.5 billion, which shocked the media industry, as ABC was some four times bigger than Capital Cities was at the time.[4][5]

The newly merged company, Capital Cities/ABC Inc., was forced to sell off some stations due to FCC ownership rules. Between them, ABC and Capital Cities owned more television stations than FCC rules allowed at the time.[6] Of the former Capital Cities television stations, the merged company opted to keep KTRK-TV in Houston, WTVD-TV in Durham, and KFSN-TV in Fresno. FCC rules could have also forced a sale of Capital Cities' WPVI-TV in Philadelphia as well due to a large signal overlap with WABC-TV, but the merged company successfully received a permanent waiver from the FCC after citing CBS' ownership of television stations in New York City (WCBS-TV) and Philadelphia (at the time WCAU-TV) under grandfathered status. Capital Cities' WFTS-TV in Tampa and ABC's WXYZ-TV in Detroit were divested as a pair to the E. W. Scripps Company's broadcasting division (then known as Scripps-Howard Broadcasting). Capital Cities' WTNH-TV in New Haven and WKBW-TV in Buffalo were sold separately to minority-owned companies[7] (Scripps would eventually buy WKBW in 2014).[8]

In 1994, New World Communications signed an affiliation deal with Fox Broadcasting Company, resulting in most of New World's stations switching affiliation to Fox. This set off the 1994–1996 United States broadcast TV realignment, a chain of affiliation changes across the country and other multi-station affiliation deals for the next couple of years. To avoid being consigned to the lower-signal-quality UHF after losing its affiliations to New World's WJBK in Detroit and WJW-TV in Cleveland, CBS heavily wooed both E. W. Scripps Company's WXYZ-TV and WEWS-TV. Scripps then told ABC that unless it agreed to affiliate with the other Scripps-owned stations, it would switch both Detroit and Cleveland stations to CBS.[9] A fourth Scripps station was included in a separate deal, that of the Cincinnati station in 1995.[10][11] As a contingency, ABC bought WJRT-TV in Flint, Michigan and WTVG in Toledo, Ohio from SJL Broadcasting in 1995.[12] ABC also had a partner deal with Allbritton Communications to convert most of these affiliates to ABC, also in 1996.[13][14] In response of the deal stemming from NBC's trade of KCNC and KUTV, in 1994, ABC also had a group deal with McGraw Hill to convert the Denver and Bakersfield stations from CBS to ABC, while renewing affiliation agreements in San Diego and Indianapolis.[15]

Disney/ABC division

The ABC Owned TV Stations (ABCOTS) were paired with ABC Radio Network and eight TV stations in CC/ABC Broadcasting Group in Capital Cities/ABC (CC/ABC) when CC/ABC was purchased by The Walt Disney Company in 1996.[16][17] In June, ABC's top marketing officer announced that the owned-and-operated (O&O) stations would adopt a "one-channel" marketing strategy; the stations would, for promotional purposes, de-emphasize referring to themselves by their call letters, and instead refer to themselves using "ABC" and the station's channel number ("ABC Seven," for example), as the marketer had adopted this practice at NBC before.[18]

In June 1998, ABC parent The Walt Disney Company entered into negotiations to purchase the eight Allbritton stations and its local marketing agreements involving fellow ABC affiliates WJSU-TV (now WGWW) in Anniston, Alabama and WJXX in Jacksonville, Florida, for a reported offer totaling more than $1 billion; the latter two stations had been involved in an affiliation deal between Allbritton and ABC that was reached in response to the May 1994 affiliation deal between New World Communications and Fox that affected WBRC in Birmingham, Alabama.[19][20] Negotiations between Disney and Allbritton broke down when the former dropped out of discussions to buy the stations the following month.[21]

ABC News Now was launched in 2004 in the US on digital subchannels of 70 ABC O&O stations and affiliates.[22] On January 31, 2005, ABC News removed ABC News Now from owned and operated and affiliated TV stations' subchannel as the channel ended its experimental phase originally.[23] The group changed its programming on secondary channels to ABC Plus, a local news and public affairs format. ABC teamed up with AccuWeather to launch a multicast service starting on ABC stations' third subchannel beginning with WPVI-TV in September 2005 followed by KFSN-TV with the next wave of four by December 31, 2005 then the final four by March 31, 2006.[24] The Live Well Network (LWN) was launched on April 27, 2009 in high definition by ABC's O&O stations on the stations'.2 subchannels.[25][26]

On November 3, 2010, Broadcasting & Cable magazine announced that SJL Broadcasting, now owned by the principal owners of Lilly Broadcasting, made an agreement with Disney to buy back WJRT-TV and WTVG, the two smallest stations in ABC's O&O portfolio.[12] The sale was completed on April 1, 2011.[27] On October 17, 2013, the New York Post reported that Disney considered sell the station group given the current wave of consolidation between station holding companies that has increased station values since 2010.[28] On October 25, the Triangle Business Journal reported that multiple Disney spokespeople denied that information[29]

On June 9, 2014, ABC Owned Television Stations vice president Peggy Allen and president Rebecca Campbell jointly announced to Live Well Network's staff that they planned to shut down the network in January 2015. Campbell and Allen stated that despite the success of the network, the division wanted to prioritize "local content" and its "core local news brands".[30][31] Many of the shows from ABC's stations ended production with a possibility to be picked up by fyi cable network, a DATG partial owned A&E Networks cable channel.[32][33] On January 15, 2015, ABCOTS announced a pickup of Laff, a new subchannel owned by E. W. Scripps Company subsidiary Katz Broadcasting. Laff was added to the DT3 subchannels of the ABC O&O stations effective on April 15, 2015; within that announcement, ABCOTS stated that Live Well Network would continue on their eight stations on their .2 subchannels in HD, but no longer be distributed outside of ABC O&O stations.[34] ABCOTS also indicated that its stations' 3rd subchannel would affiliated with Laff network upon launch on April 15, 2015, but until then LWN would run on both subchannels.[35]

Campbell, president of ABC Daytime and ABC Owned Television Stations, was named President of Disney EMEA in September 2017.[36] Wendy McMahon, the stations' senior VP of digital, was named station group president effective January 1, 2018.[37]

ABC Owned Television Stations launched its Localish digital media venture the week of September 20, 2018 with four shows. Localish focuses on mobile millennials with national appeal local short stories produced by the stations and released on digital and social platforms. The first series, More in Common, had already appeared via Facebook Watch.[38] A More in Common compilation special was broadcast on all ABC station's primary channels on November 4, 2018 with WPVI-TV (Philadelphia) also on November 3 then on their LiveWell Network subchannel (.2) from November 4 through 11, 2018.[39] On January 21, 2020, ABC Stations announced that the network would be rebranded as the Localish on February 17, 2020.[40]

At the beginning of 2021, Laff was removed from the ABC Owned Television Stations (excluding WLS-TV, which had removed Laff in 2017) and moved to Ion Media stations which were acquired by Scripps around the same time.[41] Later in April, Allen Media Group announced that the ABC Owned Television Stations had picked up This TV as a replacement for Laff.[42]

Units

  • ABC National Television Sales, Inc.
    • ABC Regional Sports & Entertainment Sales
  • Localish

List of stations

Stations are arranged in alphabetical order by state and city of license.

  • (**) - indicate a station built and signed on by ABC.
  • (++) - indicate a station that was owned by Capital Cities Communications before merging with ABC in 1986.
City of license / Market Station Channel
TV (RF)
Owned since Owned by at merger
Fresno, CA KFSN-TV ++ 30 (30) 1986 CapCities
Los Angeles KABC-TV ** 7 (7) 1949 ABC
San Francisco - Oakland - San Jose KGO-TV ** 7 (12) 1949 ABC
Chicago WLS-TV ** 7 (22) 1948 ABC
New York City WABC-TV ** 7 (7) 1948 ABC
Raleigh - Durham - Fayetteville, NC WTVD ++ 11 (9) 1986 CapCities
Philadelphia WPVI-TV ++ 6 (6) 1986 CapCities
Houston KTRK-TV ++ 13 (13) 1986 CapCities

Former ABC-owned stations

City of license / Market Station Channel
TV (RF)
Years owned Owned by at merger Current ownership status
Detroit WXYZ-TV ** 7 (25) 1948–1986 ABC ABC affiliate owned by the E. W. Scripps Company
Flint, MI WJRT-TV[43] 12 (12) 1995–2011 N/A ABC affiliate owned by Allen Media Broadcasting
Toledo, OH WTVG[43] 13 (13) 1995–2011 N/A dual ABC/CW affiliate owned by Gray Television

Evolution of ABC O&O stations

WJRT-TVKFSN-TVKTRK-TVWTVDKABC-TVKGO-TVWXYZ-TVWLS-TVWABC-TVWTVGWPVI-TV

Programming

ABC's owned and operated stations' syndicated offerings (as of September 2020) include The Tamron Hall Show, Live with Kelly and Ryan, Wheel of Fortune, Jeopardy!, and Small Town Big Deal. Live is produced in-house at WABC-TV. Wheel and Jeopardy! have been syndicated to ABC-owned stations since 1992, as part of a longstanding relationship with what is now CBS Media Ventures dating to when the syndicator was still known as King World Productions.[44]

References

  1. ^ "WJZ-TV starts; elaborate inaugural program" (PDF). Broadcasting  • Telecasting. August 16, 1948. p. 23. Retrieved April 3, 2020.
  2. ^ "ABC TV Network To Begin Sept. 20" (PDF). Broadcasting • Telecasting. August 23, 1948. p. 27. Retrieved April 3, 2020.
  3. ^ "AB-PT Purchasing Power" (PDF). Broadcasting. 1953-02-16. Retrieved 2021-08-17.
  4. ^ Kleinfield, N.R. "ABC is being sold for $3.5 billion; 1st network sale." The New York Times, March 19, 1985.
  5. ^ "Capcities + ABC."[permanent dead link] Broadcasting, March 25, 1985, pp. 31-32[permanent dead link].
  6. ^ "FCC approval of CapCities/ABC deal likely." Broadcasting, March 25, 1985, pg. 33.
  7. ^ "ABC/CCC sells four TV's for $485 million; Detroit, Tampa to Scripps Howard." Broadcasting, July 29, 1985, pg. 30.
  8. ^ Scripps Buying Granite TVs in Buffalo, Detroit, TVNewsCheck, Retrieved February 10, 2014
  9. ^ McClellan, Steve (June 6, 1994). "Counterstrike: CBS targets Scripps". Broadcasting & Cable. Cahners Business Information. Archived from the original on November 5, 2012. Retrieved March 1, 2016 – via HighBeam Research.
  10. ^ Tom Hopkins (June 3, 1996). "ANALYSIS: Networks Switch Channels". Dayton Daily News. Retrieved June 29, 2012 – via NewsBank. closed access
  11. ^ Harry A. Jessell (September 11, 1995). "ABC, Fox change partners again: ABC is switching to WCPO-TV in Cincinnati, Fox is moving to WGXA-TV in Macon, Ga". Broadcasting & Cable. Cahners Business Information. Archived from the original on November 5, 2012. Retrieved December 28, 2015 – via HighBeam Research.
  12. ^ a b Grego, Melissa (November 3, 2010). "Exclusive: Disney to Sell Two Stations". Broadcasting & Cable. Retrieved September 21, 2012.
  13. ^ "Allbritton Communications Co. and ABC have signed a 10-year affiliation agreement". Broadcasting & Cable. Cahners Business Information. April 22, 1996. Archived from the original on January 9, 2016. Retrieved November 30, 2015 – via HighBeam Research.
  14. ^ Charlie Patton (August 21, 1997). "Jags fans in lather over TV". The Florida Times-Union. Morris Communications. Retrieved May 20, 2011.
  15. ^ Dusty Saunders (October 22, 1994). "TV Stations Play Spin the Dial Channel 7 Quits CBS, Joins ABC, Kicking Off Network Realignment". Rocky Mountain News. E. W. Scripps Company. Retrieved October 21, 2012 – via NewsBank. closed access
  16. ^ Fabrant, Geraldine. (January 5, 1996). "Disney and ABC Shareholders Solidly Approve Merger Deal". The New York Times. Retrieved July 8, 2013.
  17. ^ "Fact Sheet: The Walt Disney Company". Press Release. The Walt Disney Company. Archived from the original on October 18, 2017. Retrieved March 7, 2013.
  18. ^ McClellan, Steve; McDonnell, Chris (June 10, 1996). "Cohen: One channel, one network". Broadcasting & Cable. Archived from the original on November 5, 2013.
  19. ^ Jerry Knight; Paul Farhi (June 17, 1998). "Disney in Talks to Buy WJLA; ABC Would Take Over Allbritton's Television Empire". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on November 14, 2012. Retrieved December 12, 2017 – via HighBeam Research.
  20. ^ Sara Brown (June 22, 1998). "ABC dealing for Allbritton's TVs". Broadcasting & Cable. Cahners Business Information. p. 12. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 11, 2017. Retrieved December 13, 2017 – via World Radio History.
  21. ^ Paul Farhi (July 25, 1998). "Disney Ends Talks to Buy WJLA". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on August 8, 2014. Retrieved December 12, 2017 – via HighBeam Research.
  22. ^ "ABC News banks on digital, despite small audiences today". USA Today. AP. September 4, 2004. Retrieved May 29, 2014.
  23. ^ Kerschbaumer, Ken (January 24, 2005). "ABC News Now... And Later". Broadcasting & Cable. Archived from the original on October 7, 2008. Retrieved January 15, 2020.
  24. ^ Umstead, R. Thomas; Moss, Linda (December 9, 2005). "Much Ado About Multicasting". Multichannel. Future Publishing Limited. Retrieved January 24, 2020.
  25. ^ "ABC O&Os Launch Digital Network". Broadcasting & Cable. April 27, 2009.
  26. ^ "ABC Multicasts Live Well HD Channel". Mediaweek. October 25, 2009. Archived from the original on October 30, 2009.
  27. ^ "Exclusive: New GMs For Former ABC O&Os in Flint, Toledo". Broadcasting & Cable. March 31, 2011.
  28. ^ Atkinson, Claire (October 17, 2013). "Disney once again considering sale of local TV stations". NY Post. Retrieved October 18, 2013.
  29. ^ Ohnesorge, Lauren (October 25, 2013). "Disney denies it's selling broadcast business, WTVD". Triangle Business Journal. Retrieved November 30, 2015.
  30. ^ Downey, Kevin (June 9, 2014). "No Life Left In Live Well Network". TV News Check. Retrieved June 9, 2014.
  31. ^ Block, Alex (June 9, 2014). "Live Well Network's Demise Follows Advertiser Resistance, CBS Plans (Analysis)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved June 11, 2014.
  32. ^ Malone, Michael (June 9, 2014). "ABC to Discontinue Live Well Network". Broadcasting & Cable. NewBay Media, LLC. Retrieved August 1, 2014.
  33. ^ Lazare, Lewis (June 9, 2014). "ABC to shutter Live Well Network founded in Chicago". Chicago Business Journal. American City Business Journals. Retrieved December 4, 2014.
  34. ^ Littleton, Cynthia (18 January 2015). "ABC Sticks with Live Well Digital Channel, Adds Comedy Net". Variety. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
  35. ^ Lafayette, Jon (January 18, 2015). "Exclusive: Comedy Multicast Net Launching on ABC, Scripps". Broadcasting & Cable. Retrieved January 20, 2015.
  36. ^ Tartaglione, Nancy (September 21, 2017). "Disney Intl Names Rebecca Campbell President For Europe, Middle East & Africa". Deadline. Penske Business Media. Retrieved April 9, 2018.
  37. ^ Variety Staff (December 7, 2017). "Wendy McMahon Named President of ABC Owned Television Stations". Variety. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  38. ^ Lafayette, Jon (2018-09-20). "ABC Stations Launching 'Localish' for Mobile Millennials". Broadcasting & Cable. Future Publishing Limited. Retrieved 2020-01-24.
  39. ^ Lafayette, Jon (2018-11-02). "ABC to Air Show Launched Via Facebook on Broadcast". Broadcasting & Cable. Future Publishing Limited. Retrieved 2020-01-24.
  40. ^ Lafayette, Jon (January 21, 2020). "ABC Rebranding Live Well Broadcast Diginet to Localish". Broadcasting & Cable. Future Publishing Limited. Retrieved 2020-01-24.
  41. ^ Balderston, Michael (2021-01-14). "Scripps Moving Multicast Networks onto Ion TV Stations". tvtech. Retrieved 2022-04-20.
  42. ^ Hipes, Patrick (2021-04-05). "Byron Allen's This TV Expands Reach With ABC-Owned Station Deal". DEADLINE. Retrieved 2022-04-20.
  43. ^ a b On November 4, 2010 ABC announced the sale of WJRT-TV and WTVG to previous owner SJL Broadcasting. The sale was completed April 1, 2011. ([1])
  44. ^ Littleton, Cynthia (November 5, 2018). "ABC Shells Out to Keep 'Wheel of Fortune' and 'Jeopardy' After Big Offer From Fox". Variety. Retrieved November 21, 2019.

External links


This page was last edited on 8 June 2022, at 12:49
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