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8th State Duma

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation of the 8th convocation (Russian: Государственная Дума Федерального Собрания Российской Федерации восьмого созыва) is the current convocation of the lower house of Russian parliament.

The composition of the 8th State Duma was determined based on the results of the 2021 legislative election. Elections were held using a mixed system: 225 deputies were elected on party lists and 225 — in single-member constituencies. Of the 14 parties that participated in the elections, only 5 were able to overcome the 5% barrier. And for the first time since 1999, more than four parties were able to form their own factions. Three more parties and five independent candidates were able to win one seat each through single-mandate constituencies.[1]

In accordance with the presidential decree, the first meeting of the 8th State Duma was held on 12 October 2021.[2]

Leadership

Chairman of the State Duma

The leadership of the State Duma where elected at the first meeting.

In accordance with the Constitution, the oldest deputy opens the first session. However, for the first time ever, the second oldest deputy opened the first meeting. This was because the oldest deputy, 85-year-old Vladimir Resin, refused to open the meeting and therefore this duty was passed to 84-year-old Valentina Tereshkova.[3] In addition to Tereshkova, as per tradition, the presidium was also attended by the oldest deputies from each faction.

Office MP Period Parliamentary affiliation
Chairman Vyacheslav Volodin 12 October 2021 United Russia
First Deputy Chairmen[4] Alexander Zhukov 12 October 2021 United Russia
Ivan Melnikov 12 October 2021 Communist Party
Deputy Chairmen Anna Kuznetsova 12 October 2021 United Russia
Irina Yarovaya 12 October 2021 United Russia
Pyotr Tolstoy 12 October 2021 United Russia
Sergey Neverov 12 October 2021 United Russia
Alexey Gordeyev 12 October 2021 United Russia
Sholban Kara-ool 12 October 2021 United Russia
Alexander Babakov 12 October 2021 A Just Russia — For Truth
Boris Chernyshov 12 October 2021 Liberal Democratic Party
Vladislav Davankov 12 October 2021 New People
Faction leaders[5] Vladimir Vasilyev 12 October 2021 United Russia
Gennady Zyuganov 12 October 2021 Communist Party
Sergey Mironov 12 October 2021 A Just Russia — For Truth
Vladimir Zhirinovsky 12 October 2021 Liberal Democratic Party
Alexey Nechayev 12 October 2021 New People

Chairman election

On 25 September 2021, during a meeting with the leaders of the parties elected to the State Duma, President Vladimir Putin expressed his support for the Chairman of the State Duma of the previous convocation Vyacheslav Volodin. Putin said that Volodin was worthy of becoming chairman again, but would leave the final decision to the deputies of the State Duma.[6] After that, United Russia nominated Volodin for the position.[7] Since United Russia has a majority in the State Duma, this means that Volodin will be elected speaker without the support of other parties. Nevertheless, the Liberal Democratic Party and A Just Russia — For Truth also endorsed Volodin.[8][9]

The Communist Party refused to support Volodin and announced its intention to nominate its own candidate for the Chairman. The Communists named Dmitry Novikov, Leonid Kalashnikov and Yury Afonin as possible candidates.[10] On 7 October it was officially announced that the Communist Party would nominate Dmitry Novikov for Chairman of the State Duma.[11]

The New People party did not nominate a candidate, but also did not publicly endorse any candidate.

Candidate Votes %
Vyacheslav Volodin (UR) 360 80.0%
Dmitry Novikov (CPRF) 61 13.6%
Not voting 29 6.4%
Source:[12]

Factions

Five parties were able to overcome the 5% barrier in the elections and form their own factions. Candidates from three more parties were able to win in their constituencies, but they will not be able to form factions, since their parties did not pass the electoral barrier. They may to join the factions of other parties, or became unaffiliated deputies. Two of them joined the Liberal Democratic Party.[13] Also, independent deputies were elected in five constituencies, who could also became unaffiliated, but joined the factions of political parties. Two deputies joined United Russia,[14] two more joined New People[15] and one joined A Just Russia — For Truth.[16]

Emblem of the State Duma of the Russian Federation.png
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total Vacant
United Russia Communist Party A Just Russia — For Truth[a 1] Liberal Democratic Party New People Unaffiliated
End of the previous convocation 336 43 23 40 DNP 2 444 6
Seats won in election 324 57 27 21 13 8 450 0
October 12, 2021
(first session)
326 28 23 15 1
November 10, 2021[a 2][17] 325 2
Latest voting share 72.2% 12.7% 6.2% 5.1% 3.3% 0.4% 100.0% 0.0%
  1. ^ A Just Russia in previous convocation
  2. ^ Yevgeny Marchenko was expelled from the United Russia faction and became unaffiliated MP

Membership

Committees and commissions

Committees

In the 8th convocation, the number of committees was increased from 26 to 32. According to Vyacheslav Volodin, the increase in committees is due to the expanded powers of the parliament during the constitutional reform. Since the State Duma approves the members of the government, it was decided to create committees based on the profile of line federal ministries, agencies and services.[18]

On 8 October 2021, during the meeting of the provisional working group on the preparation of the first plenary session, the composition of the committees and their leadership were approved.[19]

Committee issues[20] Chair Parties
Agrarian Issues Vladimir Kashin United Russia (15)
Communist Party (4)
A Just Russia — For Truth (1)
Budget and Taxes Andrey Makarov United Russia (22)
Communist Party (4)
A Just Russia — For Truth (1)
Liberal Democratic Party (1)
Party of Growth (1)
Commonwealth of Independent States Affairs,
Eurasian Integration and Relations with Compatriots
Leonid Kalashnikov United Russia (5)
Communist Party (3)
Construction and Housing and Communal Services Sergey Pakhomov United Russia (16)
Communist Party (2)
A Just Russia — For Truth (1)
Liberal Democratic Party (1)
Control Oleg Morozov United Russia (9)
Communist Party (1)
A Just Russia — For Truth (1)
Culture Yelena Yampolskaya United Russia (5)
A Just Russia — For Truth (2)
Communist Party (1)
Liberal Democratic Party (1)
New People (1)
Defence Andrey Kartapolov United Russia (10)
Communist Party (2)
Liberal Democratic Party (1)
Development of Civil Society,
Issues of Public and Religious Associations
Olga Timofeeva United Russia (5)
Communist Party (1)
A Just Russia — For Truth (1)
New People (1)
Development of the Far East ad Arctic Nikolai Kharitonov United Russia (9)
Communist Party (2)
A Just Russia — For Truth (1)
Liberal Democratic Party (1)
New People (1)
Ecology, Natural Resources
and Environmental Protection
Dmitry Kobylkin United Russia (18)
Communist Party (2)
A Just Russia — For Truth (2)
Liberal Democratic Party (1)
New People (1)
Economic Policy Maxim Topilin United Russia (6)
Communist Party (1)
Liberal Democratic Party (1)
A Just Russia — For Truth (1)
Education Olga Kazakova United Russia (7)
A Just Russia — For Truth (2)
Communist Party (1)
New People (1)
Energy Pavel Zavalny United Russia (9)
Communist Party (1)
A Just Russia — For Truth (1)
Liberal Democratic Party (1)
New People (1)
Family, Women and Children Nina Ostanina United Russia (5)
Communist Party (2)
Financial Market Anatoly Aksakov United Russia (6)
Communist Party (2)
A Just Russia — For Truth (1)
Liberal Democratic Party (1)
Health Dmitry Khubezov United Russia (14)
Communist Party (2)
A Just Russia — For Truth (1)
Liberal Democratic Party (1)
Industry and Trade Vladimir Gutenev United Russia (15)
Communist Party (1)
A Just Russia — For Truth (1)
New People (1)
Information Policy,
Information Technologies and Communications
Alexander Hinstein United Russia (6)
Communist Party (1)
New People (1)
International Affairs Leonid Slutsky United Russia (11)
Communist Party (1)
A Just Russia — For Truth (1)
Liberal Democratic Party (1)
Labour, Social Policy and Veterans' Affairs Yaroslav Nilov United Russia (8)
Communist Party (2)
Liberal Democratic Party (1)
Nationalities Affairs Gennady Semigin United Russia (4)
Communist Party (1)
A Just Russia — For Truth (1)
Physical Culture and Sport Dmitry Svishchev United Russia (8)
Liberal Democratic Party (2)
Communist Party (1)
New People (1)
Property, Land and Property Relations Sergey Gavrilov United Russia (9)
Communist Party (4)
Liberal Democratic Party (1)
Protection of Competition Valery Gartung United Russia (5)
A Just Russia — For Truth (2)
Communist Party (1)
Regional Policy and Local Government Alexei Didenko United Russia (10)
Communist Party (1)
A Just Russia — For Truth (1)
Liberal Democratic Party (1)
New People (1)
Safety and Anti-Corruption Vasily Piskarev United Russia (17)
Communist Party (3)
Liberal Democratic Party (1)
Independent (1)
Science and Higher Education Sergey Kabyshev United Russia (7)
Communist Party (1)
A Just Russia — For Truth (1)
Liberal Democratic Party (1)
New People (1)
Small and Medium-sized Entrepreneurship Alexander Demin United Russia (5)
Communist Party (1)
A Just Russia — For Truth (1)
New People (1)
State Construction and Legislation Pavel Krasheninnikov United Russia (9)
Communist Party (3)
A Just Russia — For Truth (1)
Liberal Democratic Party (1)
Tourism and Tourism Infrastructure Development Sangadji Tarbaev United Russia (10)
Communist Party (1)
New People (1)
Transport and Transport Infrastructure Development Yevgeny Moskvichev United Russia (18)
Communist Party (1)
Liberal Democratic Party (1)
Young Policy Artyom Metelev United Russia (6)
Communist Party (1)

Commissions

Commission issues[20] Chair (co–chairs) Party
Control Over the Reliability of Information on Income, Property and Property Obligations
Submitted by Members of the State Duma and Mandate Issues
Otari Arshba United Russia (11)
Communist Party (4)
A Just Russia — For Truth (2)
Liberal Democratic Party (2)
New People (1)
Counting Commission Raisa Karmazina United Russia (8)
Communist Party (2)
A Just Russia — For Truth (1)
Liberal Democratic Party (1)
New People (1)
Parliamentary Ethics Valentina Tereshkova United Russia (11)
Communist Party (4)
A Just Russia — For Truth (2)
Liberal Democratic Party (2)
New People (1)
Regulations and Ensuring the Activities of the State Duma Viktor Pinsky United Russia (6)
Communist Party (1)
A Just Russia — For Truth (1)
Liberal Democratic Party (1)
New People (1)
Review of Federal Budget Expenditures Aimed at Ensuring National Defense,
National Security and Law Enforcement
Andrey Kartapolov
Andrey Makarov
Vasily Piskaryov
United Russia (14)
Communist Party (4)
A Just Russia — For Truth (3)
Liberal Democratic Party (1)

Major legislation

First session

  • November 24, 2021: Federal Budget for 2022 is passed with 337 votes in favor.[21]
  • December 14, 2021: Federal Law "On the General Principles of the Organization of Public Power in the Subjects of the Russian Federation" (On Regional Authorities) is passed with 330 votes in favor.[22]

References

  1. ^ "ЦИК утвердил окончательные итоги выборов в Госдуму". Российская Газета. Retrieved 2021-09-25.
  2. ^ "Подписан Указ о первом заседании Госдумы восьмого созыва". Президент России (in Russian). Retrieved 2021-10-12.
  3. ^ "Терешкова откроет первое заседание Госдумы нового созыва". РИА Новости. Retrieved 2021-10-05.
  4. ^ "Фракции нового созыва назвали своих кандидатов на посты вице-спикеров". ДУМАТВ. Retrieved 2021-10-07.
  5. ^ "Фракции определились со своими руководителями в ГД нового созыва". duma.gov.ru. Retrieved 2021-10-07.
  6. ^ "Путин: Володин достоин того, чтобы возглавить Госдуму восьмого созыва". Радио Sputnik. Retrieved 2021-09-30.
  7. ^ "Неверов уверен, что кандидатуру Володина поддержат все фракции". РИА Новости. Retrieved 2021-09-25.
  8. ^ "ЛДПР поддержит кандидатуру Володина на пост спикера Госдумы". РИА Новости. Retrieved 2021-09-25.
  9. ^ ""Справедливая Россия - За правду" поддержала кандидатуру Володина на пост спикера Госдумы". ТАСС. Retrieved 2021-09-26.
  10. ^ "КПРФ предложит на посты спикера и первого вице-спикера Думы своих кандидатов". ТАСС. Retrieved 2021-09-30.
  11. ^ "КПРФ выдвинула Новикова на пост спикера Госдумы". РИА Новости. Retrieved 2021-10-07.
  12. ^ "Володин избран на пост председателя Госдумы". ИА REGNUM. Retrieved 2021-10-12.
  13. ^ "Журавлев и Шайхутдинов вошли во фракцию ЛДПР". ТАСС. Retrieved 2021-10-12.
  14. ^ "В Госдуме будет 326 "единороссов"". Интерфакс. Retrieved 2021-10-07.
  15. ^ "Певцов и координатор "Лизы Алерт" Леонов войдут во фракцию "Новых людей"". РИА Новости. Retrieved 2021-10-07.
  16. ^ "Вассермана приняли в состав фракции "Справедливой России" в ГД". URA.news. Retrieved 2021-10-07.
  17. ^ "Марченко после исключения из "Единой России" будет внефракционным депутатом". Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  18. ^ "Володин заявил, что комитеты Госдумы VIII созыва будут соответствовать профилю министерств". ТАСС. Retrieved 2021-10-09.
  19. ^ "Комитетам нашли хозяев. Фракции согласовали кандидатов на руководящие должности в новой Госдуме". Коммерсантъ. Retrieved 2021-10-09.
  20. ^ a b "Комитеты и комиссии". duma.gov.ru. Retrieved 2021-11-26.
  21. ^ "Справка о результатах голосования по вопросу: (третье чтение) О проекте федерального закона № 1258295-7 "О федеральном бюджете на 2022 год и на плановый период 2023 и 2024 годов"". vote.duma.gov.ru. Retrieved 24 November 2021.
  22. ^ "Законопроект № 1256381-7 Об общих принципах организации публичной власти в субъектах Российской Федерации". sozd.duma.gov.ru. Retrieved 16 December 2021.
This page was last edited on 16 December 2021, at 18:26
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