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8th Army (Wehrmacht)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

8. Armee
8th Army
Active1939; 1943-1945
Country Nazi Germany
BranchArmy
TypeArmy
EngagementsWorld War II

The 8th Army (German: 8. Armee Oberkommando) was a World War I[1] and World War II field army. It existed twice during the war, in the invasion of Poland in 1939, and on the Eastern Front from 1943 onwards.

The 8th Army was activated on 1 August 1939 with General Johannes Blaskowitz in command. In 1939 it was part of Gerd von Rundstedt's Army Group South for the Invasion of Poland. It consisted of two corps, X. Armeekorps and XIII. Armeekorps, and was responsible for the northern part of Army Group South's front. The army saw heavy combat during the Battle of the Bzura. After the conclusion of the Polish campaign, it was reorganized into the 2nd Army which took part in the Battle of France in 1940.

In 1943 it was reformed after the Battle of Kursk from Army Detachment Kempf. After fierce defensive battles throughout 1943, 1944 and the first months of 1945, it finally surrendered in Austria in 1945. It fought in Hungary, Romania, and Austria in 1944 and 1945.

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Transcription

Commanders

No. Commander Took office Left office Time in office
1Blaskowitz, JohannesGeneraloberst
Johannes Blaskowitz
(1883–1948)
1 August 193920 October 193980 days
2Wöhler, OttoGeneral der Infanterie
Otto Wöhler
(1894–1987)
22 August 19437 December 19441 year, 107 days
3Kreysing, HansGeneral der Gebirgstruppe
Hans Kreysing
(1890–1969)
28 December 19448 May 1945131 days

References

Sources
  • Tessin, Georg. Die Landstreitkräfte 6—14. Verbände und Truppen der deutschen Wehrmacht und Waffen SS im Zweiten Weltkrieg 1939—1945. 3. Frankfurt/Main: E.S. Mittler. pp. 87–90.
Citations


This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 14:38
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