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88th New York State Legislature

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

88th New York State Legislature
87th 89th
Old State Capitol at Albany NY.jpg
The Old State Capitol (1879)
JurisdictionNew York, United States
TermJanuary 1 – December 31, 1865
PresidentLt. Gov. Thomas G. Alvord (R)
Temporary PresidentCharles J. Folger (R), from March 9
Party controlRepublican (21-11)
SpeakerGeorge G. Hoskins (R)
Party controlRepublican (76-52)
1stJanuary 3 – April 28, 1865

The 88th New York State Legislature, consisting of the New York State Senate and the New York State Assembly, met from January 3 to April 28, 1865, during the first year of Reuben E. Fenton's governorship, in Albany.

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The eightieth Congress convenes in Washington for a busy session. There are some new faces on the Capital Hill and among the are twelve new senators, nine Democrats and three Republicans. They are sworn in by Vice President Lyndon Johnson before taking up their new duties. In all sixty-seven new Congressman will be sworn in at this session. Abraham Ribicoff gave up his cabinet post to become Connecticut Senator and another new face is Daniel Inouye of Hawaii. Most interest however, centers around Edward Ted Kennedy, the third brother to achieve success in the national and political arena. Congress begins its first session by establishing some sort of record. When called to order, main House Senator McCormick only one senator and one representative are absent. The new Congress will face such problems as a tax cut. Medicare, federal aide for education, and a five hundred million dollar subsidy to aide suburban communities. The President won an early battle when the House approved an administration sponsored bill to keep the Rules Comity at fifteen members. This for Democrats hope, will help speed bills from comity. Its down to business for the new Congress. One of Washington's most distinguished throngs is at the National Gallery of Art to welcome a distinguished visitor, President and Misses Kennedy with French Culture Minister Andre Malraux and his wife pay homage to the first public appearance of Mona Lisa, the Leonardo da Vinci painting that has captured the fancy of generations for four hundred years. The President expresses the gratification of the nation. Mr. Minister we of the United States are grateful for this loan from the leading artistic power in the world, France. In view of the recent meeting in Nassau, I must note further that this painting has been kept under careful French control. And that France has even set along its own commander in Chief Monsieur Malraux. And I want to make it clear the great pleasure we have for this painting, we will continue to press ahead with the effort to develop an independent artistic force and power of our own. Scores of cameramen record the event as the Presidential party leads a tribute to the Lady who will play host to many many thousands in the next three weeks. The enigmatic smile acts like a magnet to both art lovers and the curious. The next day the Gallery is jammed as the crowd passes by the painting for abreast. It is estimated by a curious statistician that each viewer has from three to five seconds in front of the painting. Some stand in line repeatedly for just one more glimpse of this smile that has launched a thousand arguments. The painting is being exhibited under stringent security measures and its wooden panels are protected from damage in a temperature humidity controlled case. Nearly ten thousand people filed by Mona Lisa, the first day making her by far the most popular hostess in Washington. Everybody wants to meet the new girl in town. New York's most famous landmark, the Empire State Building is hit by a fire that proves both elusive and stubborn. Traffic is snarled along 5th Avenue and 34th Street as firemen trace the nine different floors from the 24th to the 68th. The fire smoldered all night in a towering pipe shaft before it was discovered and sixty thousand workers were barred from the building as firemen fought the hidden blazes. Tons of water were poured on the burning felt pipe covering and a score of offices were badly damaged before firemen had things under control. The next day a new pocket of fire was discovered on the 33rd floor and the firemen had to close the building for a time once more. It took a superb job of firefighting under difficult conditions to prevent heavy damage to the building. Usually summer is the wacky season but this winter things aren't on an even keel in Germany. You see they have this chimp, they have an extra pair of skates. Its a matter of simple addition, they decided to teach the tree swinger to swing on skates and he get right in the groove. At that he skates better than a lot of people we know. With the crowd present, he jumps at a chance to show off. If the simian tribes are taking over the ice skating rinks, whats going to happen on the ski slopes? Or should we slide into that question yet? Archibald knows he's got his audience going in circles and he takes them for another spin. He's a chairmen whose not bored. Who's better suited to lead a conga line? They'll say one thing for Archie, he's a gay blade with quite a line.



Under the provisions of the New York Constitution of 1846, 32 Senators and 128 assemblymen were elected in single-seat districts; senators for a two-year term, assemblymen for a one-year term. The senatorial districts were made up of entire counties, except New York County (four districts) and Kings County (two districts). The Assembly districts were made up of entire towns, or city wards, forming a contiguous area, all within the same county.

At this time there were two major political parties: the Republican Party and the Democratic Party. The Democrats split over the civil war issue. The "War Democrats" and the Republicans formed a coalition known as the "Republican Union," and supported President Abraham Lincoln and the Union Army's war effort; the rump Democratic Party opposed the war, favoring a compromise with the South, and became known as "Peace Democrats" or "Copperheads."


The New York state election, 1864 was held on November 8. All four statewide elective offices up for election were carried by the Republican Union. Congressman Reuben E. Fenton and Speaker Thomas G. Alvord defeated the incumbent Gov. Horatio Seymour and Lt. David R. Floyd-Jones. The approximate party strength at this election, as expressed by the vote for Governor, was: Republican Union 369,000 and Democrats 361,000.


The Legislature met for the regular session at the Old State Capitol in Albany on January 3, 1865; and adjourned on April 28.

George G. Hoskins (R) was elected Speaker with 72 votes against 50 for Abram B. Weaver (D).

On March 9, Charles J. Folger (R) was elected President pro tempore of the State Senate.

On April 4, the Legislature re-elected Victor M. Rice (R) as Superintendent of Public Instruction.

State Senate


Note: There are now 62 counties in the State of New York. What is now Bronx County was then part of Westchester County, while what is now Nassau County was part of Queens County.


Partisan composition of the Senate after January 17. Humphrey's seat was vacated after he was elected to the U.S. Congress.
Partisan composition of the Senate after January 17. Humphrey's seat was vacated after he was elected to the U.S. Congress.

The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued in office as members of this Legislature.

District Senator Party Notes
1st Robert Christie Jr.* Democrat
2nd Demas Strong* Democrat
3rd Henry C. Murphy* Democrat
4th Christian B. Woodruff* Democrat also a New York City Tax Commissioner
5th Luke F. Cozans* Democrat
6th William Laimbeer Jr.* Republican
7th Thomas C. Fields* Democrat also a Central Park Commissioner
8th Saxton Smith* Democrat
9th Archibald C. Niven* Democrat contested
Henry R. Low Republican seated on January 17, 1865
10th George Beach* Democrat
11th John B. Dutcher* Republican
12th Frederick H. Hastings* Republican
13th Ira Shafer* Democrat
14th Orson M. Allaben* Democrat
15th James M. Cook* Republican
16th Palmer E. Havens* Republican
17th Albert Hobbs* Republican
18th James A. Bell* Republican
19th Alexander H. Bailey* Republican
20th George H. Andrews* Republican
21st Cheney Ames* Republican
22nd Andrew D. White* Republican
23rd Frederick Juliand* Republican
24th Ezra Cornell* Republican
25th Stephen K. Williams* Republican
26th Charles J. Folger* Republican on March 9, elected President pro tempore
27th Stephen T. Hayt* Republican
28th George G. Munger* Republican
29th Dan H. Cole* Republican
30th Wilkes Angel* Republican
31st James M. Humphrey* Democrat on November 8, 1864, elected to the 39th U.S. Congress
32nd Norman M. Allen* Republican


  • Clerk: James Terwilliger
  • Sergeant-at-Arms: Azel B. Hull
  • Assistant Sergeant-at-Arms: Sanders Wilson
  • Doorkeeper: Lawrence Van Duzen
  • First Assistant Doorkeeper: Casper Walter
  • Second Assistant Doorkeeper: Edmund Traver
  • Third Assistant Doorkeeper: Anson W. Johnson

State Assembly


The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued as members of this Legislature.

Party affiliations follow the vote for Speaker.

District Assemblymen Party Notes
Albany 1st Harman H. Vanderzee Democrat
2nd Oliver M. Hungerford Democrat contested; seat vacated on April 12[1]
Joseph Shook Republican seated on April 13
3rd Alexander Robertson Democrat
4th Michael A. Nolan Democrat
Allegany 1st Charles M. Crandall* Republican
2nd Albon A. Lewis Republican
Broome Edward C. Mersereau Republican
Cattaraugus 1st William P. Angel Republican
2nd E. Curtis Topliff Republican
Cayuga 1st Benjamin M. Close* Republican
2nd John L. Parker Republican
Chautauqua 1st Sextus H. Hungerford Republican
2nd Martin Crowell Republican
Chemung William T. Post* Republican
Chenango 1st George W. Sumner* Republican
2nd Samuel S. Stafford Republican
Clinton Smith M. Weed Democrat
Columbia 1st Walter Shults Democrat
2nd Samuel W. Carpenter Republican
Cortland Dan C. Squires Republican
Delaware 1st Ira E. Sherman Republican took his seat on February 3
2nd James Oliver Republican
Dutchess 1st James Howard* Republican
2nd Mark D. Wilber Republican
Erie 1st Walter W. Stanard* Democrat
2nd Harmon S. Cutting Democrat
3rd John G. Langner Democrat
4th Edwin W. Godfrey Republican
Essex William H. Richardson* Republican
Franklin James W. Kimball Republican
Fulton and Hamilton Walter N. Clark Democrat
Genesee John W. Brown Republican
Greene Prentiss W. Hallenbeck Democrat
Herkimer 1st Henry Tillinghast Republican
2nd E. Bradley Lee Republican
Jefferson 1st James G. Kellogg Republican
2nd Lewis Palmer* Republican
3rd Russell B. Biddlecom Republican
Kings 1st Jarvis Whitman Democrat
2nd William D. Veeder Democrat
3rd Stephen Haynes Democrat
4th Patrick Burns Democrat
5th John C. Perry* Republican
6th Henry C. Boswell Democrat
7th Jacob Worth* Republican
Lewis Nathan Clark Republican
Livingston 1st Hugh D. McCall Republican
2nd Jonathan B. Morey* Republican
Madison 1st Alfred A. Brown Republican
2nd Alvin Strong Republican
Monroe 1st Fairchild Andrus* Republican
2nd John McConvill* Democrat
3rd William Rankin* Republican
Montgomery Simeon Sammons Democrat
New York 1st Jacob L. Smith* Democrat
2nd Bryan Gaughan Democrat
3rd George L. Loutrel Democrat
4th James B. Murray* Democrat
5th Charles Blauvelt Democrat
6th Edward S. Maloy Democrat
7th Thomas E. Stewart Republican
8th Jacob Seebacher Democrat
9th Samuel C. Reed* Republican
10th Thomas J. Creamer Democrat
11th John McDonald Democrat
12th Joseph A. Lyons* Democrat
13th Alexander Ward Democrat
14th Michael N. Salmon* Democrat
15th Thomas B. Van Buren Republican
16th John Keegan Democrat
17th Sidney P. Ingraham Jr.* Democrat
Niagara 1st Albert H. Pickard Republican took his seat on January 4
2nd Guy C. Humphrey Republican
Oneida 1st Abram B. Weaver* Democrat
2nd Lorenzo Rouse Republican
3rd Thomas D. Penfield Democrat
4th George W. Cole Republican
Onondaga 1st Albert L. Green* Republican
2nd Daniel P. Wood Republican
3rd Harvey P. Tolman Republican
Ontario 1st Volney Edgerton Republican
2nd Edward Brunson Republican
Orange 1st Ananias B. Hulse Republican
2nd Theodore H. Cooper Democrat
Orleans Edmund L. Pitts* Republican
Oswego 1st Elias Root Republican
2nd Richard K. Sanford Republican
3rd Avery W. Severance Republican also Supervisor of New Haven
Otsego 1st Luther I. Burditt Democrat
2nd George M. Hollis* Republican
Putnam Jeremiah Sherwood* Democrat
Queens 1st William Turner Democrat
2nd Charles McNeill* Democrat
Rensselaer 1st George C. Burdett Democrat took his seat on April 15
2nd Robert M. Hasbrouck Republican
3rd Matthew V. A. Fonda Democrat
Richmond James Ridgway Democrat
Rockland Prince W. Nickerson Democrat
St. Lawrence 1st George Parker* Republican
2nd James Redington* Republican
3rd Daniel Shaw Republican
Saratoga 1st George W. Chapman Democrat
2nd Edward Edwards* Republican
Schenectady Charles Stanford* Republican
Schoharie Edward Eldredge Democrat
Schuyler Lorenzo Webber* Republican
Seneca George B. Daniels Democrat
Steuben 1st William E. Bonham* Republican
2nd Alexander Olcott* Republican
3rd Horace Bemis Republican
Suffolk 1st William H. Gleason* Republican
2nd Henry C. Platt* Democrat
Sullivan James Matthews* Democrat
Tioga William W. Shepard Republican
Tompkins Henry B. Lord* Republican
Ulster 1st Jesse F. Bookstaver* Democrat
2nd Jacob LeFever* Republican
3rd Andrew S. Weller Democrat
Warren Jerome Lapham Republican
Washington 1st Alexander Barkley Republican
2nd Sylvester E. Spoor Republican
Wayne 1st Thaddeus W. Collins* Republican
2nd William H. Rogers Republican
Westchester 1st Pierre C. Talman Democrat
2nd Alsop H. Lockwood* Democrat
3rd George A. Brandreth* Republican
Wyoming George G. Hoskins Republican elected Speaker;
also Postmaster of Bennington
Yates Eben S. Smith Republican


  • Clerk: Joseph B. Cushman
  • Sergeant-at-Arms: Charles E. Young
  • Doorkeeper: Henry A. Rogers
  • First Assistant Doorkeeper: Richard S. Stout
  • Second Assistant Doorkeeper: Alexander Frier



This page was last edited on 13 February 2019, at 01:22
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