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85th Street (Manhattan)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

85th Street
85th Street Transverse
Second Ave NYC from 85th St.jpg
Looking south on Second Avenue from East 85th Street in 2005
Maintained by NYCDOT
Length 2.2 mi[1] (3.5 km)
Width 60 feet (18.29 m) (west of Central Park West and east of Madison Avenue)
Location Manhattan
Postal code 10024 (west), 10028 (east)[2]
Coordinates 40°46′50″N 73°57′37″W / 40.7806°N 73.9604°W / 40.7806; -73.9604
West end Riverside Drive in Upper West Side
East end East End Avenue in Yorkville
North 86th Street
South 84th Street
Commissioned 1811
Construction start 1837 (1837)

85th Street is a westbound-running street, running from East End Avenue to Riverside Drive in the borough of Manhattan in New York City.

At Fifth Avenue, the street feeds into the 86th Street transverse, which runs east–west through Central Park and heads from the Upper East Side (where it is known as East 85th Street) to West 86th Street on the Upper West Side. West 85th Street resumes one block south of the transverse's western end.[3] It includes landmarks such as the Lewis Gouverneur and Nathalie Bailey Morris House at 100 East 85th Street, the sidewalk clock at East 85th Street and Third Avenue, the Yorkville Bank Building at 201–203 East 85th Street, Red House at 350 West 85th Street, and Regis High School.


In 1837, the Board of Aldermen of New York City initially voted not to approve, but subsequently approved, the opening of East 85th Street between Third Avenue and Fifth Avenue, which the Committee on Roads and Canals had offered up as a resolution on the petition of owners of property on the street.[4] In 1839, the Board of Aldermen approved the opening of West 85th Street between Fifth Avenue and Ninth Avenue.[5]

By the 1840s, a short length designated as West 85th Street had been created as a narrow lane east of Eighth Avenue.[6] Most of West 85th Street was laid out following the American Civil War.[7] However, until the 1880s the rate of development on the street was slow.[7] At that time, following an improvement in public transportation, people began to speculate on the property on the street.[7]

In 1971, John Corry of the Times wrote a series of stories about life on West 85th Street between Central Park and Columbus Avenue.[6]


No New York City Subway stations are located on the street itself. Several are on nearby 86th Street, however:[8]

Notable places and residents

There are several significant landmarks on 85th Street.

East Side

The building at 100 East 85th Street, originally known as Lewis Gouverneur and Nathalie Bailey Morris House, is a large brick red townhouse that was built in 1913–14 in a neo-Federal style. Its architect was Ernest Flagg.[9] It was designated a landmark by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission in 1973, and added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1977.[10][11]

Congregation Kehilath Jeshurun (originally "Anshe Jeshurun"), a Modern Orthodox synagogue founded by Russian Jewish immigrants in 1872, is located at 125 East 85th Street, between Park Avenue and Lexington Avenue, in a building built in 1902.[12] The lower division of the Ramaz School, a coeducational, private Modern Orthodox Jewish prep school, shares a building with the congregation.[13]

The German American Bund, an American Nazi organization, had its national headquarters at 178 East 85th Street from 1936 through the early 1940s, and occasionally paraded in the neighborhood in Nazi uniforms.[14][15][16]

Sidewalk clock at East 85th Street and Third Avenue
Sidewalk clock at East 85th Street and Third Avenue

Park Lane Tower, the 35-story L-shaped high-rise apartment building shown in the opening credits of the television show The Jeffersons (1975-1985), is located at 185 East 85th Street and Third Avenue. Designed by architect Hyman Isaac Feldman and completed in 1967, the beige-brick structure features distinctive rounded balconies at its corners and angled balconies on its sides.[17][18][19]

The sidewalk clock at East 85th Street and Third Avenue, dating from the late 1800s and likely produced by E. Howard & Co., was designated a landmark in 1981.[20] Constructed to resemble a pocket watch, it is 15 feet (4.6 m) high including its base.[20]

At 201–203 East 85th Street, the Yorkville Bank Building (1905), a four-story building designed by Robert Maynicke, was designated a landmark in 2012.[21]

Instrument maker Vincent Bach manufactured trumpets and trumpet mouthpieces at 204 East 85th Street in the early 20th century.[22][23][24]

The building at 209 East 85th Street was constructed in 1919 aS the union hall of the Musical Mutual Protective Union.[25]

Minnie Marx and Sam Marx, the parents and manager of the Marx Brothers, lived at 330 East 85th Street.[26]

The clapboard shingle house at 412 East 85th Street was built around 1855. It was restored in 1988 by architect Alfredo De Vido.[9]

Author Henry Miller, who wrote Tropic of Cancer, was born in 1891 on the top floor of and lived at 450 East 85th Street.[27][28]

Author Louise Fitzhugh lived at 524 East 85th Street, between East End and York Avenues, and her heroine "Harriet" in Harriet the Spy lived in the area.[29]

The glassy Modernist building at 525 East 85th Street was built in 1958.[9][30] Its architect was Paul Mitarachi.[9]

Central Park

The 86th Street transverse cuts through Central Park, and is directly below the Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis Reservoir.[31] In the early 1880s, most of the cross-town traffic in the area traveled on it.[32] In 1917, New York Railways ran across the traverse road 0.652 miles (1.049 km) on 85th Street, from Eighth Avenue through Central Park to Madison Avenue.[33]

Southwest Reservoir Bridge
Southwest Reservoir Bridge

Southwest Reservoir Bridge, at 85th Street in Central Park, was designed by Calvert Vaux and is decorated with elegant iron floral scroll ornamentation along its 38 feet (12 m) of railings and spandrels.[34][35][36]

Map of  Seneca Village (Egbert Viele, circa 1857)
Map of Seneca Village (Egbert Viele, circa 1857)

The site of Seneca Village is in Central Park near West 85th Street. The three lots on which the village was established were purchased in 1825 by Andrew Williams for $125 ($3,000 in current dollar terms), and sold by him to the City of New York three decades later for $2,335 ($67,900 in current dollar terms). In the mid-19th century it was a shanty-town, and it may have been populated by free blacks in the early 1800s.[32][37] The African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church was at this location.[37]

The Spector Playground is located in Central Park near West 85th Street.[38]

Mariners' Gate is at Central Park and West 85th Street, at an entrance to the park.[39] The name for the gate was chosen as reflecting one of the types of people it was expected would be enjoying the park, at the time the park was built.[40]

West Side

Rossleigh Court at 1 West 85th Street, constructed between 1906 and 1907, was designed by Mulliken and Moeller and built by Gotham Building and Construction.[41] It followed the popular "French Flat" model in a Beaux-Arts style. Novelist Ellen Glasgow lived in the building for a few months every year in the early 20th century.[42]

44 West 85th Street was the location of the Nippon Club of New York City, a private social club founded in 1905 by Jōkichi Takamine for Japanese Americans and Japanese nationals, in the early 20th century.[43]

At 140 West 85th Street, a Dawn Redwood (metasequoia glyptostroboides) endangered coniferous tree can be seen.[44]

Mannes College of Music is a music school located at 150 West 85th Street, which moved there in 1984 seeking larger quarters.[45][46]

329, 331, 333, 335, and 337 West 85th Street were built in 1890–91.[47] They are brownstone and brick Queen Anne-Romanesque Revival architecture.[47][48] Journalist Heywood Broun and feminist Ruth Hale lived at 333 West 85th Street.[49]

On the corner of West 85th Street and West End Avenue, a Japanese Maple (acer palmatum) species of woody plant can be seen.[44]

Red House at 350 West 85th Street, between West End Avenue and Riverside Drive, was built in 1903–04, and the six-story French Renaissance/Gothic building was designated a landmark in 1982.[7][50] It was one of the first apartment buildings in the area, supplanting the earlier row houses.[47] Writer Dorothy Parker lived here at one time.[49]

See also


  1. ^ Google (January 8, 2017). "85th Street" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 8, 2017.
  2. ^ "Zip Code Map" (PDF). Retrieved June 9, 2014.
  3. ^ 85th Street, Manhattan, on Google Maps
  4. ^ Proceedings of the Board of Aldermen – New York (N.Y.). Board of Aldermen. Vol. 12. The Board. 1837. p. [page needed].
  5. ^ Documents of the Board of Aldermen of the City of New York. Vol. 5. The Board. 1839. p. [page needed].
  6. ^ a b Peter Salwen (1989). Upper West Side Story: A History and Guide. p. [page needed]. ISBN 9780896598942.
  7. ^ a b c d Barbaralee Diamonstein-Spielvogel (2011). The Landmarks of New York, Fifth Edition: An Illustrated Record of the City's Historic Buildings. SUNY Press. p. [page needed]. ISBN 9781438437712.
  8. ^ "Subway Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. September 2021. Retrieved September 17, 2021.
  9. ^ a b c d Norval White; Elliot Willensky; Fran Leadon (2010). AIA Guide to New York City. Oxford University Press. p. [page needed]. ISBN 9780199772919.
  10. ^ "New World Foundation Building (formerly Louis G. Morris House)" (PDF). Landmarks Preservation Commission. April 19, 1973. Retrieved June 7, 2014.
  11. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
  12. ^ Jeffrey S. Gurock; Jacob J. Schacter (2013). A Modern Heretic and a Traditional Community: Mordecai M. Kaplan, Orthodoxy, and American Judaism. Columbia University Press. p. 40. ISBN 9780231504492.
  13. ^ "The Ramaz School: About Ramaz". Archived from the original on June 14, 2014. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
  14. ^ H. Paul Jeffers (2002). The Napoleon of New York: Mayor Fiorello La Guardia. John Wiley & Sons. p. 278. ISBN 9780471211037.
  15. ^ Lyn Wilkerson (2010). Historical Cities: New York City. ISBN 9781452413730.
  16. ^ Special Agent (November 17, 1941). "German American Bund". Federal Bureau of Investigation. Retrieved June 10, 2014.
  17. ^ Fodor's New York City 2009; Page 143, Fodor's Travel Publications (2008)
  18. ^ Don Voorhees (2011). The Indispensable Book of Useless Information: Just When You Thought It Couldn't Get Any More Useless—It Does. Penguin. p. [page needed]. ISBN 9781101514795.
  19. ^ Kieran Crowley (2007). The Surgeon's Wife. Macmillan. p. 37. ISBN 9781429903318.
  20. ^ a b Christopher Gray (November 13, 1988). "STREETSCAPES; Time Alone Will Tell Ownership". The New York Times. Yorkville (Nyc). Retrieved June 9, 2014.
  21. ^ Landmarks Preservation Commission (June 12, 2012). "Yorkville Bank final report" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on November 3, 2012. Retrieved June 7, 2014.
  22. ^ William H. Rehrig; Robert Hoe (1991). The heritage encyclopedia of band music: composers and their music. Integrity Press. p. 33. ISBN 9780918048080.
  23. ^ Metronome. Vol. 44. 1928. p. 46.
  24. ^ "Bach Manufacturing Locations". December 23, 2006. Retrieved June 8, 2014.
  25. ^ Christopher Gray (June 6, 1999). "Streetscapes /Readers' Questions; Echoes of a Union Hall; Artificial Sunlight". New York Times. New York City. Retrieved June 8, 2014.
  26. ^ "Parents". The Marx Brothers. Retrieved June 9, 2014.
  27. ^ Patrick Bunyan (2010). All Around the Town: Amazing Manhattan Facts and Curiosities. Fordham Univ Press. p. [page needed]. ISBN 9780823231744.
  28. ^ Nexus: The International Henry Miller Journal. Roger Jackson Pub. 2004. p. [page needed].
  29. ^ Brown, Jennifer M. (May 21, 2003). "The Booklover's Big Apple: PW Daily Talks with Leonard Marcus". Publishers Weekly. Retrieved June 7, 2014.
  30. ^ John Hill (2011). Guide to Contemporary New York City Architecture. W. W. Norton & Company. p. [page needed]. ISBN 9780393733266.
  31. ^ Eve Zibart (2010). The Unofficial Guide to New York City. John Wiley & Sons. p. [page needed]. ISBN 9780470637234.
  32. ^ a b Rosenzweig, Roy & Blackmar, Elizabeth (1992). The Park and the People: A History of Central Park. Cornell University Press. pp. 72–74. ISBN 0-8014-9751-5.
  33. ^ New York (State). Legislature. Senate (1917). Street-railway track mileage; Documents of the Senate of the State of New York. J.B. Lyon Company. p. [page needed]. 85th street central park.
  34. ^ "Bridges of Central Park". Retrieved June 8, 2014.
  35. ^ Raymond Carroll (2008). The Complete Illustrated Map and Guidebook to Central Park. Sterling Publishing Company. p. [page needed]. ISBN 9781402758331.
  36. ^ David W. Dunlap (July 5, 1991). "Small Scale, Great Beauty: The Bridges of Central Park". New York Times. New York City; Central Park. Retrieved June 8, 2014.
  37. ^ a b Peter Salwen (1989). Upper West Side Story: A History and Guide. p. [page needed]. ISBN 9780896598942.
  38. ^ "New York Kids' Playgrounds – New York Family Guide". New York Magazine. Fall 2004. Retrieved June 9, 2014.
  39. ^ Edward F. Bergman (2001). The Spiritual Traveler: New York City: the Guide to Sacred Spaces and Peaceful Places. Hidden Spring. p. [page needed]. west 85th street.
  40. ^ Erin McHugh (2005). Where?. Sterling Publishing Company, Inc. p. [page needed]. ISBN 9781402725722.
  41. ^ New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission. Upper West Side/ Central Park West District Designation Report, Vol. I: Essay/ Architects' Appendix, April 24, 1990.
  42. ^ Pamela R. Matthews (1994). Ellen Glasgow and a Woman's Traditions. University of Virginia Press. p. [page needed]. ISBN 9780813915395.
  43. ^ Japan in New York. Anraku Publishing Company. 1908. p. [page needed].
  44. ^ a b Leslie Day (2013). Field Guide to the Street Trees of New York City. JHU Press. p. [page needed]. ISBN 9781421402819.
  45. ^ Brad Hill; Richard Carlin; Nadine Hubbs (2005). Classical. p. [page needed]. ISBN 9780816069767.
  46. ^ Time Out New York. Time Out Guides. 2010. p. [page needed]. ISBN 9781846701672.
  47. ^ a b c Andrew Dolkart (2008). Guide to New York City Landmarks. John Wiley & Sons. p. [page needed]. ISBN 9780470289631.
  48. ^ Norval White; Elliot Willensky; Fran Leadon (2010). AIA Guide to New York City. Oxford University Press. p. [page needed]. ISBN 9780199772919.
  49. ^ a b Kevin C. Fitzpatrick (2013). A Journey Into Dorothy Parker's New York. p. [page needed]. ISBN 9781938901096.
  50. ^ "Red House, 350 West 85th Street, Borough of Manhattan" (PDF). Landmarks Preservation Commission. September 14, 1982. Retrieved June 7, 2014.
This page was last edited on 10 June 2022, at 01:21
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