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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Analog TV standard by nation; countries using 625-line are in blue.
Analog TV standard by nation; countries using 625-line are in blue.

625-line (or CCIR 625/50) is a late 1940s European analog standard-definition television resolution standard.[1][2] It consists of a 625-line raster, with 576 lines carrying the visible image at 25 interlaced frames per second. It was eventually adopted by countries using 50Hz utility frequency as regular TV broadcasts resumed after World War II.[3] With the introduction of color television in the 1960s,[4] it became associated with the PAL and SECAM analog color systems.

A similar 525-line system was adopted by countries using 60Hz utility frequency (like the US). Other systems, like 375-line, 405-line, 441-line and 819-line existed, but became outdated or had limited adoption.

The modern standard-definition digital video resolution 576i is equivalent and can be used to digitize an analogue 625-lineTV signal, or to generate a 625-line compatible analog signal.[5]


At the CCIR Stockholm Conference on July 1948 a first 625-line system with a 8MHz channel bandwidth was proposed by the Soviet Union , based on 1946-48 studies [3] by Mark Iosifovich Krivosheev[6][7][8][9][10][11][12] .[13] This was initially known as the I.B.T.O. 625-line system.

At a CCIR Geneva meeting on July 1950, Dr. Gerber (a Swiss engineer), proposed a modified 625-line system using a 7MHz channel bandwidth - informally known as the "Gerber Standard". The system was based on work by Telefunken and Walter Bruch, and was supported by Belgium, Denmark, Italy, Netherlands, Sweden and Switzerland.[3]

At a CCIR Geneva meeting on May 1951, the existing VHF broadcast standards were standardized.[3] The older 405-line system was designated CCIR System A, the Gerber Standard was designated System B, the Belgian variant System C and the I.B.T.O. standard System D.

In the 1960's, with the introduction of UHF broadcasts, new 625-line standards were adopted, again with slightly different broadcast parameters, leading to the creation of Systems G, H, I, K, L and N

Analog broadcast 625-line television standards

The following International Telecommunication Union standards use 625-lines:

Analog color 625-line television systems

The following analog television color systems were used in conjunction with the previous standards (identified by a letter after the colour system indication):

  • PAL analog color television system (ex: PAL-B, PAL-D, etc.)
  • SECAM analog color television system (ex: SECAM-D, SECAM-L, etc.)

Digital video

625-lines is sometimes mentioned when digitizing analog video, or when outputting digital video in a standard-definition analog compatible format.

See also


  1. ^ Observer, Reflective (December 23, 2021). "Where did 625-line TV come from?".
  2. ^ "Televisionen - Das FERNSEHEN in der UdSSR  / TV in the USSR Die Geschichte des Fernsehens in Russland".
  3. ^ a b c d "Piet's Home-built Television". Maximus R&D.
  4. ^ "Television broadcasting 1960-70: BBC 625-line services and the introduction of COLOUR" (PDF).
  5. ^ "What means 576i?".
  6. ^ ""M.I. Krivosheev: participation in the development of mass TV broadcasting" - an exhibition at Ostankino TV Center".
  7. ^ "Mark Iosifovich Krivosheev (1922-2018)". ITU.
  8. ^ On the beginning of broadcast in 625-lines 60 year s ago, 625 magazine (in Russian). Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ "M.I. Krivocheev - an engineer's engineer" (PDF). EBU Technical Review. Spring 1993. pp. 27–28. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2004-12-30.
  10. ^ "In the vanguard of television broadcasting - Professor Mark Krivocheev" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-02-21.
  11. ^ Observer, Reflective (2021-12-23). "Where did 625-line TV come from?". Medium. Retrieved 2021-12-31.
  12. ^ "625-Line Television System Origins - UK Vintage Radio Repair and Restoration Discussion Forum". Retrieved 2021-12-31.
  13. ^ "Leader Electronics Corporation". Leader Electronics Corporation.
  14. ^ "625-Line Television Broadcast Standards - UK Vintage Radio Repair and Restoration Discussion Forum".
  15. ^ "405 Alive - FAQ - 405-Line Television in History".
  16. ^ "The CCIR, the standards and the TV sets' market in France (1948-1985)" (PDF).
  17. ^ Magnetic Recording Handbook. Springer Science & Business Media. December 6, 2012. ISBN 9789401094689 – via Google Books.
  18. ^ "Documents of the XIth Plenary Assembly - OSLO, 1966" (PDF). International Telecommunication Union. Volume V.
  19. ^ "World Analogue Television Standards and Waveforms". August 30, 2012. Archived from the original on 30 August 2012.
  20. ^ "World Analogue Television Standards and Waveforms". August 30, 2012. Archived from the original on 30 August 2012.
  21. ^ "Section 11A: Characteristics of systems for monochrome and colour television" (PDF). Reportt 624-4.
  22. ^ "World Analogue Television Standards and Waveforms". August 30, 2012. Archived from the original on 30 August 2012.
  23. ^ ""M.I. Krivosheev: Participation in the development of mass TV broadcasting" - an exhibition at Ostankino TV Center".
  24. ^ "Mark Iosifovich Krivosheev (1922-2018)".
  25. ^ "Specification of Television Standards for 625-Line System I Transmissions in the United Kingdom" (PDF).

This page was last edited on 20 July 2022, at 09:53
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