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53d Wing
31st Test and Evaluation Squadron Lockheed Martin F-35A Lightning II 09-5006.png
Active 1941–1944; 1955–1960; 1963–present
Country  United States
Branch  United States Air Force
Role Operational test and evaluation
Size 2100
Part of Air Combat Command
Garrison/HQ Eglin Air Force Base
Motto(s) Defense by Offense (1941–1960)
Decorations Air Force Outstanding Unit Award
Organizational Excellence Award
Colonel Adrian Spain
Paul V. Hester
Ronald Keys
53d Wing emblem (Approved 26 May 1964)[2]
53d Wing.png

The 53d Wing (53 WG) is a wing of the United States Air Force based at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida. The wing reports to the United States Air Force Warfare Center at Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada, which reports to Headquarters Air Combat Command.

The 53d Wing serves as the focal point for the combat air forces in electronic warfare, armament and avionics, chemical defense, reconnaissance, and aircrew training devices. The wing is also responsible for Operational Testing and Evaluation (OT&E) of new equipment and systems proposed for use by these air forces. Current wing initiatives include advanced self-protection systems for combat aircraft, aircrew life support systems, aerial reconnaissance improvements, new armament and weapons delivery systems, and improved maintenance equipment and logistics support. The 53d Wing, which consists of four groups, numbers almost 2,000 military and civilians at 17 locations throughout the United States.

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“The early beginnings of today’s 57 Wing can be traced back to World War II. The Las Vegas Army Air Corps Gunnery School mission was to train aerial gunners to the degree of proficiency that would qualify them for combat duty. The Gunnery School trained gunners in various aircraft including the AT-6 Texan, the B-10 Martin bomber, the B-17, and eventually the B-29. Over the decades following World War II, the gunnery school eventually evolved into what is known today as the US Air Force Weapons School, providing graduate-level instructor courses in advanced weapons and tactics training.” “In August of 1969, born out of the lessons of the Vietnam War, the 57th Fighter Weapons Wing at Nellis AFB, Nevada, was charged with training tactical fighter aircrews, conducting operational tests and evaluations, demonstrating tactical fighter weapons systems, and developing leading-edge fighter tactics. The lessons of Vietnam eventually led to the creation of Red Flag, an exercise designed to ensure aircrews could survive their first missions in combat, arming them with realistic and challenging combat training, with professional adversaries providing dissimilar air combat training and electronic warfare.” “Today, the 57th Wing’s proud history continues as the Wing prepares our Air Force Airmen for tomorrow’s victories. “The 57th Wing leads the way to ensure that our combat air forces are prepared to fly, fight, and win in our nation’s future contested, degraded, and operationally limited environments.” “The 57th Wing also plays an important role in ensuring our combat air forces are appropriately trained to achieve the increasingly important synergistic effects on the battlefields of today and tomorrow.” “The US Air Force’s Weapons School of the 57 Wing provides the most realistic aircrew training in the world, providing advanced academic and flying training to the most elite instructors in the Air Force. Students attending Weapons Instructor training learn advanced flying training that is uniquely tailored to their specific major weapon systems, allowing them to return to their home units upon graduation from the six-month course armed with the academic and flying instruction foundation to lead and teach the future combat aircrews of our Air Force.” “The 57th Wing is also the home of Red Flag and Green Flag. Both exercises provide realistic combat training that provides Joint, Coalition, and Air Force Airmen with the advanced combat training that will enable them to excel in today and tomorrow’s combat environments. Red Flag is a large force exercise that is conducted three times a year in the most realistic combat range in the world, the Nellis Test and Training Range. Green Flag is conducted twenty times a year and prepares our Air Force, Joint, and Coalition partners to fly, fight, and win in a Close Air Support combat environment. The 57th Wing is the largest composite wing in the United States Air Force, providing the most advanced combat training in the world.” “The 57th Wing’s Adversary Tactics Group has a cadre of uniquely trained men and women who are the subject matter experts on the tactics and techniques of our adversaries. These Airmen are uniquely trained and qualified to provide accurate threat replication of enemy aircraft, air defense, information operations, in addition to electronic, space, and cyber-attack; Simply put, the Airmen of the Adversary Tactics Group know, teach, and replicate the capabilities of our adversaries. “The 57th Adversary Tactics Group is the Wing’s key enabler for providing the most realistic combat training environment possible – vital to our Air Force’s combat readiness.” “The advanced tactics, training, and airpower advocacy found at Nellis Air Force Base’s 57th Wing would not be possible without the incredible strength and expertise of our Airmen – who are ultimately the foundation of our success as we ensure our Air Force is prepared for tomorrow’s victories.” “Preparing the USAF for tomorrow’s victories”




World War II

The group was activated in 1941 as the 53d Pursuit Group with the 13th,[3] 14th,[4] and 15th Pursuit Squadrons[5] assigned.[6] The 53d trained fighter pilots with Seversky P-35 and Curtiss P-40 Warhawk aircraft from its activation until December 1941.[2][7] After the United States entered World War II the group moved to the Panama Canal Zone to fly patrols in defense of the Panama Canal.[2] In conjunction with the move, the group converted to Bell P-39 Airacobra aircraft.[7] There it was redesignated as the 53d Fighter Group.[6] The group returned to Florida in November 1942, where it became a Replacement Training Unit (RTU) training replacement fighter pilots. RTUs were oversized units whose mission was to train individual pilots or aircrews.[8] It used P-39s until June 1943 and Republic P-47 Thunderbolts thereafter.[7] In early 1943, the group added a fourth squadron, the 438th Fighter Squadron.[9]

The AAF found that standard military units, based on relatively inflexible tables of organization were proving less well adapted to the training mission. Accordingly, a more functional system was adopted in which each base was organized into a separate numbered unit.[10] The group was disbanded in as a result of this reorganization in 1944[2] and its personnel, equipment and mission were assumed by the 338th AAF Base Unit (Replacement Training Unit, Fighter).[11]

Cold War Air Defense

The group was reconstituted, redesignated as the 53d Fighter Group (Air Defense) and activated[6] to replace the 521st Air Defense Group[12] at Sioux City Municipal Airport as part of Air Defense Command's Project Arrow to bring back on the active list fighter units that had achieved memorable records in the two World Wars.[13] The 14th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron (FIS), already at Sioux City transferred from the 521st,[4] while the 13th FIS moved to Sioux City to replace the 519th FIS.[3] Both squadrons flew rocket armed and radar equipped F-86D Sabres.[14] Between August 1955 and April 1960 the 53d served as an air defense unit, participating in North American Air Defense Command (NORAD) exercises and testing automated air defense systems.[2] It also was the host organization for the USAF and was assigned several support units to carry out this function.[15][16][17][18] In the fall of 1957 both of the group's squadrons upgraded their Sabres to F-86L models with data link for interception control through the Semi-Automatic Ground Environment system.[14] In July 1959 the 13th FIS moved to Glasgow AFB, Montana and was reassigned. The group and its remaining components were inactivated in 1960.[2] In 1985, the group was redesignated as the 53d Tactical Fighter Group, but it was never active under that designation.[2]

Test and Evaluation

The USAF Tactical Air Warfare Center was activated in 1963 to improve use of USAF tactical aviation in support of ground forces by operationally testing weapon systems and tactics for the joint U.S. Strike Command. It employed a cross-section of tactical aircraft from Tactical Air Command (TAC) bases across the country.[2] During the Vietnam War it tested tactical weapons systems and tactics for use in Southeast Asia.[2] After the war it continued operational testing of new tactical aviation weapon systems. In 1977 the center began an annual series of Air Force-wide exercises to improve command, control, communications, and intelligence (C3I) techniques.[2] Around the same time it embarked on the electronic warfare evaluation program, and continued OT&E of aviation weapon systems for TAC and later Air Combat Command, the Department of Defense, and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.[2] From 1983 to present, responsible for the operational testing and evaluation (OT&E) of all Air Force aircraft/weapons systems, and providing range control for live-firing missile programs on the Gulf range and aerial targets, using full scale and subscale drones.[2] In September 1995, the 53rd Tactical Fighter Group and USAF Air Warfare Center were consolidated and the consolidated unit was redesignated as the 53d Wing the following month.[2]



  • Constituted as the 53d Pursuit Group (Interceptor) on 20 November 1940
Activated on 15 January 1941
Redesignated as the 53d Fighter Group on 15 May 1942
Disbanded on 1 May 1944
  • Reconstituted and redesignated as the 53d Fighter Group (Air Defense), on 20 June 1955
Activated on 18 August 1955
Discontinued on 1 April 1960
Redesignated as the 53d Tactical Fighter Group on 31 July 31, 1985
Consolidated with the USAF Air Warfare Center on 25 September 1995 (consolidated unit designated the USAF Air Warfare Center)[2]


  • Designated and organized as the USAF Tactical Air Warfare Center on 1 November 1963
Redesignated as the USAF Air Warfare Center on 1 October 1991
Consolidated with the 53d Tactical Fighter Group on 25 September 1995[2]

Consolidated Wing

  • Redesignated as the 53d Wing on 1 October 1995[2]





  • 4485th Test Wing: 16 March 1964 – 30 June 1965


  • 53d Test Management Group: 1 October 2002 – present
  • 57th Test Group: 1 October 1996 – 1 August 1997
  • 68th Electronic Combat (later 53d Electronic Warfare) Group: 15 April 1993 – present
  • 475th Weapons Evaluation (later, 53d Weapons Evaluation) Group: 23 January 1991 – present
  • 4441st Tactical Training Group (Blue Flag) (later, 41st Training Group): 1 March 1977 – 15 April 1993
  • 4442nd Tactical Control (later 505th Air Control; 505th Command and Control Evaluation) Group: 1 March 1980 – 1 October 1997
  • 4443rd Test and Evaluation (later 79th Test and Evaluation, 53d Test and Evaluation) Group: 1 July 1988 – present[2]


Fighter Squadrons

  • 13th Pursuit (later 13th Fighter, 13th Fighter-Interceptor) Squadron: 15 January 1941 – 1 May 1944; 18 August 1955 – 1 July 1957.
  • 14th Pursuit (later 14th Fighter, 14th Fighter-Interceptor) Squadron: 15 January 1941 – 1 May 1944; 18 August 1955 – 1 April 1960.
  • 15th Pursuit (later 15th Fighter) Squadron: 15 January 1941 – 1 May 1944
  • 438th Fighter Squadron: 20 February 1943 – 1 May 1944[2]

Test Squadrons

  • 31st Test and Evaluation Squadron: 1 June 1992 – 15 April 1993
  • 49th Test Squadron: 1 June 1992 – 15 April 1993
  • 513th Test Squadron: 1 June 1992 – 15 April 1993
  • 727th Tactical Control Squadron (Test): 1 October 1979 – 1 March 1980
  • 3907th Systems Evaluation Squadron: 1 June 1992 – 15 April 1993
  • 4484th Fighter Weapons Squadron: 1 October 1978 – 1 June 1984
  • 4484th Test Squadron: 15 October 1983 – 1 August 1988
  • 4485th Test Squadron: 12 April 1971 – 1 August 1988
  • 4486th Fighter Weapons Squadron: 1 October 1985 – 1 August 1988
  • 4487th Electronic Warfare Aggressor (later 87th Electronic Warfare Aggressor) Squadron: 1 October 1990 – 15 April 1993[2]

Support Units

  • 53d USAF Infirmary[15] (later 53d USAF Dispensary),[16] 18 August 1955 – 1 April 1960
  • 53d Air Base Squadron, 18 August 1955 – 1 Apr 1960
  • 53d Materiel Squadron, 18 August 1955 – 1 Apr 1960[18]
  • 53d Consolidated Aircraft Maintenance Squadron, 8 July 1957 – 1 May 1959[17]

Aircraft flown

Awards and campaigns

Award streamer Award Dates Notes
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award Streamer.jpg
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award 1 June 1998–31 May 2000 53d Wing[2]
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award Streamer.jpg
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award 1 June 2002–31 May 2004 53d Wing[2]
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award Streamer.jpg
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award 1 June 2004–31 May 2006 53d Wing[2]
AFOEA Streamer.jpg
Air Force Organizational Excellence Award 1 January 1981 – 1 January 1983 53d Wing[2]
AFOEA Streamer.jpg
Air Force Organizational Excellence Award 28 February 1984–28 February 1986 USAF Tactical Air Warfare Center[2]
AFOEA Streamer.jpg
Air Force Organizational Excellence Award 1 March 1986–28 February 1988 USAF Tactical Air Warfare Center[2]
AFOEA Streamer.jpg
Air Force Organizational Excellence Award 1 January 1989–31 December 1990 USAF Tactical Air Warfare Center[2]
AFOEA Streamer.jpg
Air Force Organizational Excellence Award 1 January 1992–31 December 1993 USAF Tactical Air Warfare Center[2]
AFOEA Streamer.jpg
Air Force Organizational Excellence Award 1 January 1994–30 April 1995 USAF Air Warfare Center[2]
Campaign Streamer Campaign Dates Notes
American Campaign Streamer.png
Antisubmarine 7 December 1941 – 10 November 1942 53d Pursuit Group (later 53d Fighter Group)[2]

See also



  1. ^ Aircraft is F-35A Serial 09-5006.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af Robertson, Patsy (February 24, 2009). "Factsheet 53 Wing (ACC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. 
  3. ^ a b Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 73
  4. ^ a b Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 78
  5. ^ Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 83–84
  6. ^ a b c Maurer, Combat Units, pp. 115–116
  7. ^ a b c "Abstract, History 53 Fighter Group 1941-1944". Air Force History Index. Retrieved May 4, 2012. 
  8. ^ Craven & Cate, Vol. VI, p. xxxvi
  9. ^ Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 543
  10. ^ Craven & Cate, p. 75
  11. ^ "Abstract, History Sections T and O 338 AAF Base Unit (Replacement Training Unit, Fighter)". Air Force History Index. May 1, 1944. Retrieved November 16, 2012. 
  12. ^ Cornett & Johnson, p. 82
  13. ^ Buss (ed), Sturm, Volan & McMullen, p. 6
  14. ^ a b Cornett & Johnson, p. 114
  15. ^ a b See "Abstract, History 53 Infirmary Jul-Dec 1956". Air Force History Index. Retrieved May 4, 2012. 
  16. ^ a b "Abstract, History 53 Infirmary Jul-Dec 1959". Air Force History Index. Retrieved May 4, 2012. 
  17. ^ a b Cornett & Johnson, p. 136
  18. ^ a b Cornett & Johnson, p. 145


 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website

External links

This page was last edited on 11 February 2017, at 11:04.
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