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4th Parliament of Great Britain

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

4th Parliament of Great Britain
3rd 5th
Sir Thomas Hanmer by Godfrey Kneller.jpg
Sir Thomas Hanmer, Bt, Speaker of the House of Commons
Overview
Term12 November 1713 (1713-11-12) – 15 January 1715 (1715-01-15)
Government
House of Commons
Members558 MPs
Speaker of the House of CommonsSir Thomas Hanmer
House of Lords
Lord Keeper of the Great SealSimon Harcourt
Leader of the House of Lords
Sessions
1st16 February 1714 (1714-02-16) – 9 July 1714 (1714-07-09)
2nd1 August 1714 (1714-08-01) – 25 August 1714 (1714-08-25)

The 4th Parliament of Great Britain was summoned by Queen Anne on 18 August 1713 and assembled on the 12 November 1713 (but was then prorogued until 16 February 1714). It was dissolved on 15 January 1715 and would be Queen Anne's last Parliament.[1]

The composition of the new House of Commons was the result of an even greater Tory landslide than at the previous election, with 369 pro-government Tories, 162 Whigs plus 13 Whig supporters and 14 others. Sir Thomas Hanmer, Bt, member for Suffolk, was installed as Speaker of the House of Commons.

Robert Harley, 1st Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer, Lord High Treasurer and Tory leader of the Queen's ministry had major problems in coping with the Tory faction, split as it was between Jacobite supporters and "Hanoverians". He also had to contend with the leadership ambitions of Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke. Eventually a number of factors (such as his heavy drinking and seeking a dukedom for his son) lead to his downfall and on 30 July 1714 he was stripped of his office in favour, not of Bolingbroke, but Charles Talbot, 1st Duke of Shrewsbury, a "Hanoverian". Queen Anne, who was quite ill at this time, died the following day.

After her death a Commission of Regency dominated by Hanoverian supporters, supervised the transition of the monarchy to George, Elector of Hanover, who in October 1714 would be crowned George I of Great Britain. Parliament reconvened for a second short session to complete formalities but was not dissolved until January 1715 as a precaution in the event of a Jacobite rebellion.

See also

Sources

  1. ^ "The 4th Parliament of Great Britain". History of Parliament. Retrieved 9 November 2017.

External links

Preceded by
3rd Parliament of Great Britain
4th Parliament of Great Britain
1713–1715
Succeeded by
5th Parliament of Great Britain
This page was last edited on 15 January 2021, at 06:24
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