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460th Space Wing

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

460th Space Wing
460th Space Wing.png
Shield of the 460th Space Wing
Active19 May 1943[1]–24 July 2020[2]
Country United States
Branch United States Space Force
TypeSpace wing
RoleSpace-based infrared surveillance, tracking, and missile warning
Part ofSpace Operations Command
Garrison/HQBuckley Air Force Base, Colorado, U.S.
Motto(s)Persistent Global Surveillance[3]
Engagements
World War II - American Campaign Streamer (Plain).png
World War II American Theater
European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal streamer.png
Rome-Arno
Southern France
Northern Apennines
Po Valley
Air Offensive, Europe
Normandy
Northern France
Rhineland
Central Europe
Air Combat, European-African-Middle East Theater
Vietnam Service Streamer vector.svg
Vietnam War
Global War on Terrorism Service Medal streamer.png
Global War on Terrorism[4]
Decorations
Streamer PUC Army.PNG
Distinguished Unit Citation
AFOUA with Valor.jpg
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award with Valor
US Air Force Outstanding Unit Award - Stremer.jpg
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award
VMUA PALM.PNG
Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross with Palm[5]
WebsiteUnit website
Commanders
CommanderCol Devin R. Pepper[6]
Vice CommanderCol Richard L. Bourquin
Command ChiefCCM Robert J. Devall

The 460th Space Wing was the United States Space Force's space-based infrared surveillance, tracking, and missile warning wing. the 460th Space Wing was assigned to Space Operations Command and stationed at Buckley Air Force Base. The 460th Space Wing was activated on 1 October 2001, replacing the 821st Space Group. It was inactivated on 24 July 2020 and replaced by the Buckley Garrison.

Operations

The 460th Space Wing was the United States Space Force's space-based infrared surveillance, tracking, and missile warning wing. The 460th Space Wing operates the Space-Based Infrared System (SBIRS) and the Defense Support Program (DSP).

The 50th Space Wing was also the host unit for Buckley Air Force Base, providing base support for the Colorado Air National Guard's 140th Wing, the Navy's Operational Support Center Denver, the National Reconnaissance Office's Aerospace Data Facility-Colorado, the Army's Aviation Support Facility, and the Air Force's Air Reserve Personnel Center.[7]

Structure in 2020

460th Operations Group (460 OG)[8]

460th Mission Support Group (460 MSG)

  • 460 Civil Engineer Sq.png
    460th Civil Engineer Squadron (460 CES)
  • 460th Contracting Flight (460 CONF)
  • 460th Force Support Squadron (460 FSS)
  • 460th Logistics Readiness Squadron (460 LRS)
  • 460 Security Forces Squadron emblem.png
    460th Security Forces Squadron (460 SFS)

460 Medical Gp emblem.png 460th Medical Group (460 MDG)

  • 460th Healthcare Operations Squadron (460 HCOS)
  • 460th Operational Medical Readiness Squadron (460 OMRS)

460 Comptroller Sq emblem.png 460th Comptroller Squadron (460 CPTS)

History

460th Bombardment Group

460th Bombardment Group emblem
460th Bombardment Group emblem

The 460th Bombardment Group (Heavy), was activated at Alamogordo Army Air Field, New Mexico on 1 July 1943,[9] with the 760th, 761st, 762d, and 763d Bombardment Squadrons assigned.[10] A cadre of the unit's air echelon went to Orlando Army Air Base, Florida for specialized training with the Army Air Forces School of Applied Tactics. In August, the unit was filled out with ground personnel at Kearns Army Air Base, Utah, then moved to Chatham Army Air Field, Georgia to complete its training with Consolidated B-24 Liberator heavy bombers.[11] Upon completing training, the squadron departed for the Mediterranean Theater of Operations in January 1944.[9]

The group completed its deployment to Spinazzola Airfield, Italy by the middle of February 1944, and entered the strategic bombing campaign against Germany the following month, with an attack on a marshalling yard and docks at Metković, Yugoslavia.[12] It attacked oil refineries and storage facilities, railroads, industrial areas, including aircraft manufacturing plants in Austria, Czechoslovakia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Romania and Yugoslavia.[9]

On 26 July 1944, group formation led the 55th Bombardment Wing on an attack against an airfield and aircraft manufacturing plant at Zwolfaxing, Austria. It attacked the target through heavy enemy flak and adverse weather, for which it was awarded a Distinguished Unit Citation.[9]

The group was occasionally diverted from the strategic bombing mission to perform air interdiction and close air support missions. In August 1944, it supported Operation Dragoon, the invasion of southern France by attacking submarine pens, marshalling yards and artillery batteries in the area of the amphibious landings. It struck lines of communications, railroads, ammunition dumps and other targets in connection with Operation Grapeshot, the allied offensive in Northern Italy.[9] The 460th was redesignated as the 460th Bombardment Group, Heavy on 3 September 1944.[13] The group flew its last mission against a target in northern Italy on 26 April 1945.[12]

After V-E Day, the 460th Bombardment Group and its squadrons were transferred to the South Atlantic Division, Air Transport Command, moving to Parnamirim Field, near Natal, Brazil to participate in the Green Project. Green Project was aimed at transporting 50,000 military personnel a month from the European and Mediterranean Theaters back to the United States, with priority for those that plans called for redeploying to the Pacific.[14] The 460th Bombardment Group was inactivated on 26 September 1945.[10]

460th Tactical Reconnaissance Wing

Shield of the 460th Tactical Reconnaissance Wing
Shield of the 460th Tactical Reconnaissance Wing

On 18 February 1966, the 460th Tactical Reconnaissance Wing was organized and entered the Vietnam War.[15] It supported 2d Air Division and the Military Assistance Command Vietnam (MACV).

When it stood up, the 460th TRW, alone, was responsible for the entire reconnaissance mission, both visual and electronic reconnaissance, throughout the Southeast Asia (SEA) area of responsibility. On 18 February 1966 the 460th TRW began with 74 aircraft of various types. By the end of June 1966, that number climbed to over 200 aircraft. On 15 October 1966, the 460th TRW assumed responsibilities for all depot-level aircraft maintenance responsibility for all USAF organizations in South Vietnam.

Toward the end of 1966, the 460th TRW's responsibilities changed. First, on 18 September 1966, the 432d Tactical Reconnaissance Wing was activated at Takhli Royal Thai Air Force Base, Thailand. After the 432d TRW activated it took control of the reconnaissance squadrons in Thailand, and the 460th TRW was no longer responsible for all air reconnaissance missions throughout SEA. However, the 460th TRW provided the new 432d TRW with continued support in recovering McDonnell RF-101 Voodoo and McDonnell RF-4C Phantom II aircraft returning from high priority, high interest target missions.

Being one of two reconnaissance wings supporting SEA there were few military operations that did not involve the wing. Not only did the 460th TRW provide electronic and photo reconnaissance, the Wing's electronic capabilities allowed it to provide electronic counter measure support to Boeing B-52 Stratofortresses returning from striking targets in North Vietnam. The Wing even gave support to the Cambodian military against the North Vietnam and Viet Cong forces, as well as support to U.S. units operating inside Cambodia.

As the Vietnamization Improvement and Moderization Program began, Vietnamese crews began flying with Douglas EC-47 crews from the 360th Tactical Electronic Warfare Squadron and 6994th Security Squadron on 8 May 1971, to get training on operating the aircraft and its systems. The wing was inactivated on 31 August 1971.[15]

460th Tactical Reconnaissance Group

The 460th Tactical Reconnaissance Group flew RF-4C Phantom IIs in 1990
The 460th Tactical Reconnaissance Group flew RF-4C Phantom IIs in 1990

In January 1984, the 460th Tactical Reconnaissance Wing and 460th Bombardment Group were consolidated into a single unit. On 19 September 1989 it was redesignated the 460th Tactical Reconnaissance Group, and on 1 October 1989, reactivated at Taegu Air Base, South Korea.[15] Behind this activation was Pacific Air Forces's (PACAF) portion of Phase II of an Air Staff programming plan, Commando Flash.

Activating the 460th and relocating the 15th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron with its RF-4C Phantom IIs from Kadena Air Base, Japan to Taegu accomplished several PACAF objectives. This activation maintained Taegu as a main operating base, allowed the RF-4C crews to train in their actual wartime operating area, placed reconnaissance aircraft near North Korea, and reduced the temporary duty costs for PACAF. Upon its activation, the 460th reported directly to 7th Air Force. During its time at Taegu, the group participated in several local and PACAF exercises designed to maintain the readiness of US forces stationed around the Korean demilitarized zone and other units designated as support units should North Korea invade South Korea again.

A year later, 1 October 1990, the 460th was inactivated along with the 15th Squadron. Some of the group's subordinate units remained active after the group's inactivation. The 460th Consolidated Aircraft Maintenance Squadron remained active until 15 October 1990. On 1 July 1991, the 460th Combat Support Squadron finally inactivated.

460th Space Wing

On 1 October 2000, the United States Air Force assumed control of the former Buckley Air National Guard Base and assigned it to the 821st Space Group to oversee its operations. On 1 October 2001, the 460th Air Base Wing was reactivated to assume installation support responsibilities for what became Buckley Air Force Base.[16]

Under the 460th ABW's command, the base underwent an extensive modernization program to improve the base's support facilities. The 460th ABW oversaw construction of one of the largest Defense Commissary Agency base commissary and Army and Air Force Exchange Service base exchange complexes in the Air Force, as well as a fitness center, dorms, and other housing areas for Buckley Airmen.[16]

On 19 August 2004, the wing was redesignated as the 460th Space Wing. It assumed command of the base's satellite missile warning mission from the 21st Space Wing, while retaining installation host and support functions. Today, the 460th delivers global infrared surveillance, tracking and missile warning for theater and homeland defense and provides combat commanders with expeditionary warrior Airmen.[17]

On 20 December 2019 the 460th Space Wing, along with the rest of Air Force Space Command, were transferred into the United States Space Force. [18]

Commanders

No. Commander Term
Portrait Name Took office Left office Duration
1Kirkman, Allen Jr.Colonel
Allen Kirkman Jr.
30 June 200320 June 20052 years, 0 days
2Zeigler, David W.Colonel
David W. Zeigler
20 June 200512 June 20071 year, 347 days
3McGee, Donald W. Jr.Colonel
Donald W. McGee Jr.
12 June 200719 June 20092 years, 7 days
4Crosier, Clinton E.Colonel
Clinton E. Crosier
19 June 200911 July 20112 years, 22 days
5Dant, Daniel A.Colonel
Daniel A. Dant
11 July 201128 June 20131 year, 352 days
6Wright, Daniel D. IIIColonel
Daniel D. Wright III
28 June 201312 June 2014349 days
7Wagner, John W.Colonel
John W. Wagner
12 June 201412 August 20162 years, 61 days
8Miller, David N. Jr.Colonel
David N. Miller Jr.
12 August 201612 January 20181 year, 153 days
9Endicott, Troy L.Colonel
Troy L. Endicott
12 January 20183 May 20191 year, 111 days
10Pepper, Devin R.Colonel
Devin R. Pepper
3 May 2019Incumbent1 year, 93 days

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ https://www.afhra.af.mil/About-Us/Fact-Sheets/Display/Article/433979/460-space-wing-afspc/
  2. ^ https://www.spaceforce.mil/News/Article/2287005/space-force-begins-transition-into-field-organizational-structure
  3. ^ https://www.buckley.af.mil/Portals/13/documents/2016%20Heritage%20Booklet.pdf?ver=2016-12-27-161000-643
  4. ^ https://www.afhra.af.mil/About-Us/Fact-Sheets/Display/Article/433979/460-space-wing-afspc/
  5. ^ https://www.afhra.af.mil/About-Us/Fact-Sheets/Display/Article/433979/460-space-wing-afspc/
  6. ^ https://www.buckley.af.mil/About-Us/Biographies/
  7. ^ https://www.buckley.af.mil/About-Us/Fact-Sheets/Article/322399/460th-space-wing/
  8. ^ https://www.buckley.af.mil/Units/
  9. ^ a b c d e Maurer, Combat Units, p. 335
  10. ^ a b Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 741–743
  11. ^ Glantzburg, Hughes. "460th Bombardment Group (H): History of the 460th Bombardment Group". 15af.com. Retrieved 7 June 2019.
  12. ^ a b Glantzburg, Hughes. "460th Bombardment Group (H): 460th Bombardment Group Targets 1944–1945" (PDF). 15af.com. Retrieved 7 June 2019.
  13. ^ https://www.afhra.af.mil/About-Us/Fact-Sheets/Display/Article/433979/460-space-wing-afspc/
  14. ^ Heck, pp. 216–217
  15. ^ a b c Bailey, Carl E. (23 May 2018). "Factsheet 460 Space Wing (AFSPC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved 14 June 2019.
  16. ^ a b "History of Buckley Air Force Base". Archived from the original on 12 February 2008. Retrieved 13 October 2008.
  17. ^ "Buckley AFB 460th Space Wing Fact Sheet". Retrieved 29 December 2019.
  18. ^ https://www.buckley.af.mil/Units/460th-Space-Wing/

Bibliography

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

External links

This page was last edited on 4 August 2020, at 03:19
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