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436th Training Squadron

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

436th Training Squadron
Air Force Global Strike Command.svg
436th Training Squadron - simulator.jpg
A 436th Training Squadron instructor, trains two individuals on the weapons flightline course at Dyess AFB
Active1917–1927; 1928–1946; 1946–1963; 1986–present
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
RoleTraining
SizeSquadron
Part ofGlobal Strike Command
Garrison/HQDyess Air Force Base, Texas
Engagements
  • World War I War Service Streamer without inscription.png

    World War I
  • Army Occupation of Germany - World War I streamer.jpg

    Occupation of the Rhineland
  • Asiatic-Pacific Streamer.png

    World War II – Asia-Pacific Theater
Decorations
  • Streamer PUC Army.PNG

    Distinguished Unit Citation
Insignia
Patch with 436th Training Squadron Emblem
436th Training Squadron - ACC - Emblem.png
88th Observation Squadron emblem (approved 2 February 1924)[1][note 1]
88 Observation Sq (later 436 Bombardment Sq) emblem.png

The 436th Training Squadron is a non-flying training squadron of the United States Air Force. It is a tenant unit assigned to the 7th Operations Group, 7th Bomb Wing, Dyess Air Force Base, Texas[1][2]

The 436th is one of the oldest units in the United States Air Force, first being organized as the 88th Aero Squadron on 18 August 1917 at Kelly Field, Texas. The squadron deployed to France and fought on the Western Front during World War I as a Corps observation squadron.[3]

On 7 December 1941, elements of the 88th Reconnaissance Squadron were one of the Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress units that landed at Hickam Field, Hawaii during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. Later in World War II as the 436th Bombardment Squadron , the unit earned the Distinguished Unit Citation and the Presidential Unit Citation for its services in the China Burma India Theater (CBI). During the Cold War, it was part of Strategic Air Command equipped with B-52 Stratofortress bombers until its inactivation in 1963.[1]

Mission

The 436th Training Squadron provides formal training to Air Combat Command using 14 classes at Dyess Air Force Base, Texas and 38 other programs exported directly to units for local training needs.

Training includes flight, ground and weapons safety, Air Force operations resource management system, classroom instructor training, Aircrew flight equipment, and computer software use and development. The 436th Training Squadron also develops multimedia and formal presentations used in training program development and formal presentations. Multimedia personnel are based at Dyess and deploy worldwide to perform their mission. Unit products and services are used throughout the Department of Defense.

History

World War I

Activated in the summer of 1917 as the Air Service 88th Aero Squadron; deployed to France during World War I and served on the Western Front. Engaged in combat as a corps observation squadron with I, III, IV, and V Army Corps, 30 May – 10 November 1918. After the armistice subsequently served with VII Army Corps in the occupation force, November 1918 – May 1919 when the squadron returned to the United States.

Inter-War era

Redesignated as the 88th Squadron in 1921 and assigned to Langley Field, Virginia. Participated in demonstrations of effectiveness of aerial bombardment on warships, June–September 1921. Deployed for service in connection with civil disorders arising from West Virginia coal strike, September 1921. Redesignated 88th Observation Squadron in 1921 the squadron moved from Langley to support Army ground forces at Fort Campbell, Kentucky; then to Texas in 1927 at Brooks Field to patrol the Mexican Border; to Oklahoma in 1928 to support Fort Sill, then back to Brooks Field in 1931.

Squadron moved to California in 1935 and was assigned to the new Hamilton Field near San Francisco, as part of the 12th Observation Group. Became a coastal patrol squadron operating amphibian aircraft, then began to operate modern Martin B-10 bombers in 1936 in the reconnaissance mission when attached as the fourth squadron of the 7th Bombardment Group, 1st Wing, General Headquarters Air Force. The squadron dropped food and supplies and flew photographic missions in connection with flood-relief operations in central California, 12–13 December 1937; upgraded to the B-18 Bolo in 1938, and in 1939 to early-model Boeing B-17B Flying Fortress for long range reconnaissance patrols. Moved to Fort Douglas, Utah in 1940 when the short runways at Hamilton proved inadequate for B-17 operations, with a secondary move to Salt Lake City Army Air Base in January 1941 where it was upgraded to the B-17E.

In October 1941, was ordered to Clark Field, Philippines Commonwealth to build up forces there due to increased tensions between the United States and the Japanese Empire. Due to a lack of planes, some pilots were sent to Seattle to fly new B-17s overseas while the remainder departed on 12 November from Salt Lake City, by train, arriving at Angel Island by ferry; They remained at Angel Island until 20 November, now bound for Hickam Field, Hawaii Territory, on the troopship 'Republic'. The 'Republic' arrived 28 November. After an overnight refueling, they reboarded the 'Republic'; just outside Pearl Harbor they joined a convoy of 13 Freighters and an escort of a light cruiser the "Pensacola" bound for the Philippines, this was also known as the 'Pensacola Convoy'. 7 December they had reached the Equator. Hearing the news of the attack on Pearl Harbor, they changed course, from the Philippines, now re-directed to Brisbane, Australia via Suva, Fiji. The B-17s ended up coming in under attack during their arrival at Hickam on 7 December. Some of the planes managed to land at Haleiwa Fighter Strip, one set down on a golf course, and the remainder landed at Hickam under the strafing of Japanese planes.

World War II

436th B-24J Liberator unloading fuel after flying "The Hump"[note 2]
436th B-24J Liberator unloading fuel after flying "The Hump"[note 2]

After the Pearl Harbor Attack, the surviving aircraft operated from Hawaii until February 1942, becoming part of the air defense forces of the Territory. Moved to Australia with the 7th Bomb Group where the squadron reformed in northern Queensland in late February. Became part of the new Fifth Air Force. Moved to Java in the Dutch East Indies an attempt to stop the Japanese advance, however the small force of B-17s could do very little to stem the tide of the Japanese advance, launching valiant but futile attacks against the masses of Japanese shipping and returned to RAAF Townsville in early March.

Redesignated as the 436th Bombardment Squadron in April 1942 and left its B-17Es in Australia, being reassigned to the new Tenth Air Force in India where it was re-equipped with long-range Consolidated B-24D Liberators. For the balance of the war, carried out long distance heavy bomb raids over Japanese targets primarily in Burma, Thailand and Indochina; a theater with little news coverage, see China Burma India Theater; although also attacked Japanese targets in Southeastern China attacking airfields, fuel and supply dumps, locomotive works, railways, bridges, docks, warehouses, shipping, and troop concentrations in Burma and struck oil refineries in Thailand, power plants in China and enemy shipping in the Andaman Sea. (A more complete account is available in Lt Col (Ret) William Henderson's book, "From China Burma India to the River Kwai") Ceased bombing operations in late May 1945 and was attached to the Air Transport Command to haul gasoline from India over the Himalayas to China. Squadron demobilized in India, leaving B-24s to Indian Colonial forces, inactivated as a paper unit in the United States in early 1946.

Strategic Air Command

Reactivated in 1946 as a B-29 Superfortress bombardment squadron and trained in global bombardment operations flying simulated bombing missions over various cities, as well as performing intercontinental training missions over the Pacific and later to Europe. In June 1948 the first Consolidated B-36A Peacekeeper was delivered. Operated B-36s until 1958 when the squadron began conversion to the B-52 Stratoforterss.

In 1959 was reassigned to SAC provisional 4238th Strategic Wing, being re-equipped with B-52F Stratofortress intercontinental heavy bombers. Was reassigned to Barksdale Air Force Base, Louisiana by SAC to disperse its heavy bomber force. Conducted worldwide strategic bombardment training missions and providing nuclear deterrent. Was inactivated in 1963 when SAC inactivated its provisional Strategic Wings, redesignating them permanent Air Force Wings. Squadron was inactivated with aircraft/personnel/equipment being redesignated 20th Bombardment Squadron in an in-place, name-only transfer.

Training operations

Reactivated in as the 436th Strategic Training Squadron at Carswell Air Force Base, Texas to provide training on the Boeing B-52H Stratofortress. The squadron supported the SAC mission through classroom instruction, multimedia production, and training aid fabrication. Due to a realignment of major commands in the Air Force in June 1992, the was reassigned to Air Combat Command and became the 436th Training Squadron. In 1993, the squadron and the 7th Wing moved to Dyess Air Force Base,texas as Carswell became a joint reserve base. The squadron continues to provide classroom instruction for over 10 courses to students from every major command and multimedia productions used throughout the Department of Defense.

Lineage

[* Organized as the 88th Aero Squadron 18 August 1917

Redesignated 88th Aero Squadron (Corps Observation) on 28 May 1918
Redesignated 88th Aero Squadron on 27 June 1919
Redesignated 88th Squadron (Observation) on 14 March 1921[4]
Redesignated 88th Observation Squadron' on 25 January 1923
Inactivated on 1 August 1927
  • Activatedon 1 June 1928
Redesignated 88th Observation Squadron (Long-range, Amphibian) on 1 March 1935
Redesignated 88th Reconnaissance Squadron on 1 September 1936
Redesignated 88th Reconnaissance Squadron (Long Range) on 6 December 1939
Redesignated 88th Reconnaissance Squadron (Heavy) on 20 November 1940
Redesignated 436th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy) on 22 April 1942
Redesignated 436th Bombardment Squadron, Heavy on 3 July 1943
Inactivated on 6 January 1946
  • Redesignated 436th Bombardment Squadron, Very Heavy on 1 October 1946
Activated on 1 October 1946
Redesignated 436th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy) on 20 July 1948
Discontinued and inactivated on 1 April 1963>[5]
  • Redesignated 436th Strategic Training Squadron on 14 February 1986
Activated on 1 July 1986
  • Redesignated 436th Training Squadron on 1 June 1992

Assignments

Stations

Aircraft

See also

References

Notes

Explanatory notes
  1. ^ This emblem was based on one approved for the 88th Aero Squadron on 15 November 1918 by the American Expeditionary Force. "World War I Aero Squadrons". Cross and Cockade Journal. Society of World War I Aero Historians. Vol. 5 (Number 2): 145. 1964..
  2. ^ Aircraft is B-24J-185-CO Liberator, serial 44-40852. Taken at 1944 Kunming, China on 6 September 1944.
Citations
  1. ^ a b c Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 538-540
  2. ^ Rogers,[page needed]
  3. ^ Gorrell,[page needed]
  4. ^ Clay, p. 1432
  5. ^ Lineage through March 1963 in Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 538-540, except as noted.
  6. ^ a b Assignments, stations and aircraft through March 1963 in Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 538-540.

Bibliography

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

This page was last edited on 5 June 2020, at 11:46
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