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382d Bombardment Group

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

382d Bombardment Group
B-29 Bomber on a long range mission in late 1945.jpg
B-29 Bomber on a long range mission in late 1945[note 1]
Active1942–1944; 1944–1946
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
RoleHeavy bomber
EngagementsPacific Theater

The 382d Bombardment Group is a former United States Army Air Forces unit. It was last stationed at Camp Anza, California, where it was inactivated on 4 January 1946. The group was active from 1942 to 1944 as a heavy bomber training unit. It was reorganized as a very heavy bomber unit and trained for deployment overseas. However, it arrived at its overseas station too late to see combat, and returned to the United States, where it was inactivated.

History

Heavy bomber training unit

B-24 Liberator of a training unit in the southwest
B-24 Liberator of a training unit in the southwest

The group was first activated at Salt Lake City Army Air Base in November 1942, with the 536th, 537th, 538th and 539th Bombardment Squadrons assigned.[1][2][3][4] The group moved to Davis–Monthan Field, Arizona in January 1943 and began to operate as an Operational Training Unit (OTU) for Consolidated B-24 Liberator units.[5] The OTU program involved the use of an oversized parent unit to provide cadres to "satellite groups".[6] In April 1943, the group moved to Pocatello Army Air Field, Idaho, where its mission changed to acting as a Replacement Training Unit (RTU) for Liberator aircrews.[5] RTUs were also oversized units, but their mission was to train individual pilots or aircrews.[6]

However, the Army Air Forces (AAF) was finding that standard military units like the 382d, based on relatively inflexible tables of organization, were not well adapted to the training mission. Accordingly the AAF adopted a more functional system in which each base was organized into a separate numbered unit, whose manning and equipment was tailored to the base's mission.[7] As a result of this reorganization, the 382d was inactivated,[5] and along with other units at Muroc Army Air Field, California, replaced by the 421st AAF Base Unit (Bombardment Replacement Training Unit-Heavy).[8]

B-29 operations

The group was again activated in late August 1944 at Dalhart Army Air Field, Texas as a Boeing B-29 Superfortress, unit, although until 19 September it had no squadrons assigned and was commanded by a second lieutenant. On that date, a new set of squadrons, the 420th, 464th, and 872d Bombardment Squadrons, were assigned to the group as its combat elements. These squadrons had each been active as training units earlier, but had been assigned to other groups.[9][10][11]

The group trained with Superfortresses until the summer of 1945. Its ground echelon deployed to Guam and Tinian by ship in early August 1945 while the air echelon remained at Smoky Hill Army Air Field, Kansas after V-J Day. The ground echelon remained in the Marianas supporting other units' aircraft. The air echelon inactivated in Kansas in August 1945. The ground echelon returned to the United States in December 1945 and was inactivated at the Port of Embarkation in January 1946.[5][12]

Lineage

  • Constituted as 382d Bombardment Group (Heavy) on 28 October 1942
Activated on 3 November 1942
Inactivated on 31 March 1944
  • Redesignated 382d Bombardment Group, Very Heavy and activated on 25 August 1944.
Inactivated on 4 January 1946[5]

Assignments

Components

  • 420th Bombardment Squadron, 19 September 1944 – 4 January 1946[9]
  • 464th Bombardment Squadron, 19 September 1944 – 4 January 1946[10]
  • 536th Bombardment Squadron, 3 November 1942 – 31 March 1944[1]
  • 537th Bombardment Squadron, 3 November 1942 – 31 March 1944 (not operational after 6 December 1943)[2]
  • 538th Bombardment Squadron, 3 November 1942 – 31 March 1944[3]
  • 539th Bombardment Squadron, 3 November 1942 – 31 March 1944[4]
  • 872d Bombardment Squadron, 19 September 1944 – 4 January 1946[11]
  • 33d Photographic Laboratory, 19 September 1944 – 4 January 1946[15]

Stations

  • Salt Lake City Army Air Base, Utah, 3 November 1942
  • Davis–Monthan Field, Arizona, 23 January 1943
  • Pocatello Army Air Field, Idaho, 5 April 1943
  • Muroc Army Air Field, California, 6 December 1943 – 31 March 1944
  • Dalhart Army Air Field, Texas, 25 August 1944
  • Smoky Hill Army Air Field, Kansas, 11 December 1944 – 8 July 1945
  • North Field, Guam 8 September-16 December 1945
  • Camp Anza, California, 30 December 1945 – 4 January 1946[5]

Aircraft

  • Consolidated B-24 Liberator, 1942-1944
  • Boeing B-29 Superfortress, 1944-1945[5]

Campaigns

Campaign Streamer Campaign Dates Notes
World War II - American Campaign Streamer (Plain).png
American Theater without inscription 3 November 1942–31 March 1944, 25 August 1944-8 July 1945 [5]
Streamer APC.PNG
Asiatic–Pacific Theater without inscription 8 September 1945-30 December 1945 [5]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Aircraft is Boeing B-29A-30-BN Superfortress, serial 42-94106.

References

  1. ^ a b Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 643
  2. ^ a b Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 643-644
  3. ^ a b Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 644
  4. ^ a b Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 645
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i Maurer 1983, pp. 269–270.
  6. ^ a b Craven & Cate, Introduction, p. xxxvi
  7. ^ Goss, p. 75
  8. ^ See Mueller, p. 126 (simultaneous inactivation of units and organization of 421st AAF Base Unit).
  9. ^ a b Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 515-516
  10. ^ a b Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 570-571
  11. ^ a b Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 792
  12. ^ Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 515-516, 570-571, 792
  13. ^ Staff historian (4 October 2007). "Factsheet 17 Air Division". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Archived from the original on 30 October 2012. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
  14. ^ Staff historian (12 October 2007). "Factsheet 316 Air Division". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Archived from the original on 30 October 2012. Retrieved 16 May 2018.
  15. ^ Haulman, Daniel (4 December 2017). "Factsheet 63 Intelligence Squadron (AFRC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved 27 February 2020.

Bibliography

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

This page was last edited on 10 March 2020, at 03:37
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