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2nd Marine Division (Wehrmacht)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

2nd Marine Division
2. Marine Division
Marinefahne links.svg
Flag for Naval Land units and establishments of the German Kriegsmarine
ActiveMarch–September 1945
Country Nazi Germany
Branch Kriegsmarine
TypeMarine
RoleAmphibious warfare
SizeDivision of approx. 13,000 personnel
Home StationGlückstadt
EngagementsDefence of the Homeland

The 2nd Marine Division (2. Marine Division) was a military formation of the German Navy (Kriegsmarine) under control of the German Army (Heer) during the later part of the Second World War.

History

In March 1945, the 2nd Marine Division was formed in Schleswig-Holstein with its home station in Glückstadt from excess naval personnel. The division also had a significant amount of personnel from the Hitler Youth, a battalion of the Waffen-SS, and Hungarian units.[1]

At the beginning of April 1945, the division was declared ready for action and, although poorly trained and equipped, relocated to the zone south of Bremen on the Weser River. From 5 April the division was part of Luftwaffe General Kurt Student's Army Group and moved in to defend the Weser-Aller line. On 10th April the division moved under the Blumentritt Army Group, and fought defensive battles on the Aller between Verden an der Aller and Rethem and from the Essel-Schwarmstedt bridgehead. From 15th April further actions occurred at Kirchboitzen, Kirchlinteln, Visselhövede, Neunkirchen am Potzberg, and Jeddingen. All guns of the two anti-aircraft batteries were lost on the Aller and Weser.[1]

The remnants of the division were on 20th April in the area south of Bremen. Of the original almost 13,000 men, only 3,000 remained on 21st April after two weeks of heavy fighting. On 23rd April, the remnants of the division settled in the Cuxhaven area, where they were used again against the 21st Army Group. On 28th April 1945, the remains were returned to Meldorf an der Elbe, while the approximately 750 men were withdrawn behind the Kaiser Wilhelm Canal and were used as an alarm unit in the Albersdorf and Hemmingstedt area. At the end of the war, the remains of the division were at Bunsoh where it surrendered to the British.[1][2]

Organisation

The division's target structure was that of the 'Volksgrenadier Division', though this was never achieved. The division had no heavy weapons and was mainly equipped with small arms and bazookas. The 2nd Marine Engineer Battalion was never established, with the establishment of the 2nd Marine Intelligence Division and 2nd Marine Field Replacement Battalion also never completed, along with the 200th Marine Supply Regiment never operational due to a lack of vehicles.[1]

The organisation of the division was as follows (with German title in parenthesis, those in italics were never fully formed):[1][2]

  • 2nd Marine Division Headquarters (2. Marine Division Stab)
    • Division Headquarters (Stab)
    • 2nd Marine Intelligence Division (2. Marine-Nachrichten-Abteilung)
    • 5th Marine Grenadier Regiment (5. Marine Grenadier Regiment)
    • 6th Marine Grenadier Regiment (6. Marine Grenadier Regiment)
    • 7th Marine Grenadier Regiment (7. Marine Grenadier Regiment)
    • 2nd Marine Division Fusilier Battalion (2. Marine Division Füsilier Bataillon)
    • 2nd Marine Division Field Replacement Battalion (2. Marine Division Feldersatzbataillon)
    • 2nd Marine Artillery Regiment (2. Marine Artillerie Regiment)
    • 2nd Marine Tank Destroyer Battalion (2. Marine Panzerjäger Bataillon)
    • 2nd Marine Engineer Battalion (2. Marine Ingenieur Bataillon)
    • 200th Marine Supply Regiment (200. Marine-Versorgungs-Regiment)
  • Attached from the Luftwaffe:[1]
    • 4th Battery, 117th Anti-Aircraft Regiment
    • 4th Battery, 162nd Anti-Aircraft Regiment

Commanders

The divisional commanders included:[1][2][3]

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Lexikon der Wehrmacht - 2.Marine-Infanterie-Division". www.lexikon-der-wehrmacht.de. Retrieved 2021-04-24.
  2. ^ a b c Mitchham, p. 36.
  3. ^ Pettibone, p. 242.

References

  • Mitchham, Jr., Samuel W. (2007). German Order of Battle, Volume One: 1st–290th Infantry Divisions in WWII. Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania, United States: Stackpole Books. ISBN 978-0811734165. OCLC 1022785896.
  • Pettibone, Charles D. (2006). The Organization and Order of Battle of Militaries in World War II: Volume I – Germany. Victoria, British Columbia, Canada: Trafford Publishing. ISBN 978-1412074988. OCLC 64670086.
This page was last edited on 11 May 2021, at 02:18
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