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2nd Division (Vietnam)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

2nd Infantry Division
Active1965-present
Allegiance Vietnam
BranchPeople's Army of Vietnam
TypeInfantry
RoleInfantry
SizeDivision
Part of5th Military Region
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Senior Colonel Le Huu Tru
Senior Colonel Giap Van Cuong

The 2nd Infantry Division is a division of the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN), first formed from Viet Cong (VC) and PAVN units in September 1965.

Vietnam War

The Division was under the command of the PAVN B1 Front.[1]

In February 1967 the Division's 21st Regiment was engaged by South Korean forces, losing over 1000 killed in 2 separate battles northwest of Quảng Ngãi.[1]:207

From 21 April to 5 June 1967, the Division was the target of US Marine Corps' Operations Union and Union II in the Quế Sơn Valley losing over 1,400 killed.[2]

In early August 1967 the Division's 1st and 21st Regiments were the target of Operation Hood River, losing 166 killed.[1]:246-8

In September 1967 the B1 Front ordered the Division back into the Quế Sơn Valley.[1]:259

In September 1967 the Division was the target of Operation Wheeler.[1]:270[3]

On 5 December 1967 a command group from the Division was carrying out reconnaissance near Firebase Ross when they were attacked by US helicopter gunships, losing 17 killed including the Division commander, Senior Colonel Le Tru Huu, the division’s political officer, its deputy chief of staff, its chief of rear services, its chief of military operations and intelligence, its chief of combat operations and training, and the commanders of the 3rd and 21st Regiments along with several of their battalion commanders.[3]:232-3 On 9 December the Division's 3rd Regiment was engaged by US helicopter gunships near Landing Zone Baldy, losing 121 killed.[3]:233

Senior Col. Giap Van Cuong, a former commander of the 3rd Division, became the Division’s new commander and was given orders to destroy the US 3rd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division.[3]:235 On the afternoon of 2 January, elements of the 12th Cavalry Regiment engaged a unit of the Division in a four-hour-long battle 5 km south of Ross resulting in 3 U.S. and 39 PAVN killed.[4] On the early morning of 3 January the PAVN attacked four U.S. firebases in the Quế Sơn Valley, launching ground attacks against Ross and Landing Zone Leslie, which were defeated by dawn for the loss of 18 U.S. and 331 PAVN killed.[4]:100[3]:235-6 On 7 January, Division anti-aircraft gunners shot down a helicopter carrying the commander of the 2nd Battalion, 12th Cavalry, Lt. Col. Robert L. Gregory, killing him and six others on board.[3]:239 On 10 January the 2/12th Cavalry, engaged a reinforced battalion of the Division near Firebase Ross resulting in 122 PAVN killed.[3]:239 In total the Division had lost more than 1,100 soldiers killed in action between December and January.[3]:239

For the Tet Offensive of January/February 1968 the Division was to attack Da Nang however its slow approach to the city meant that it was still 25km away on 30 January.[3]:315 As the Division approached Da Nang on 31 January, its 8th Battalion, 31st Regiment, attacked the district capital of Điện Bàn, but the attack was resisted by ARVN troops and Korean Marines. On 3 February when the ARVN 51st Regiment swept through Thanh Quit, they stumbled onto a battalion from the 31st Regiment hidden there and engaged them in battle, supported by the Korean marines until they broke contact at nightfall.[3]:316 On 6 February the Division began a concerted push north towards Da Nang. At 0:300 the 21st Regiment attacked the ARVN 51st Regiment's base camp, the ARVN were reinforced by US Marines and the fighting continued until the PAVN withdrew at nightfall on 7 February with losses estimated at more than 586 killed.[3]:317 Following the Battle of Lo Giang on 8-9 February a combined US Army/Marine task force named Task Force Miracle pursued the Division as it withdrew to its base areas near Go Noi Island (15°51′04″N 108°11′10″E / 15.851°N 108.186°E / 15.851; 108.186) killing 236 PAVN/VC soldiers near there on 9 February.[3]:319-20 In total the Division had lost 1,200-1,400 soldiers in the period from 29 January to 14 February 1968 and had completely failed to penetrate Da Nang.[3]:320-1

After the Division had recuperated from its Tet losses, between 10 and 12 May 1968, 2 of its Regiments successfully captured Kham Duc.[3]:540-7

In July 1968 the Division's 1st Regiment was the target of Operation Pocahontas Forest in the Quế Sơn Valley in which it lost 127 killed.[3]:609-11

During the Phase III Offensive a regiment of the Division was ordered to attack Tam Kỳ.[3]:643

During the War of the flags in January/February 1973 the Division briefly captured Sa Huỳnh Base and stretch of Highway 1 before being ejected by ARVN forces by 16 February.[5]

During the 1975 Spring Offensive the Division was tasked with attacking Tam Kỳ and then moving north to threaten the southern approaches to Da Nang. On 21 March the Division began attacking the outer defenses of Tam Kỳ and by 24 March following an artillery barrage, began their attack on the city, quickly penetrating the western and southern defenses. The ARVN defenses soon broke with some ARVN units being evacuated by helicopters from the beach while others fled north and south along Highway 1.[6] Following the capture of Tam Kỳ, the Division moved north along Highway 1 bypassing ARVN defensive positions and together with other PAVN columns entered Da Nang on the morning of 29 March.[6]:328 On 5 April the Division was ordered to remain and secure Quảng Nam and Quảng Tín Provinces while other PAVN units moved south to join the assault on Saigon.[6]:369

References

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Army Center of Military History.

  1. ^ a b c d e MacGarrigle, George (1998). Combat Operations: Taking the Offensive, October 1966 to October 1967. Government Printing Office. p. 203. ISBN 9780160495403.
  2. ^ Telfer, Gary (1984). U.S. Marines in Vietnam: Fighting the North Vietnamese 1967. History and Museums Division, Headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps. pp. 63–8. ISBN 978-1494285449.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Villard, Erik (2017). United States Army in Vietnam Combat Operations Staying the Course October 1967 to September 1968. Center of Military History United States Army. p. 226. ISBN 9780160942808.
  4. ^ a b Shulimson, Jack (1997). US Marines in Vietnam: 1968 The Defining Year. History and Museums Division Headquarters United States Marine Corps. pp. 99–100. ISBN 9781494285715.
  5. ^ Le Gro, William (1985). Vietnam from ceasefire to capitulation (PDF). US Army Center of Military History. pp. 23–4. ISBN 9781410225429.
  6. ^ a b c Veith, George (2012). Black April The Fall of South Vietnam 1973-75. Encounter Books. p. 304. ISBN 9781594035722.
This page was last edited on 9 November 2018, at 08:36
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