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28th Street station (BMT Broadway Line)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 28 Street
 "R" train"W" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
28 Street Broadway 3 vc.jpg
Station statistics
AddressWest 28th Street & Broadway
New York, NY 10001
BoroughManhattan
LocaleMidtown Manhattan, NoMad
Coordinates40°44′43″N 73°59′20″W / 40.745241°N 73.988757°W / 40.745241; -73.988757
DivisionB (BMT)[1]
Line   BMT Broadway Line
Services   N weekends and late nights (weekends and late nights)
   Q late nights only (late nights only)
   R all except late nights (all except late nights)
   W weekdays only (weekdays only)
StructureUnderground
Platforms2 side platforms
Tracks4
Other information
OpenedJanuary 5, 1918 (103 years ago) (1918-01-05)[2]
Station code013[3]
Opposite-
direction
transfer
No
Traffic
20194,018,310[5]Decrease 9.6%
Rank122 out of 424[5]
Station succession
Next north34th Street–Herald Square: N weekends and late nightsQ late nights onlyR all except late nightsW weekdays only
Next south23rd Street: N weekends and late nightsQ late nights onlyR all except late nightsW weekdays only
Location
Track layout

Street map

Station service legend
Symbol Description
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops weekdays only Stops weekdays only
Stops late nights and weekends Stops late nights and weekends
Stops late nights only Stops late nights only

28th Street is a local station on the BMT Broadway Line of the New York City Subway, located at 28th Street and Broadway in Manhattan. It is served by the R train at all times except late nights, the W train on weekdays, the N train during late nights and weekends and the Q train during late nights.

History

Construction and opening

Later-installed name tablet
Later-installed name tablet

The New York Public Service Commission adopted plans for what was known as the Broadway–Lexington Avenue route on December 31, 1907. This route began at the Battery and ran under Greenwich Street, Vesey Street, Broadway to Ninth Street, private property to Irving Place, and Irving Place and Lexington Avenue to the Harlem River. After crossing under the Harlem River into the Bronx, the route split at Park Avenue and 138th Street, with one branch continuing north to and along Jerome Avenue to Woodlawn Cemetery, and the other heading east and northeast along 138th Street, Southern Boulevard, and Westchester Avenue to Pelham Bay Park. In early 1908, the Tri-borough plan was formed, combining this route, the under-construction Centre Street Loop Subway in Manhattan and Fourth Avenue Subway in Brooklyn, a Canal Street subway from the Fourth Avenue Subway via the Manhattan Bridge to the Hudson River, and several other lines in Brooklyn.[6][7]

The Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company submitted a proposal to the Commission, dated March 2, 1911, to operate the Tri-borough system (but under Church Street instead of Greenwich Street), as well as a branch along Broadway, Seventh Avenue, and 59th Street from Ninth Street north and east to the Queensboro Bridge; the Canal Street subway was to merge with the Broadway Line instead of continuing to the Hudson River. The city, the BRT, and the Interborough Rapid Transit Company (which operated the first subway and four elevated lines in Manhattan) came to an agreement, and sent a report to the New York City Board of Estimate on June 5, 1911. The line along Broadway to 59th Street was assigned to the BRT, while the IRT obtained the Lexington Avenue line, connecting with its existing route at Grand Central–42nd Street. Construction began on Lexington Avenue on July 31, and on Broadway the next year. The Dual Contracts, two operating contracts between the city and the BMT and IRT, were adopted on March 4, 1913.[8]

A short portion of the line, coming off the north side of the Manhattan Bridge through Canal Street to 14th Street–Union Square, opened on September 4, 1917, at 2 P.M., with an eight car train carrying members of the Public Service Commission, representatives of the city government and officials of the BRT, leaving Union Square toward Coney Island. Service opened to the general public at 8 P.M., with trains leaving Union Square and Coney Island simultaneously.[9] The line was served by two services. One route ran via the Fourth Avenue Line and the Sea Beach Line to Coney Island, while the other line, the short line, ran to Ninth Avenue, where passengers could transfer for West End and Culver Line service. The initial headway on the line was three minutes during rush hours, three minutes and forty-five seconds at other times, except during late nights when service ran every fifteen minutes.[10]

28th Street station opened on January 5, 1918, as the BMT Broadway Line was extended north from 14th Street–Union Square to Times Square–42nd Street and south to Rector Street. Service at this station was provided by local services running between Times Square and Rector Street.[2] Service was extended one station to Whitehall Street–South Ferry on September 20, 1918.[11][12] On August 1, 1920, the Montague Street Tunnel opened, extending local service from Lower Manhattan to DeKalb Avenue in Downtown Brooklyn by traveling under the East River.[13][14]

Later years

On August 6, 1927, bombs exploded at the 28th Street station and at the 28th Street station on the Lexington Avenue Line. Numerous passengers were injured, but there were no casualties,[15] although investigators initially believed one person may have been killed.[16] The perpetrator of the bombings is unknown; they were initially blamed on Galleanists, as Sacco and Vanzetti had been denied appeal three days prior, though police later believed they were unrelated.[17][18][19]

The station was renovated in the 1970s to accommodate ten-car trains. As part of the renovation, the original wall tiles, old signs, and incandescent lighting were covered by modern-look wall tile band and tablet mosaics, and new signs and fluorescent lights were installed. Staircases and platform edges were also renovated.

This station was renovated in 2001 by New York City Transit. It sealed off and removed any evidence of a crossunder outside fare control while false curtain walls were installed at the north ends of each platform, shortening them by 10 to 15 feet, though the Brooklyn-bound platform is longer than the Queens-bound one. Tiles from the previous renovation in the 1970s were removed, restoring the station's original trim line and name tablets.

Station layout

Station artwork
Station artwork
Southbound street stair before the return of the W
Southbound street stair before the return of the W
G Street level Exit/entrance
P
Platform level
Side platform
Northbound local "R" train toward 71st Avenue (34th Street–Herald Square)
"W" train toward Ditmars Boulevard weekdays (34th Street–Herald Square)
"N" train toward Ditmars Boulevard late nights/weekends (34th Street–Herald Square)
"Q" train toward 96th Street late nights (34th Street–Herald Square)
Northbound express "N" train"Q" train do not stop here
Southbound express "N" train"Q" train do not stop here →
Southbound local "R" train toward 95th Street (23rd Street)
"W" train toward Whitehall Street weekdays (23rd Street)
"N" train toward Coney Island via Sea Beach late nights/weekends (23rd Street)
"Q" train toward Coney Island via Brighton late nights (23rd Street)
Side platform

This underground station has four tracks and two side platforms. Both platforms are columnless and have their original BRT-style mosaics and station name tablets reading "28TH STREET" in Times New Roman font.

The 2012 artwork at this station is City Dwellers (for Costas and Maro) by Mark Hadjipateras. It is composed of glass mosaics inspired by the Toy Center and the surrounding areas of the Garment and Flower District.[20]

Exits

Both platforms have one same-level fare control area at the center. Each one has a turnstile bank, token booth, and two street stairs. The ones on the northbound platform go up to either eastern corner of 28th Street and Broadway while the ones on the southbound platform go up to either western corner. There are no crossovers or crossunders to allow a free transfer between directions.[21]

There are closed exits from each platform to all corners of 29th Street and Broadway. The exits to the northern corners are currently used as emergency exits and are blocked by hatches on street level, while the exits to the southern corners were sealed on street level.

References

  1. ^ "Glossary". Second Avenue Subway Supplemental Draft Environmental Impact Statement (SDEIS) (PDF). 1. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. March 4, 2003. pp. 1–2. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 26, 2021. Retrieved January 1, 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Open New Subway to Times Square". The New York Times. January 6, 1918. p. 3. Retrieved November 5, 2016.
  3. ^ "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
  4. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2014–2019". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2020. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  5. ^ a b "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2014–2019". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2020. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  6. ^ James Blaine Walker, Fifty Years of Rapid Transit, 1864–1917, published 1918, pp. 207-223
  7. ^ Engineering News, A New Subway Line for New York City, Volume 63, No. 10, March 10, 1910
  8. ^ James Blaine Walker, Fifty Years of Rapid Transit, 1864–1917, published 1918, pp. 224-241
  9. ^ "Broadway Subway Opened To Coney By Special Train. Brooklynites Try New Manhattan Link From Canal St. to Union Square. Go Via Fourth Ave. Tube". The Brooklyn Daily Eagle. September 4, 1917. Retrieved May 31, 2019.
  10. ^ "Open First Section Of Broadway Line; Train Carrying 1,000 Passengers Runs from Fourteenth Street to Coney Island. Regular Service Begins. New Road Is Expected to Relieve Old System of 15,000 PersonsDaily in Rush Hours. Service Commissioners Jubliant. Schedule Not Fully Arranged". The New York Times. September 5, 1917. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved November 5, 2016.
  11. ^ District, New York State Public Service Commission First (1919). Report of the Public Service Commission for the First District of the State of New York For The Year Ending December 31, 1918 Vol. I. New York State Legislature.
  12. ^ Legislative Documents. J.B. Lyon Company. January 1, 1920.
  13. ^ "New B.R.T. lines open". The New York Times. August 2, 1920. p. 17. Retrieved November 5, 2016.
  14. ^ "Broadway - Fifty-Ninth Street Extension of B.R.T. Subway, Opened to Queensboro Plaza, L.I. City". The New York Times. August 1, 1920. p. R-92. Retrieved August 31, 2020.
  15. ^ Salazar, Cristian (March 19, 2014). "Mayhem on the tracks". Newsday. Retrieved April 23, 2021.
  16. ^ "Bombs in Mid-town Area; In B.M.T. at 28th Street and East Side I.R.T. at 28th" (PDF). The New York Times. August 6, 1927. p. 1. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 23, 2021.
  17. ^ Joughin, Louis; Morgan, Edmund M. The Legacy of Sacco and Vanzetti. Princeton University Press. p. 273. ISBN 9781400868650 – via Google Books.
  18. ^ Carroll, Michael P. (Winter 2020). "The Forgotten Story of the Bombings of the Italian Church of Saints Peter and Paul in San Francisco". Italian American Review. 10 (1): 36. doi:10.5406/italamerrevi.10.1.0019.
  19. ^ "Probe of Bombings Turns to Boston". Boston Globe. August 9, 1927. p. 8 – via Newspapers.com open access.
  20. ^ "28th Street - Mark Hadjipateras - City Dwellers (for Costas and Maro), 2002". web.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Archived from the original on September 9, 2020. Retrieved September 9, 2020.
  21. ^ "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Pennsylvania Station / Times Square" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved December 11, 2015.

External links

This page was last edited on 4 November 2021, at 19:59
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