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25th Panzergrenadier Division (Wehrmacht)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

25th Infantry Division
25th Motorized Infantry Division
25th Panzergrenadier Division
Divisionsabzeichen der 25. Infanterie-Divisision der Wehrmacht.jpg
25th Infantry Division insignia
Active1936 - 1945
Country Nazi Germany
BranchArmy
TypeInfantry
Motorized infantry
Panzergrenadier
RoleArmoured warfare
SizeDivision
Nickname(s)Stuttgarter Haus Division
EngagementsWorld War II
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Anton Graßer

The 25th Infantry Division was a military unit of the German Wehrmacht. It was later reclassified to 25th Infantry Division (mot.), and in June 1943 to the 25th Panzer Grenadier Division.

The 25th Panzergrenadier Division fought in the central sector of the Eastern front from June 1943 to July 1944. It was destroyed in the encirclement east of Minsk and reformed in October 1944. It then fought in Western Europe between October 1944 and January 1945 and in eastern Germany January to May 1945. Most of the survivors of the division surrendered to the western Allies.

History

Battle of France and Eastern Front

The 25th Panzergrenadier Division was originally formed as an infantry unit, designated 25th Infantry Division and made up of Swabian and Bavarian personnel. It participated in the Polish Campaign and the Battle of France.
In late 1940, it was reorganized as the 25th motorized infantry division and took part in Operation Barbarossa, the invasion of the Soviet Union, in June 1941. It was attached to Army Group Center and fought in the Soviet Union for two years before being reorganized as the 25th Panzergrenadier Division in June 1943. After another year of heavy fighting, the division was almost destroyed near Minsk during the Soviet Operation Bagration in the summer of 1944; the survivors were reorganized at the training area at Mielau (in modern-day Poland) as the 107th Panzer Brigade.

Western Front 1944-1945

In September 1944, 107th Panzer Brigade participated in Operation Market Garden as part of LXXXVI Corps of the 1st Parachute Army.[1] The Brigade had been re-routed from Aachen to Holland and went almost immediately into combat at Nuenen against the American 506th PIR of the 101st Airborne Division and the British 15th/19th The King's Royal Hussars of the 11th Armoured Division.[2]

In November 1944, the brigade was upgraded back to divisional status at the Baumholder training area and re-numbered back as the 25th Panzergrenadier Division.

The new division moved to France in the area of the German / Luxembourg / French border at Sierck-les-Bains, where it fought a delaying action against the US Third Army, until December. It was then moved to Bitche. There it fought on the Maginot line fortifications at Forts Ouvrage Simserhof and Ouvrage Schiesseck, under the command of the XIII SS Corps and Obergruppenführer Max Simon.

After the US Seventh Army's offensive operations were halted in December as a result of the German Ardennes Offensive, the 25th was pulled out of the line and re-organized near Zweibrücken. It then took part in Operation Nordwind, along with the 21st Panzer Division. Together, these divisions were to exploit the penetrations made by either the XIII SS Corps in the west, or the LXXXIX and XC Corps in the east, with the intention of cutting the US Seventh Army off from the 1st French Army. It was then sent back to the eastern front to defend against the Soviet attack on the Oder north of Berlin, most of the survivors managed to escape to the west and surrendered to the British or Americans.[3][4][5]

Commanders

Order of battle

  • Division Staff
    • 25. Mapping Detachment (mot)
  • 35. Panzergrenadier Regiment
  • Staff Company
    • Panzerjäger Platoon
    • Motorcycle Platoon
    • Signals Platoon
    • Pioneer Platoon
  • 3 x Battalions
    • Battalion Staff
    • 3 x Companies (mot)
    • Machine Gun Company (mot)
    • Infantry Gun Company
  • 119. Panzergrenadier Regiment
  • Staff Company
    • Panzerjäger Platoon
    • Motorcycle Platoon
    • Signals Platoon
    • Pioneer Platoon
  • 3 x Battalions
    • Battalion Staff
    • 3 x Companies (mot)
    • Machine Gun Company (mot)
    • Infantry Gun Company
  • 25. Panzer Reconnaissance Battalion
    • Battalion Staff
    • Light Armored Car Company
    • 3 x Motorcycle Companies
    • Heavy Company (mot)
    • Pioneer Platoon
    • 2 x Panzerjäger Platoons
    • Light Infantry Gun Section
  • 125. Panzerjäger Battalion
    • 3 x Panzerjäger Companies (self-propelled)
    • Flak Company (self-propelled)
  • 8. Panzer Battalion
    • Staff Company
    • Flak Platoon
    • 3 x Sturmgeschütz Batteries
    • Panzer Maintenance Platoon
  • 25. Artillery Regiment
    • Staff Battery
    • 3 x Battalions
    • Staff Battery (mot)
    • 3 x Batteries (mot)
  • 25. Pioneer Battalion
    • Battalion Staff
    • 3 x Companies (mot)
    • Light Pioneer Column (mot)
  • 25. Signals Battalion
    • Battalion Staff
    • Telephone Company (mot)
    • Radio Company (mot)
    • Signals Column (mot)
  • Supply and Support Units[4]

In popular culture

The action at Nuenen by the 107th Panzer Brigade during Operation Market Garden is dramatized in episode 4 "Replacements" of the television series Band of Brothers. Comment: The 107th Pz Brigade was an independent unit, and not associated in any way with the 25th Panzergrenadier Division, which arrived in the West in October 1944, weeks after the Market Garden operation concluded.

References

  1. ^ "Order of Battle". www.pegasusarchive.org. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
  2. ^ Robert J. Kershaw. It Never Snows in September: The German View of Market-Garden and the Battle of Arnhem, September 1944, p.118-145 ISBN 978-0-7110-3322-1
  3. ^ "US 100th Infantry Division". Archived from the original on 11 August 2012. Retrieved 4 January 2009.
  4. ^ a b Wendal, Marcus. "25 Panzergrenadier Division". Axis History. Retrieved 4 January 2009.
  5. ^ Mitcham, pp. 111–113
  6. ^ Mitcham, p113
  • Mitcham, Samuel W. (2007). German Order of Battle: Panzer, Panzer Grenadier, and Waffen SS divisions in World War II. Stackpole Books. ISBN 0-8117-3438-2.
  • Burkhard Müller-Hillebrand (1969), Das Heer 1933-1945. Entwicklung des organisatorischen Aufbaues (in German), Vol. III: Der Zweifrontenkrieg. Das Heer vom Beginn des Feldzuges gegen die Sowjetunion bis zum Kriegsende, Frankfurt am Main: Mittler, p. 286 |volume= has extra text (help)
  • Georg Tessin (1970), Verbände und Truppen der deutschen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS im Zweiten Weltkrieg, 1939 - 1945 (in German), Vol. IV: Die Landstreitkräfte 15 -30, Frankfurt am Main: Mittler |volume= has extra text (help)
This page was last edited on 12 April 2021, at 23:10
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