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25th Army (Wehrmacht)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

25th Army (25. Armee)
ActiveNovember 1944 – May 1945
CountryGermany
BranchArmy
TypeField Army
EngagementsWorld War II
21st Army Group operations, 1945. 25th Army is to the left.
21st Army Group operations, 1945. 25th Army is to the left.

The 25th Army (German: 25. Armee) was a World War II field army of the German Army.

History

The 25th Army was formed on 10 November 1944 in the Netherlands, from the staffs of the Armed Forces Commander of the Netherlands and Armeeabteilung Kleffel (previously known as "Narva Task Force").[2] The designation as "army" was a deception measure for most of the command's existence, as it did not command more than three divisions until April 1945, during the final days of its existence.

The 25th Army held the northernmost position of the Nazi German front line of the Western Front for less than six months in late 1944 and early 1945, with its western flank anchored on the North Sea and its eastern flank adjoining the 1st Parachute Army. Defending the western Netherlands along the Meuse (Maas), from the North Sea to Arnhem,[3] its primary opponent was the First Canadian Army.

25th Army, as Netherlands High Command (right), surrenders to I Canadian Corps on 5 May 1945
25th Army, as Netherlands High Command (right), surrenders to I Canadian Corps on 5 May 1945

Its first, and longest commander was Wehrmachtbefehlshaber Friedrich Christiansen, Supreme Commander of Reichskommissariat Niederlande. He was followed by General der Infanterie Günther Blumentritt, then General der Kavallerie Philipp Kleffel. From November 1944 until April 1945, the 25th Army was subordinated to Army Group H and subsequently was transferred to the Northwest High Command (Oberbefehlshaber Nordwest).

On 7 April 1945, the 25th Army was converted into the Netherlands High Command (Oberbefehlshaber Niederlande), under command of Generaloberst Johannes Blaskowitz, to defend Fortress Holland (Festung Holland), the area west of the New Dutch Waterline.

Two days after the surrender of the Northwest High Command to the British 21st Army Group, Generaloberst Blaskowitz surrendered his command to I Canadian Corps' Lieutenant-General Charles Foulkes at Wageningen on 5 May 1945 (documents typed and signed the next day, as no typewriter had been available), effectively ending the war in the Netherlands.[4]

Commanders

No. Commander 25th Army Took office Left office Time in office
1Christiansen, FriedrichGeneral der Flieger
Friedrich Christiansen
(1879–1972)
10 November 194428 January 194579 days
2Blumentritt, GüntherGeneral der Infanterie
Günther Blumentritt
(1892–1967)
29 January 194528 March 194558 days
3Kleffel, PhilippGeneral der Kavallerie
Philipp Kleffel
(1887–1964)
28 March 19457 April 194510 days
No. Oberbefehlshaber Niederlande Took office Left office Time in office
1Blaskowitz, JohannesGeneraloberst
Johannes Blaskowitz
(1883–1948)
7 April 19456 May 194529 days

References

  1. ^ Nafziger
  2. ^ Tessin, p. 221
  3. ^ Stacey, p. 446
  4. ^ Axis history

Sources

  • Stacey, C. P. (1960). The Victory Campaign, The Queen's Printer and Controller of Stationery, Ottawa.
  • Tessin, Georg (1976). Verbände und Truppen der deutschen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS im Zweiten Weltkrieg 1939-1945 (Volume IV), Biblio Verlag, Osnabrück. ISBN 3-7648-1083-1.
This page was last edited on 23 February 2021, at 08:55
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