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231st Street station

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 231 Street
 "1" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
WTM3 The Fixers G-7.jpg
Southbound platform
Station statistics
AddressWest 231st Street & Broadway
Bronx, NY 10463
BoroughThe Bronx
LocaleKingsbridge and Riverdale
Coordinates40°52′44″N 73°54′18″W / 40.879°N 73.905°W / 40.879; -73.905
DivisionA (IRT)[1]
Line   IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line
Services   1 all times (all times)
TransitBus transport NYCT Bus: Bx1, Bx2, Bx7, Bx9, Bx10, Bx20
Bus transport MTA Bus: BxM1, BxM2, BxM18
StructureElevated
Platforms2 side platforms
Tracks3 (2 in regular service)
Other information
OpenedJanuary 27, 1907 (114 years ago) (1907-01-27)
Station code295[2]
AccessibleThis station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ADA-accessible
Opposite-
direction
transfer
No
Traffic
20192,919,305[4]Decrease 6.8%
Rank170 out of 424[4]
Station succession
Next north238th Street: 1 all times
Next southMarble Hill–225th Street: 1 all times
Location
Track layout

Street map

Station service legend
Symbol Description
Stops all times Stops all times

231st Street is a local station on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line of the New York City Subway. Located at the intersection of West 231st Street and Broadway in the Kingsbridge and Riverdale sections of the Bronx, it is served by the 1 train at all times.

History

Station sign
Station sign

This station opened on January 27, 1907, as 230th Street station. It was built near the site of the originally proposed northern terminus of the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line at Bailey Avenue and 230th Street, a block southeast of the current station. It was also located near two former Kingsbridge railroad stations owned by two separate railways inherited by the New York Central Railroad; one was along a former segment of the Spuyten Duyvil and Port Morris Railroad (now the Hudson Line), and the other was for the New York and Putnam Railroad (now abandoned).

To address overcrowding, in 1909, the New York Public Service Commission proposed lengthening platforms at stations along the original IRT subway.[5]: 168  As part of a modification to the IRT's construction contracts, made on January 18, 1910, the company was to lengthen station platforms to accommodate ten-car express and six-car local trains. In addition to $1.5 million (equivalent to $41.7 million in 2020) spent on platform lengthening, $500,000 (equivalent to $13,887,500 in 2020) was spent on building additional entrances and exits. It was anticipated that these improvements would increase capacity by 25 percent.[6]: 15  The northbound platform at the 231st Street station was extended 50 feet (15 m) at both its north and south ends,[6]: 114  while the southbound platform was not lengthened.[6]: 106  On January 24, 1911, ten-car express trains began running on the West Side Line.[5]: 168 [7] Subsequently, the station could accommodate six-car local trains, but ten-car trains could not open some of their doors.[8]

Platforms at IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line stations between 103rd Street and 238th Street, including those at 231st Street, were lengthened to 514 feet (157 m) between 1946 and 1948, allowing full ten-car express trains to stop at these stations.[8] A contract for the platform extensions at 231st Street and five other stations on the line was awarded to the Rao Electrical Equipment Company and the Kaplan Electric Company in June 1946.[9] The platform extensions at these stations were opened in stages. On July 9, 1948, the platform extensions at stations between 207th Street and 238th Street, including the 231st Street station, were opened for use at the cost of $423,000.[8][10] At the same time, the IRT routes were given numbered designations with the introduction of "R-type" rolling stock, which contained rollsigns with numbered designations for each service. The first such fleet, the R12, was put into service in 1948.[11] The route to 242nd Street became known as the 1.[12]

In 2002, it was announced that 231st Street would be one of ten subway stations citywide, as well as one of five on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line, to receive renovations.[13] The station was extensively renovated in 2003–2004, which included installation of elevators for both platforms to make it fully ADA-accessible and replacing the exit-only turnstiles on the 242nd Street-bound platform with both High Entry/Exit and Exit-only turnstiles, allowing both access and exit from that side.[citation needed]

Station layout

Station elevator
Station elevator
P
Platform level
Side platform Disabled access
Northbound local "1" train toward 242nd Street (238th Street)
Peak-direction express No regular service
Southbound local "1" train toward South Ferry (Marble Hill–225th Street)
Side platform Disabled access
M Mezzanine Fare control, station agent, MetroCard machines
Disabled access Uptown elevator at southeast corner of 231 Street and Broadway; downtown elevator at southwest corner
G Street level Entrances/exits

This elevated station has two side platforms and three tracks. The center track that bypasses this station is not used in revenue service.[14] This is the IRT Broadway-Seventh Avenue Line's southernmost station in the Bronx, as Marble Hill–225th Street station is physically on the mainland of New York State, but legally part of Manhattan.

Both platforms have beige windscreens and red canopies with green frames and outlines in the center and green waist-high, steel fences at either ends with lampposts at regular intervals. The platforms are offset with the Manhattan-bound platform to the south of the 242nd Street-bound one. The station signs are in the standard black name plates in white lettering.

There are two sets of artwork at this station. One of them was made in 1991 and is called Elevated Nature I-IV by Wopo Holup. It consists of gray marble tiles with a green border on the platform walls of the station house. It is also located at four other stations on this line. The other artwork was made in 2007 by Felipe Galindo and is called Magic Realism in Kingsbridge. It consists of stained glass panels on the platform windscreens depicting images of the surrounding area.[15]

Each platform has an adjacent same-level station house in the center. However, only the station house of the Manhattan-bound platform is open to the public. A set of doors from the platform leads to a small waiting area and a bank of turnstiles. On the 242nd Street-bound platform, a set of High Entry/Exit and Exit-Only turnstiles lead to a passageway around the station house separated from the platform by a metal fence.

Exits

Outside the fare control area on the Manhattan-bound platform, there is a token booth, two staircases going down to either western corners of 231st Street and Broadway, and one elevator going down to the southwest corner. Two emergency gates on the platform lead directly to each of the staircases. Outside the fare control area on the 242nd Street-bound platform, there are two staircases going down to either eastern corners of 231st Street and Broadway and one elevator going down to the northeast corner.[16]

References

  1. ^ "Glossary". Second Avenue Subway Supplemental Draft Environmental Impact Statement (SDEIS) (PDF). 1. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. March 4, 2003. pp. 1–2. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 26, 2021. Retrieved January 1, 2021.
  2. ^ "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
  3. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2014–2019". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2020. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  4. ^ a b "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2014–2019". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2020. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  5. ^ a b Hood, Clifton (1978). "The Impact of the IRT in New York City" (PDF). Historic American Engineering Record. pp. 146–207 (PDF pp. 147–208). Retrieved December 20, 2020. Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  6. ^ a b c Report of the Public Service Commission for the First District of the State of New York For The Year Ending December 31, 1910. Public Service Commission. 1911.
  7. ^ "Ten-car Trains in Subway to-day; New Service Begins on Lenox Av. Line and Will Be Extended to Broadway To-morrow". The New York Times. January 23, 1911. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
  8. ^ a b c Report for the three and one-half years ending June 30, 1949. New York City Board of Transportation. 1949. hdl:2027/mdp.39015023094926.
  9. ^ "Platform Awards Made; Two Concerns to Enlarge Six Subway Stations of IRT" (PDF). The New York Times. June 14, 1946. p. 23. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 27, 2021.
  10. ^ "More Long Platforms – Five Subway Stations on IRT to Accommodate 10-Car Trains" (PDF). The New York Times. July 10, 1948. p. 8. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 27, 2016.
  11. ^ Brown, Nicole (May 17, 2019). "How did the MTA subway lines get their letter or number? NYCurious". amNewYork. Retrieved January 27, 2021.
  12. ^ Friedlander, Alex; Lonto, Arthur; Raudenbush, Henry (April 1960). "A Summary of Services on the IRT Division, NYCTA" (PDF). New York Division Bulletin. Electric Railroaders' Association. 3 (1): 2.
  13. ^ "Renovation Is Set For 10 Subway Stations". New York Daily News. June 11, 2002. Retrieved January 8, 2018.
  14. ^ Dougherty, Peter (2006) [2002]. Tracks of the New York City Subway 2006 (3rd ed.). Dougherty. OCLC 49777633 – via Google Books.
  15. ^ "231st Street - Felipe Galindo - Magic Realism in Kingsbridge, 2008". web.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Archived from the original on August 19, 2020. Retrieved August 19, 2020.
  16. ^ "231st Street Neighborhood Map" (PDF). new.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. April 2018. Retrieved February 28, 2019.

External links

This page was last edited on 28 July 2021, at 17:48
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