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2024 in spaceflight

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

2024 in spaceflight
Xemu-eva-Artemis.jpg
The Artemis III mission is scheduled to carry astronauts to the Lunar South Pole in 2024

This article documents expected notable spaceflight events during the year 2024.

In 2024, NASA's Artemis Program is expected to launch the Artemis III mission which will land Astronauts near the south pole of the Moon.[1] It is planned to become the first mission to land humans on the Moon since 1972.

NASA plans to launch the first two components of the Lunar Gateway,[2] a key part of its efforts to return to the Moon and a stepping stone for crewed missions to Mars in the 2030s.[3]

NASA also plans to launch the Europa Clipper, which will study the Jovian moon Europa while in orbit around Jupiter.

China plans to launch the ZhengHe asteroid and comet probe.

Japan plans to launch the Martian Moons Exploration (MMX) spacecraft to collect and bring back samples from one of the moons of Mars, Phobos.[4]

The first crewed flight of Orel, Russia's replacement for the crewed Soyuz spacecraft, is scheduled for 2024.

Orbital launches

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks


March

Q1 (TBD)[5] United States Firefly Beta United States Vandenberg SLC-2W United States Firefly
TBA Firefly Low Earth Flight test  
Maiden flight of Firefly Beta.
Q1 (TBD)[6] Russia Soyuz-2.1a / Fregat Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia GK Launch Services
TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA  
GK Launch Services rideshare mission.
Q1 (TBD)[7][9] Russia Soyuz-2.1b Russia Baikonur or Vostochny[9] Russia Roscosmos
Russia Smotr-1 Gazprom Space Systems Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
First optical satellite of the Smotr earth observation system.[7][8]

April

30 April[10] United States Commercial launch vehicle United States Cape Canaveral United States TBA
United States GOES-U[11] NASA / NOAA Geosynchronous Meteorology  

May

May (TBD)[12] United States Falcon Heavy United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States Power and Propulsion Element (PPE) NASA Selenocentric (NRHO) Lunar Gateway component  
United States Habitation and Logistics Outpost (HALO) NASA Selenocentric (NRHO) Lunar Gateway component  
First two Lunar Gateway modules. NASA originally intended to launch them on two separate Falcon Heavies,[2] but later switched to a single Falcon Heavy launch to reduce risk.

June

17 June[13][14] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Vandenberg SLC-4E United States SpaceX
United States SPHEREx NASA Low Earth (SSO) Near-infrared astronomy  
June (TBD)[15] United States TBA United States TBA United States TBA
United States EZIE × 3 NASA / JHUAPL Low Earth (SSO) Space weather / Electrojet research  
Heliophysics Mission of Opportunity for the Explorers Program.
June (TBD)[16] TBA TBA TBA
Taiwan FORMOSAT-8B NSPO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Q2 (TBD)[17] TBA TBA TBA
Spain Spainsat NG II[18] Hisdesat Geosynchronous Communications  
H1 2024 (TBD)[19][20] Europe Ariane 64 France Kourou ELA-4 France Arianespace
Europe MTG-S1[21] EUMETSAT Geosynchronous Meteorology  
H1 2024 (TBD)[22][23] TBA TBA TBA
Israel Beresheet 2 orbiter SpaceIL / ISA Selenocentric Lunar orbiter  
Israel Beresheet 2 lander 1 SpaceIL / ISA Selenocentric Lunar lander  
Israel Beresheet 2 lander 2 SpaceIL / ISA Selenocentric Lunar lander  
Mid 2024 (TBD)[24] Germany RFA One Norway Andøya Germany RFA
Sweden TBA OHB Sweden Low Earth TBA  
Dedicated launch contract for OHB Sweden.
Mid 2024 (TBD)[25] Europe Vega-C France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
Europe FLEX ESA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Eighth mission of the ESA's Living Planet Programme.


September

September (TBD)[26][27] Russia Angara A5P Russia Vostochny Site 1A Russia Roscosmos
Russia Orel Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Flight test  
First flight of the Angara A5P, a crew-rated variant of the Angara A5. An uncrewed Orel capsule will be sent to the International Space Station to test docking procedures.
September (TBD)[28] Japan H3-24L Japan Tanegashima LA-Y2 Japan MHI
Japan Martian Moons Exploration (MMX)[29] JAXA Areocentric Mars orbiter and Phobos lander  
September (TBD)[30][31] United States New Glenn United States Cape Canaveral LC-36 United States Blue Origin
United States Axiom Hub Module (AxH1)[32] Axiom Space Low Earth (ISS) ISS assembly / Commercial habitat  
First Axiom module to be launched, nominally on New Glenn (with Falcon Heavy as backup).[30]
September (TBD)[10] United States SLS Block 1 United States Kennedy LC-39B United States NASA
United States Artemis 3 NASA Selenocentric Crewed lunar landing  
Second crewed Orion flight and first crewed lunar landing since Apollo 17 in 1972.

October

October (TBD)[33] Europe Ariane 6 France Kourou ELA-4 France Arianespace
Europe Hera ESA Heliocentric Asteroid orbiter  
Europe Juventas[34] ESA Heliocentric Asteroid probe  
Europe APEX[34] ESA Heliocentric Asteroid probe  
October (TBD)[35] United States Commercial launch vehicle United States Cape Canaveral or Kennedy LC-39A United States TBA
United States Europa Clipper NASA Jovicentric Jupiter orbiter  
Falcon Heavy is the leading candidate to launch Europa Clipper, though no rocket has been officially selected as of February 2021.

November

13 November[36] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat Russia Vostochny Site 1A Russia Roscosmos
Russia Luna 26 Roscosmos Selenocentric Lunar orbiter  

December

December (TBD)[37] India GSLV Mk II or III India Satish Dhawan SLP India ISRO
India Shukrayaan-1 ISRO Cytherocentric Venus orbiter  
Q4 (TBD)[38][39] Russia Angara A5M Russia Vostochny Site 1A Russia Roscosmos
Russia TBA Roscosmos Low Earth Flight test  
First flight of the Angara A5M.
Q4 (TBD)[40] Russia Proton-M P4 Kazakhstan Baikonur Russia Roscosmos
Russia NEM-1 (SPM) Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS assembly  
Science Power Module (SPM) for the International Space Station.
Q4 (TBD)[41][42] India PSLV India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
France India TRISHNA CNES / ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Third collaborative satellite mission between France and India.
Q4 (TBD)[44] Russia Soyuz-2.1a / Fregat Russia Vostochny Site 1S Russia Roscosmos
Russia Kanopus-VO №1 Roscosmos Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
First satellite of the Kanopus-VO system, a next-generation successor to Kanopus-V.[43]

To be determined

2024 (TBD)[45][46] Russia Angara A5 Russia Plesetsk or Vostochny Russia Roscosmos
Russia Luch-5VM Gonets Satellite System Geosynchronous Communications  
2024 (TBD)[48] Europe Ariane 6 France Kourou ELA-4 France Arianespace
Europe Galileo G2 1 ESA Medium Earth Navigation  
First Galileo Second Generation (G2) satellite launch.[47]
2024 (TBD)[49] United States Delta IV Heavy United States Cape Canaveral SLC-37B United States ULA
United States Orion 13 / NROL-70[50] NRO Geosynchronous Reconnaissance (SIGINT)  
2024 (TBD)[51] Japan Epsilon S Japan Uchinoura Japan JAXA
Japan DESTINY+ JAXA Heliocentric Asteroid flyby  
2024 (TBD)[52] Japan Epsilon Japan Uchinoura Japan JAXA
Japan Innovative Satellite Technology Demonstration-4 JAXA Low Earth Technology demonstration  
2024 (TBD)[53] Japan Epsilon Japan Uchinoura Japan JAXA
Japan JASMINE JAXA / NAOJ Low Earth (SSO) Astrometric observatory  
H2 2024 (TBD)[54][55] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
Luxembourg O3b mPOWER × 2 (FM30–31)[56] SES S.A. Medium Earth Communications  
2024 (TBD)[57] United States Falcon Heavy United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States SpaceX GLS-1 SpaceX / NASA Selenocentric (NRHO) Gateway logistics  
First Lunar Gateway resupply mission, using the Dragon XL logistics module.
2024 (TBD)[58] India GSLV Mk II India Satish Dhawan SLP India ISRO
India Mars Orbiter Mission 2 ISRO Areocentric Mars orbiter  
2024 (TBD)[52][59] Japan H3 Japan Tanegashima LA-Y2 Japan MHI
Japan QZS-7 (Michibiki-7) JAXA / CAO Tundra Navigation  
2024 (TBD)[60][61] United States Launcher Light United States TBA United States Launcher
United States TBA Launcher Low Earth Flight test  
Maiden flight of Launcher Light.
2024 (TBD)[62] China Long March 2C China Taiyuan LC-9 China CASC
China HaiYang 1F[63][64] CAST Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2024 (TBD)[65] China Long March 3B[66] China Xichang China CASC
China ZhengHe CNSA Heliocentric Asteroid sample-return
Comet orbiter
 
2024 (TBD)[67] China Long March 4B China Taiyuan LC-9 China CASC
China Brazil CBERS 5 CASC / INPE Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2024 (TBD)[67] China Long March 4B China Taiyuan LC-9 China CASC
China Brazil CBERS 6 CASC / INPE Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2024 (TBD)[62] China Long March 4B China Taiyuan LC-9 China CASC
China HaiYang 2G[68][69] CAST Low Earth Earth observation  
2024 (TBD)[70] China Long March 4C China Taiyuan LC-9 China CASC
China Fengyun 3H[71] CMA Low Earth (SSO) Meteorology  
2024 (TBD)[72] China Long March 5 China Wenchang LC-1 China CASC
China Chang'e 6 CNSA Selenocentric Lunar lander  
2024 (TBD)[73][72] China Long March 5 China Wenchang LC-1 China CASC
China Chang'e 7 orbiter CNSA Selenocentric Lunar orbiter  
China Chang'e 7 lander CNSA Selenocentric Lunar lander  
2024 (TBD)[74] China Long March 5B China Wenchang LC-1 China CASC
China Xuntian CNSA Low Earth Space telescope  
Xuntian ("Heavenly Cruiser"), also known as the Chinese Space Station Telescope, will orbit close to the Chinese space station.
2024 (TBD)[75] Spain Miura 5 France Kourou Spain PLD Space
TBA TBA Low Earth Flight test  
First flight of Miura 5.
2024 (TBD)[76] United States Neutron United States MARS LP-0A United States Rocket Lab
United States TBA Rocket Lab Low Earth Flight test  
Maiden flight of Neutron.
2024 (TBD)[77] South Korea Nuri South Korea Naro LC-2 South Korea KARI
South Korea TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
Fourth planned launch of Nuri.
2024 (TBD)[7] Russia Proton-M / Briz-M[78] Kazakhstan Baikonur Russia Roscosmos
Russia Yamal-501 Gazprom Space Systems Geosynchronous Communications  
2024 (TBD)[80] Russia Soyuz ST-B / Fregat-MT France Kourou ELS France Arianespace
Europe MetOp-SG B1[81] EUMETSAT Low Earth (SSO) Meteorology  
Second of six MetOp-SG launches.[79]
2024 (TBD)[82][83] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Kazakhstan Baikonur Russia Roscosmos
Russia Arktika-M №3[84] Roscosmos Molniya Meteorology  
2024 (TBD)[85][86] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat Russia Vostochny Site 1S Russia Roscosmos
Russia Ionosfera 3 RAS Low Earth (SSO) Ionospheric research  
Russia Ionosfera 4 RAS Low Earth (SSO) Ionospheric research  
2024 (TBD)[87] Russia Soyuz-2.1b Russia Vostochny Site 1S Russia Roscosmos
Russia Resurs-PM №2[88] Roscosmos Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2024 (TBD)[89] United States Commercial launch vehicle United States Cape Canaveral United States TBA
United States WGS-11+ U.S. Space Force Geosynchronous Communications  
2024 (TBD)[90] United States TBA United States TBA United States TBA
United States Ardoride Momentus Space Selenocentric (LLO) Space tug  
Canada Canadensys LEAP payload[91][92] Canadensys Selenocentric (LLO) Technology demonstration  
Singapore Zeus-MS × 2[90] Qosmosys Selenocentric (LLO) Technology demonstration  
First Momentus Ardoride lunar rideshare mission.
2024 (TBD)[93][94] United States TBA United States TBA United States TBA
United States WSF-E U.S. Space Force Low Earth (SSO) Meteorology  
2024 (TBD)[95][96] TBA TBA TBA
Europe Arctic Weather Satellite prototype ESA Low Earth (SSO) Meteorology
Technology demonstration
 
2024 (TBD)[98] TBA TBA TBA
Israel EROS-C3 ImageSat Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Third and final satellite for the EROS-NG constellation.[97]
H2 2024 (TBD)[99] TBA TBA TBA
Europe Eutelsat 36D Eutelsat Geosynchronous Communications  
Replacement for Eutelsat 36B.
2024 (TBD)[100] TBA TBA TBA
United Arab Emirates Rashid UAESA Selenocentric Lunar rover  
Emirates Lunar Mission.
2024 (TBD)[101] TBA TBA TBA
Japan Superbird-9 SKY Perfect JSAT Geosynchronous Communications  
2024 (TBD)[102] TBA TBA TBA
United Arab Emirates Thuraya-4 NGS Thuraya Geosynchronous Communications  
Planned replacement for Thuraya-2.
2024 (TBD)[103] TBA TBA TBA
Hungary TBA CarpathiaSat Geosynchronous Communications  
First Hungarian geosynchronous communications satellite.

Suborbital flights

Deep-space rendezvous

Date (UTC) Spacecraft Event Remarks
3 February Juno 58th perijove On the day of this perijove, Juno will fly by Io. Orbital period around Jupiter reduced to 33 days.[104][105]
5 September BepiColombo Fifth gravity assist at Mercury
6 November Parker Solar Probe Seventh gravity assist at Venus
2 December BepiColombo Third gravity assist at Mercury
24 December Parker Solar Probe 22nd perihelion, closest approach to the Sun

Extravehicular activities (EVAs)

Start Date/Time Duration End Time Spacecraft Crew Remarks

Orbital launch statistics

By country

For the purposes of this section, the yearly tally of orbital launches by country assigns each flight to the country of origin of the rocket, not to the launch services provider or the spaceport. For example, Soyuz launches by Arianespace in Kourou are counted under Russia because Soyuz-2 is a Russian rocket.

Country Launches Successes Failures Partial
failures
Remarks

By rocket

By family

Family Country Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks

By type

Rocket Country Family Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks

By configuration

Rocket Country Type Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks

By spaceport

Site Country Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks

By orbit

Orbital regime Launches Achieved Not achieved Accidentally
achieved
Remarks
Transatmospheric 0 0 0 0
Low Earth 0 0 0 0
Geosynchronous / transfer 0 0 0 0
Medium Earth 0 0 0 0
High Earth 0 0 0 0
Heliocentric orbit 0 0 0 0 Including planetary transfer orbits

Notes

References

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External links

Generic references:
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