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2023 in spaceflight

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

2023 in spaceflight
BFR at stage separation-2018 design.jpg
SpaceX's Starship is scheduled to conduct a crewed lunar flyby in 2023 at the earliest.

This article documents expected notable spaceflight events during the year 2023.

Overview

NASA plans to launch the Artemis 2 mission on the Space Launch System, sending astronauts around the moon on a ten day lunar flyby. SpaceX plans to conduct a crewed lunar flyby with Yusaku Maezawa using the Starship, a crewed spacecraft being developed with partial funding from Maezawa.[1] The flight, dubbed the #dearMoon project, will include six to eight artists invited as passengers.

China will launch Chang'e 7 to explore the lunar south pole.[2] The mission will include an orbiter, a lander, a rover, and a mini-flying probe.

The first Indian crewed spaceflight, Gaganyaan 3, is planned for 2023.[3]

ESA plans to perform an orbital test flight of Space RIDER, an uncrewed spaceplane.[4][5]

Orbital launches

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks


February

1 February[6] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States SpaceX Crew-6 SpaceX / NASA Low Earth (ISS) Expedition TBA  
Sixth operational Crew Dragon mission to the ISS.
February (TBD)[8][9] United States TBA United States TBA United States TBA
United States PUNCH NASA Low Earth (SSO) Heliophysics  
United States TRACERS NASA Low Earth (SSO) Magnetospheric research  
Launch of two missions for NASA's Small Explorer program.[7]

March

31 March[6][10] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States PACE NASA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
March (TBD)[11][12] Europe Ariane 64 France Kourou ELA-4 France Arianespace
United States Galaxy 37 Intelsat Geosynchronous Communications  
March (TBD)[13] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
Japan Hakuto-R Mission 2[14] ispace Selenocentric Lunar lander and rover  
March (TBD)[15] Russia Soyuz-2.1a Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Soyuz MS-24 Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 68/69  
March (TBD)[16][17] Russia Soyuz ST-B / Fregat-MT France Kourou ELS France Arianespace
Europe Japan EarthCARE ESA / JAXA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Q1 (TBD)[18] United States Atlas V N22 or Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral or Kennedy United States ULA or SpaceX
United States AX-4 Boeing or SpaceX / Axiom Space Low Earth (ISS) Space tourism  
Axiom Space mission 4, launching on Starliner or Crew Dragon. 10-day commercial flight of four (one professional and three private) astronauts to the International Space Station. The winner of the Space Hero reality television show will be awarded a seat on this mission.
Q1 (TBD)[19][20] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Vandenberg SLC-4E United States SpaceX
United States Tranche 0 × 14 SDA Low Earth (SSO) Military communications  
Second of two launches for the Space Development Agency's Tranche 0 Transport and Tracking Layer.
Q1 (TBD)[21] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States USSF-36 U.S. Space Force TBA Reconnaissance  
Q1 (TBD)[22][23] China Long March 7 China Wenchang LC-2 China CASC
China TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA  
Scheduled rideshare launch opportunity.
Q1 (TBD)[25] United States TBA United States TBA United States TBA
United States TSIS-2 NASA / LASP Low Earth Earth observation  
Total and Spectral Solar Irradiance Sensor-2.[24]
Q1 (TBD)[26][27] United States TBA United States TBA United States TBA
United States WSF-M U.S. Space Force Low Earth Meteorology  

April

5 April[6] United States Atlas V N22 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States ULA
United States Boeing Starliner-4 (PCM-4) Boeing / NASA Low Earth (ISS) Expedition TBA  
Fourth operational Starliner mission to the ISS.
April (TBD)[29] Russia Soyuz-2.1b[30] Kazakhstan Baikonur Russia Roscosmos
Russia Bion-M2 Roscosmos Low Earth Biological science  
30-day mission to observe the effects of the Van Allen radiation belts on mice.[28]

May

May (TBD)[31] TBA TBA TBA
Poland ScopeSat × 8[32] SatRevolution Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
SatRevolution-NCRD project,[31] comprising eight satellites in SatRevolution's Real-time Earth-observation Constellation (REC).[32]

June

June (TBD)[15] Russia Soyuz-2.1a Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Soyuz MS-25 Roscosmos / Space Adventures Low Earth (ISS) Space tourism  
Dedicated commercial flight to the ISS.[33]
June (TBD)[34] TBA TBA TBA
Taiwan FORMOSAT-8A NSPO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Q2 (TBD)[22][23] China Long March 2C China TBA China CASC
China TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
Scheduled rideshare launch opportunity.
Q2 (TBD)[35] Russia Soyuz-2.1a / Fregat Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia GK Launch Services
TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA  
GK Launch Services rideshare mission.
Q2 (TBD)[21] United States Vulcan Centaur United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States ULA
United States USSF-112 U.S. Space Force TBA Reconnaissance  
Mid 2023 (TBD)[37][38] United States TBA United States TBA United States TBA
United States Blue Ghost NASA / Firefly Selenocentric Lunar lander  
First flight of Firefly's Blue Ghost lunar lander. Commercial Lunar Payload Services (CLPS) mission delivering ten payloads to Mare Crisium.[36]

July

July (TBD)[39] TBA TBA TBA
TBA SSL 1300 bus satellite TBA Geosynchronous Communications  
United States SunRISE NASA Geosynchronous Space weather  

August

August (TBD)[40][41] United States SLS Block 1 United States Kennedy LC-39B United States NASA
United States Artemis 2 NASA Lunar free-return Crewed lunar flyby  
First crewed test flight of SLS and Orion.

September

September (TBD)[15] Russia Soyuz-2.1a Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Soyuz MS-26 Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 70/71  
Q3 (TBD)[21] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States NROL-69 NRO TBA Reconnaissance  
Q3 (TBD)[22][23] China Long March 2D or 4B/4C China TBA China CASC
China TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA  
Scheduled rideshare launch opportunity.
Q3 (TBD)[4] Europe Vega-C France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
Europe Space Rider[5] ESA Low Earth Flight test  
Q3 (TBD)[21] United States Vulcan Centaur United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States ULA
United States USSF-87 U.S. Space Force TBA Reconnaissance  

October

October (TBD)[42] United States Terran 1 United States Cape Canaveral LC-16 United States Relativity Space
United States Vigoride Momentus Space Low Earth Space tug  
United States Cryogenic Fluid Management demo mission[43] Lockheed Martin Low Earth Technology demonstration  

November

November (TBD)[45][46] United States Commercial launch vehicle United States TBA United States TBA
United States VIPER NASA / Astrobotic TLI to lunar surface Lunar rover  
Commercial Lunar Payload Services rover on an Astrobotic Griffin lander, which will prospect for water ice at the lunar south pole.[44]
November (TBD)[47][48] Europe Vega-C or Ariane 62 France Kourou ELV or ELA-4 France Arianespace
China Europe SMILE[49] CAS / ESA Molniya Earth observation  

December

15 December[50] Russia Angara A5 Russia Vostochny Site 1A Russia Roscosmos
Russia Orel Roscosmos Low Earth Flight test  
An uncrewed test flight of Russia's new crewed spacecraft, Orel. First launch of Angara A5 from Vostochny.
Q4 (TBD)[51] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
Indonesia SATRIA PSN Geosynchronous Communications  
Q4 (TBD)[53] Russia Irtysh / DM-SLB[54] Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 45/1 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Dummy satellite Roscosmos Low Earth Flight test  
First launch of Irtysh, also known as Soyuz-5. A dummy payload matching a future satellite in weight and size will be launched.[52]
Q4 (TBD)[55] TBA TBA TBA
Spain Spainsat NG I[56] Hisdesat Geosynchronous Communications  

To be determined

2023 (TBD)[57] United States Antares 230+ United States MARS LP-0A United States Northrop Grumman
United States Cygnus NG-19 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics  
2023 (TBD)[58][59] Europe Ariane 5 ECA France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
Germany Heinrich Hertz (H2Sat)[a] DLR Geosynchronous Communications  
2023 (TBD)[60] Europe Ariane 6 France Kourou ELA-4 France Arianespace
Europe Electra SES S.A. / ESA Geosynchronous Communications  
2023 (TBD)[61] Europe Ariane 64 France Kourou ELA-4 France Arianespace
Payloads TBA TBA TLI Lunar lander / orbiter  
Dedicated rideshare mission to lunar transfer orbit.
2023 (TBD)[62] United States Delta IV Heavy United States Cape Canaveral SLC-37B United States ULA
United States Orion 11 / NROL-68[63] NRO Geosynchronous Reconnaissance  
2023 (TBD)[65] United States Electron New Zealand Mahia LC-1[66] United States Rocket Lab
United States Photon relay satellite Rocket Lab Cytherocentric Venus flyby[67]  
United States Atmospheric probe Rocket Lab Cytherocentric Venus entry probe  
Venus atmospheric-entry probe in early development, according to Rocket Lab founder Peter Beck.[64]
2023 (TBD)[69] Japan Epsilon S Japan Uchinoura Japan JAXA
Vietnam LOTUSat-1[70][71] VNSC Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
First launch of Epsilon S, an upgraded version of Epsilon that will have commonality with H3 rocket components.[68]
2023 (TBD)[72][73] Australia Eris Australia Whalers Way Australia Gilmour Space
Australia Centauri × 6 Fleet Space Low Earth IoT  
2023 (TBD)[3] India GSLV Mk III India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India Gaganyaan 3 ISRO Low Earth Crewed spaceflight  
India's first crewed spaceflight.
2023 (TBD)[74] Japan H-IIA Japan Tanegashima LA-Y1 Japan MHI
Japan GOSAT-GW[75] JAXA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2023 (TBD)[74] Japan H-IIA Japan Tanegashima LA-Y1 Japan MHI
Japan IGS-Optical 8 CSICE Low Earth (SSO) Reconnaissance  
2023 (TBD)[74] Japan H-IIA Japan Tanegashima LA-Y1 Japan MHI
Japan IGS-Radar 8 CSICE Low Earth (SSO) Reconnaissance  
2023 (TBD)[76] Japan H-IIA or H3 Japan Tanegashima[77] Japan MHI
United Arab Emirates MBZ-SAT MBRSC Low Earth Earth observation  
2023 (TBD)[74] Japan H3 Japan Tanegashima LA-Y2 Japan MHI
Japan QZS-5 (Michibiki-5) JAXA / CAO Tundra Navigation  
2023 (TBD)[74][78] Japan H3 Japan Tanegashima LA-Y2 Japan MHI
Japan QZS-6 (Michibiki-6) JAXA / CAO Tundra Navigation  
2023 (TBD)[79] China Long March 2C China Xichang China CASC
China APStar 6E APT Satellite Geosynchronous Communications  
2023 (TBD)[80] China Long March 2C China Taiyuan LC-9 China CASC
China HaiYang 1E[81][82] CAST Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2023 (TBD)[80] China Long March 4B China Taiyuan LC-9 China CASC
China HaiYang 2F[83][84] CAST Low Earth Earth observation  
2023 (TBD)[80] China Long March 4C China Taiyuan LC-9 China CASC
China Fengyun 3G[85][86] CMA Low Earth (SSO) Meteorology  
2023 (TBD)[87][88] China Long March TBA China TBA China CASC
Venezuela VeneSat-2 (Guaicaipuro) ABAE Geosynchronous Communications  
Replacement for Venesat-1. Named after Guaicaipuro.
2023 (TBD)[89][90] United States New Glenn United States Cape Canaveral LC-36 United States Blue Origin
Canada Lightspeed × 30–35 Telesat Low Earth (SSO) Communications  
First of multiple New Glenn launches for Telesat's Lightspeed LEO constellation.
2023 (TBD)[91] Russia Proton-M / DM-03 Kazakhstan Baikonur Russia Roscosmos
Russia Elektro-L №5[92] Roscosmos Geosynchronous Meteorology  
2023 (TBD)[93] United Kingdom Skyrora XL United Kingdom Sutherland[94] United Kingdom Skyrora
United Kingdom TBA Skyrora Low Earth Flight test  
First launch of Skyrora XL.
2023 (TBD)[95] Russia Soyuz-2.1a / Fregat Russia Vostochny Site 1S Russia Roscosmos
Russia Kondor-FKA №2[96] Roscosmos Low Earth Reconnaissance  
2023 (TBD)[97] Russia Soyuz-2.1a Russia Vostochny Site 1S Russia Roscosmos
Russia Obzor-R №2[98] Roscosmos Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2023 (TBD)[91][99] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Kazakhstan Baikonur Russia Roscosmos
Russia Arktika-M №2[100] Roscosmos Molniya Meteorology  
2023 (TBD)[101] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M[102] Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia RVSN RF
Russia GLONASS-K2 24 (K2 №3) VKS Medium Earth Navigation  
2023 (TBD)[103] Russia Soyuz-2.1b Russia Vostochny Site 1S Russia Roscosmos
Russia Resurs-PM №1[104] Roscosmos Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2023 (TBD)[105] Russia Soyuz ST-A / Fregat France Kourou ELS France Arianespace
Europe Sentinel-1D[106] ESA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Fourth Sentinel-1 satellite.
2023 (TBD)[108] Russia Soyuz ST-B / Fregat-MT France Kourou ELS France Arianespace
Europe MetOp-SG A1[109] EUMETSAT Low Earth (SSO) Meteorology  
First of six MetOp-SG launches.[107]
2023 (TBD)[110] United States Starship United States Boca Chica or Cape Canaveral/Kennedy United States SpaceX
Japan #dearMoon Yusaku Maezawa Lunar free-return Crewed lunar flyby  
Private spaceflight with 6 to 8 artists commissioned and funded by Japanese entrepreneur Yusaku Maezawa.[110]
2023 (TBD)[112] United States Terran 1 United States Vandenberg B-330 United States Relativity Space
United States Iridium NEXT 174[113] Iridium Low Earth Communications  
First of six Iridium NEXT satellites to be launched on-demand between 2023 and 2030.[111]
2023 (TBD)[89][90] United States Terran 1 United States Cape Canaveral LC-16 United States Relativity Space
Canada Lightspeed × 1 Telesat Low Earth (SSO) Communications  
2023 (TBD)[114] United States Terran 1 United States Cape Canaveral LC-16 United States Relativity Space
United States STP-TBA U.S. Space Force Low Earth Military  
2023 (TBD)[115] Europe Vega France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
Europe PROBA-3 Coronagraph ESA Highly elliptical Solar observatory
Coronagraph
 
Europe PROBA-3 Occulter ESA Highly elliptical Solar observatory
Occulter
 
2023 (TBD)[116] Europe Vega-C France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
France CO3D × 4[117] CNES Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2023 (TBD)[118] Europe TBA France Kourou France Arianespace
Europe ALTIUS ESA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2023 (TBD)[119] TBA TBA TBA
Argentina ARSAT SG-1 ARSAT Geosynchronous Communications  
2023 (TBD)[120] TBA TBA TBA
Saudi Arabia BADR-8 Arabsat Geosynchronous Communications  
2023 (TBD)[121] TBA TBA TBA
Brazil Carponis-1 FAB Low Earth Earth observation  
2023 (TBD)[122] TBA TBA TBA
United Kingdom Inmarsat-7 F1 (GX 7)[123] Inmarsat Geosynchronous Communications  
United Kingdom Inmarsat-7 F2 (GX 8) Inmarsat Geosynchronous Communications  
United Kingdom Inmarsat-7 F3 (GX 9) Inmarsat Geosynchronous Communications  
The satellites may launch on separate rockets, though they are designed to fit together in a single payload fairing.
2023 (TBD)[124] TBA TBA TBA
Europe Lunar Pathfinder[125] ESA Selenocentric
elliptical orbit
Communications  
2023 (TBD)[126] TBA TBA TBA
Australia Optus 11 Optus Geosynchronous Communications  

Suborbital flights

Deep-space rendezvous

20 June BepiColombo Third gravity assist at Mercury
21 August Parker Solar Probe Sixth gravity assist at Venus
24 September OSIRIS-REx Sample return to Earth
30 December Juno 57th perijove On the day of this perijove, Juno will fly by Io. Orbital period around Jupiter reduced to 35 days.[127][128]

Extravehicular activities (EVAs)

Start Date/Time Duration End Time Spacecraft Crew Remarks

Orbital launch statistics

By country

For the purposes of this section, the yearly tally of orbital launches by country assigns each flight to the country of origin of the rocket, not to the launch services provider or the spaceport. For example, Soyuz launches by Arianespace in Kourou are counted under Russia because Soyuz-2 is a Russian rocket.

Country Launches Successes Failures Partial
failures
Remarks

By rocket

By family

Family Country Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks

By type

Rocket Country Family Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks

By configuration

Rocket Country Type Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks

By spaceport

Site Country Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks

By orbit

Orbital regime Launches Achieved Not achieved Accidentally
achieved
Remarks
Transatmospheric 0 0 0 0
Low Earth 0 0 0 0
Geosynchronous / transfer 0 0 0 0
Medium Earth 0 0 0 0
High Earth 0 0 0 0
Heliocentric orbit 0 0 0 0 Including planetary transfer orbits

Notes

  1. ^ Ariane 5 carries two satellites per mission; manifested payloads still need to be paired.

References

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External links

Generic references:
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