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2020 United States state legislative elections

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

2020 United States state legislative elections

← 2019 November 3, 2020 2021 →

95 legislative chambers
44 states; 5 territories
 
Party Republican Democratic
Chambers before 59 40[a]
Chambers after 61 38[a]
Overall change Increase 2 Decrease 2

2020 California State Senate election2020 Nevada State Senate election2020 Washington State Senate election2020 Oregon State Senate election2020 Alaska State Senate election2020 Hawaii State Senate election2020 Arizona State Senate election2020 Utah State Senate election2020 Idaho State Senate election2020 Montana State Senate election2020 Wyoming State Senate election2020 Colorado State Senate election2020 New Mexico State Senate election2020 Texas State Senate election2020 Oklahoma State Senate election2020 Kansas State Senate election2020 Nebraska State Senate election2020 North Dakota State Senate election2020 South Dakota State Senate election2020 Minnesota State Senate election2020 Iowa State Senate election2020 Missouri State Senate election2020 Arkansas State Senate election2020 Wisconsin State Senate election2020 Illinois State Senate election2020 Indiana State Senate election2020 Kentucky State Senate election2020 Tennessee State Senate election2020 Florida State Senate election2020 Georgia State Senate election2020 South Carolina State Senate election2020 North Carolina State Senate election2020 West Virginia State Senate election2020 Ohio State Senate election2020 Pennsylvania State Senate election2020 Delaware State Senate election2020 New York State Senate election2020 Connecticut State Senate election2020 Rhode Island State Senate election2020 Massachusetts State Senate election2020 Vermont State Senate election2020 New Hampshire State Senate election2020 Maine State Senate electionUS2020stateupperhouses.svg
About this image
Map of upper house elections:
     Democrats retained control
     Republicans gained control
     Republicans retained control
     Non-partisan legislature
     No regularly-scheduled elections

2020 California House of Representatives election2020 Nevada House of Representatives election2020 Washington House of Representatives election2020 Oregon House of Representatives election2020 Alaska House of Representatives election2020 Hawaii House of Representatives election2020 Arizona House of Representatives election2020 Utah House of Representatives election2020 Idaho House of Representatives election2020 Montana House of Representatives election2020 Wyoming House of Representatives election2020 Colorado House of Representatives election2020 New Mexico House of Representatives election2020 Texas House of Representatives election2020 Oklahoma House of Representatives election2020 Kansas House of Representatives election2020 Nebraska House of Representatives election2020 North Dakota House of Representatives election2020 South Dakota House of Representatives election2020 Minnesota House of Representatives election2020 Iowa House of Representatives election2020 Missouri House of Representatives election2020 Arkansas House of Representatives election2020 Wisconsin House of Representatives election2020 Illinois House of Representatives election2020 Michigan House of Representatives election2020 Indiana House of Representatives election2020 Kentucky House of Representatives election2020 Tennessee House of Representatives election2020 Florida House of Representatives election2020 Georgia House of Representatives election2020 South Carolina House of Representatives election2020 North Carolina House of Representatives election2020 West Virginia House of Representatives election2020 Ohio House of Representatives election2020 Pennsylvania House of Representatives election2020 Delaware House of Representatives election2020 New York House of Representatives election2020 Connecticut House of Representatives election2020 Rhode Island House of Representatives election2020 Massachusetts House of Representatives election2020 Vermont House of Representatives election2020 New Hampshire House of Representatives election2020 Maine House of Representatives electionUS2020statelowerhouses.svg
About this image
Map of lower house elections:
     Democrats retained control
     Republicans gained control
     Republicans retained control
     Coalition retained control
     Non-partisan legislature
     No regularly-scheduled elections

The 2020 United States state legislative elections were held on November 3, 2020 for 86 state legislative chambers in 44 states. Across the fifty states, approximately 65 percent of all upper house seats and 85 percent of all lower house seats were up for election. Nine legislative chambers in the five permanently-inhabited U.S. territories and the federal district of Washington, D.C. also held elections. The elections took place concurrently with several other federal, state, and local elections, including the presidential election, U.S. Senate elections, U.S. House elections, and gubernatorial elections.

Prior to the elections, Democrats held 15 trifectas (control of the governor's office and legislative chambers), Republicans held 21 trifectas, and 14 states have a divided government. Nationwide, Republicans controlled approximately 60 percent of the legislative chambers and 52 percent of the legislative seats.[1] These elections had a major impact on the 2020 redistricting cycle, as many states held their final legislative elections prior to the decennial drawing of new congressional and state legislative districts.

Due to the impact the redistricting cycle will have on partisan control of Congress and state legislatures, the Democrats, who had not been in control of a majority of state legislatures across the U.S. since 2010, had hoped to retake control of key chambers in advance. However, despite fundraising efforts and projections of several Republican-held chambers in competitive states flipping, the Democrats failed to flip any state chambers, which they attributed to gerrymandering in the wake of the 2010 elections, as well as state laws restricting voting, President Donald Trump being on the ballot, and the Democrats' campaigning methods.[2][3][4][5] Following the election, Republicans have control of redistricting in 20 state governments, totaling 188 House districts, whereas Democrats have control in states with a total of 73 districts.[6] Overall, these elections saw the fewest partisan changes in state legislatures since 1944.[7]

Summary table

States holding regularly-scheduled legislative and gubernatorial elections in 2020:.mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}  Governor and all legislative chambers  All legislative chambers  A portion of legislative chambers  None
States holding regularly-scheduled legislative and gubernatorial elections in 2020:
  Governor and all legislative chambers
  All legislative chambers
  A portion of legislative chambers
  None
Seats parties gained in the lower houses 2020 elections:   Democratic majority and Democrats lost seats   Democratic majority and Democrats gained or held seats   Republican majority and Republicans lost seats   Republican majority and Republicans gained or held seats   Coalition majority and lost a seat   No election   Non-partisan
Seats parties gained in the lower houses 2020 elections:
  Democratic majority and Democrats lost seats
  Democratic majority and Democrats gained or held seats
  Republican majority and Republicans lost seats
  Republican majority and Republicans gained or held seats
  Coalition majority and lost a seat
  No election
  Non-partisan
Partisan control of state and territorial governments following the 2020 elections:  Democratic trifecta maintained  Republican trifecta maintained  Republican trifecta established  Divided government established  Divided government maintained  Officially non-partisan legislature  Partisan control TBD
Partisan control of state and territorial governments following the 2020 elections:
  Democratic trifecta maintained
  Republican trifecta maintained
  Republican trifecta established
  Divided government established
  Divided government maintained
  Officially non-partisan legislature
  Partisan control TBD

Regularly-scheduled elections were held in 86 of the 99 state legislative chambers in the United States. Nationwide, regularly-scheduled elections were held for 5,876 of the 7,383 legislative seats. Many legislative chambers held elections for all seats, but some legislative chambers that use staggered elections held elections for only a portion of the total seats in the chamber.[8] The chambers not up for election either hold regularly-scheduled elections in odd-numbered years, or have four-year terms and hold all regularly-scheduled elections in presidential midterm election years.

Note that this table only covers regularly-scheduled elections; additional special elections took place concurrently with these regularly-scheduled elections.

State Upper House[8] Lower House[8]
Seats up Total % up Term Seats up Total % up Term
Alabama 0 35 0 4 0 105 0 4
Alaska 10 20 50 4 40 40 100 2
Arizona 30 30 100 2 60 60 100 2
Arkansas 17 35 49 2/4[b] 100 100 100 2
California 20 40 50 4 80 80 100 2
Colorado 18 35 51 4 65 65 100 2
Connecticut 36 36 100 2 151 151 100 2
Delaware 11 21 52 2/4[b] 41 41 100 2
Florida 20 40 50 2/4[b] 120 120 100 2
Georgia 56 56 100 2 180 180 100 2
Hawaii 13 25 52 2/4[b] 51 51 100 2
Idaho 35 35 100 2 70 70 100 2
Illinois 20 59 34 2/4[b] 118 118 100 2
Indiana 25 50 50 4 100 100 100 2
Iowa 25 50 50 4 100 100 100 2
Kansas 40 40 100 4 125 125 100 2
Kentucky 19 38 50 4 100 100 100 2
Louisiana 0 39 0 4 0 105 0 4
Maine 35 35 100 2 151 151 100 2
Maryland 0 47 0 4 0 141 0 4
Massachusetts 40 40 100 2 160 160 100 2
Michigan 0 38 0 4 110 110 100 2
Minnesota 67 67 100 2/4[b] 134 134 100 2
Mississippi 0 52 0 4 0 122 0 4
Missouri 17 34 50 4 163 163 100 2
Montana 25 50 50 4 100 100 100 2
Nebraska 25[c] 49[c] 51[c] 4 N/A (unicameral)
Nevada 10 21 48 4 42 42 100 2
New Hampshire 24 24 100 2 400 400 100 2
New Jersey 0 40 0 2/4[b] 0 80 0 2
New Mexico 42 42 100 4 70 70 100 2
New York 63 63 100 2 150 150 100 2
North Carolina 50 50 100 2 120 120 100 2
North Dakota 23 47 49 4 47 94 50 4
Ohio 16 33 48 4 99 99 100 2
Oklahoma 24 48 50 4 101 101 100 2
Oregon 15 30 50 4 60 60 100 2
Pennsylvania 25 50 50 4 203 203 100 2
Rhode Island 38 38 100 2 75 75 100 2
South Carolina 46 46 100 4 124 124 100 2
South Dakota 35 35 100 2 70 70 100 2
Tennessee 16 33 48 4 99 99 100 2
Texas 16 31 52 2/4[b] 150 150 100 2
Utah 15 29 52 4 75 75 100 2
Vermont 30 30 100 2 150 150 100 2
Virginia 0 40 0 4 0 100 0 2
Washington 25 49 51 4 98 98 100 2
West Virginia 17 34 50 4 100 100 100 2
Wisconsin 16 33 48 4 99 99 100 2
Wyoming 15 30 50 4 60 60 100 2
Total 1281 1972 65 N/A 4595 5411 85 N/A

Electoral predictions

Louis Jacobson of The Cook Political Report predicted that Republican-held chambers that could potentially flip to Democratic control included both chambers in Arizona, the Florida Senate, both chambers in Georgia, the Iowa House, the Michigan House, the Minnesota Senate, both chambers in North Carolina, both chambers in Pennsylvania, and the Texas House. He predicted that Republicans could potentially gain control of the Maine Senate, the Minnesota House, and both chambers in New Hampshire, all of which were controlled by the Democratic Party. Additionally, Jacobson predicted that Republicans could win control of the Alaska House, which was currently controlled by a coalition of Democrats and Republicans.[9]

Writing for Sabato's Crystal Ball, Chaz Nuttycombe highlighted the Alaska House and the New Hampshire Senate as the top pick-up opportunities for Republicans, and lists the Arizona House, the Arizona Senate, the Iowa House, the Michigan House, the Minnesota Senate, the North Carolina House, the North Carolina Senate, the Pennsylvania House, and the Texas House as the top pick-up opportunities for Democrats.[10]

Most election predictors use:

  • "tossup": no advantage
  • "tilt" (used by some predictors): advantage that is not quite as strong as "lean"
  • "lean": slight advantage
  • "likely": significant, but surmountable, advantage
  • "safe" or "solid": near-certain chance of victory
State PVI[11] Chamber Comp. Sabato
May 7, 2020[10]
Cook
October 21, 2020[9]
Alaska R+9 Senate R 13–7 Safe R Lean R
House of Representatives Coal. 22–15–2 Tossup Lean R (flip)
Arizona R+5 Senate R 17–13 Tilt R Tossup
House of Representatives R 31–29 Tilt R Lean D (flip)
Arkansas R+15 Senate R 26–9 Safe R Solid R
House of Representatives R 75–23 Safe R Solid R
California D+12 State Senate D 29–11 Safe D Solid D
State Assembly D 61–17–1 Safe D Solid D
Colorado D+1 Senate D 19–16 Safe D Likely D
House of Representatives D 41–24 Safe D Solid D
Connecticut D+6 State Senate D 22–14 Likely D Solid D
House of Representatives D 91–60 Safe D Solid D
Delaware D+6 Senate D 12–9 Safe D Likely D
House of Representatives D 26–15 Safe D Solid D
Florida R+2 Senate R 23–17 Safe R Lean R
House of Representatives R 73–46 Likely R Likely R
Georgia R+5 State Senate R 36–21 Safe R Lean R
House of Representatives R 105–74 Safe R Lean R
Hawaii D+18 Senate D 24–1 Safe D Solid D
House of Representatives D 46–5 Safe D Solid D
Idaho R+19 Senate R 28–7 Safe R Solid R
House of Representatives R 56–14 Safe R Solid R
Illinois D+7 Senate D 40–19 Safe D Solid D
House of Representatives D 74–44 Safe D Solid D
Indiana R+9 Senate R 40–10 Safe R Solid R
House of Representatives R 67–33 Safe R Solid R
Iowa R+3 Senate R 32–18 Safe R Likely R
House of Representatives R 53–47 Tossup Tossup
Kansas R+13 Senate R 29–11–1 Safe R Likely R
House of Representatives R 84–41 Safe R Likely R
Kentucky R+15 Senate R 28–10 Safe R Solid R
House of Representatives R 62–38 Safe R Solid R
Maine D+3 Senate D 21–14 Likely D Lean D
House of Representatives D 87–56–6 Likely D Likely D
Massachusetts D+12 Senate D 36–4 Safe D Solid D
House of Representatives D 127–31–1 Safe D Solid D
Michigan D+1 House of Representatives R 58–51 Lean R Tossup
Minnesota D+1 Senate R 35–32 Tossup Tossup
House of Representatives D 75–59 Likely D Lean D
Missouri R+9 Senate R 23–10 Safe R Likely R
House of Representatives R 113–48 Safe R Likely R
Montana R+11 Senate R 30–20 Safe R Solid R
House of Representatives R 58–42 Safe R Solid R
Nevada D+1 Senate D 13–8 Safe D Likely D
Assembly D 29–13 Safe D Likely D
New Hampshire D+1 Senate R 14–10 Lean D Lean D
House of Representatives R 230–156–2 Likely D Lean D
New Mexico D+3 Senate D 26–16 Likely D Solid D
House of Representatives D 46–24 Likely D Solid D
New York D+11 State Senate D 40–20 Likely D Solid D
State Assembly D 103–42–1 Safe D Solid D
North Carolina R+3 Senate R 29–21 Likely R Tossup
House of Representatives R 65–55 Likely R Lean R
North Dakota R+16 Senate R 37–10 Safe R Solid R
House of Representatives R 79–15 Safe R Solid R
Ohio R+3 Senate R 24–9 Safe R Likely R
House of Representatives R 61–38 Safe R Likely R
Oklahoma R+20 Senate R 38–9 Safe R Solid R
House of Representatives R 77–23 Safe R Solid R
Oregon D+5 State Senate D 18–12 Safe D Likely D
House of Representatives D 38–22 Safe D Likely D
Pennsylvania EVEN State Senate R 28–21–1 Safe R Lean R
House of Representatives R 109–93 Lean R Tossup
Rhode Island D+10 Senate D 33–5 Safe D Solid D
House of Representatives D 66–8–1 Safe D Solid D
South Carolina R+8 Senate R 27–19 Safe R Solid R
House of Representatives R 78–45 Safe R Solid R
South Dakota R+14 Senate R 30–5 Safe R Solid R
House of Representatives R 59–11 Safe R Solid R
Tennessee R+14 Senate R 28–5 Safe R Solid R
House of Representatives R 73–26 Safe R Solid R
Texas R+8 Senate R 19–12 Safe R Likely R
House of Representatives R 83–67 Lean R Lean R
Utah R+20 State Senate R 23–6 Safe R Solid R
House of Representatives R 59–16 Safe R Solid R
Vermont D+15 Senate D 22–6–2 Safe D Solid D
House of Representatives D 95–43–7–5 Safe D Solid D
Washington D+7 State Senate D 29–20 Safe D Likely D
House of Representatives D 57–41 Safe D Solid D
West Virginia R+19 Senate R 20–14 Safe R Likely R
House of Delegates R 57–41–1 Safe R Solid R
Wisconsin EVEN Senate R 18–13 Safe R Likely R
State Assembly R 63–34 Safe R Likely R
Wyoming R+25 Senate R 27–3 Safe R Solid R
House of Representatives R 50–9–1 Safe R Solid R

State summaries

Alaska

House of Representatives results
House of Representatives results

Half of the seats of the Alaska Senate and all of the seats of the Alaska House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. The Alaska Senate is controlled by Republicans, while the Alaska House of Representatives is controlled by a coalition of Democrats, Republicans, and independents.[12] The Alaska House of Representatives is currently the only state legislative chamber controlled by a cross-partisan coalition.

Alaska Senate
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Lyman Hoffman 13 13 Steady
Democratic Tom Begich 7 7 Steady
Total 20 20
Alaska House of Representatives
Party Leader Before After Change
Coalition Bryce Edgmon 23[d] 22[e] Decrease 1
Republican Lance Pruitt 17 18 Increase 1
Total 40 40

Arizona

Senate results
Senate results

All of the seats of the Arizona Senate and the Arizona House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. Republicans have a government trifecta with control of the governorship and both state legislative chambers.

Arizona Senate
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Rick Gray 17 16 Decrease 1
Democratic David Bradley 13 14 Increase 1
Total 30 30
Arizona House of Representatives
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Russell Bowers 31 31 Steady
Democratic Charlene Fernandez 29 29 Steady
Total 60 60

Arkansas

Half of the seats of the Arkansas Senate and all of the seats of the Arkansas House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. Republicans held control of both chambers, maintaining a government trifecta.

Arkansas Senate
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Bart Hester 26 28 Increase 2
Democratic Keith Ingram 9 7 Decrease 2
Total 35 35
Arkansas House of Representatives
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Matthew Shepherd 76 77 Increase 1
Democratic Fredrick Love 24 23 Decrease 1
Total 100 100

California

State Senate results
State Assembly results

Half of the seats of the California State Senate and all of the seats of the California State Assembly were up for election in 2020. Democrats held control of both chambers, maintaining a government trifecta.

California State Senate
Party Leader Before After Change
Democratic Toni Atkins 29 31 Increase 2
Republican Shannon Grove 11 9 Decrease 2
Total 40 40
California State Assembly
Party Leader Before After Change
Democratic Anthony Rendon 61 60 Decrease 1
Republican Marie Waldron 18 19 Increase 1
Independent 1 1 Steady
Total 80 80

Colorado

Senate results
House of Representatives results

Half of the seats of the Colorado Senate and all of the seats of the Colorado House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. Democrats held control of both chambers, maintaining a government trifecta.

Colorado Senate
Party Leader Before After Change
Democratic Leroy Garcia 19 20 Increase 1
Republican Chris Holbert 16 15 Decrease 1
Total 35 35
Colorado House of Representatives
Party Leader Before After Change
Democratic KC Becker 41 41 Steady
Republican Patrick Neville 24 24 Steady
Total 65 65

Connecticut

Senate results
House of Representatives results

All of the seats of the Connecticut State Senate and the Connecticut House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. Democrats held control of both chambers, maintaining a government trifecta.

Connecticut State Senate
Party Leader Before After Change
Democratic Martin Looney 22 24 Increase 2
Republican Len Fasano 14 12 Decrease 2
Total 36 36
Connecticut House of Representatives
Party Leader Before After Change
Democratic Matthew Ritter 97 97 Steady
Republican Themis Klarides 54 54 Steady
Total 151 151

Delaware

Senate results
Senate results

Half of the seats of the Delaware Senate and all of the seats of the Delaware House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. Democrats held control of both chambers, maintaining a government trifecta.

Delaware Senate
Party Leader Before After Change
Democratic David McBride 12 14 Increase 2
Republican Gerald Hocker 9 7 Decrease 2
Total 21 21
Delaware House of Representatives
Party Leader Before After Change
Democratic Peter Schwartzkopf 26 26 Steady
Republican Daniel Short 15 15 Steady
Total 41 41

Florida

Senate results
House of Representatives results

Half of the seats of the Florida Senate and all of the seats of the Florida House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. Republicans held control of both chambers, maintaining a government trifecta.

Florida Senate
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Kathleen Passidomo 23 24 Increase 1
Democratic Audrey Gibson 17 16 Decrease 1
Total 40 40
Florida House of Representatives
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican José R. Oliva 71 78 Increase 7
Democratic Kionne McGhee 46 42 Decrease 4
Total 120 120

Georgia

Senate results
House of Representatives results

All of the seats of the Georgia State Senate and the Georgia House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. Republicans held control of both chambers, maintaining a government trifecta.

Georgia State Senate
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Butch Miller 35 34 Decrease 1
Democratic Steve Henson 21 22 Increase 1
Total 56 56
Georgia House of Representatives
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican David Ralston 105 103 Decrease 2
Democratic Bob Trammell 75 77 Increase 2
Total 180 180

Hawaii

House of Representatives results
House of Representatives results

Half of the seats of the Hawaii Senate and all of the seats of the Hawaii House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. Democrats held control of both chambers, maintaining a government trifecta.

Hawaii Senate
Party Leader Before After Change
Democratic Ron Kouchi 24 24 Steady
Republican Kurt Fevella 1 1 Steady
Total 25 25
Hawaii House of Representatives
Party Leader Before After Change
Democratic Scott Saiki 46 47 Increase 1
Republican Gene Ward 5 4 Decrease 1
Total 51 51

Idaho

Senate results
Senate results

All of the seats of the Idaho Senate and the Idaho House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. Republicans held control of both chambers, maintaining a government trifecta.

Idaho Senate
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Chuck Winder 28 28 Steady
Democratic Michelle Stennett 7 7 Steady
Total 35 35
Idaho House of Representatives
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Scott Bedke 56 58 Increase 2
Democratic Ilana Rubel 14 12 Decrease 2
Total 70 70

Illinois

Senate results
House of Representatives results

One third of the seats of the Illinois Senate and all of the seats of the Illinois House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. Democrats held control of both chambers, maintaining a government trifecta.

Illinois Senate
Party Leader Before After Change
Democratic Don Harmon 40 41 Increase 1
Republican Bill Brady 19 18 Decrease 1
Total 59 59
Illinois House of Representatives
Party Leader Before After Change
Democratic Mike Madigan 74 73 Decrease 1
Republican Jim Durkin 44 45 Increase 1
Total 118 118

Indiana

Half of the seats of the Indiana Senate and all of the seats of the Indiana House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. Republicans held control of both chambers, maintaining a government trifecta.

Indiana Senate
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Rodric Bray 40 39 Decrease 1
Democratic Greg Taylor 10 11 Increase 1
Total 50 50
2020 Indiana House of Representatives Election
2020 Indiana House of Representatives Election
Indiana House of Representatives
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Todd Huston 67 71 Increase 4
Democratic Phil GiaQuinta 33 29 Decrease 4
Total 100 100

Iowa

Senate results
House of Representatives results

Half of the seats of the Iowa Senate and all of the seats of the Iowa House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. Republicans held control of both chambers, maintaining a government trifecta.

Iowa Senate
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Charles Schneider 32 32 Steady
Democratic Janet Petersen 18 18 Steady
Total 50 50
Iowa House of Representatives
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Pat Grassley 53 59 Increase 6
Democratic Todd Prichard 47 41 Decrease 6
Total 100 100

Kansas

Senate results
Senate results

All of the seats of the Kansas Senate and the Kansas House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. Republicans held control of both chambers.

Kansas Senate
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Susan Wagle 29 29 Steady
Democratic Anthony Hensley 11 11 Steady
Total 40 40
Kansas House of Representatives
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Ron Ryckman Jr. 84 86 Increase 2
Democratic Tom Sawyer 41 39 Decrease 2
Total 125 125

Kentucky

Half of the seats of the Kentucky Senate and all of the seats of the Kentucky House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. Republicans held control of both chambers. Because the Kentucky legislature can override gubernatorial vetoes with a simple majority vote, Republicans have a veto-proof majority in the state legislature.[13]

Kentucky Senate
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Robert Stivers 28 30 Increase 2
Democratic Morgan McGarvey 10 8 Decrease 2
Total 38 38
Kentucky House of Representatives
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican David Osborne 61 75 Increase 14
Democratic Joni Jenkins 39 25 Decrease 14
Total 100 100

Maine

All of the seats of the Maine Senate and the Maine House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. Democrats held control of both chambers, maintaining a government trifecta.

Maine Senate
Party Leader Before After Change
Democratic Troy Jackson 21 22 Increase 1
Republican Dana Dow 14 13 Decrease 1
Total 35 35
Maine House of Representatives
Party Leader Before After Change
Democratic Sara Gideon 89 80 Decrease 9
Republican Kathleen Dillingham 57 67 Increase 10
Independent 5 4 Decrease 1
Total 151 151

Massachusetts

Senate results
Senate results

All of the seats of the Massachusetts Senate and the Massachusetts House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. Democrats retained control of both chambers.

Massachusetts Senate
Party Leader Before After Change
Democratic Karen Spilka 34 37 Increase 3
Republican Bruce Tarr 6 3 Decrease 3
Total 40 40
Massachusetts House of Representatives
Party Leader Before After Change
Democratic Robert DeLeo 127 129 Increase 2
Republican Bradley Jones Jr. 32 30 Decrease 2
Independent 1 1 Steady
Total 160 160

Michigan

House of Representatives results
House of Representatives results

All of the seats of the Michigan House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. The Michigan Senate did not hold regularly scheduled elections in 2020. Republicans maintained control of the chamber.

Michigan House of Representatives
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Lee Chatfield 58 58 Steady
Democratic Christine Greig 52 52 Steady
Total 110 110

Minnesota

Senate results
House of Representatives results

All of the seats of the Minnesota Senate and the Minnesota House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. Republicans maintained control of the senate, while Democrats maintained control of the house of representatives.

Minnesota Senate
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Paul Gazelka 35 34 Decrease 1
Democratic (DFL) Susan Kent 32 33 Increase 1
Total 67 67
Minnesota House of Representatives
Party Leader Before After Change
Democratic (DFL) Melissa Hortman 75 70 Decrease 5
Republican Kurt Daudt 59 64 Increase 5
Total 134 134

Missouri

Half of the seats of the Missouri Senate and all of the seats of the Missouri House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. Republicans held control of both chambers, maintaining a government trifecta.

Missouri Senate
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Caleb Rowden 24 24 Steady
Democratic John Rizzo 10 10 Steady
Total 34 34
Missouri House of Representatives
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Elijah Haahr 116 114 Decrease 2
Democratic Crystal Quade 47 49 Increase 2
Total 163 163

Montana

Half of the seats of the Montana Senate and all of the seats of the Montana House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. Republicans held control of both chambers, and also gained a government trifecta by winning the gubernatorial election.

Montana Senate
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Fred Thomas 30 31 Increase 1
Democratic Jon Sesso 20 19 Decrease 1
Total 50 50
Montana House of Representatives
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Greg Hertz 58 67 Increase 9
Democratic Casey Schreiner 42 33 Decrease 9
Total 100 100

Nebraska

Nebraska is the only U.S. state with a unicameral legislature; half of the seats of the Nebraska Legislature were up for election in 2020. Nebraska is also unique in that its legislature is officially non-partisan and holds non-partisan elections, although the Democratic and Republican parties each endorse legislative candidates.

Nebraska Legislature
Party Before After Change
Republican 30 32 Increase 2
Democratic 18 17 Decrease 1
Independent 1 0 Decrease 1
Total 49 49

Nevada

Senate results
Senate results

Half of the seats of the Nevada Senate and all of the seats of the Nevada Assembly were up for election in 2020. Democrats held control of both chambers, maintaining a government trifecta.

Nevada Senate
Party Leader Before After Change
Democratic Nicole Cannizzaro 13 12 Decrease 1
Republican James Settelmeyer 8 9 Increase 1
Total 21 21
Nevada Assembly
Party Leader Before After Change
Democratic Jason Frierson 29 26 Decrease 3
Republican Robin L. Titus 13 16 Increase 3
Total 42 42

New Hampshire

House of Representatives results
House of Representatives results

All of the seats of the New Hampshire Senate and the New Hampshire House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. Republicans gained control of both chambers, establishing a government trifecta.

New Hampshire Senate
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Chuck Morse 10 14 Increase 4
Democratic Donna Soucy 14 10 Decrease 4
Total 24 24
New Hampshire House of Representatives
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Dick Hinch 166 213 Increase 47
Democratic Steve Shurtleff 234 187 Decrease 47
Total 400 400

New Mexico

Senate results
Senate results

All of the seats of the New Mexico Senate and the New Mexico House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. Democrats held control of both chambers, maintaining a government trifecta.

New Mexico Senate
Party Leader Before After Change
Democratic Peter Wirth 26 27 Increase 1
Republican Stuart Ingle 16 15 Decrease 1
Total 42 42
New Mexico House of Representatives
Party Leader Before After Change
Democratic Brian Egolf 46 44 Decrease 2
Republican James G. Townsend 24 25 Increase 1
Independent 0 1 Increase 1
Total 70 70

New York

State Senate results
State Assembly results

All of the seats of the New York State Senate and the New York State Assembly were up for election in 2020. Democrats held control of both chambers, maintaining a government trifecta.

New York State Senate
Party Leader Before After Change
Democratic Andrea Stewart-Cousins 39 43 Increase 4
Republican Rob Ortt 24 20 Decrease 4
Total 63 63
New York State Assembly
Party Leader Before After Change
Democratic Carl Heastie 105 105 Steady
Republican William Barclay 44 43 Decrease 1
Independence Fred Thiele 1 1 Steady
Independent 0 1 Increase 1
Total 150 150

North Carolina

Senate results
House of Representatives results

All of the seats of the North Carolina Senate and the North Carolina House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. Republicans retained control of both chambers.

North Carolina Senate
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Philip E. Berger 29 28 Decrease 1
Democratic Dan Blue 21 22 Increase 1
Total 50 50
North Carolina House of Representatives
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Tim Moore 65 69 Increase 4
Democratic Darren Jackson 55 51 Decrease 4
Total 120 120

North Dakota

Half of the seats of the North Dakota Senate and the North Dakota House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. Republicans retained control of both chambers, maintaining a government trifecta.

North Dakota Senate
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Rich Wardner 37 40 Increase 3
Democratic-NPL Joan Heckaman 10 7 Decrease 3
Total 47 47
North Dakota House of Representatives
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Lawrence Klemin 79 80 Increase 1
Democratic-NPL Joshua Boschee 15 14 Decrease 1
Total 94 94

Ohio

Senate results
House of Representatives results

Half of the seats of the Ohio Senate and all of the seats of the Ohio House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. Republicans retained control of both chambers, maintaining a government trifecta.

Ohio Senate
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Larry Obhof 24 25 Increase 1
Democratic Kenny Yuko 9 8 Decrease 1
Total 33 33
Ohio House of Representatives
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Robert R. Cupp 61 64 Increase 3
Democratic Emilia Sykes 38 35 Decrease 3
Total 99 99

Oklahoma

Half of the seats of the Oklahoma Senate and all of the seats of the Oklahoma House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. Republicans retained control of both chambers, maintaining a government trifecta.

Oklahoma Senate
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Greg Treat 39 39 Steady
Democratic Kay Floyd 9 9 Steady
Total 48 48
Oklahoma House of Representatives
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Charles McCall 77 82 Increase 5
Democratic Emily Virgin 24 19 Decrease 5
Total 101 101

Oregon

Half of the seats of the Oregon State Senate and all of the seats of the Oregon House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. Democrats retained control of both chambers, maintaining a government trifecta.

Oregon State Senate
Party Leader Before After Change
Democratic Rob Wagner 18 18 Steady
Republican Herman Baertschiger Jr. 12 12 Steady
Total 30 30
Oregon House of Representatives
Party Leader Before After Change
Democratic Tina Kotek 38 37 Decrease 1
Republican Christine Drazan 22 23 Increase 1
Total 50 50

Pennsylvania

State Senate results
House of Representatives results

Half of the seats of the Pennsylvania State Senate and all of the seats of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. Republicans retained control of both chambers.

Pennsylvania State Senate
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Joe Scarnati 28 28 Steady
Democratic Jay Costa 21 21 Steady
Independent 1 1 Steady
Total 50 50
Pennsylvania House of Representatives
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Bryan Cutler 110 113 Increase 3
Democratic Frank Dermody 93 90 Decrease 3
Total 203 203

Rhode Island

Senate results
Senate results

All of the seats of the Rhode Island Senate and the Rhode Island House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. Democrats retained control of both chambers, maintaining a government trifecta.

Rhode Island Senate
Party Leader Before After Change
Democratic Michael McCaffrey 33 33 Steady
Republican Dennis Algiere 5 5 Steady
Total 38 38
Rhode Island House of Representatives
Party Leader Before After Change
Democratic Nicholas Mattiello 66 65 Decrease 1
Republican Blake Filippi 8 10 Increase 2
Total 75 75

South Carolina

All of the seats of the South Carolina Senate and the South Carolina House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. Republicans retained control of both chambers, maintaining a government trifecta.

South Carolina Senate
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Harvey S. Peeler Jr. 27 30 Increase 3
Democratic Nikki G. Setzler 19 16 Decrease 3
Total 46 46
South Carolina House of Representatives
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Jay Lucas 80 81 Increase 1
Democratic J. Todd Rutherford 43 42 Decrease 1
Total 123 123

South Dakota

All of the seats of the South Dakota Senate and the South Dakota House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. Republicans retained control of both chambers, maintaining a government trifecta.

South Dakota Senate
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Kris Langer 30 32 Increase 2
Democratic Troy Heinert 5 3 Decrease 2
Total 35 35
South Dakota House of Representatives
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Steven Haugaard 59 62 Increase 3
Democratic Jamie Smith 11 8 Decrease 3
Total 70 70

Tennessee

Senate results
Senate results

Half of the seats of the Tennessee Senate and all of the seats of the Tennessee House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. Republicans retained control of both chambers, maintaining a government trifecta.

Tennessee Senate
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Randy McNally 27 26 Decrease 1
Democratic Jeff Yarbro 5 6 Increase 1
Total 33 33
Tennessee House of Representatives
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Cameron Sexton 73 73 Steady
Democratic Karen Camper 26 26 Steady
Total 99 99

Texas

Senate results
House of Representatives results

Half of the seats of the Texas Senate and all of the seats of the Texas House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. Republicans retained control of both chambers, maintaining a government trifecta.

Texas Senate
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Brian Birdwell 19 18 Decrease 1
Democratic John Whitmire 12 13 Increase 1
Total 31 31
Texas House of Representatives
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Dennis Bonnen 83 83 Steady
Democratic Chris Turner 67 67 Steady
Total 150 150

Utah

Half of the seats of the Utah State Senate and all of the seats of the Utah House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. Republicans retained control of both chambers, maintaining a government trifecta.

Utah State Senate
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican J. Stuart Adams 23 23 Steady
Democratic Karen Mayne 6 6 Steady
Total 29 29
Utah House of Representatives
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Brad Wilson 59 58 Decrease 1
Democratic Brian King 16 17 Increase 1
Total 75 75

Vermont

All of the seats of the Vermont Senate and the Vermont House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. Democrats retained control of both chambers.

Vermont Senate
Party Leader Before After Change
Democratic Becca Balint 22 21 Decrease 1
Republican Joe Benning 6 7 Increase 1
Progressive Anthony Pollina 2 2 Steady
Total 30 30
Vermont House of Representatives
Party Leader Before After Change
Democratic Mitzi Johnson 95 93 Decrease 2
Republican Patricia McCoy 43 45 Increase 2
Progressive Robin Chesnut-Tangerman 7 7 Steady
Independent 5 5 Steady
Total 150 150

Washington

Half of the seats of the Washington State Senate and all of the seats of the Washington House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. Democrats retained control of both chambers, maintaining a government trifecta.

Washington State Senate
Party Leader Before After Change
Democratic Karen Keiser 28 28 Steady
Republican John Braun 21 21 Steady
Total 49 49
Washington House of Representatives
Party Leader Before After Change
Democratic Laurie Jinkins 57 57 Steady
Republican J. T. Wilcox 41 41 Steady
Total 98 98

West Virginia

Senate results
House of Delegates results

Half of the seats of the West Virginia Senate and all of the seats of the West Virginia House of Delegates were up for election in 2020. Republicans retained control of both chambers, maintaining a government trifecta.

West Virginia Senate
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Mitch Carmichael 20 23 Increase 3
Democratic Roman Prezioso 14 11 Decrease 3
Total 34 34
West Virginia House of Delegates
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Roger Hanshaw 58 76 Increase 18
Democratic Tim Miley 41 24 Decrease 17
Independent 1 0 Decrease 1
Total 100 100

Wisconsin

Senate results
State Assembly results

Half of the seats of the Wisconsin Senate and all of the seats of the Wisconsin State Assembly were up for election in 2020. Republicans retained control of both chambers.

Wisconsin Senate
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Roger Roth 19 21 Increase 2
Democratic Janet Bewley 14 12 Decrease 2
Total 33 33
Wisconsin State Assembly
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Robin Vos 63 61 Decrease 2
Democratic Gordon Hintz 36 38 Increase 2
Total 99 99

Wyoming

Senate results
House of Representatives results

Half of the seats of the Wyoming Senate and all of the seats of the Wyoming House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. Republicans retained control of both chambers, maintaining a government trifecta.

Wyoming Senate
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Drew Perkins 27 28 Increase 1
Democratic Chris Rothfuss 3 2 Decrease 1
Total 30 30
Wyoming House of Representatives
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Steve Harshman 50 51 Increase 1
Democratic Cathy Connolly 9 7 Decrease 2
Libertarian 0 1 Increase 1
Independent 1 1 Steady
Total 60 60

Territorial and federal district summaries

American Samoa

All of the seats of the American Samoa Senate and the American Samoa House of Representatives were up for election. Members of the senate serve four-year terms, while members of the house of representative serve two-year terms. Gubernatorial and legislative elections are conducted on a nonpartisan basis in American Samoa.

Guam

All of the seats of the unicameral Legislature of Guam were up for election. All members of the legislature serve a two-year term. Democrats retained control of the legislature.

Guam Legislature
Party Leader Before After Change
Democratic Tina Rose Muña Barnes 10 8 Decrease 2
Republican Telo T. Taitague 5 7 Increase 2
Total 15 15

Northern Mariana Islands

A portion of the seats of the Northern Mariana Islands Senate, and all of the seats of the Northern Mariana Islands House of Representatives, were up for election. Members of the senate serve either four-year terms, while members of the house serve two-year terms.

Northern Mariana Islands Senate[14]
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Victor Hocog 6 5 Decrease 1
Independent Paul Manglona 3 3 Steady
Democratic Edith Guerrero 0 1 Increase 1
Total 9 9
Northern Mariana Islands House of Representatives[15]
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Blas Jonathan T. Attao 13 9 Decrease 4
Democratic Edmund Villagomez 3 8 Increase 5
Independent 3 3 Steady
Total 20 20

Puerto Rico

Senate results
House of Representatives results

All of the seats of the Senate of Puerto Rico and the House of Representatives of Puerto Rico are up for election in 2020. Members of the Senate and the House of Representatives both serve four-year terms. The New Progressive Party lost control of both chambers, although the Popular Democratic Party only managed to gain majority control in the House due to the number of third party candidates elected.

Puerto Rico Senate
Party Leader Before After Change
Popular Democratic José Luis Dalmau 4 13 Increase 9
New Progressive Thomas Rivera Schatz 21 9 Decrease 12
Citizen's Victory Movement Ana Irma Rivera Lassén 0 2 Increase 2
Puerto Rican Independence María de Lourdes Santiago 1 1 Steady
Project Dignity Joanne Rodríguez Veve 0 1 Increase 1
Independent 1 1 Steady
Total 27 27
Puerto Rico House of Representatives
Party Leader Before After Change
Popular Democratic Tatito Hernández 16 26 Increase 10
New Progressive Carlos Johnny Méndez 34 21 Decrease 13
Citizen's Victory Movement Mariana Nogales Molinelli 0 2 Increase 2
Puerto Rican Independence Denis Márquez Lebrón 1 1 Steady
Project Dignity Lisie Burgos Muñiz 0 1 Increase 1
Total 51 51

U.S. Virgin Islands

All of the seats of the unicameral Legislature of the Virgin Islands were up for election in 2020. All members of the legislature serve a two-year term. Democrats retained control of the legislature.

Virgin Islands Legislature
Party Leader Before After Change
Democratic Novelle Francis 13 10 Decrease 3
Independent 2 5 Increase 3
Total 15 15

Washington, D.C.

Council results
Council results

The Council of the District of Columbia serves as the legislative branch of the federal district of Washington, D.C. Half of the council seats are up for election in 2020. Council members serve four-year terms. Democrats retained supermajority control of the council.

District of Columbia Council
Party Leader Before After Change
Democratic Phil Mendelson 11 11 Steady
Independent 2 2 Steady
Total 13 13

Special elections

Various states held special elections for legislative districts throughout the year.[16] Overall, Democrats flipped a total of five seats in Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Oregon, and South Carolina.

Alabama

One special election was held for the Alabama Legislature in 2020.

Alaska

One special election was held for the Alaska Legislature in 2020.

Arkansas

Three special elections were held for the Arkansas General Assembly in 2020.

  • House District 22: Republican Richard McGrew was elected on March 3, 2020 to succeed Republican Mickey Gates, who was removed from office on October 11, 2019 after he was charged with failure to pay taxes for several years.[20]
  • House District 34: Democrat Joy Springer was elected on March 3, 2020 to succeed Democrat John Walker, who died on October 28, 2019.[21]
  • House District 96: Republican Jill Bryant was elected on November 3, 2020 to succeed Republican Grant Hodges, who resigned on July 10, 2020 to take a job with Northwest Arkansas Community College.[22]

California

One special election was held for the California State Legislature in 2020.

Connecticut

Three special elections were held for the Connecticut General Assembly in 2020.

  • House District 48: Democrat Brian Smith was elected on January 14, 2020 to succeed Democrat Linda Orange, who died on November 20, 2019 of pancreatic cancer.[24]
  • House District 132: Republican Brian Farnen was elected on January 14, 2020 to succeed Republican Brenda Kupchick, who resigned on November 22, 2019 after she was elected First Selectwoman of Fairfield.[25]
  • House District 151: Republican Harry Arora was elected on January 21, 2020 to succeed Republican Fred Camillo, who resigned on December 2, 2019 after he was elected First Selectman of Greenwich.[26]

Florida

One special election was held for the Florida Legislature in 2020.

  • Senate District 20: Republican Danny Burgess was elected on November 3, 2020 to succeed Republican Tom Lee, who resigned on November 3, 2020 to run for local office.[27]

Georgia

Four special elections were held for the Georgia General Assembly in 2020.

Hawaii

One special election was held for the Hawaii State Legislature in 2020.

Illinois

Two special elections were held for the Illinois General Assembly in 2020.

Kentucky

Four special elections were held for the Kentucky General Assembly in 2020.

Louisiana

One special election was held for the Louisiana State Legislature in 2020.

Maine

One special election was held for the Maine Legislature in 2020.

  • House District 128: Democrat Kevin O'Connell was elected on March 3, 2020 to succeed Democrat Arthur Verow, who died on December 19, 2019 of a heart attack.[38]

Massachusetts

Five special elections were held for the Massachusetts General Court in 2020. Democrats flipped two seats previously held by Republicans.

Michigan

Two special elections were held for the Michigan Legislature in 2020.

Minnesota

Two special elections were held for the Minnesota Legislature in 2020.

  • House District 30A: Republican Paul Novotny was elected on February 4, 2020 to succeed Republican Nick Zerwas, who resigned on December 6, 2019, citing medical reasons.[45]
  • House District 60A: Democrat Sydney Jordan was elected on February 4, 2020 to succeed Democrat Diane Loeffler, who died on November 16, 2019 of cancer.[46]

Mississippi

Six special elections were held for the Mississippi Legislature in 2020.

  • Senate District 15: Republican Bart Williams was elected on October 13, 2020 to succeed Republican Gary Jackson, who resigned on June 30, 2020 due to health reasons.[47]
  • Senate District 39: Republican Jason Barrett was elected on October 13, 2020 to succeed Republican Sally Doty, who resigned on July 16, 2020 after she was appointed executive director of the Mississippi Public Utilities Staff by Governor Tate Reeves.[48]
  • House District 37: Republican Lynn Wright was elected on October 13, 2020 to succeed Republican Gary Chism, who resigned on June 30, 2020.[49]
  • House District 66: Democrat De'Keither Stamps was elected on October 13, 2020 to succeed Democrat Jarvis Dortch, who resigned on July 2, 2020 to become executive director of the Mississippi American Civil Liberties Union.[50]
  • House District 87: Republican Joseph Tubb was elected on November 24, 2020 to succeed Republican William Andrews III, who resigned on March 31, 2020.[51]
  • House District 88: Republican Robin Robinson was elected on June 23, 2020 to succeed Republican Ramona Blackledge, who resigned on January 31, 2020.[52]

New Hampshire

One special election was held for the New Hampshire General Court in 2020. Democrats flipped one seat previously held by a Republican.

  • House District Merrimack 24: Demcorat Kathleen Martins was elected on March 10, 2020 to succeed Republican Dick Marple, who died on December 13, 2019.[53]

New Jersey

Two special elections were held for the New Jersey Legislature in 2020.

Oklahoma

One special election was held for the Oklahoma Legislature in 2020.

Oregon

One special election was held for the Oregon Legislative Assembly in 2020. Democrats flipped one seat previously held by a Republican.

Pennsylvania

Five special elections were held for the Pennsylvania General Assembly in 2020.

Rhode Island

One special election was held for the Rhode Island General Assembly in 2020.

  • House District 56: Democrat Joshua Giraldo was elected on March 3, 2020 to succeed Democrat Shelby Maldonado, who resigned on December 16, 2019.[60]

South Carolina

Two special elections were held for the South Carolina General Assembly in 2020. Democrats flipped one seat previously held by a Republican.

Texas

Five special elections were held for the Texas Legislature in 2020.

Virginia

One special election was held for the Virginia General Assembly in 2020.

Washington

One special election was held for the Washington State Legislature in 2020.

Table of partisan control

Prior to the 2020 elections, Republicans control approximately 60 percent of the state legislative chambers and 52 percent of the state legislative seats in the United States.[1] Nationwide, approximately 40 percent of the population of the United States (including federal districts and territories) live in states with Republican control of the state government, 37 percent live in states with Democratic control, and 22 percent live in states with divided government.[f]

This table shows the partisan control of governor's offices and state legislative chambers in each state. In situations where one party controls the governor's office and both legislative chambers (known as a "government trifecta"),[71] that party is marked as having "overall" control of the state. Otherwise, overall control of the state is marked as being divided.

Subdivision[72][73] Before 2020 elections[74][g] After 2020 elections
Subdivision PVI % Pop. Governor Upper house Lower house Overall Governor Upper house Lower house Overall
 
Alabama R+14 1.48 Rep Rep 27–8 Rep 75–28 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep
Alaska R+9 0.22 Rep Rep 13–7 Coal. 22–17[a] Div Rep Rep Coal. Div
Arizona R+5 2.19 Rep Rep 17–13 Rep 31–29 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep
Arkansas R+15 0.91 Rep Rep 26–9 Rep 75–23 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep
California D+12 11.91 Dem Dem 29–11 Dem 61–17–1 Dem Dem Dem Dem Dem
Colorado D+1 1.74 Dem Dem 19–16 Dem 41–24 Dem Dem Dem Dem Dem
Connecticut D+6 1.07 Dem Dem 22–14 Dem 91–60 Dem Dem Dem Dem Dem
Delaware D+6 0.29 Dem Dem 12–9 Dem 26–15 Dem Dem Dem Dem Dem
Florida R+2 6.47 Rep Rep 23–17 Rep 73–46 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep
Georgia R+5 3.2 Rep Rep 35–21 Rep 105–75 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep
Hawaii D+18 0.43 Dem Dem 24–1 Dem 46–5 Dem Dem Dem Dem Dem
Idaho R+19 0.54 Rep Rep 28–7 Rep 56–14 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep
Illinois D+7 3.82 Dem Dem 40–19 Dem 73–44 Dem Dem Dem Dem Dem
Indiana R+9 2.03 Rep Rep 40–10 Rep 67–33 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep
Iowa R+3 0.95 Rep Rep 32–18 Rep 53–47 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep
Kansas R+13 0.88 Dem Rep 29–11 Rep 84–41 Div Dem Rep Rep Div
Kentucky R+15 1.35 Dem Rep 28–10 Rep 62–38 Div Dem Rep Rep Div
Louisiana R+11 1.4 Dem Rep 27–12 Rep 68–35–2 Div Dem Rep Rep Div
Maine D+3 0.41 Dem Dem 21–14 Dem 88–57–6 Dem Dem Dem Dem Dem
Maryland D+12 1.82 Rep Dem 32–14 Dem 99–42 Div Rep Dem Dem Div
Massachusetts D+12 2.09 Rep Dem 36–4 Dem 127–31–1 Div Rep Dem Dem Div
Michigan D+1 3.01 Dem Rep 22–16 Rep 58–51 Div Dem Rep Rep Div
Minnesota D+1 1.7 Dem Rep 35–32 Dem 75–59 Div Dem Rep Dem Div
Mississippi R+9 0.9 Rep Rep 36–16 Rep 76–45–1 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep
Missouri R+9 1.85 Rep Rep 23–8 Rep 113–48 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep
Montana R+11 0.32 Dem Rep 30–20 Rep 57–43 Div Rep Rep Rep Rep
Nebraska R+14 0.58 Rep NP[h] [h] Rep NP[h] [h]
Nevada D+1 0.93 Dem Dem 13–8 Dem 29–13 Dem Dem Dem Dem Dem
New Hampshire Even 0.41 Rep Dem 14–10 Dem 231–158–1 Div Rep Rep Rep Rep
New Jersey D+7 2.68 Dem Dem 25–15 Dem 52–28 Dem Dem Dem Dem Dem
New Mexico D+3 0.63 Dem Dem 26–16 Dem 45–24 Dem Dem Dem Dem Dem
New York D+11 5.86 Dem Dem 40–20 Dem 103–42–1 Dem Dem Dem Dem Dem
North Carolina R+3 3.16 Dem Rep 28–21 Rep 64–55 Div Dem Rep Rep Div
North Dakota R+17 0.23 Rep Rep 37–10 Rep 79–15 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep
Ohio R+3 3.52 Rep Rep 24–9 Rep 61–38 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep
Oklahoma R+20 1.19 Rep Rep 38–9 Rep 77–23 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep
Oregon D+5 1.27 Dem Dem 18–12 Dem 38–22 Dem Dem Dem Dem Dem
Pennsylvania Even 3.86 Dem Rep 28–21–1 Rep 109–93 Div Dem Rep Rep Div
Rhode Island D+10 0.32 Dem Dem 33–5 Dem 66–9 Dem Dem Dem Dem Dem
South Carolina R+8 1.55 Rep Rep 27–19 Rep 78–44 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep
South Dakota R+14 0.27 Rep Rep 30–5 Rep 59–11 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep
Tennessee R+14 2.06 Rep Rep 28–5 Rep 73–26 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep
Texas R+8 8.74 Rep Rep 19–11 Rep 84–66 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep
Utah R+20 0.97 Rep Rep 23–6 Rep 59–16 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep
Vermont D+15 0.19 Rep Dem 22–6–1 Dem 94–44–12 Div Rep Dem Dem Div
Virginia D+1 2.57 Dem Dem 21–19 Dem 55–45 Dem Dem Dem Dem Dem
Washington D+7 2.29 Dem Dem 29–20 Dem 57–41 Dem Dem Dem Dem Dem
West Virginia R+20 0.54 Rep Rep 20–14 Rep 58–41–1 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep
Wisconsin Even 1.75 Dem Rep 18–13 Rep 63–35 Div Dem Rep Rep Div
Wyoming R+25 0.17 Rep Rep 27–3 Rep 50–9–1 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep
U.S. states 98.71 Rep 26–24 Rep 30–19 Rep 28–21[i] Rep 20–15[j] Rep 27–23 Rep 31–18 Rep 29–20 Rep 22–15
Washington, D.C. D+43 0.21 Dem[k] Dem[k] Dem Dem Dem Dem
American Samoa 0.02 NP/D[l] NP NP NP NP/D[l] NP NP NP
Guam 0.05 Dem Dem Dem Dem Dem Dem
N. Mariana Islands 0.02 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep Div Div
Puerto Rico 0.96 PNP/R[m] PNP PNP PNP PNP/D Div PDP Div
U.S. Virgin Islands 0.03 Dem Dem Dem Dem Dem Dem
United States Even 100 28–28 Rep 31–22[n] Rep 30–20 Rep 21–18 28–28 Rep 32–21[n] Rep 29–20 Rep 22–18
Subdivision PVI % Pop. Governor Upper house Lower house Overall Governor Upper house Lower house Overall
Subdivision Before 2020 elections After 2020 elections

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c The Alaska House of Representatives is controlled by a coalition of Democrats, Republicans, and independents. The minority caucus consists of Republicans who are not part of the majority coalition.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h The upper houses of Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Hawaii, Illinois, Minnesota, New Jersey, and Texas use a 2-4-4 term length system.
  3. ^ a b c These figures represent the seats of Nebraska's unicameral legislature.
  4. ^ Consists of 15 Democrats, 5 Republicans, and 2 Independents.
  5. ^ Consists of 15 Democrats, 3 Republicans, and 4 Independents.
  6. ^ The remaining portion of the U.S. population lives in Nebraska or American Samoa (which have non-partisan legislatures), or Puerto Rico, where the PNP has a trifecta.
  7. ^ Partisan seat figures were compiled in August 2020.
  8. ^ a b c d Nebraska has a unicameral, officially non-partisan legislature. For this reason, Nebraska is not included in the overall tallies of partisan control (except for governor) and the overall control column is labeled as "N/A".
  9. ^ Republicans controlled the lower house in 29 states, Democrats controlled the lower house in 20 states, and one state, Alaska, had a lower house controlled by a coalition.
  10. ^ Republicans held a trifecta in 20 states, Democrats held a trifecta in 15 states, and 14 states had a divided government.
  11. ^ a b Washington, D.C., does not elect a governor or state legislature, but it does elect a mayor and a city council.
  12. ^ a b Although elections for governor of American Samoa are non-partisan, Governor Lolo Matalasi Moliga has affiliated with the Democratic Party at the national level since re-election in 2016. He is counted as a Democrat for the overall tally.
  13. ^ Puerto Rican Governor Wanda Vázquez Garced is a member of the Puerto Rican New Progressive Party and affiliates with the Republican Party at the national level. She is counted as a Republican in the overall tally.
  14. ^ a b The upper house tally includes the unicameral legislatures of Washington, D.C., Guam, and the U.S. Virgin Islands.

References

  1. ^ a b Panetta, Grace (April 16, 2020). "The coronavirus crisis is drastically changing the battle for state legislatures and could completely reshape who controls Congress". Business Insider. Archived from the original on July 20, 2020. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
  2. ^ Demsas, Jerusalem (November 5, 2020). "Democrats fail to make gains in state legislative races in advance of 2021 redistricting". Vox. Retrieved November 17, 2020.
  3. ^ Mutnick, Ally; Rodriguez, Sabrina (November 4, 2020). "'A decade of power': Statehouse wins position GOP to dominate redistricting". Politico. Retrieved November 17, 2020.
  4. ^ Berman, Russell (November 10, 2020). "The Failure That Could Haunt Democrats for a Decade". The Atlantic. Retrieved November 17, 2020.
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