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2020 California Proposition 22

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Proposition 22
November 3, 2020

Exempts App-Based Transportation and Delivery Companies from Providing Employee Benefits to Certain Drivers
Votes %
Yes 9,803,443 58.65%
No 6,911,167 41.35%

Proposition 22, named Exempts App-Based Transportation and Delivery Companies from Providing Employee Benefits to Certain Drivers, is a ballot in California for the state election on November 3, 2020 which classifies app-based drivers as independent contractors, instead of employees[1][2] It was passed with 58% of the vote. [3]

The proposition grants app-based transportation and delivery companies a special exception to Assembly Bill 5 by classifying their drivers as "independent contractors", exempting employers from providing benefits to certain drivers.[4][5]



Lyft, Uber, DoorDash, Instacart, and Postmates have contributed over $205 million into campaigns supporting Prop 22, making it the most expensive ballot measure in California's history.[6][7][8] This includes major funding for the Yes on Prop 22 campaign,[9] and promoting the proposed legislation directly to customers when using their app.[10][11]

Some of the companies have also forced their workers to support and promote the legislation: Uber sends its drivers in-app messages forcing them to click on either "Yes on Prop 22" or "OK", Instacart ordered its workers to place pro-Prop 22 stickers in customers' shopping bags, and DoorDash forces delivery drivers to use bags saying "Yes on 22".[12][13]

Title litigation

The ballot title, written by Attorney General Xavier Becerra, is "Exempts App-Based Transportation and Delivery Companies from Providing Employee Benefits to Certain Drivers. Initiative Statute". The Yes on Prop 22 campaign challenged this description as non-neutral in court, but their arguments were rejected by a Sacramento Superior Court judge.[14]


The No on Prop 22 campaign is funded by the California Labor Federation,[15][16][17] with support from UC Berkeley Labor Center.[18] The campaign received around $19 million in support, mostly from labor groups.[19] Driver groups Rideshare Drivers United,[20] Gig Workers Rising, We Drive Progress, and Mobile Workers United, have spoken out against Prop 22, fearing that app-based workers would continue to be "exploited."[21][22] Editorial boards from the New York Times and Los Angeles Times have also called on voters to reject Prop 22.[21]

The proposition would add protections specific to app-based workers, different from other independent contractors, but these protections would only apply during the time the worker is "engaged" in fulfilling a specific request and not while the worker is logged in to the app and available to fulfill a request.[23]


In 2019, Assembly Bill 5 reaffirmed that workers classified as "employees" are entitled to labor protections (such as minimum wage laws, and sick leave).[24] The bill also expanded the criteria used for determining whether a worker may be classified as "employee" or "independent contractors". The lawmakers of the bill designed the criteria such that ride-hail drivers and other gig-economy workers must be "employees" going forward.[5] Lyft and Uber have refused to comply with this law,[25] and stated a desire to keep drivers classified as independent contractors.[4][6][26][27]

In August 2020, the California court ordered Uber and Lyft to comply with the law within a 10-day deadline.[28][25] The companies said they would shut down their operation in California if some drivers[clarify] had to become employees.[2][11] On August 20, the deadline day, the companies asked for an extension. The court granted an extension until November 4, 2020, on the condition that Uber and Lyft CEOs provide a sworn testimony by October 4 confirming their plan to comply with AB 5.[11][2][29] The companies indicated they would no longer shut down.[30]

The ride-hail companies, joined by DoorDash and Instacart,[2] have supported Proposition 22 for the November 3rd, 2020 ballot election one day prior to the extended AB 5 deadline on November 4.[29]


Poll source Date(s)
of error
For Proposition 22 Against Proposition 22 Undecided
Redfield & Wilton Strategies October 27–30, 2020 5,000 (RV) ± 1.39% 62% 28% 9%
UC Berkeley Institute of Governmental Studies October 16–21, 2020 5,352 (LV) ± 2% 46% 42% 12%
Ipsos/Spectrum News October 7–15, 2020 1,400 (A) ± 3% 62% 23% 15%
SurveyUSA September 26–28, 2020 588 (LV) ± 5.4% 45% 31% 25%
Redfield & Wilton Strategies September 19–21, 2020 1,915 (LV) ± 2.19% 53% 27% 20%
UC Berkeley/LA Times September 9–15, 2020 5,900 (LV) ± 2% 39% 36% 25%
Redfield & Wilton Strategies August 9, 2020 2,000 (RV) ± 2.19% 41% 26% 34%


  1. ^ Key:
    A – all adults
    RV – registered voters
    LV – likely voters
    V – unclear


Proposition 22[31]
Choice Votes %
Referendum passed
9,803,443 58.7
No 6,911,167 41.3
Total votes 0


  1. ^ Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ a b c d Hepler, Lauren (13 August 2020). "Uber, Lyft and why California's war over gig work is just beginning". Cal Matters. Retrieved 20 August 2020.
  3. ^ Kerr, Dara (5 November 2020). "Proposition 22, backed by Uber and Lyft, passes. Drivers say they'll keep fighting". CNET. Retrieved 5 November 2020.
  4. ^ a b Hiltzik, Michael (8 September 2020). "Uber and Lyft just made their campaign to keep exploiting workers". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2020-10-14.
  5. ^ a b "Uber and Lyft Fight a Law They Say Doesn't Apply to Them". Wired. 31 October 2019. Retrieved 2020-10-14.
  6. ^ a b Byrne, Ryan (9 September 2020). "With funding from Uber, Lyft, and Doordash, campaign behind California Proposition 22 tops $180 million". Ballotpedia. Retrieved 10 September 2020.
  7. ^ O'Brien, Sara Ashley. "The $185 million campaign to keep Uber and Lyft drivers as contractors in California". CNN. Retrieved 2020-10-14.
  8. ^ Kerr, Dara (5 November 2020). "Proposition 22, backed by Uber and Lyft, passes. Drivers say they'll keep fighting". CNET. Retrieved 5 November 2020.
  9. ^ "Yes on Prop 22". Save App-Based Jobs & Services. Retrieved 2020-10-14. Paid for by Yes on 22 […] Committee major funding from Uber Technologies, Lyft, and DoorDash.
  10. ^ "Uber, Lyft push Prop. 22 message where you can't escape it: your phone". Los Angeles Times. 2020-10-08. Retrieved 2020-10-14.
  11. ^ a b c O'Brien, Sara Ashley. "Uber and Lyft get reprieve from court, won't shut down in California for now". CNN. Retrieved 2020-10-14. […] , the companies have threatened to suspend their services, and sometimes followed through on it, riling up customers and drivers, and putting pressure on lawmakers.
  12. ^ "Uber drivers sue, say company 'coerced' them to support Prop 22". CNet. 2020-10-23. Retrieved 2020-10-24.
  13. ^ "Gig Companies Are Making Their Workers Promote Prop. 22". KQED. 2020-10-20. Retrieved 2020-10-24.
  14. ^ Said, Carolyn (4 August 2020). "Judge rejects Prop. 22 backers' attempt to change gig-work ballot language". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 20 August 2020.
  15. ^ "California Labor Federation Launches Massive Worker-Led Campaign to Defeat Prop 22, Pass Prop 15 and Expand Majorities in Congress and Legislature – California Labor Federation". Retrieved 2020-10-29.
  16. ^ "No on Prop 22: BY app companies, FOR app companies". Retrieved 2020-10-29.
  17. ^ "2020 General Election Endorsements – California Labor Federation". Retrieved 2020-10-29.
  18. ^ "The Uber/Lyft Ballot Initiative Guarantees only $5.64 an Hour". UC Berkeley Labor Center. Retrieved 2020-10-29.
  19. ^ Kerr, Dara. "Uber and Lyft's win to keep drivers as contractors in California has national implications". CNET. Retrieved 2020-11-09.
  20. ^ "No on Uber's Prop 22: Stop Exempting Uber & Lyft from Basic Labor Laws! | Rideshare Drivers United". Retrieved 2020-10-29.
  21. ^ a b "Prop 22 explained: how California voters could upend the gig economy". The Guardian. 2020-10-15. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2020-10-29.
  22. ^ "Rideshare companies dump $180 million in Proposition 22". New Times San Luis Obispo. 15 October 2020. Retrieved 2020-10-29.
  23. ^ Holder, Sarah (7 July 2020). "California's Gig Economy Ballot Measure Fails Workers, Labor Groups Say". Bloomberg. Retrieved 18 October 2020.
  24. ^ "Newsom signs bill rewriting California employment law, limiting use of independent contractors". Los Angeles Times. 2019-09-18. Retrieved 2020-10-14.
  25. ^ a b "What Prop. 22's defeat would mean". Los Angeles Times. 2020-10-19. Retrieved 2020-10-29.
  26. ^ "Human Capital: A timeline of Uber and Lyft's fight against AB 5 and Pinterest's fall from grace". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2020-10-14.
  27. ^ Spangler, Todd (2020-08-21). "Why Uber and Lyft Were on the Brink of Shutting Down in California — and What Happens Next". Variety. Retrieved 2020-10-14.
  28. ^ O'Brien, Sara Ashley. "Court orders Uber, Lyft to reclassify drivers as employees in California". CNN. Retrieved 2020-10-14.
  29. ^ a b Feiner, Lauren (2020-08-20). "Appeals court grants Uber and Lyft a temporary reprieve following threats to shut down in California". CNBC. Retrieved 2020-10-14.
  30. ^ Inc, Lyft. "Rideshare operations will not be suspended in California". Lyft. Archived from the original on 2020-08-21. Retrieved 2020-10-14.
  31. ^ Proposition 22 App-Based Drivers and Employee Benefits.

External links

This page was last edited on 20 November 2020, at 00:01
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