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2020 California's 25th congressional district special election

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

2020 California's 25th congressional district special election

← 2018 March 3 and May 12, 2020 November 2020 →

California's 25th congressional district
Mike Garcia (CA-25).jpg
Christy Smith CA Assembly official photo (cropped).jpg
Candidate Mike Garcia Christy Smith
Party Republican Democratic
Popular vote 95,667 78,721
Percentage 54.9% 45.1%

U.S. Representative before election

Katie Hill

Elected U.S. Representative

Mike Garcia

A special election to the United States House of Representatives for California's 25th congressional district was held March 3, 2020, the same day as the California presidential primaries. As no candidate received a majority, a runoff took place on May 12, 2020, between the top two finishers Christy Smith and Mike Garcia.[1] Garcia's win was the first time Republicans flipped a Democratic-held House seat in California since 1998.[2][3]

Katie Hill, who had been elected in 2018, had resigned on November 3, 2019[4] after reports of an inappropriate relationship with a campaign staffer and allegations of sexual relations with her congressional staff, as well as nude photos of her which were published without her consent.[5][6][7] Steve Knight, who had represented the district until 2019, ran in the primary but did not advance to the runoff.

By winning the special election, Garcia will finish the remaining balance of Hill's term in the 116th Congress. A separate primary and general election on March 3, 2020, and on November 3, 2020, respectively, was held to determine the representative for the 117th Congress; Garcia narrowly defeated Smith in a rematch.


Buck McKeon (R) represented the district from 1993 until he retired in 2014. Steve Knight (R) then won over Tony Strickland (R) in the 2014 election and served until he was defeated by Katie Hill (D) in 2018 by 8.8 percentage points.

Hill resigned in October 2019 following a scandal in which she admitted to an "inappropriate relationship" with a campaign staffer and nude photos of her were published without her consent.[5]

On November 15, 2019, the Governor of California, Gavin Newsom, issued a proclamation declaring a special election for the 25th Congressional District on May 12, 2020, with a primary on March 3, 2020.[8]

In recent presidential elections the district narrowly voted for Barack Obama (D) in 2008 and Mitt Romney (R) in 2012, while Hillary Clinton (D) won the district by 7 percentage points in 2016.[9]


California uses a primary system in which all candidates run in a single primary regardless of political party.[10] In regular congressional elections, the top two vote getters in the primary advance to a runoff election regardless of party affiliation or vote tally. However, in the special election for the balance of Hill's term, had a candidate received more than 50% of the primary vote, they would have been automatically elected and the runoff election cancelled.[11]

On October 31, 2019, at least a dozen people had filed paperwork with the FEC to run for the seat.[4] According to the certified list of candidates signed by the Secretary of State of California on January 15, 2020, six Democrats and six Republicans had filed for the special election and would appear on the ballot.[12]

Democratic candidate Christopher Smith ended his campaign shortly after participating in the January 9 debate. While stopping short of a full endorsement, he stated "among the remaining field, the progressive candidate with the best chance of winning is Cenk Uygur."[13]

Democratic Party




  • Christopher C. Smith, documentary filmmaker[13]

Republican Party




Special election

The special election and the primary election for the regular general election for California's 25th congressional district was held on March 3, 2020. The normal primary election determined which two candidates would advance to the 2020 general election, while the special election was to determine who will finish the remainder of Hill's term. No candidate in the special election received more than 50% of the vote so the top two candidates advanced to a runoff to be held on May 12, 2020.

Several candidates were on the ballot in both elections on March 3, as these elections concern two different Congresses.[23]


On December 22, 2019, Democratic candidates Christopher Smith, Aníbal Valdéz-Ortega and Cenk Uygur called on Christy Smith, Robert Cooper III and Getro Elize to attend a primary debate "to be held tentatively at College of the Canyons on Thursday, January 9, 2020".[24][25][26] The Talk of Santa Clarita, an interview podcast within the district that hosted a Democratic debate during the 2018 election and has interviewed both Christy Smith and Cenk Uygur,[27] also volunteered to host a primary debate for the Democratic candidates on January 25, 2020.[28]

Uygur stated on January 4 that all of the Democratic candidates, with the notable exception of Christy Smith, will attend a debate in Palmdale (at Transplants Brewing Company) on January 9, 2020.[29][35] Despite receiving an offer by the other candidates to change the date of the debate to better accommodate her, Christy Smith's campaign has stated that her work in the State Assembly prevents her from attending the debate, which is set to be moderated by The Talk of Santa Clarita.[36] Christy Smith's campaign has been given several opportunities to debate on different dates at different venues, including future debates unrelated to the Brewing Company debate, but her campaign also declined, with no reasons given.[37]


Mike Garcia (R)
Federal politicians
Statewide politicians
State legislators
Local politicians
Notable individuals
Kenneth Jenks (R)
Statewide politicians
  • Johnnie Morgan, President CA State Republican Assembly[43]
Local politicians
  • Phil Monroe, Captain USN (Ret) and former Coronado City Councilman[43]
Prominent individuals
  • A. Arvatin, WWII Col. United States Marine Corps (Ret)[43]
  • Jeffrey Smith, Master Sgt USAF (Ret) Iraqi Freedom Warrior of the Month, Enduring Freedom[43]
Christy Smith (D)
  • Kamala Harris, United States Senator from California and former 2020 Democratic presidential candidate and current Vice Presidential Nominee[44]
  • Amy Klobuchar, United States Senator from Minnesota and former 2020 Democratic presidential candidate[45]
Federal politicians
Statewide politicians
State legislators
Local politicians
Labor unions
Notable Individuals
Cenk Uygur (D)

In December 2019, Uygur stated that his campaign does not accept endorsements from outside the 25th district[70]and requested that Bernie Sanders's[71] and Ro Khanna's endorsements be retracted. However, his campaign has received verbal support from the following notable individuals:

Notable individuals
Withdrawn Endorsements
  • Bernie Sanders, US Senator from Vermont and 2020 Democratic presidential candidate[73] (retracted at Uygur's request)[71]
  • Ro Khanna, U.S. Representative (CA-17) (retracted at Uygur's request)'[9]


Results by county: .mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}  Smith—30–40%
Results by county:
2020 California's 25th congressional district special election, March 3[74]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Christy Smith 58,563 36.2%
Republican Mike Garcia 41,169 25.4%
Republican Steve Knight 27,799 17.2%
Democratic Cenk Uygur 10,609 6.6%
Democratic Aníbal Valdez-Ortega 7,368 4.6%
Republican Courtney Lackey 3,072 1.9%
Democratic Robert Cooper III 2,962 1.8%
Republican David Lozano 2,758 1.7%
Republican Daniel Mercuri 2,533 1.6%
Republican Kenneth Jenks 2,528 1.6%
Democratic Getro F. Elize 1,414 0.9%
Democratic David Rudnick 1,085 0.7%
Total votes 161,860 100%


Since no candidate in the March 3, 2020 special election received more than 50.0% of the vote, a runoff election between the top two finishers was held on May 12, 2020.[8]


Mike Garcia (R)
Federal politicians
Statewide politicians
State legislators
Local politicians
Notable individuals

Los Angeles Daily News

Christy Smith (D)
2020 presidential candidates
Federal politicians
Statewide politicians
State legislators
Local politicians
Party officials
Labor unions
Notable Individuals


Source Ranking As of
The Cook Political Report[86] Tossup April 24, 2020
Inside Elections[87] Likely D April 23, 2020
Sabato's Crystal Ball[88] Tossup April 23, 2020
Politico[89] Tossup April 19, 2020


Poll source Date(s)
of error
Garcia (R)
Smith (D)
1892 Polling (R) Mar 8–11, 2020 500 (LV) ± 4.38% 43% 39% 10%


2020 California's 25th congressional district special election runoff, May 12.[90]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Mike Garcia 95,667 54.9% +9.3%
Democratic Christy Smith 78,721 45.1% -9.3%
Total votes 174,388 100.0% N/A
Republican gain from Democratic

Results by county

Candidate Smith Garcia Total
County Votes % Votes %
Los Angeles 61,659 45.9% 72,815 54.1% 134,474
Ventura 17,062 42.7% 22,852 57.3% 39,914

See also


  1. ^ Key:
    A – all adults
    RV – registered voters
    LV – likely voters
    V – unclear
Partisan clients


  1. ^ Johnson, Martin (November 15, 2019). "California governor sets special election to replace Katie Hill". TheHill. Retrieved November 17, 2019.
  2. ^ Foran, Clare (May 13, 2020). "Republicans win back California House seat they lost in 2018 after Democrat concedes". CNN. Retrieved May 13, 2020.
  3. ^ Greenwood, Max (May 13, 2020). "Republican flips House seat in California special election". The Hill. Retrieved May 13, 2020.
  4. ^ a b Dzhanova, Yelena (October 31, 2019). "Rep. Katie Hill says she's quitting the House 'because of a double standard' for women". CNBC. Retrieved October 31, 2019.
  5. ^ a b "Katie Hill admits to relationship with campaign staffer after ethics probe announced over separate alleged relationship". CNN. October 23, 2019. Archived from the original on October 24, 2019. Retrieved December 28, 2019.
  6. ^ Cochrane, Emily (October 27, 2019). "Katie Hill Will Resign From Congress Amid Ethics Investigation". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved November 14, 2019.
  7. ^ Stack, Liam; Holson, Laura M. (October 31, 2019). "Katie Hill Gives Farewell Speech to Congress, Denouncing 'Gutter Politics'". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved November 14, 2019.
  8. ^ a b Padilla, Alex (November 15, 2019). "Governor Newsom Issues Proclamations Declaring Special Elections for 25th Congressional District and 28th Senate District - California Governor". Office of Governor. California: Government of California. Retrieved December 28, 2019. I, GAVIN NEWSOM, Governor of the State of California, do hereby proclaim and order that a special election shall be held on the 12th day of May 2020, within the 25th Congressional District of the State
  9. ^ a b c d Tolan, Casey (December 19, 2019). "Why Katie Hill's former district could be home to the wildest congressional race of 2020 - Daily News". California: Los Angeles Daily News. Retrieved December 28, 2019.
  10. ^ "Primary Elections in California | California Secretary of State". Retrieved October 28, 2019.
  11. ^ Bowman, Bridget (October 28, 2019). "Katie Hill's exit shakes up competitive race in Southern California". Roll Call. Retrieved October 30, 2019.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Padilla, Alex (January 15, 2020). "CERTIFIED LIST OF CANDIDATES CD 25 - certified-list" (PDF). State of California. Secretary of State. Retrieved January 15, 2020.
  13. ^ a b "Documentary filmmaker Christopher Smith suspends congressional campaign". KHTS. January 14, 2020. Retrieved January 21, 2020.
  14. ^ Padilla, Alex [@AlexPadilla4CA] (October 30, 2019). "I am touched and humbled by the encouragement I received to run for the 25th Congressional District, but this is not the right time for me to do so" (Tweet). Retrieved October 30, 2019 – via Twitter.
  15. ^ Bowman, Bridget (October 28, 2019). "Katie Hill's exit shakes up competitive race in Southern California". Roll Call. Retrieved October 28, 2019.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h "FLURRY OF ENDORSEMENTS CONTINUES TO FALL CHRISTY SMITH'S WAY IN CA-25". Christy Smith for Congress. December 6, 2019.
  17. ^ Baskin, Morgan (October 30, 2019). "The Race to Replace Katie Hill in Congress Is Already a Circus". Vice.
  18. ^ Lunetta, Caleb (November 9, 2019). "Former Rep. Steve Knight officially announces bid for congressional seat". Santa Clarita Valley Signal. Retrieved November 9, 2019.
  19. ^ "Are you ready for the Cenk/Cerno debates? CA25 is going to be a mother fucking clash!". @cernovich. November 14, 2019. Retrieved November 14, 2019.
  20. ^ a b c "CA-25: Rep. Katie Hill (D) Resigns". RRH Elections. Retrieved October 28, 2019.
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq Garcia, Mike (2019). "Endorsements - Mike Garcia for Congress". California: Mike Garcia for Congress. Archived from the original on December 12, 2019. Retrieved January 3, 2020.
  22. ^ a b Miller, Devon (November 18, 2019). "UPDATE: Angela Underwood-Jacobs, Mark Cripe Suspend Congressional Campaigns". KHTS AM 1220. Santa Clarita Latest News. Retrieved November 18, 2019.
  23. ^ @judabuzen (November 26, 2019). "I'm voting twice (yes, 2 Times!!!) for @ChristyforCA25 on March 3, 2020 ... Once for the Special Election and Once for the Primary Election !! 👍💙👍" (Tweet). Retweeted by Christy Smith. Retrieved January 3, 2020 – via Twitter.
  24. ^ Uygur, Cenk [@cenkuygur] (December 23, 2019). "Cenk Uygur on Twitter: 'We're calling on @ChristyforCA25 to join us for a debate next month so we can finally have an actual discussion on the issues.'" (Tweet). Retrieved December 24, 2019 – via Twitter.
  25. ^ Smith, Christopher [@Christopher_C_S] (December 23, 2019). ".@christyforca25 @AsmChristySmith The people of #CA25 deserve a #debate. #progress #greennewdeal #medicareforall …" (Tweet). Retrieved December 30, 2019 – via Twitter.
  26. ^ Valdez-Ortega, Aníbal [@AVOrtega3] (December 23, 2019). "The people deserve to have their concerns addressed in a public forum, and the Democratic candidates for CA-25 owe it to them to express their policy and their plan to represent the district. This is an open call for a public debate" (Tweet). Retrieved December 27, 2019 – via Twitter.
  27. ^ Daniels, Stephen (August 1, 2018). "The Talk of Santa Clarita: Episode 103 The 25th Congressional District Primary Debate 4.28.18". Youtube (Videotape). Santa Clarita, California: Radio Free Santa Clarita. The Talk of Santa Clarita. Retrieved January 4, 2020.
  28. ^ Talk of Santa Clarita [@thetalkofsc] (December 23, 2019). "TalkofSantaClarita on Twitter: '@cenkuygur I am willing to host a debate for the dem candidates on the 25th of January in front of a live audience if all four candidates will commit. Are you in?'" (Tweet). Retrieved December 24, 2019 – via Twitter.
  29. ^ Uygur, Cenk (January 4, 2020). Why Do I Sometimes Oppose Pelosi? (Videotape). Castaic, California: Cenk for Congress. Retrieved January 4, 2020. We're doing a debate on January 9, [...] We're gonna do it in Palmdale in the Antelope Valley. And every democrat is coming, uh, oh sorry, except [Christy Smith].
  30. ^ Smith, Christy [@ChristyforCA25] (December 28, 2019). "Hey Fellas- Got your letter. 1. It's Assemblywoman Smith 2. Thanks for the firefighter stamp- proud to have their endorsement 3. Return address not in #CA25?? Supporters- first fundraising deadline 12/31:" (Tweet). Retrieved January 4, 2020 – via Twitter.
  31. ^ Uygur, Cenk [@cenkuygur] (December 29, 2019). "All of the Democratic candidates sent a letter to the establishment Dem in the #CA25 race asking her to debate. She said no because she's entitled to the seat. Then added: "Hey Fellas- Got your letter. 1. It's Assemblywoman Smith." I love how she thinks she's Lt. Col. Vindman" (Tweet). Retrieved January 4, 2020 – via Twitter.
  32. ^ Smith, Christopher [@Christopher_C_S] (December 30, 2019). "Why won't @ChristyForCA25 debate? Every other Dem candidate in the #CA25 race will be there, why won't she? Perhaps she's afraid to reveal how little she knows about federal issues or maybe she'll wither under actual scrutiny. Endorsements can't help her #debates! #progressnow" (Tweet). Archived from the original on January 11, 2020. Retrieved January 4, 2020 – via Twitter.
  33. ^ Valdez-Ortega, Aníbal (2020). "25th District Democratic Debate". California: Valdez-Ortega for Congress. Retrieved January 7, 2020. Debate of the Democratic candidates for California’s 25th Congressional District. Confirmed attendees: Aníbal Valdez-Ortega, Cenk Uygur, Christopher Smith, Getro Elize. [.../] January 9, 2020 6:30 pm – 10:00 pm Transplants Brewing Company, 40242 La Quinta Ln, Unit 101, Palmdale, CA 93551
  34. ^ Transplants Brewing Company (January 6, 2020). "Defend the 25th District!". Palmdale, California. Retrieved January 7, 2020. Join us for the first CA-25 Democratic debate being held right here at Transplants this Thursday at 6:30PM! The following candidates have confirmed their attendance: Cenk Uygur[,] Anibal Valdez-Ortega[,] Christopher Smith for Congress[, &] Getro Elize for Congress[.] We expect a big turnout and media presence, come early and claim your seat!
  35. ^ [30][31][32][33][34]
  36. ^ Martin, Brittany (January 7, 2020). "A CA-25 Debate Will Take Place Thursday–Without the Top Dem in the Race". California. Los Angeles Magazine. Retrieved January 8, 2020.
  37. ^ Bookout, Jed (January 10, 2020). "The Democratic Party's Pick to Fill Katie Hill's Seat Wasn't at Last Night's Debate—but She Still Loomed Large". California. Los Angeles Magazine. Retrieved January 10, 2020.
  38. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Tash, Debra (January 12, 2020). "POLITICS - LA GOP Endorses Navy Fighter Pilot Mike Garcia for Congress". CitizensJournal. Ventura County, California. Retrieved January 15, 2020.
  39. ^ a b c d Garcia, Mike [@MikeGarcia2020] (January 17, 2020). "I'm proud to have the official endorsements of Simi Valley Councilwoman Dee Dee Cavanaugh and former Simi Councilwoman Barbra Williamson. Below is a recap of the endorsements Team Garcia has earned so far. Continuing to climb and accelerate!!!!" (Tweet). Retrieved January 18, 2020 – via Twitter.
  40. ^ a b "Combat Veterans for Congress | Electing Fiscal Conservatives".
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  45. ^ "The Win Big Project".
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  70. ^ Martin, Jeffery (December 13, 2019). "Bernie Sanders retracts endorsement of 'Young Turks' founder Cenk Uygur, who says he's no longer accepting endorsements". Newsweek. Retrieved December 14, 2019.
  71. ^ a b Uygur, Cenk (December 15, 2019). "Jimmy Dore Interviews Cenk Uygur". The Jimmy Dore Show (Interview). Interviewed by Jimmy Dore. California. And it actually took a ton of courage for a presidential candidate [Bernie Sanders], at the most important time in his campaign, to back a guy like me knowing how much the establishment hates me and would attack me. It took a ton of courage to do that in the first place, and I asked him to take it back because I didn't want it to hurt his campaign.
  72. ^ a b c Wu, Brianna (December 23, 2019). "Progressive Women Candidates for Congress, Media Leaders and Activists Write Open Letter of Support for Cenk Uygur". Medium. Retrieved December 25, 2019. On every issue, from reproductive justice to equal pay — Mr. Uygur has demonstrated in the time since that he is on the side of American women. We believe people are defined by their actions as well as their words and we would invite Mr. Uygur’s critics to look particularly at the strong intersectional work of The Young Turks under his leadership. [...] We believe these things speak to his integrity, and how he would conduct himself as a public servant if he’s elected to serve the people of California in the House of Representatives.
  73. ^ Medina, Jennifer (December 13, 2019). "Bernie Sanders Retracts Endorsement of Cenk Uygur After Criticism". The New York Times.
  74. ^ "Final Official Election Results - Congressional District 25 | California Secretary of State". Retrieved May 13, 2020.
  75. ^ "Election 2020: GOP's Steve Knight endorses Mike Garcia in northern LA County race for Congress". Daily News. March 11, 2020.
  76. ^ @WINRED (May 9, 2020). "Special Alert for #CA25: @EliseStefanik & @DanCrenshawTX are rallying on WinRed to help @MikeGarcia2020 win: …" (Tweet). Retrieved May 13, 2020 – via Twitter.
  77. ^ Waltz, Michael [@michaelgwaltz] (May 10, 2020). "California needs new leadership and we need more veterans in Congress! #CA25 …" (Tweet). Retrieved May 13, 2020 – via Twitter.
  78. ^ Klar, Rebecca (May 5, 2020). "Obama endorses Democrat in California special House election". TheHill.
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External links

Official campaign websites
Public forum with candidates
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