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2020 British Columbia general election

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

2020 British Columbia general election

← 2017 October 24, 2020 (2020-10-24) Next →

87 seats in the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia
44 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
  First party Second party Third party
 
John Horgan 2015.jpg
Andrew Wilkinson 2015.jpg
Sonia Furstenau (cropped).jpg
Leader John Horgan Andrew Wilkinson Sonia Furstenau
Party New Democratic Liberal Green
Leader since May 4, 2014 February 3, 2018 September 14, 2020
Leader's seat Langford-Juan de Fuca Vancouver-Quilchena Cowichan Valley
Last election 41 seats, 40.29% 43 seats, 40.37% 3 seats, 16.83%
Seats before 41 41 2
Seats won 57 28 2
Seat change Increase 16 Decrease 13 Steady
Popular vote 899,388 636,759 284,326
Percentage 47.70% 33.77% 15.08%
Swing Increase 7.42 pp Decrease 6.60 pp Decrease 1.74 pp

Premier before election

John Horgan
New Democratic

Premier after election

John Horgan
New Democratic

The 2020 British Columbia general election (formally the 42nd British Columbia general election) was held on October 24, 2020, to elect members of the Legislative Assembly to serve in the 42nd parliament of the Canadian province of British Columbia. The incumbent New Democratic Party of British Columbia won a majority government, making John Horgan the first leader in the history of the British Columbia New Democratic Party to win a second consecutive term as Premier.[2] The incoming Legislature marks the first time the NDP commanded an outright majority government in BC since the 1996 election, as well as the first province-wide popular vote win for the party since 1991.

Horgan called a snap election on September 21, 2020, the first early election in the province since the 1986 election. Horgan portrayed the call for an early election as required for stability given the fact that the BC NDP was governing with a minority of seats in the Legislative Assembly, but his decision was criticized by both the NDP's confidence and supply partner, the British Columbia Green Party, and the province's Official Opposition, the British Columbia Liberal Party, as opportunistic.

Liberal leader Andrew Wilkinson resigned two days after the election, but remained as leader until November 23.[3]

Background

This election took place under first-past-the-post rules, as proportional representation had been rejected with 61.3% voting against it in the 2018 referendum.[4]

Section 23 of British Columbia's Constitution Act provides that general elections occur on the third Saturday in October of the fourth calendar year after the last election.[5] The fixed election date was previously set for the second Tuesday in May — tentatively making the next election date May 12, 2021; but the BC NDP passed legislation in 2017 amending the section of the constitution pertaining to the set election day.[6] The same section, though, makes the fixed election date subject to the Lieutenant Governor's prerogative to dissolve the Legislative Assembly as he or she sees fit (in practice, on the advice of the Premier or following a vote of non-confidence).[5][7]

This prerogative was exercised on September 21, 2020, when Premier John Horgan called a snap election, thus dissolving the 41st Parliament.[8] The writ of election was issued the same day, commencing a 32-day campaign. This was the first election in BC in nearly two decades to not have been held on the fixed date, following four successive elections which had adhered to fixed-date legislation under amendments to the Constitution Act introduced by the Liberal government under Gordon Campbell and passed shortly after the Liberals came into power subsequent to the 2001 election. It was also the first time a BC government had gone to the polls before the expiration of its mandate since the Social Credit government under Bill Vander Zalm called an early election in 1986.

This election was the second Canadian provincial election held during the COVID-19 pandemic, after the September 2020 election in New Brunswick – also a snap election. Due to the pandemic, more than 720,000 people requested mail-in ballots. Elections BC expected that 35 to 40 percent of ballots would be sent by mail, compared to 1 percent historically. Advance voting took place between October 15 and 21, with more than 681,000 people voting ahead of the election date.[2][9][10][11] Due to the significant increase in mail-in voting, the actual full results of the election were unlikely to be known for three or more weeks after voting day, with officials giving a tentative date of November 16 for the release of official results.[2][12]

The election occurred only three years and five months after the 2017 election and during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic in Canada. By the terms of the confidence and supply agreement that had been struck between the NDP and the Green Party, the NDP had been barred from calling a snap election and from holding an election before the fixed date. The premier defended his decision to call an early election, claiming that the province needed the government to have a strong mandate and stability to deal with the challenges of the pandemic for the coming years; the governing New Democrats did not have a majority of seats in the legislature, relying on confidence and supply from the Greens for a slim combined majority. An Ipsos poll conducted for Global News and radio station CKNW found that 46 percent of people disapproved of the snap election call, while 32 percent approved.[13] Horgan and the BC NDP had been enjoying popularity in the polls during the summer and throughout the pandemic.[14][15][16][17]

Campaign

On September 21, 2020, the BC NDP chose Nathan Cullen, a longtime party member and former member of Parliament for the federal NDP, to be the New Democratic candidate in the riding of Stikine, which is located in northwestern BC and was previously represented by Doug Donaldson. Cullen, a white man, was nominated after the NDP attempted, but failed, to find a person wanting to run who was a person from an "equity-seeking" group, such as a woman or Indigenous person; the party's policy required that a vacancy left by a male MLA not running for re-election must be filled by a person from these groups. Annita McPhee, an Indigenous woman of the Tahltan Nation who had served as president of the Tahltan Central Government, previously declared her intention to become the NDP candidate, but was not considered by the NDP. The NDP said that McPhee's application contained invalid signatures, and Cullen was nominated before the paperwork problem could be resolved. According to a party official, McPhee had indicated that she did not want to be associated with the NDP following the 2019 federal election, which was denied by McPhee.[18][19][20][21]

On September 28, BC Liberal leader Andrew Wilkinson promised a one-year tax holiday on the 7% provincial sales tax, at an estimated cost of $6.9 billion, and to thereafter set it to 3% for the following year, at an estimated cost of $3.9 billion, saying that it would stimulate the economy.[22][23]

On September 30, NDP leader John Horgan promised to improve conditions at long-term care homes, at a cost of $1.4 billion.[24]

The NDP filed a complaint to Elections BC against Liberal candidate Garry Thind, accusing him of violating the Elections Act by attempting to collect voters' information in order to provide them with a ballot.[25]

On October 4, the BC Liberals announced that they would pause the transition in Surrey from an RCMP force to a local police department, and that they would hold a referendum of whether the city's switch to a local police department should be reversed.[26]

On October 8, the NDP announced that they would commit to building, contingent on contributions from the federal government, the entire 16-kilometre (9.9 mi) SkyTrain Expo Line extension to Langley Centre by 2025.[27]

Retiring incumbents

Liberals

New Democrats

Independent members

Political parties

Major parties

Liberal

 

The British Columbia Liberal Party is a centre-right party led by Andrew Wilkinson. In the previous election, it won 43 seats but was reduced to 41 at dissolution. In the 41st Parliament, the BC Liberals served as the Official Opposition after briefly forming a minority government under then-premier Christy Clark, which was defeated on a confidence vote held 2 months after the 2017 British Columbia general election. The party ran candidates in all 87 ridings.[43]

New Democratic

 

The British Columbia New Democratic Party (NDP) is a social democratic centre-left party led by John Horgan. It had 41 seats in the outgoing Legislative Assembly and governed BC with a minority government. The party entered a confidence and supply agreement with the Greens following the previous election, allowing the NDP to form government despite being the party with the second-largest share of seats. It ran candidates in all 87 ridings.[43]

Green

 

The Green Party of British Columbia is led by Sonia Furstenau. It won 3 seats in the previous election but had been reduced to 2 seats by the time the 2020 election was called. The Green Party supported the minority NDP government by providing confidence and supply. It ran candidates in 74 out of the 87 ridings.[43]

Minor parties

Christian Heritage

 

The Christian Heritage Party of British Columbia (CHP) is led by Laura-Lynn Tyler Thompson. It ran candidates in 5 ridings.[43]

Communist

 

The Communist Party of British Columbia (Comm.) is led by Timothy Gidora.[44] It ran candidates in 5 ridings.[43]

Conservative

 

The Conservative Party of British Columbia (Con.) is led by Trevor Bolin. It ran candidates in 19 ridings.[43]

Libertarian

 

The British Columbia Libertarian Party (Ltn.) is led by Donald Wilson. It ran candidates in 25 ridings.[43]

Rural

 

The Rural BC Party is led by Jonathan Van Barneveld. It ran a candidate in 1 riding.[43]

Vision

 

The BC Vision party is led by Jagmohan Bhandari. It ran candidates in 3 ridings.[43]

Wexit

 

Wexit BC became a registered party with Elections BC in 2020.[45] Its leader is Lee Smith.[46] It ran candidates in 2 ridings.[43]

Independents

 

Along with the parties above, 24 individuals ran as independent candidates across 22 ridings.[43]

Debates

Leaders' debates of the 2020 British Columbia general election
No. Date Place Organizer(s) Topic Moderator Language Participants References
 P  Participant  A  Absent invitee
 N  Non-invitee  O  Out of race (exploring, withdrawn or disqualified)
Andrew Wilkinson John Horgan Sonia Furstenau Other leaders
1 October 13, 2020 Chan Centre, University of British Columbia Various Shachi Kurl English P P P N [47][48]
2 October 15, 2020 Radio, by telephone CKNW Various Simi Sara English P P P N [49][50]

Results

These are the final results, which include mail-in and absentee ballots.

57 28 2
New Democratic Liberal Green
Summary of the 2020 British Columbia Legislative election
Party Leader[51] Candidates[52] Seats Votes
2017 Dissolution Elected % Change # % Change (pp)
New Democratic John Horgan 87 41 41 57 65.52 +16 899,388 47.70 +7.41  
Liberal Andrew Wilkinson 87 43 41 28 32.18 -15 636,759 33.77 -6.60  
Green Sonia Furstenau 74 3 2 2 2.3 -1 284,326 15.08 -1.75  
Conservative Trevor Bolin 19 0 0 0 0 0 35,822 1.90 +1.37  
  Independent 24 0 2 0 0 0 10,447 0.86 -0.20  
Libertarian Donald Wilson 25 0 0 0 0 0 6,814 0.56 +0.17  
Christian Heritage Laura-Lynn Tyler Thompson 5 0 0 0 0 0 3,895 0.21 +0.04  
Communist Timothy Gidora 5 0 0 0 0 0 786 0.04 +0.00  
Vision Jagmohan Bhandari 3 0 0 0 0 0 761 0.04 N/A
Rural BC Party Jonathan Van Barneveld 1 0 0 0 0 0 754 0.04 N/A
Wexit BC Lee Smith 2 0 0 0 0 0 673 0.04 N/A
  Vacant 0 1 N/A
Blank and invalid votes
Total 332 87 87 87 100.0 0 100.0 0
Registered voters / turnout
Sources:[53][54]
Popular vote
NDP
47.70%
Liberal
33.77%
Green
15.08%
Others
3.44%
Seats
NDP
65.52%
Liberal
32.18%
Green
2.3%

Detailed analysis

Position attained in seats contested
Party Seats Second Third Fourth Fifth Sixth
New Democratic 57 27 3
Liberal 28 43 16
Green 2 15 53 4
Conservative 2 4 13
Independents 3 10 9 2
Christian Heritage 2 2 1
Vision 2 1
Libertarian 1 14 9 1
Communist 3 2
Wexit 2
Rural 1
Principal races, according to 1st- and 2nd-place results
Parties Seats
 Green  New Democratic 2
 Liberal  Conservative 2
 Liberal  New Democratic 25
 Liberal  Green 1
 New Democratic  Green 14
 New Democratic  Liberal 43
Total 87

Candidates by riding

  • Names in bold are outgoing cabinet ministers, and names in italics are party leaders. The premier is in both.
  • dagger denotes incumbent MLAs who are not seeking re-election.
  • double-dagger denotes incumbent MLAs who are seeking re-election in a different riding.
  • A riding name in brackets below the name of the incumbent MLA indicates the name of the predecessor riding contested in the last election.
  • Candidate names are given as they appeared on the ballot, and may include formal names and middle names that the candidate does not use in day-to-day political life. For example, Greg Kyllo appeared on the ballot as Gregory James Kyllo.

Northern British Columbia

Electoral District Candidates   Incumbent
  Liberal   NDP   Green   Libertarian Other
Nechako Lakes John Rustad[55]
4,611 - 52.24%
Anne Marie Sam[56]
3,031 - 34.34%
Jon Rempel
403 - 4.57%
  • Dan Stuart (CHP)[43]
    413 - 4.68%
  • Margo Maley (ind.)
    368 - 4.17%
John Rustad
North Coast Roy Jones Jr.[55]
1,429 - 22.90%
Jennifer Rice[57]
4,544 - 72.82%
Jody Craven
267 - 4.28%
Jennifer Rice
Peace River North Dan Davies[55]
6,746 - 55.76%
Danielle Monroe[58]
1,202 - 9.94%
Trevor Bolin (Cons.)
4,150 - 34.30%
Dan Davies
Peace River South Mike Bernier[55]
3,862 - 51.19%
Cory Grizz Longley[59]
1,180 - 15.64%
  • Kathleen Connolly (Cons.)[60]
    2,303 - 30.53%
  • Dorothy Sharon Smith (Wexit)
    199 - 2.64%
Mike Bernier
Prince George-Mackenzie Mike Morris[55]
8,543 - 50.80%
Joan Atkinson
5,717 - 33.99%
Catharine Kendall[61]
1,935 - 11.51%
Raymond Rodgers[62]
287 - 1.71%
Dee Kranz (CHP)
336 - 2.00%
Mike Morris
Prince George-Valemount Shirley Bond[55]
9,703 - 55.62%
Laura Parent[63]
4,717 - 27.04%
Mackenzie Kerr[64]
2,597 - 14.89%
Sean Robson[65]
428 - 2.45%
Shirley Bond
Skeena Ellis Ross[55]
5,810 - 52.06%
Nicole Halbauer[56]
4,961 - 44.45%
Martin Holzbauer (ind.)
389 - 3.49%
Ellis Ross
Stikine Gordon Sebastian[55]
1,904 - 26.32%
Nathan Cullen[66]
3,745 - 51.77%
  • Rod Taylor (CHP)
    831 - 11.49%
  • Darcy Repen (Rural)
    754 - 10.42%
Incumbent MLA not seeking re-electionDoug Donaldson

Kootenays

Electoral District Candidates   Incumbent
  Liberal   NDP   Green Other
Columbia River-Revelstoke Doug Clovechok[55]
7,034 - 48.03%
Nicole Cherlet[67]
5,708 - 38.97%
Samson Boyer[68]
1,904 - 13.00%
Doug Clovechok
Kootenay East Tom Shypitka[55]
9,897 - 57.90%
Wayne Stetski[69]
5,499 - 32.17%
Kerri Wall[68]
1,697 - 9.93%
Tom Shypitka
Kootenay West Corbin Kelley[55]
1,975 - 11.16%
Katrine Conroy[56]
10,822 - 61.15%
Andrew Duncan
3,040 - 17.18%
  • Glen Byle (Cons.)
    1,447 - 8.18%
  • Ed Varney (ind.)
    224 - 1.27%
  • Fletcher Quince (ind.)
    189 - 1.07%
Katrine Conroy
Nelson-Creston Tanya Finley[55]
4,171 - 23.89%
Brittny Anderson[56]
7,296 - 41.78%
Nicole Charlwood[70]
5,611 - 32.13%
Terry Tiessen (Ltn.)
384 - 2.20%
Incumbent MLA not seeking re-electionMichelle Mungall

Okanagan, Shuswap and Boundary

Electoral District Candidates   Incumbent
  Liberal   NDP   Green Other
Boundary-Similkameen Petra Veintimilla[55]
7,735 - 36.72%
Roly Russell[56]
10,500 - 49.85%
Darryl Seres (Cons.)
2,354 - 11.18%
Arlyn Greig (Wexit)
474 - 2.25%
Incumbent MLA not seeking re-electionLinda Larson
Kelowna-Lake Country Norm Letnick[55]
14,679 - 55.73%
Justin Kulik[71]
7,121 - 27.04%
John Janmaat[72]
3,833 - 14.55%
  • Kyle Geronazzo (Ltn.)
    515 - 1.96%
  • Silverado Socrates (ind.)
    190 - 0.72%
Norm Letnick
Kelowna-Mission Renee Merrifield[55]
13,483 - 50.76%
Krystal Smith[71]
8,605 - 32.39%
Amanda Poon[72]
4,476 - 16.85%
Incumbent MLA not seeking re-electionSteve Thomson
Kelowna West Ben Stewart[55]
12,991 - 49.89%
Spring Hawes[73]
8,854 - 34.00%
Peter Truch[72]
3,274 - 12.57%
  • Matt Badura (Ltn.)[74]
    474 - 1.82%
  • Magee Mitchell (ind.)
    446 - 1.71%
Ben Stewart
Penticton Dan Ashton[55]
13,217 - 48.19%
Toni Boot[56]
10,343 - 37.71%
Ted Shumaker[72]
3,152 - 11.49%
Keith MacIntyre (Ltn.)[75]
717 - 2.61%
Dan Ashton
Shuswap Greg Kyllo[55]
13,300 - 51.35%
Sylvia Lindgren[73]
8,816 - 34.04%
Owen Madden[72]
3,784 - 14.61%
Greg Kyllo
Vernon-Monashee Eric Foster[55]
9,798 - 35.05%
Harwinder Sandhu[73]
10,222 - 36.56%
Keli Westgate[76]
4,464 - 15.97%
Kyle Delfing (Cons.)
3,472 - 12.42%
Eric Foster

Thompson and Cariboo

Electoral District Candidates   Incumbent
  Liberal   NDP   Green Other
Cariboo-Chilcotin Lorne Doerkson[55]
6,600 - 51.25%
Scott Andrews[77]
4,180 - 32.46%
David Laing[78]
1,379 - 10.71%
  • Katya Potekhina (ind.)
    457 - 3.55%
  • James Buckley (Ltn.)
    263 - 2.04%
Incumbent MLA not seeking re-electionDonna Barnett
Cariboo North Coralee Oakes[55]
5,367 - 48.42%
Scott Elliott[73]
3,809 - 34.36%
Douglas Gook
707 - 6.38%
Kyle Townsend (Cons.)
1,201 - 10.84%
Coralee Oakes
Fraser-Nicola Jackie Tegart[55]
5,696 - 41.64%
Aaron Sumexheltza[56]
5,414 - 39.58%
Jonah Timms[79]
1,788 - 13.07%
  • Dennis Adamson (ind.)[80]
    438 - 3.20%
  • Mike Bhangu (ind.)
    343 - 2.51%
Jackie Tegart
Kamloops-North Thompson Peter Milobar[55]
9,341 - 40.99%
Sadie Hunter[73]
9,145 - 40.13%
Thomas Martin[76]
2,224 - 9.76%
  • Dennis Giesbrecht (Cons.)[81]
    1,928 - 8.46%
  • Brandon Russell (ind.)
    149 - 0.65%
Peter Milobar
Kamloops-South Thompson Todd Stone[55]
13,453 - 51.14%
Anna Thomas[82]
8,575 - 32.60%
Dan Hines[68]
4,276 - 16.26%
Todd Stone

Fraser Valley

Electoral District Candidates   Incumbent
  Liberal   NDP   Green   Conservative Other
Abbotsford-Mission Simon Gibson[55]
9,620 - 38.12%
Pam Alexis[83]
10,364 - 41.07%
Stephen Fowler[61]
2,667 - 10.57%
Trevor Hamilton
1,989 - 7.88%
Aeriol Alderking (CHP)
595 - 2.36%
Simon Gibson
Abbotsford South Bruce Banman[55]
9,730 - 44.69%
Inder Johal[58]
7,706 - 35.39%
Aird Flavelle[76]
2,617 - 12.02%
Laura-Lynn Thompson (CHP)
1,720 - 7.90%
Incumbent MLA not seeking re-electionDarryl Plecas[a]
Abbotsford West Mike de Jong[55]
8,880 - 45.51%
Preet Rai[73]
7,119 - 36.49%
Kevin Eastwood[61]
1,671 - 8.56%
Michael Henshall
1,766 - 9.05%
Sukhi Gill (Vision)
75 - 0.38%
Mike de Jong
Chilliwack John Martin[55]
5,102 - 28.85%
Dan Coulter[73]
7,349 - 41.56%
Tim Cooper
1,888 - 10.68%
Diane Janzen[84]
2,910 - 16.46%
  • Josue Anderson (ind.)
    257 - 1.45%
  • Andrew Coombes (Ltn.)
    177 - 1.00%
John Martin
Chilliwack-Kent Laurie Throness[85][b]
6,964 - 30.68%
Kelli Paddon[73]
8,268 - 36.42%
Jeff Hammersmark[68]
1,822 - 8.03%
  • Jason Lum (ind.)
    5,370 - 23.65%
  • Eli Gagne (Ltn.)
    278 - 1.22%
Laurie Throness
Langley Mary Polak[55]
8,014 - 34.09%
Andrew Mercier[93]
11,089 - 47.17%
Bill Masse[94]
2,469 - 10.50%
Shelly Jan[95]
1,936 - 8.24%
Mary Polak
Langley East Margaret Kunst[55]
10,385 - 33.56%
Megan Dykeman[96]
13,169 - 42.56%
Cheryl Wiens[97]
3,533 - 11.42%
Ryan Warawa[98]
3,428 - 11.08%
  • Alex Joehl (Ltn.)
    231 - 0.75%
  • Tara Reeve (ind.)
    195 - 0.63%
Incumbent MLA not seeking re-electionRich Coleman
Maple Ridge-Mission Chelsa Meadus[55]
9,009 - 33.75%
Bob D'Eith[56]
14,721 - 55.15%
Matt Trenholm[76]
2,962 - 11.10%
Bob D'Eith
Maple Ridge-Pitt Meadows Cheryl Ashlie[55]
9,163 - 36.59%
Lisa Beare[56]
15,877 - 63.41%
Lisa Beare

Surrey

Electoral District Candidates   Incumbent
  Liberal   NDP   Green Other
Surrey-Cloverdale Marvin Hunt[55]
8,758 - 35.12%
Mike Starchuk
12,992 - 52.10%
Rebecca Smith[72]
2,169 - 8.70%
  • Aisha Bali (Cons.)[99]
    867 - 3.48%
  • Marcella Williams (ind.)
    149 - 0.60%
Marvin Hunt
Surrey-Fleetwood Garry Thind[55]
5,776 - 30.72%
Jagrup Brar[56]
11,457 - 60.93%
Dean McGee[61]
1,571 - 8.35%
Jagrup Brar
Surrey-Green Timbers Dilraj Atwal[55]
5,540 - 40.41%
Rachna Singh
8,171 - 59.59%
Rachna Singh
Surrey-Guildford Dave Hans[55]
5,139 - 29.93%
Garry Begg[43]
10,403 - 60.59%
Jodi Murphy
1,345 - 7.83%
Sam Kofalt (ind.)
282 - 1.64%
Garry Begg
Surrey-Newton Paul Boparai[55]
3,911 - 27.55%
Harry Bains[56]
8,893 - 62.64%
Asad Syed
1,393 - 9.81%
Harry Bains
Surrey-Panorama Gulzar Cheema[55]
9,607 - 42.89%
Jinny Sims[56]
12,336 - 55.07%
Sophie Shrestha (Vision)
458 - 2.04%
Jinny Sims
Surrey South Stephanie Cadieux[55]
12,970 - 47.36%
Pauline Greaves[73]
11,794 - 43.06%
Tim Ibbotson
2,623 - 9.58%
Stephanie Cadieux
Surrey-Whalley Shaukat Khan[55]
4,052 - 26.15%
Bruce Ralston
10,994 - 70.94%
Bruce Ralston
Surrey-White Rock Trevor Halford[55]
10,718 - 39.51%
Bryn Smith[73]
10,494 - 38.69%
Beverly Hobby
3,862 - 14.24%
  • Megan Knight (ind.)
    1,607 - 5.92%
  • Jason Bax (Ltn.)
    443 - 1.63%
Vacant[c]

Richmond and Delta

Electoral District Candidates   Incumbent
  Liberal   NDP   Green Other
Delta North Jet Sunner[55]
7,179 - 33.37%
Ravi Kahlon[56]
12,215 - 56.78%
Neema Manral[68]
2,120 - 9.85%
Ravi Kahlon
Delta South Ian Paton[55]
12,828 - 51.70%
Bruce Reid[58]
8,404 - 33.87%
Peter van der Velden[72]
3,581 - 14.43%
Ian Paton
Richmond North Centre Teresa Wat[55]
7,675 - 51.26%
Jaeden Dela Torre[58]
5,964 - 39.83%
Vernon Wang
1,333 - 8.90%
Teresa Wat
Richmond-Queensborough Jas Johal[55]
7,728 - 39.15%
Aman Singh[56]
9,406 - 47.65%
Earl Einarson[61]
1,496 - 7.58%
Kay Hale (Cons.)[43]
1,108 - 5.61%
Jas Johal
Richmond South Centre Alexa Loo[55]
6,564 - 49.33%
Henry Yao[101]
6,743 - 50.67%
Incumbent MLA not seeking re-electionLinda Reid
Richmond-Steveston Matt Pitcairn[55]
9,398 - 45.59%
Kelly Greene[102]
10,733 - 52.07%
Vince Li (ind.)
483 - 2.34%
Incumbent MLA not seeking re-electionJohn Yap

Burnaby, New Westminster, and the Tri-Cities

Electoral District Candidates   Incumbent
  Liberal   NDP   Green Other
Burnaby-Deer Lake Glynnis Hoi Sum Chan[55]
5,163 - 31.81%
Anne Kang[43]
9,190 - 56.62%
Mehreen Chaudry[103]
1,878 - 11.57%
Anne Kang
Burnaby-Edmonds Tripat Atwal[55]
4,754 - 26.65%
Raj Chouhan[56]
11,063 - 62.01%
Iqbal Parekh
2,023 - 11.34%
Raj Chouhan
Burnaby-Lougheed Tariq Malik[55]
5,386 - 25.81%
Katrina Chen[56]
12,574 - 60.25%
Andrew Williamson
2,628 - 12.59%
Dominique Paynter (Ltn.)
281 - 1.35%
Katrina Chen
Burnaby North Raymond Dong[55]
6,846 - 30.69%
Janet Routledge[56]
12,894 - 57.80%
Norine Shim[68]
2,568 - 11.51%
Janet Routledge
Coquitlam-Burke Mountain Joan Isaacs[55]
8,324 - 36.22%
Fin Donnelly[56]
12,627 - 54.94%
Adam Bremner-Akins[76]
2,033 - 8.85%
Joan Isaacs
Coquitlam-Maillardville Willam Davies[55]
5,882 - 28.60%
Selina Robinson[56]
12,278 - 59.70%
Nicola Spurling[68][104]
2,405 - 11.69%
Selina Robinson
New Westminster Lorraine Brett[55]
4,291 - 16.26%
Jennifer Whiteside[56]
15,903 - 60.25%
Cyrus Sy[105]
5,020 - 19.02%
  • Benny Ogden (Cons.)[43]
    912 - 3.46%
  • Donald Wilson (Ltn.)
    269 - 1.02%
Incumbent MLA not seeking re-electionJudy Darcy
Port Coquitlam Mehran Zargham[55]
5,009 - 20.90%
Mike Farnworth[56]
15,370 - 64.14%
Erik Minty[68]
3,023 - 12.61%
Lewis Clarke Dahlby (Ltn.)
563 - 2.35%
Mike Farnworth
Port Moody-Coquitlam James Robertson[55]
7,253 - 30.50%
Rick Glumac[56]
12,783 - 53.75%
John Latimer
2,802 - 11.78%
  • Brandon Fonseca (Cons.)[43]
    800 - 3.36%
  • Logan Smith (Ltn.)
    144 - 0.61%
Rick Glumac

Vancouver

Electoral District Candidates   Incumbent
  Liberal   NDP   Green   Libertarian Other
Vancouver-Fairview George Affleck[55]
7,570 - 27.32%
George Heyman[56]
15,538 - 56.07%
Ian Goldman[106]
4,368 - 15.76%
Sandra Filosof-Schipper
234 - 0.84%
George Heyman
Vancouver-False Creek Sam Sullivan[55]
9,217 - 37.54%
Brenda Bailey[107]
11,484 - 46.77%
Maayan Kreitzman
3,108 - 12.66%
Naomi Chocyk
280 - 1.14%
Erik Gretland (Cons.)
465 - 1.89%
Sam Sullivan
Vancouver-Fraserview David Grewal[55]
7,511 - 34.57%
George Chow
12,247 - 56.37%
Francoise Raunet[108]
1,969 - 9.06%
George Chow
Vancouver-Hastings Alex Read[55]
3,885 - 17.61%
Niki Sharma[109]
13,362 - 60.56%
Bridget Burns[110]
4,312 - 19.54%
Golok Z. Buday
321 - 1.45%
Kimball Cariou (Comm.)[100]
184 - 0.83%
Incumbent MLA not seeking re-electionShane Simpson
Vancouver-Kensington Paul Lepage[55]
5,255 - 25.25%
Mable Elmore
12,481 - 59.97%
Nazanin Moghadami
2,874 - 13.81%
Salvatore Vetro (ind.)
202 - 0.97%
Mable Elmore
Vancouver-Kingsway Cole Anderson[55]
3,919 - 21.61%
Adrian Dix
12,297 - 67.81%
Scott Bernstein
1,662 - 9.16%
Karin Litzcke
257 - 1.42%
Adrian Dix
Vancouver-Langara Michael Lee[55]
9,888 - 48.51%
Tesicca Chi-Ying Truong[56]
8,431 - 41.26%
Stephanie Hendy
1,840 - 9.03%
Paul Matthews
224 - 1.10%
Michael Lee
Vancouver-Mount Pleasant George Vassilas[55]
2,816 - 12.98%
Melanie Mark[56]
14,530 - 66.95%
Kelly Tatham[70]
4,356 - 20.07%
Melanie Mark
Vancouver-Point Grey Mark Bowen[55]
7,712 - 31.41%
David Eby[56]
12,602 - 51.32%
Devyani Singh[111]
4,241 - 17.27%
David Eby
Vancouver-Quilchena Andrew Wilkinson[55]
12,157 - 56.04%
Heather McQuillan[58]
6,197 - 28.56%
Michael Barkusky[112]
3,341 - 15.40%
Andrew Wilkinson
Vancouver-West End Jon Ellacott[55]
4,014 - 20.11%
Spencer Chandra Herbert[43]
12,439 - 62.31%
James Marshall
3,250 - 16.28%
Kim McCann
259 - 1.30%
Spencer Chandra Herbert

North Shore

Electoral District Candidates   Incumbent
  Liberal   NDP   Green Other
North Vancouver-Lonsdale Lyn Anglin[55]
7,274 - 27.43%
Bowinn Ma[113]
15,878 - 59.87%
Christopher Hakes[114]
3,369 - 12.70%
Bowinn Ma
North Vancouver-Seymour Jane Thornthwaite[55]
9,827 - 35.70%
Susie Chant[59]
12,891 - 46.84%
Harrison Johnson[115]
4,514 - 16.40%
Clayton Welwood (Ltn.)
291 - 1.06%
Jane Thornthwaite
West Vancouver-Capilano Karin Kirkpatrick[55]
12,734 - 53.55%
Amelia Hill[58]
7,194 - 30.25%
Rasoul Narimani[116]
3,664 - 15.41%
Anton Shendryk (ind.)
186 - 0.78%
Incumbent MLA not seeking re-electionRalph Sultan
West Vancouver-Sea to Sky Jordan Sturdy[55]
9,249 - 37.54%
Keith Murdoch[73]
6,194 - 25.16%
Jeremy Valeriote[117]
9,189 - 37.30%
Jordan Sturdy

Vancouver Island and Sunshine Coast

Electoral District Candidates   Incumbent
  Liberal   NDP   Green Other
Courtenay-Comox Brennan Day[55]
8,655 - 29.85%
Ronna-Rae Leonard[56]
14,663 - 50.56%
Gillian Anderson[72]
5,681 - 19.59%
Ronna-Rae Leonard
Cowichan Valley Tanya Kaul[55]
4,606 - 15.59%
Rob Douglas[56]
11,875 - 40.20%
Sonia Furstenau
13,059 - 44.21%
Sonia Furstenau
Mid Island-Pacific Rim Helen Poon[55]
4,291 - 17.47%
Josie Osborne[56]
14,298 - 58.22%
Evan Jolicoeur[72]
4,991 - 20.32%
  • Graham Hughes (ind.)
    610 - 2.48%
  • Robert Alexander Clarke (Ltn.)
    370 - 1.51%
Incumbent MLA not seeking re-electionScott Fraser
Nanaimo Kathleen Jones[55]
5,903 - 22.42%
Sheila Malcolmson[56]
14,344 - 54.49%
Lia Marie Constance Versaevel[72]
6,078 - 23.09%
Sheila Malcolmson
Nanaimo-North Cowichan Duck Paterson[55]
5,354 - 20.72%
Doug Routley[56]
12,787 - 49.48%
Chris Istace[118]
7,700 - 29.80%
Doug Routley
North Island Norm Facey[55]
5,904 - 24.04%
Michele Babchuk[56]
12,467 - 50.75%
Alexandra Morton[119]
4,731 - 19.26%
John Twigg (Cons.)
1,462 - 5.95%
Incumbent MLA not seeking re-electionClaire Trevena
Parksville-Qualicum Michelle Stilwell[55]
11,155 - 35.47%
Adam Walker[58]
13,207 - 42.00%
Rob Lyon[72]
5,227 - 16.62%
  • Don Purdey (Cons.)
    1,404 - 4.46%
  • John St John (ind.)
    454 - 1.44%
Michelle Stilwell
Powell River-Sunshine Coast Sandra Stoddart-Hansen[55]
4,156 - 16.65%
Nicholas Simons[56]
12,701 - 50.88%
Kim Darwin[120]
8,104 - 32.47%
Nicholas Simons

Greater Victoria

Electoral District Candidates   Incumbent
  Liberal   NDP   Green Other
Esquimalt-Metchosin RJ Senko[55]
3,940 - 15.51%
Mitzi Dean[56]
15,070 - 59.32%
Andy Mackinnon[103]
6,140 - 24.17%
Desta McPherson (ind.)
254 - 1.00%
Mitzi Dean
Langford-Juan de Fuca Kelly Darwin[55]
3,980 - 14.95%
John Horgan[56]
18,073 - 67.89%
Gord Baird
4,437 - 16.67%
Tyson Riel Strandlund (Comm.)[100]
130 - 0.49%
John Horgan
Oak Bay-Gordon Head Roxanne Helme[55]
6,597 - 22.87%
Murray Rankin[56]
14,748 - 51.12%
Nicole Duncan[103]
7,362 - 25.52%
Florian Castle (Comm.)[100]
142 - 0.49%
Incumbent MLA not seeking re-electionAndrew Weaver[d]
Saanich North and the Islands Stephen P. Roberts[55]
6,547 - 19.01%
Zeb King[121]
9,990 - 29.01%
Adam Olsen[43]
17,897 - 51.97%
Adam Olsen
Saanich South Rishi Sharma[55]
6,608 - 24.22%
Lana Popham[56]
15,190 - 55.67%
Kate O'Connor[103]
5,488 - 20.11%
Lana Popham
Victoria-Beacon Hill Karen Bill[55]
4,329 - 14.35%
Grace Lore[56]
16,474 - 54.61%
Jenn Neilson[103]
9,031 - 29.93%
Jordan Reichert (ind.)
335 - 1.11%
Incumbent MLA not seeking re-electionCarole James
Victoria-Swan Lake David Somerville[55]
2,743 - 11.35%
Rob Fleming[56]
14,384 - 59.49%
Annemieke Holthuis[103]
6,700 - 27.71%
  • Jenn Smith (ind.)
    244 - 1.01%
  • Walt Parsons (Comm.)[100]
    107 - 0.44%
Rob Fleming

List of MLAs who lost their seat

11 incumbent MLAs lost their seats.

Party Name Constituency Year elected Seat held by party since Defeated by Party
British Columbia Liberal Party Eric Foster Vernon-Monashee 2009 1996 Harwinder Sandhu British Columbia New Democratic Party
Simon Gibson Abbotsford-Mission 2009 2009 Pam Alexis
John Martin Chilliwack 2013 2001 Dan Coulter
Laurie Throness Chilliwack-Kent 2013 2013 Kelli Paddon
Mary Polak Langley 2005 1991 Andrew Mercier
Marvin Hunt Surrey-Cloverdale 2017 1991 Mike Starchuk
Jas Johal Richmond-Queensborough 2017 2017 Aman Singh
Joan Isaacs Coquitlam-Burke Mountain 2017 2017 Fin Donnelly
Sam Sullivan Vancouver-False Creek 2013 2009 Brenda Bailey
Jane Thornthwaite North Vancouver-Seymour 2009 1991 Susie Chant
Michelle Stilwell Parksville-Qualicum 2013 1996 Adam Walker

Open seats changing hands

Party Candidate Retiring incumbent Constituency Defeated by Party
British Columbia Liberal Party Petra Veintimilla Linda Larson Boundary-Similkameen Roly Russell British Columbia New Democratic Party
Margaret Kunst Rich Coleman Langley East Megan Dykeman
Alexa Loo Linda Reid Richmond South Centre Henry Yao
Matt Pitcairn John Yap Richmond-Steveston Kelly Greene
Green Party of British Columbia Nicole Duncan Andrew Weaver Oak Bay-Gordon Head Murray Rankin

Student Vote results

Student votes are mock elections that run parallel to actual elections, in which students not of voting age participate. They are administered by Student Vote Canada. Student vote elections are for educational purposes and do not count towards the results. There were ties in two constituencies, Kelowna—Lake Country (BC Green and BC NDP) and Shuswap (BC Liberal and BC NDP), which were both counted twice.[122]

58 17 12 1 1
New Democratic Green Liberal Cons. CHP
Summary of the 2020 BC Student Vote
Party Leader Seats Votes
Elected % # %
New Democratic John Horgan 58 65.17 33,655 39.86
Green Sonia Furstenau 17 19.10 23,371 27.68
Liberal Andrew Wilkinson 12 13.48 21,545 25.52
Conservative Trevor Bolin 1 1.12 2,066 2.45
Christian Heritage Laura-Lynn Tyler Thompson 1 1.12 336 0.40
Others 0 0 3,463 4.09
Total 87+2 100.0 84,436 100.0
Source: Student Vote Canada[122]

Opinion polls

Voter intention polling

Five-poll average of British Columbia opinion polling from May 9, 2017, to the last possible date of the next election on October 16, 2021. Each line corresponds to a political party.

Dates Polling organization / client Sample size Liberal NDP Green Cons. Others[e] Lead Polling method Margin of error
Oct 22–23, 2020 Mainstreet[123] 704 30.6% 50.5% 15.9% n/a 3.0% 19.9% IVR 3.7%
Oct 22–23, 2020 Research Co.[124] 750 35% 50% 13% 2% 1% 15% Online 3.6%
Oct 22–23, 2020 Forum Research[125] 1,314 33.9% 43.4% 17.9% n/a 4.8% 9.5% IVR 3.0%
Oct 19–22, 2020 Ipsos[126] 1,502 34% 51% 13% n/a 2% 17% Online/telephone 3.5%
Oct 18–21, 2020 Léger[127] 1,100 36% 47% 14% n/a 3% 11% Online 3.0%
Oct 16–19, 2020 Angus Reid[128] 1,201 35% 45% 16% 3% 1% 10% Online 2.8%
Oct 14–15, 2020 Angus Reid[129] 801 33% 49% 14% 3% 2% 16% Online 3.5%
Oct 13–14, 2020 Insights West[130] 1,030 33% 47% 14% 6% 1% 14% Online 3.1%
Oct 8–11, 2020 Ipsos/Global BC, CKNW[131] 1,000 34% 52% 11% n/a 3% 18% Online 3.5%
Oct 6–9, 2020 Léger[132] 1,100 35% 50% 12% n/a 3% 15% Online 3.0%
Oct 5–7, 2020 Research Co.[133] 750 36% 48% 13% 2% 1% 12% Online 3.6%
Oct 1–3, 2020 Angus Reid[134] 989 31% 49% 14% n/a 5% 18% Online 4%
Sep 26–29, 2020 Mainstreet/338Canada[135] 1,041 34% 45% 16% 2% n/a 11% IVR 3.04%
Sep 24–28, 2020 Léger[136] 802 31% 47% 12% 9% n/a 16% Online 3.5%
Sep 24–28, 2020 Ipsos[137] 1,251 33% 51% 12% n/a 4% 18% Online/telephone 3.2%
Sep 22–23, 2020 Insights West[138] 1,000 29% 42% 16% 12% 1% 13% Online 3.1%
Sep 21–23, 2020 Research Co.[139] 750 37% 44% 13% 4% 1% 7% Online 3.6%
Sep 21, 2020 Premier John Horgan announces a snap general election to be held on October 24, 2020.
Sep 14, 2020 Sonia Furstenau is elected leader of the Green Party.
Aug 26 – Sep 1, 2020 Angus Reid[140] 655 29% 48% 14% 8% 1% 19% Online 4%
Jul 18 – Aug 28, 2020 EKOS Research Associates[141] 1,984 25% 51% 14% n/a 11% 26% Telephone 2.2%
Jul 14–20, 2020 Innovative Research Group[142] 441 36% 38% 12% 13% 1% 2% Online n/a
Jun 16 – Jul 17, 2020 EKOS Research Associates[143] 1,504 29% 46% 13% n/a 12% 17% Telephone 2.5%
Jun 24–28, 2020 Insight West[144] 830 29% 47% 11% 12% 1% 18% Online 3.4%
Jun 19–23, 2020 Innovative Research Group[145] 268 32% 42% 12% 13% 0% 10% Online n/a
May 29 – Jun 1, 2020 Innovative Research Group[146] 261 34% 43% 10% 12% 1% 9% Online n/a
May 23–25, 2020 Research Co.[147] 800 33% 41% 16% 9% 1% 8% Online 3.5%
May 19–24, 2020 Angus Reid[148] 603 29% 47% 12% 10% 2% 18% Online 1.4%
May 1–5, 2020 Innovative Research Group[149] 261 36% 42% 10% 12% 3% 6% Online n/a
Feb 24–28, 2020 Angus Reid[150] 608 31% 36% 21% 10% 2% 5% Online 3%–6.6%
Jan 6, 2020 Adam Olsen is chosen as interim leader of the Green Party.
Nov 7–9, 2019 Insight West[151] 808 32% 35% 14% 17% 2% 3% Online 3.4%
October 7, 2019 Andrew Weaver announces his resignation as leader of the Green Party.
Jun 6–12, 2019 Insights West[152] 848 30% 35% 18% 14% 3% 5% Online 4.3%
May 20–22, 2019 Research Co.[153] 800 30% 39% 21% 9% 1% 9% Online 3.5%
April 8, 2019 Trevor Bolin is elected leader of the BC Conservatives.
Mar 20–21, 2019 Mainstreet[154] 923 32.4% 39.0% 13.3% 12.1% 3.3% 6.6% Telephone 3.23%
Feb 26 – Mar 13, 2019 Justason[155] 812 31% 30% 16% 19% 3% 1% Telephone 3.4%
Jan 13–14, 2019 Mainstreet[156] 887 34.9% 37.0% 14.6% 11.2% 2.2% 2.1% Telephone 3.29%
Nov 2–6, 2018 Insights West[157] 814 32.9% 38.2% 13.2% 11.8% 3.9% 5.3% n/a n/a
Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2018 Mainstreet[158] 616 33.9% 32.3% 18.2% 12.6% 3% 1.6% Telephone 3.92%
Jul 15–17, 2018 Mainstreet[159] 933 33.9% 33.2% 16.0% 14.6% 2.3% 0.7% Telephone 3.21%
Jul 12–15, 2018 Insights West[160] 1,053 32% 37% 17% 12% 2% 5% Online 3.0%
May 4–7, 2018 Angus Reid[161] 809 36% 41% 17% n/a 6% 5% Online 3.4%
Apr 16–18, 2018 Mainstreet[162] 900 36.8% 34.8% 15.7% 11.4% 1.4% 2.0% Telephone 3.27%
Apr 12–15, 2018 Mainstreet[163] 1,496 37% 31% 17% 13% 2% 6% Telephone 2.53%
Mar 5–6, 2018 Mainstreet[164] 1,511 30.7% 36.0% 21.9% 8.9% 2.5% 5.3% Telephone 2.52%
Feb 3, 2018 Andrew Wilkinson is elected leader of the BC Liberals and becomes the leader of the Opposition.
Jan 15–17, 2018 Insights West[165] 829 31% 40% 19% 8% 2% 9% Online 3.4%
Jan 3–4, 2018 Mainstreet[166] 817 33.9% 38.5% 27.6% n/a n/a 4.6% Telephone 3.24%
Aug 14–15, 2017 Mainstreet[167] 2,050 38% 37% 16% n/a 9% 1% Telephone 2.16%
Aug 4, 2017 Christy Clark resigns as leader of the BC Liberals and Rich Coleman is chosen as interim leader.
Jul 18, 2017 John Horgan becomes premier of British Columbia.
Jun 29, 2017 Christy Clark resigns as premier; John Horgan is invited to form government.
Jun 29, 2017 BC Liberal government is defeated in a confidence vote.
Jun 26–28, 2017 Ipsos[168] 800 44% 38% 14% n/a 4% 6% Online 3.9%
Jun 23–28, 2017 Insights West[169] 821 36% 41% 19% n/a 4% 5% Online 3.4%
Jun 26–27, 2017 Mainstreet/Postmedia[170] 1,650 45% 34% 17% n/a 4% 11% n/a 2.41%
Jun 15–19, 2017 Angus Reid[171] 810 39% 38% 20% n/a 3% 1% Online 3.4%
Jun 8–11, 2017 Ipsos[172] 802 40% 42% 15% n/a 2% 2% Online 3.9%
May 11–13, 2017 Mainstreet/Postmedia[173] 1,650 38% 39% 22% n/a n/a 1% Telephone 3.41%
May 9, 2017 General election results[174] n/a 40.4% 40.3% 16.8% 0.5% 2.5% 0.1% n/a n/a

Preferred premier polling

Dates Polling organization / client Sample size Andrew Wilkinson / Christy Clark John Horgan Sonia Furstenau / Andrew Weaver Other/undecided Lead Polling method Margin of error
Oct 8–11, 2020 Ipsos/Global BC, CKNW 1,000 16% 45% 6% 33% 29% Online 3.5%
Oct 5–7, 2020 Research Co. 1,000 27% 47% 6% 19% 20% Online 3.7%
Sep 24–28, 2020 Ipsos/Global News, CKNW[13][137] 1,251 14% 44% 6% 36% 30% Online/Telephone 3.2%
Sep 21–23, 2020 Research Co.[139] 750 27% 44% 7% 33% 17% Online 3.6%
Jun 26–28, 2017 Ipsos[168] 800 31% 28% 11% 31% 3% Online 3.9%
Jun 8–11, 2017 Ipsos[172] 802 29% 28% 12% 31% 1% Online 3.9%

Notes

  1. ^ Plecas was elected as a Liberal MLA, but was removed from the party after he was elected Speaker of the Legislative Assembly.
  2. ^ Incumbent BC Liberal MLA Laurie Throness previously contested Chilliwack-Kent as the Liberal candidate, until his resignation from the party on October 15 to run as an independent candidate after comparing free contraception to eugenics. However, Throness is still considered by Elections BC to be the Liberal candidate.[86][87][88][89][90][91][92]
  3. ^ Liberal MLA Tracy Redies held this seat before her resignation in 2020.
  4. ^ Weaver was formerly the leader of the Green Party.
  5. ^ Can include the Conservative Party of British Columbia depending on the poll

References

  1. ^ https://electionsbcenr.blob.core.windows.net/electionsbcenr/GE-2020-10-24_Party.html
  2. ^ a b c "B.C. NDP will form decisive majority government, CBC News projects | CBC News". CBC. Retrieved October 25, 2020.
  3. ^ Ross, Andrea (October 26, 2020). "Andrew Wilkinson resigning as BC Liberal leader after worst party showing in decades". CBC News. Retrieved October 27, 2020.
  4. ^ "B.C. votes to keep first-past-the-post electoral system". CBC News. December 20, 2018. Retrieved December 21, 2018.
  5. ^ a b Constitution Act, s. 23.
  6. ^ Shaw, Rob (October 4, 2017). "NDP changes B.C.'s fixed election date from May to October". Vancouver Sun. Retrieved April 22, 2019.
  7. ^ Zussman, Richard (May 26, 2017). "Christy Clark gets 1st chance to govern, but how long can it last?". CBC News.
  8. ^ "British Columbians heading to the polls on October 24 in fall election". Global News. Retrieved September 21, 2020.
  9. ^ "Elections BC says 160,000 voters ask for mail-in ballots". The Globe and Mail. The Canadian Press. September 24, 2020. Retrieved September 29, 2020.
  10. ^ Shore, Randy (September 25, 2020). "Elections B.C. prepares to tackle 160,000 — and growing — mail-in ballots". Vancouver Sun. Retrieved September 29, 2020.
  11. ^ Harnett, Cindy E. (September 29, 2020). "406,000 mail-in ballots have been requested for Oct. 24 B.C. election". Vancouver is Awesome. Retrieved September 29, 2020.
  12. ^ National Post Staff (October 23, 2020). "B.C. won't know the results of Saturday's provincial election for at least three weeks. Here's why". National Post.
  13. ^ a b Zussman, Richard (September 29, 2020). "B.C. election: Horgan, NDP lead with wide margin one week into campaign, poll suggests". Global News. Retrieved September 30, 2020.
  14. ^ McElroy, Justin (September 21, 2020). "B.C. NDP Leader John Horgan gambles popularity against pandemic in bid for historic majority". CBC News. Retrieved September 29, 2020.
  15. ^ Hunter, Justine (September 22, 2020). "B.C. heads to the polls one year early for an election opposition doesn't want". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved September 29, 2020.
  16. ^ Shaw, Rob (September 22, 2020). "B.C. Election 2020: Horgan faces attacks after calling election for Oct. 24". Vancouver Sun. Retrieved September 29, 2020.
  17. ^ McElroy, Justin (September 21, 2020). "B.C. voters heading to the polls as snap election called for Oct. 24". CBC News. Retrieved September 29, 2020.
  18. ^ "B.C. NDP nominates former MP for Stikine riding over Indigenous woman, despite equity policy". CBC News. September 21, 2020. Retrieved October 13, 2020.
  19. ^ Pawson, Chad (September 20, 2020). "Indigenous leader seeking B.C. NDP Stikine nomination wants equity policy to nullify star candidate". CBC News. Retrieved October 13, 2020.
  20. ^ Holliday, Ian (September 20, 2020). "Indigenous leader wants BC NDP to honour equity policy, nominate her instead of Nathan Cullen". CTV News. Retrieved October 13, 2020.
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External links


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