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2006 United States Senate election in New Jersey

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

2006 United States Senate election in New Jersey

← 2000 November 7, 2006 2012 →
Robert Menendez official photo (cropped).jpg
Tom Kean, Jr (11-17-18).jpg
Nominee Bob Menendez Thomas Kean Jr.
Party Democratic Republican
Popular vote 1,200,843 997,775
Percentage 53.3% 44.3%

2006 NJ Senate Map.svg
County results
Menendez:      50–60%      60–70%      70–80%
Kean:      40–50%      50–60%      60–70%

U.S. senator before election

Bob Menendez

Elected U.S. Senator

Bob Menendez

The 2006 United States Senate election in New Jersey was held November 7, 2006. Incumbent Democratic Senator Bob Menendez was elected to represent New Jersey in the United States Senate for a six-year term which ended in January 2013. The seat was previously held by Democrat Jon Corzine, who resigned in January 2006 after being elected Governor of New Jersey. After Corzine was sworn in Governor, he appointed Menendez, then a U.S. Representative, to the vacant Senate seat. Menendez was challenged by Republican State Senator Thomas Kean, Jr. and seven other candidates. Filing for the primary closed on April 10, 2006. The primary election was held June 6, 2006.[1] Menendez became the first Hispanic to hold a U.S. Senate seat from New Jersey, and was the first Latino elected to statewide office in the state.

Democratic primary


  • James D. Kelly, former gubernatorial candidate
  • Bob Menendez, Incumbent U.S. Senator and former U.S. Representative


2006 Democratic Senate Primary[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Bob Menendez (incumbent) 159,604 84.03%
Democratic James D. Kelly 30,340 15.97%
Total votes 189,944 100.00%

Republican primary



Ginty represented the conservative wing of the New Jersey Republican party. Kean is a moderate, who is the son of the former Governor of New Jersey Thomas Kean. Important factors in Kean's primary victory were his father's name recognition, along with Kean's self-described persona as a clean-cut corruption fighter.

A showdown between Bergen County Republican Organization (BCRO) conservatives and a group of insurgent moderate Republican critics ignited into a shoving match between supporters, with Kean temporarily refusing to accept the BCRO's endorsement of his candidacy, and refusing to run with the BCRO slate of nominees for the offices of County Executive, Surrogate, and Freeholder. As a result, Ginty was drafted by Bergen County conservatives to fill out the conservative slate of candidates in Bergen County for the Republican primary.[3] Kean eventually accepted the BCRO endorsement.

Ginty's entrance into the primary complicated matters for Kean, who had to consider moving to the right to secure the Republican nomination, something that would likely hamper his chances of defeating Menendez in November. Kean's supporters argued there is virtually no chance for an anti-abortion, anti-gay marriage Republican to win a statewide election in New Jersey, where 66% of the voters are self-identified as pro-abortion and polls illustrate a distinct majority support gay marriage.

On March 20, 2006, Kean arrived late to a fundraising event for his campaign, after featured guest Vice President Dick Cheney had left, which some accused of him doing deliberately to avoid photographs of the two, together, that could be printed in the media.[4]

On March 27, 2006, at a news conference billed as a "major announcement",[5] Kean called for state and federal tax cuts, asking Menendez and Governor of New Jersey Jon Corzine to support them. In response, Matthew Miller, a spokesman for Menendez, said the U.S. senator supports "balanced tax cuts," not just ones that benefit the wealthiest Americans while expanding national debt.

On April 1, 2006, at the Middlesex County Republican Convention, Kean won the endorsement for the Republican nomination for U.S. Senate (in other words, Kean was chosen as the county organization's recommended candidate for the June primary) over Ginty by a vote of 79% to 21%. However, the deadline for local Republicans to register to attend the convention had passed before Ginty announced his candidacy.

The New Jersey Right To Life Political Action Committee endorsed Ginty on April 27, 2006.[6]

On May 2, 2006, Ginty publicly called on Kean to stop soliciting the endorsement of the Sierra Club. Ginty said Kean should not seek their endorsement because the Sierra Club is an "environmental extremist group with a deep history of involvement in left-wing causes".[7]

In early May, Ginty announced that he favors oil exploration in Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR), something that Kean and Menendez both opposed.[8]


2006 Republican Senate Primary[9]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Thomas Kean Jr. 129,794 75.63%
Republican James P. Ginty 41,828 24.37%
Total votes 171,622 100.00%

Independents and third parties


  • Daryl Mikell Brooks (Poor People's Campaign), candidate for NJ-12 in 2004[10]
  • J.M. Carter (God We Trust), minister and candidate for the U.S. Senate in 2000[citation needed]
  • N. Leonard Smith (Solidarity, Defend Life), former Camden County Freeholder, retired teacher, and Korean War veteran[11]


  • Len Flynn, activist[12]



Socialist Workers

  • Angela L. Lariscy, sewing machine operator and trade unionist[15]

General election


The biggest factors in the New Jersey Senate race may have had little to do with the candidates involved and more to do with Governor of New Jersey Jon Corzine and President George W. Bush.

In mid-summer, Jon Corzine and the Democratic-controlled state legislature held a brief shutdown of state government, which ultimately resulted in a sales tax increase, among other things.

In a September 2006 poll, SurveyUSA found that Governor Jon Corzine received an approval rate of only 43%, with 48% of the state disapproving.[16] Since Menendez had been appointed by Corzine, some pundits argued that this would be a resonating factor with a number of voters.

According to a separate September 2006 poll, SurveyUSA found that the state of New Jersey had a rather high disapproval rating for Republican President George W. Bush, with 64% disapproving and only 32% approving.[17] This led some to argue that voters would take their discontent with Bush out on Kean in the November election.[18]

Indeed, some pollsters demonstrated that concerns over the Iraq War and discontent with President Bush solidified the Democratic base in October's advertising blitz, and won over enough independents to seal off the fate of the Republican nominee.[19] On the eve of the election, Fairleigh Dickinson University's PublicMind Poll reported that 65% likely voters said that the US invasion of Iraq was a mistake, "including nine of ten Democrats and six of ten independents."[20] Observers also pointed out that "from the beginning, [Menendez] made much of his 2002 vote against the Iraq War Resolution, often referring to it as one of the most important votes of his career. He made it clear as well that he intended to make the race a referendum on the President."[21]

Others attributed Kean's early strong showing in the polls of this blue state to uninformed voters confusing the three-year state senator with his father, the popular former governor and 9/11 Commission chairman.[22]

Because of Kean's perceived liberalism on social issues, he has been labeled by some conservatives as a Republican in Name Only (RINO) .[23]


On June 13, 2006, Kean held a fundraiser in Ocean County featuring First Lady Laura Bush. It was here that both Senator Kean and Mrs. Bush pointed out that Kean is not George W. Bush, claiming that Senator Menendez seems to confuse the two.[24]

On June 16, 2006 at a New Jersey Association of Counties speaking event in Atlantic City, Kean and his aides beat a hasty retreat from the ballroom engagement and "stampeded" into an elevator in an abortive attempt to avoid the press, only to exit on the same floor as they had entered. Kean declined to answer questions about the scathing attacks on his integrity which his opponent had delivered minutes earlier, instead opting to repeat "a few slogans."[25]

In late June, the Associated Press reported that Kean's campaign was planning a "Swift Boat"-style film accusing Menendez of involvement in a New Jersey mob-connected kickback scheme "despite public records and statements disputing that claim." The AP article noted that "[f]our former federal prosecutors who oversaw the case have said Menendez was never involved in any wrongdoing."[26] The airing of unsubstantiated [by whom?] allegations years or even decades old is a hallmark of the Swift Boat Veterans for Truth campaign attack style, which gained notoriety during the 2004 U.S. presidential election.

In mid-September, The Star-Ledger reported that Sen. Menendez had declined a national debate with Kean on the popular Sunday morning talk-show, Meet the Press. A Menendez spokesperson stated that the incumbent Democrat would prefer to focus on local citizens and press. Menendez did agree to take place in three locally aired debates with Kean, which will be aired between October 7–17.[27] Kean withdrew from one of the scheduled debates to which he had previously committed, an October 14, 2006, debate sponsored by the League of Women Voters, insisting on a national TV debate as a condition of his participation.[28]

Both candidates have agreed to participate in a virtual debate sponsored by the nonpartisan Hall Institute of Public Policy - New Jersey which provides "an unprecedented opportunity for candidates and citizens to engage in an interactive forum on the important issues confronting" New Jersey. Beginning in July and running through Election Day in November, the institute will submit questions to the candidates and then post their responses on its website.[29] As of October 6, 2006, responses to six questions have been posted (see External Links below).



The Kean headquarters was vandalized during the night before the general election. Vandals chained and locked the doors to the headquarters and broke off keys within the locks, attempting to hinder the Kean campaign. The Menendez campaign denied any involvement.[30]

During 26 years in politics, Menendez has faced some unflattering editorials and reports in local newspapers. In 2005, op-eds in The New York Times and the Star-Ledger have complained of bossism by Menendez, claiming he runs Hudson County as a political machine.[31][32][33] The Bergen Record has made an issue of his campaign spending, claiming the majority of his recent spending is not for traditional campaign activities such as advertising.[34] Despite the allegations noted above, Menendez had never been charged or prosecuted for any crime related to his 26-year political career. Indeed, a June 2006 article in The New York Times, reported that the charges of ethical misconduct conflict with historical accounts and records which portray Menendez as crusading against the very corruption of which he stands accused.[35]

On August 27, 2006, two Republican state lawmakers filed an ethics complaint against Menendez, alleging he broke conflict-of-interest rules when he collected more than $300,000 in rent over a period of nine years from a nonprofit agency which he aided in winning millions of dollars from federal funds. Menendez questioned the timing of the complaints, based on events of 14 years ago, so close to the election: "We have seen an orchestrated series of leaks, bogus ethics complaints and outright fabrications since the beginning of this campaign."[36] The ethics complaint stated that Menendez's actions while a Congressman violated the ethics rules of the House of Representatives.[37] For his part, Menendez maintains that he received verbal clearance from the House Ethics Committee in 1994 before entering a lease agreement with the organization.[36] On September 8, Menendez identified Mark Davis as the committee lawyer whom he consulted. However, Roll Call reported that Davis left the ethics committee in 1993, prompting Menendez campaign spokesman Matt Miller to offer an alternate explanation: "It was his recollection that he talked to him about this, but it must have been someone else. It was 12 years ago."[38] Governor Corzine, who appointed Menendez in January to serve out the remaining year of his own Senate term, said the investigation "has the appearance of being less than objective".[36] Meanwhile, in response to charges of Republican complicity in spurring the investigation, Tom Kean said his campaign "absolutely" did not have any contact at any point with the U.S. Attorney's Office regarding the probe.[38]

As of September 2008, the NJ US Attorney's repeated and multiple investigations of Menendez's alleged corruption have still failed to generate a single indictment.

On September 28, 2006, The Star-Ledger reported that Sen. Menendez had fired his closest political adviser for seeking favors on behalf of then-Representative Menendez. A tape recorded in 1999 reveals the adviser, Donald Scarinci, asking a Hudson County psychiatrist named Oscar Sandoval to hire another physician as a favor to Menendez. He also states that he had helped Davila Colon, who worked in Menendez's congressional office from 1992–1997, get a job with Carl Goldberg, a developer and big fundraiser for Bob Menendez. A spokesperson for the Menendez campaign stated that "Scarinci was using Menendez's name without his authorization or his knowledge."[39]


On September 15, 2006, The Star-Ledger reported, "the same day state Sen. Tom Kean voted twice to let Horizon Blue Cross Blue Shield of New Jersey keep a $40 million tax exemption, he collected $13,300 in contributions for his U.S. Senate race from 17 company executives and their family members.[40] Kean cast the votes on the final day of the fight over the 2005 state budget and on the day of those votes, records show Kean received $13,300 in campaign donations from the Horizon executives, including $4,100 from Horizon CEO and president William Marino and his wife, Paula. The news report noted, "Aides to Kean said there was no connection between the votes and the contributions."

Democratic-advocacy site Blue Jersey alleged that a member of the Kean campaign was posing as a disillusioned Democrat when posting comments critical of Menendez on the site. The Kean campaign denied the charges, but major newspapers (such as The New York Times and the Star-Ledger) reported that the IP address used to make the comments was identical to one used by Kean campaign spokeswoman Jill Hazelbaker in official emails. The Kean campaign could not explain this discrepancy, but both Hazelbaker and Kean denied that she had been involved.[41][42] The same IP address was also used to make multiple edits to Wikipedia pages linking Menendez to the accusations of corruption that were a centerpiece of Kean's campaign strategy.[43][44]

The Kean campaign also drew scrutiny over its relationship with opposition researcher Christopher Lyon. Kean staffers denied that Lyon worked for Kean directly. A The New York Times article about Lyon's role includes Hazelbaker's response to the issue:

"I think the selective outrage here is a little laughable," said Hazelbaker, a Kean spokeswoman, who added that Mr. Menendez's former law partner, who was at his side when he was sworn in as a senator, had been convicted of dealing cocaine.[45]

According to The New York Times, Kean was defeated in part because he "built a campaign around his portrayal of Mr. Menendez as a shady, self-dealing, machine-produced Hudson County boss who hangs out with criminals. When asked about his views on Social Security or the Iraq war, Mr. Kean frequently mentioned that his opponent was 'under federal criminal investigation.' " In a poll, NJ voters tended to blame Kean rather than Menendez for negative campaigning.[46] A later NY Times editorial stated, "The Republican candidate, Thomas Kean Jr., based his campaign almost exclusively on negative ads and attack-dog accusations against his Democratic opponent, Robert Menendez. For a while, it looked like the strategy might pay off, but in the end Senator Menendez was elected by a comfortable margin. Voters in several polls criticized Mr. Kean's strategy."[47]


According to one observer, the Democratic candidate framed his race as referendum on the Republican president and the US military involvement in Iraq.[48] Menendez, while still in the House of Representatives, voted against the Iraq War Resolution of 2002. He subsequently argued that, "even knowing that there were no weapons of mass destruction, Tom Kean Jr. has continually said he supports the war in Iraq and would have voted for it."[49] Kean responded that Menendez "has traditionally been on the fringe of his own party. The case [for war] was clearly made with people who had far better information than he did."[50] Kean's strategy was "to make the race on state level issues: corruption and taxes."[51] But though voters thought the state was headed in the wrong direction, the Democratic governor's approval ratings among likely voters was strong headed into the November election.[52]

The Sierra Club, which had endorsed both candidates in some of their past races, endorsed Menendez for the Senate, citing his "15-year, extremely strong record on many federal [environmental] issues -- often achieving a League of Conservation Voters voting record of 100%."[53]

The New Jersey Educational Association PAC's Operating Committee (NJEA PAC) also endorsed Menendez.[54]



Source Date Menendez (D) Kean Jr. (R)
Quinnipiac November 22, 2005 41% 39%
Rasmussen December 7, 2005 38% 34%
Quinnipiac December 15, 2005 44% 38%
Fairleigh Dickinson January 16, 2006 25% 37%
Rasmussen January 25, 2006 35% 42%
Quinnipiac January 25, 2006 38% 36%
Strategic Vision (R) February 8, 2006 28% 33%
Rasmussen February 14, 2006 39% 36%
Fairleigh Dickinson March 6, 2006 42% 37%
Strategic Vision (R) March 10, 2006 30% 32%
Quinnipiac March 20, 2006 40% 36%
Rasmussen March 31, 2006 39% 41%
Rutgers/Eagleton April 4, 2006 40% 35%
Fairleigh Dickinson April 6, 2006 38% 42%
Strategic Vision (R) April 14, 2006 32% 34%
Rasmussen April 18, 2006 36% 43%
Quinnipiac April 18–24, 2006 40% 34%
Strategic Vision (R) May 12–14, 2006 35% 35%
Rasmussen May 26, 2006 37% 40%
Quinnipiac June 7–13, 2006 43% 36%
Strategic Vision (R) June 16–18, 2006 38% 36%
Rutgers/Eagleton June 23, 2006 42% 38%
Rasmussen June 27, 2006 46% 40%
Strategic Vision (R) July 12, 2006 43% 37%
Monmouth University July 17, 2006 38% 37%
Quinnipiac July 17, 2006 38% 40%
Fairleigh Dickinson July 20, 2006 43% 40%
Public Opinion Strategies (R) August 2, 2006 38% 39%
Rasmussen August 4, 2006 44% 38%
Strategic Vision (R) August 17, 2006 42% 40%
Fairleigh Dickinson August 30, 2006 39% 43%
Rasmussen August 31, 2006 39% 44%
Strategic Vision (R) September 14, 2006 40% 44%
Quinnipiac September 20, 2006 45% 48%
Monmouth University September 24, 2006 38% 44%
Rasmussen September 25, 2006 40% 41%
Rutgers/Eagleton September 28, 2006 45% 44%
WNBC/Marist Poll September 30, 2006 37% 42%
Mason-Dixon/MSNBC October 2, 2006 44% 41%
Strategic Vision (R) October 5, 2006 41% 46%
Fairleigh Dickinson October 5, 2006 46% 39%
USA Today/Gallup October 6, 2006 46% 43%
Quinnipiac October 12, 2006 49% 45%
Rasmussen October 14, 2006 42% 39%
Monmouth University October 22, 2006 48% 39%
Mason-Dixon/McClatchy-MSNBC October 24, 2006 45% 42%
Los Angeles Times/Bloomberg October 24, 2006 45% 41%
Bennett, Petts & Blumenthal (D) October 23–25, 2006 45% 36%
Rasmussen October 25, 2006 45% 45%
CBS News/New York Times October 26, 2006 40% 39%
Rasmussen October 30, 2006 49% 44%
Strategic Vision (R) October 31, 2006 43% 42%
CNN/Opinion Research Corporation October 31, 2006 51% 44%
Quinnipiac October 31, 2006 49% 44%
Rutgers/Eagleton November 2, 2006 46% 42%
Reuters/Zogby International November 2, 2006 49% 37%
Fairleigh Dickinson/PublicMind November 2, 2006 48% 38%
Rasmussen November 3, 2006 48% 43%
WNBC/Marist Poll November 4, 2006 50% 42%
Monmouth University/Gannett November 5, 2006 45% 42%
Mason-Dixon/MSNBC-McClatchy November 5, 2006 48% 41%
USA Today/Gallup November 5, 2006 50% 40%
Strategic Vision (R) November 6, 2006 49% 42%
Quinnipiac November 6, 2006 48% 43%
OnPoint Polling and Research November 6, 2006 50% 41%

Since the publication of an August 4, 2006, Rasmussen poll showing Menendez ahead, 44% to Kean's 38%, Kean appeared to surge into the lead according to subsequent Zogby, Monmouth, Quinnipiac University Polling Institute, and Fairleigh Dickinson polls, outpolling Menendez by varying differences within the margin of error. However, on the heels of an advertising blitz, Menendez has reclaimed the lead in the most recent FDU, Mason-Dixon, Gallup, and Zogby polling. In light of to the race's volatility, the nonpartisan Cook Political Report, Congressional Quarterly, and Larry Sabato's Crystal Ball shifted the race from "Leans Democratic" to "Toss-Up" or "No Clear Favorite" in their early September revisions despite the state's historically strong Democratic tilt.[55][56][57]

New Jerseyans had not seen a summer poll with a Republican leading in a race for United States Senator since 1972, when incumbent Clifford Case led former Congressman Paul Krebs by a 44%-22% margin. (Case won the race 63%-35%.) Here are some past summer polling numbers from the Eagleton Institute archive:

A September 2006 SurveyUSA poll showed Menendez's approval rating at 40% and disapproval rating at 40% with 20% undecided, resulting in a net approval of 0%.[58][59]


United States Senate election in New Jersey, 2006[60]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Bob Menendez (incumbent) 1,200,843 53.3% +3.1%
Republican Thomas Kean, Jr. 997,775 44.3% -2.8%
Libertarian Len Flynn 14,637 0.7% +0.4%
Marijuana Edward Forchion 11,593 0.5%
Independent J.M. Carter 7,918 0.4 +0.2
Independent N. Leonard Smith 6,243 0.3%
Independent Daryl Brooks 5,138 0.2%
Socialist Workers Angela Lariscy 3,433 0.2% +0.1%
Socialist Gregory Pason 2,490 0.1% +0.0%
Majority 203,068 9.0%
Turnout 2,250,070
Democratic hold Swing 3.26%

External links

Official campaign websites (Archived)


  1. ^ New Jersey Election Deadlines,, accessed June 7, 2006
  2. ^ "NJ US Senate – D Primary". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
  3. ^ N.J. GOP Senate Candidate Faces Threat in June Primary, FoxNews, April 25, 2006
  4. ^ Cheney, but no candidate, at fundraiser, United Press International, March 21, 2006
  5. ^ "Tom Kean for U.S. Senate press release". Archived from the original on June 17, 2006. Retrieved March 27, 2006.
  6. ^ New Jersey Pro-Life Group Backs John Ginty for Senate, Abortion Pols Lead,, April 28, 2006
  7. ^ Daily Record Archived January 21, 2013, at, May 3, 2006
  8. ^ Senate long-shot stands firm on policing border, The Record, May 25, 2006
  9. ^ "NJ US Senate – R Primary". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
  10. ^ Long-shot for U.S. Senate says online networking ‘for campaigning only’ Archived September 30, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, Trentonian, August 28, 2006
  11. ^ [1]
  12. ^][2][3]
  13. ^ [4]
  14. ^ [5]
  15. ^ [6]
  18. ^ Peter J. Woolley and Dan Cassino, "Bush Withers Republican in Garden State Senate Race," The Polling Report, Vol. 22, No. 16 (August 28, 2006), pp. 1, 7-8.
  19. ^ Dan Cassino, Krista Jenkins and Peter J. Woolley, "Measuring "What if?" Standard versus priming methods for polling counterfactuals Archived July 15, 2012, at," Survey Practice. Vol. I, No. 4, Nov. 2008.
  20. ^ FDU PublicMind, "Iraq Weighs Heavily on New Jersey Voters," November 1, 2006. Retrieved 04.25.11.
  21. ^ Peter J. Woolley and Dan Cassino, "Why Menendez Won," The Polling Report, Vol. 22, No. 22, (November 27, 2006), pp. 1, 5-6.
  22. ^ Fred Snowflack, "Some are confusing Kean Jr. with his dad", Daily Record (Morristown), September 6, 2006
  23. ^ Republican Archived March 3, 2016, at the Wayback Machine (April 10, 2006)
  24. ^ "Kean draws Laura Bush for Campaign Fundraiser"[permanent dead link], Star-Ledger, June 10, 2006
  25. ^ Josh Gohlke, "Kean ducks confrontation", The Record (Bergen County), June 17, 2006
  26. ^ "GOP's Kean Plans 'Swift Boat'-Style Film", Associated Press, June 30, 2006
  27. ^ "Menendez declines national debate" Archived March 3, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, The Star-Ledger, September 14, 2006
  28. ^ "Kean demands adding a national TV debate vs. Menendez" Archived March 3, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, The Star-Ledger, October 4, 2006
  29. ^ Hall Institute of Public Policy - NJ Archived November 20, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, accessed September 12, 2006
  30. ^ [7]
  31. ^ "New Jersey's New Senator", The New York Times, December 9, 2005
  32. ^ Tom Moran, The Past May Haunt Future For Menendez, The Star-Ledger, November 23, 2005
  33. ^ Raymond Hernandez, "Menendez's Moment of Truth", The New York Times, January 16, 2005
  34. ^ Herb Jackson, "Fund Raising Is Menendez's Meal Ticket," The Record (Bergen County), March 12, 2006
  35. ^ Jim Dwyer, "New Jersey Senator's Rival Faults Him in 80's Corruption Case, but History Disagrees", The New York Times, June 25, 2006
  36. ^ a b c Menendez questions timing of reported federal probe, Press of Atlantic City, September 8, 2006
  37. ^ "Pair accuse Menendez in conflict"[permanent dead link], The Star-Ledger, August 28, 2006
  38. ^ a b "Menendez defends himself, denounces timing of probe"[permanent dead link], The Star-Ledger, September 9, 2006
  39. ^ "Menendez dumps a close adviser caught on tape seeking "favors""[permanent dead link], The Star-Ledger, September 28, 2006
  40. ^ Deborah Howlett, "Democrats question donations to Kean: Horizon gave $13,300 on day of a big vote" Archived March 3, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, The Star-Ledger, September 15, 2006
  41. ^ A Blog Suspects That an Aide to Kean Posted Jabs at Menendez, The New York Times, September 21, 2006
  42. ^ Kean aide denies a hand in blog hits on Menendez[permanent dead link], Star-Ledger, September 21, 2006
  43. ^ Edits made by, Wikipedia, September 21, 2006
  44. ^ BUSTED: Why is the Kean-Jr. campaign lying to the media? Archived September 28, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, Blue Jersey, September 21, 2006
  45. ^ Laura Mansnerus and Mike McIntire (October 5, 2006). "A Behind-the-Scenes Player Draws Notice in New Jersey". The New York Times. Retrieved April 11, 2008.
  46. ^ Mansnerus, Laura (November 12, 2006). "ON POLITICS; Sometimes, the Mud Sticks to the Thrower". The New York Times. Retrieved July 23, 2018.
  47. ^ New York Times, November 19, 2006, "The Low Road, Revisited"
  48. ^ Peter J. Woolley, "Menendez v. Kean: National versus Local Issues in New Jersey," in The Sixth Year Itch: The Rise and Fall of the George W. Bush Presidency, Larry J. Sabato, ed. (New York: Pearson, 2008), p. 248.
  49. ^ "Garden State Grapple"[dead link], from Newsweek Politics on MSNBC website, September 15, 2006
  50. ^ "Garden State Grapple"[dead link], from Newsweek Politics on MSNBC website, September 15, 2006
  51. ^ Peter J. Woolley, "Menendez v. Kean: National versus Local Issues in New Jersey," in The Sixth Year Itch: The Rise and Fall of the George W. Bush Presidency, Larry J. Sabato, ed. (New York: Pearson, 2008), p. 246.
  52. ^ "Backlash Issues Don't Sting Menendez," Fairleigh Dickinson University's PublicMind Poll. November 3, 2006 accessed 8.24.11.
  53. ^ "Menendez Endorsed for US Senate" Archived November 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, from The Jersey Sierran, October–December 2006
  54. ^ (Press Release) "NJEA PAC Congressional Endorsements," August 5, 2006.
  55. ^ "2006 Senate Ratings" Archived October 24, 2006, at the Wayback Machine, Cook Political Report, September 7, 2006
  56. ^ "Senate Balance of Power Scorecard Details" Archived October 12, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, Congressional Quarterly, retrieved on September 15, 2006
  57. ^ "Sabato's Crystal Ball - 2006 Senate", Larry Sabato's Crystal Ball, retrieved on September 15, 2006
  58. ^ SurveyUSA News Poll, SurveyUSA, September 18, 2006
  59. ^ APPROVAL RATINGS FOR ALL 100 U.S. SENATORS AS OF 09/26/06, SurveyUSA, September 26, 2006
  60. ^ Official List: Candidates for US Senate For November 2006 General Election Archived November 26, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Law and Public Safety, Division of Elections, dated December 4, 2006. Accessed September 26, 2007.
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