To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

2006 California Proposition 83

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Proposition 83 of 2006 (also known as the Sexual Predator Punishment and Control Act: Jessica's Law or simply, Jessica's Law) was a statute enacted by 70% of California voters on November 7, 2006, authored by State Senator George Runner (R-Antelope Valley) and State Assemblywoman Sharon Runner (R-Antelope Valley). It was proposed by means of the initiative process as a version of the Jessica's Law proposals that had been considered in other states.

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/3
    Views:
    807 039
    528
    32 572
  • ✪ Taking Stock of Trumpism: Where It Came From, What It Has Accomplished, and Where It Is Going
  • ✪ Senator Sheldon Whitehouse Keynote at the America's Climate Change Conference
  • ✪ Natural Capitalism: The Next Industrial Revolution with Amory Lovins

Transcription

Contents

Provisions

The Act was a lengthy and complex measure that made many changes to the California Penal Code and the Welfare and Institutions Code. Its provisions increased the penalties for sex offenders, broadened the definition of certain sexual offenses, eliminated good time credits for early release of certain offenders, prohibited probation for certain crimes, extended parole for some offenses, increased court-imposed fees on sex offenders and provided for lifelong GPS monitoring of high risk sex offenders. The law also barred convicted sex offenders from living within 2,000 feet of a school or any place where children gather—effectively blocking them from living in the vast majority of the areas of large California cities, until the provision was found unconstitutional by Supreme Court of California in March 2015.[1] Under the law, a sex offender with a minimum of one victim and any previous criminal history may be civilly committed for an indefinite period.[2]

Initiative campaign

The law was sponsored by husband and wife legislators State Senator George Runner (R-Antelope Valley) and State Assemblywoman Sharon Runner (R-Antelope Valley). It was supported by Governor Schwarzenegger and law enforcement throughout the state. California Attorneys for Criminal Justice (a criminal defense attorneys association) opposed Proposition 83 and wrote the opposing argument for the voter pamphlet. They argued the restrictions would cause problems with finding a place of residence for freed convicts.[3]

Result of vote

Proposition 83[4]
Choice Votes %
Referendum passed
Yes
5,926,800 70.5
No 2,483,597 29.5
Total votes 8,410,397 100.00

Enforcement

In November 2006, enforcement of the new law was initially blocked in four counties by U.S. District Judge Susan Illston who ruled in a lawsuit filed by an existing offender based on its retroactive nature.[5] However, three months later, U.S. District Judge Jeffrey White dismissed that lawsuit.[6] In 2010, the Supreme Court of California ruled that the residency requirements of Jessica's Law could be applied retroactively.[7] On September 12, 2012, a state appeals court blocked enforcement of the residency requirements of Jessica's Law for all paroled sex offenders in San Diego County, affirming a lower court ruling, stating that it was an unconstitutional blanket condition of parole that "limits the housing choices of all sex offenders identically, without regard to the type of victim or the risk of reoffending." [8] During 2014 RSOL's Californian chapter CA RSOL sued over 20 municipalities[9] in federal court over sex offender ordinances[10][11][12] causing at least 44 other municipalities to either repeal or quit enforcing their ordinances in order to avoid litigation.[13] In March 2015 Supreme Court of California deemed blanket residency restrictions unconstitutional citing their counterproductive effect and unfairness.[1]

The California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation (CDCR) has stated that every registered sex offender paroled after the law's passage in 2006 is wearing a GPS device.[14] However, CDCR is responsible for only 11% of California's sex offenders statewide,[14] and "only a fraction of the state's registered sex offenders wear a GPS unit".[15]

References

  1. ^ a b "Housing Restrictions For Sex Offenders Unconstitutional, California Court Rules". The Huffington Post.
  2. ^ "IN THE NEWS: California court upholds indeterminate commitment of Sexually Violent Predators". forensicpsychologist.blogspot.com. 16 November 2007. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  3. ^ "Arguments supporting and opposing Proposition 83". ca.gov. Archived from the original on 2008-12-02. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  4. ^ "Proposition 83: Sex Offender Reform". California Secretary of State. 2006-12-14. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-21.
  5. ^ Prop. 83 buffer zone for sex criminals blocked November 9, 2006
  6. ^ Jennifer Warren (February 24, 2007). "Prop. 83 rulings leave a gray area". Los Angeles Times. p. 2.
  7. ^ Maura Dolan (February 1, 2010). "'Jessica's Law' can be applied retroactively, state Supreme Court decides". Los Angeles Times.
  8. ^ "In re Taylor". justia.com. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  9. ^ Johnson, Shea (Oct 21, 2014). "County sued over sex offender ordinance". Daily Press. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
  10. ^ Belluci, Janice (21 July 2013). "CA RSOL Challenges El Dorado County Sex Offender Ordinance". In Eldorado County News. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
  11. ^ Howes, Rebecca (April 24, 2014). "Attorney files sex offender lawsuit against Lompoc". Lompoc Record. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
  12. ^ Case, Stephanie (September 19, 2013). "City of Orange Sued Over Sex Offender Halloween Restrictions". KTLA 5. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
  13. ^ Nelson, Joe (10 November 2014). "SPECIAL REPORT: Pair seeks repeal of sex-offender laws in California". Daily Breeze. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
  14. ^ a b "Sex Offender Information". California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation.
  15. ^ "GPS monitoring of sex offenders is useful, but limited, experts say". nctimes.com. Retrieved 9 April 2018.

External links

This page was last edited on 26 September 2019, at 21:20
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.