To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

2004 European Parliament election in the United Kingdom

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

2004 European Parliament election in the United Kingdom

← 1999 10 June 2004 2009 →

All 78 of the United Kingdom's seats
in the European Parliament
Turnout38.5%[1] Increase14.5%
  First party Second party Third party
 
Evans, Jonathan (crop).jpg
Gary Titley- British Politician.jpg
Roger Knapman (3x4 crop).jpg
Leader Jonathan Evans Gary Titley Roger Knapman
Party Conservative Labour UKIP
Alliance EPP PES IND/DEM
Leader since 14 December 2001 2002 5 October 2002
Leader's seat Wales North East England South West England
Last election 36 seats, 33.5% 29 seats, 26.3% 3 seats, 6.5%
Seats before 35 25 2
Seats won 27 19 12
Seat change Decrease8* Decrease6* Increase10*
Popular vote 4,397,087 3,718,683 2,650,768
Percentage 25.9% 21.9% 15.6%
Swing Decrease7.6% Decrease4.4% Increase9.1%

  Fourth party Fifth party
 
GrahamWatsonMEPHead and Shoulders.jpg
Green
Leader Graham Watson N/A[a]
Party Liberal Democrats Green
Alliance ALDE European Green Party
Leader since January 2002 N/A
Leader's seat South West England N/A
Last election 10 seats, 11.9% 2 seats, 5.3%
Seats before 10 2
Seats won 12 2
Seat change Increase2* Steady
Popular vote 2,452,327 948,588
Percentage 14.4% 5.6
Swing Increase2.6% Increase0.3%

European Parliament election 2004 - UK results.png
Colours denote the winning party, as shown in the results tables *Seat change has been adjusted to allow for direct comparison with the results from the 1999 election.[2]

Notional 1999 results

2004 UK European Parliament election.svg

Leader of Largest Party before election

Michael Howard
Conservative

Subsequent Leader of Largest Party

Michael Howard
Conservative

The 2004 European Parliament election was the United Kingdom's part of the wider 2004 European Parliament election which was held between 10 and 13 June 2004 in the 25 member states of the European Union. The United Kingdom's part of this election was held on Thursday 10 June 2004. The election also coincided with the 2004 local elections and the London Assembly and mayoral elections. In total, 78 Members of the European Parliament were elected from the United Kingdom using proportional representation.

The Conservative Party and the Labour Party both polled poorly. The Conservatives experienced their second-lowest ever recorded vote share in a national election (even less than their 1832 nadir, although the party would do worse still in the 2014 and 2019 elections), and Labour their lowest since 1918. The UK Independence Party (UKIP) saw a large increase in support, increasing its number of MEPs from 3 to 12 and on popular vote pushed the Liberal Democrats, who themselves had increased their representation from 10 to 12 seats into fourth place. In Northern Ireland, Sinn Féin beat the SDLP in the polls and took its first Northern Ireland seat.

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/4
    Views:
    6 754 795
    7 044
    400 743
    15 913
  • Why the UK Election Results are the Worst in History.
  • A Brief History of the EU
  • Understanding Brexit: The UK votes to leave the EU
  • Why Nobody Cares About The SECOND Largest Democracy (EU)

Transcription

Hello Internet The UK had an election we need to talk about because after the debates finished, the people voted and the ballots tallied the results were this: But parliament ended up looking like this: Which isn't, exactly, representative. And by not exactly, I mean at all. Red earned 30% of the vote and 36% of the seats, which is sort of close, but the rest is madness: Orange earned 8% of the vote but got one eighth of that while Yellow's 5% just about doubled, and purple earned 13% and got squat. Meanwhile blue's 37% of the people booted to 51% of the seats in parliament. The blue boost is even bigger when you consider that 51% of the seats gives basically 100% the control. How'd this happen? In the UK -- national elections aren't really national, they're a bunch of local elections. The UK is divided into constituencies, each of which elects one member of parliament (M.P.) to represent them. This local / national divide is where the trouble begins. Imagine a parliament with just three constituencies, and it's easy to see how it wouldn't always align with citizens. Some people think this sort of result is fine -- “it's all *about* winning local elections,” they’ll say. “Each M.P. represents their constituency.” And while the imbalance in this example is dumb, but it's the same problem in the real election and this same argument is given, but there are two more problems with it in reality land. 1) Few citizens have any idea who their MP is, they just know what party they voted for -- what party they want to represent their views on the national level. And pretending like it's a local election is a bit disingenuous. -- in practice it's an election for now the nation will run -- not really for who is going to represent a tiny part of it. and even if it were 2) The individual constituencies are worse at representing their citizens than parliament. Indulge this spreadsheet-loving nerd for a moment, will you? The difference between what a party earned at the polls and what they got in parliament is the amount of misrepresentation error. If we calculate all the errors for all the parties and add them up we can say the Parliament as a whole has 47% percentage points of misrepresentation error. That sounds bad looks like a utopian rainbow of diversity compared to any local election because the local elections have *one* winner. Out of the 650 constituencies 647 have a higher representation error than parliament. These are the only three that don't and they're really unusual for having so many of a single kind of voter in one place. Most places look the The Wrekin which is dead in the middle a mere one-hundred and one points off. Note that the winning candidate didn't reach a majority here. Which means more than half of constituencies elected their MP with a minority of voters. The worst is Belfast South at the bottom of the list. Hilariously unrepresentative. Less than a quarter of the voters get to speak for the entire place in parliament. This is the the lowest percentage an M.P. has ever been elected by. So when people argue that the UK election is a bunch of local elections 1) people don't act like it, and 2) It's even more of an argument that the elections are broken because they're worse on this level. These local elections are unrepresentative because of the terrible 'First Past the Post' voting system -- which I have complained mightily about and won't repeat everything here -- go watch the video -- but TL;DR it only 'works' when citizens are limited to two choices. Voting for any party except the biggest makes it more likely the biggest will win by a minority -- which is exactly what happened. That citizens keep voting for smaller parties despite knowing the result is against their strategic interests demonstrates the citizenry wants diverse representation -- but that successes is the very thing that's made this the most unrepresentative parliament in the history of the UK. People happy with the results argue the system is working fine -- of course they do. Their team won. Government isn't a sport where a singular 'winner' must be determined. It's a system to make rules that everyone follows and so, we need a system where everyone can agree the process is fair even if the results don't go in their favor. If you support a system that disenfranchises people you don't like and turbo-franchises people you do -- then it doesn't look like you sport representative democracy, it looks like you support a kind of dictatorship light. Where a small group of people (including you) makes the rules for everyone. But as it is now, on election day the more people express what they want the worse the system looks which makes them disengaged at best or angry at worst and GEE I CAN'T IMAGINE WHY. This is fixable, there are many, many better ways the UK could vote -- here are two that even keep local representatives. And fixing voting really matters, because this is a kind of government illegitimacy score -- and it's been going up and may continue to do so unless this fundamentally broken voting system is changed.

Background

Electoral system

The United Kingdom elected 78 Members of the European Parliament using proportional representation. The United Kingdom was divided into twelve multi-member constituencies. The eleven of these regions which form Great Britain used a closed-list party list system method of proportional representation, calculated using the D'Hondt method. Northern Ireland used the Single Transferable Vote (STV). As a consequence of the 2004 enlargement of the European Union, the number of seats allocated to the United Kingdom was fewer than in 1999.

It was the first European election to be held in the United Kingdom using postal-only voting in four areas: the North East, North West, Yorkshire and the Humber, and East Midlands regions.[3]

Regional seat allocations

A combination of the effects of the Treaty of Nice and the 2004 enlargement of the European Union meant that the number of seats allocated to the United Kingdom for the 2004 election was reduced from the 87 MEPs allocated for the 1999 election to 78 MEPs.[4][5]

As a result of the successful challenge of Matthews v United Kingdom before the European Court of Human Rights in 1999[6] residents of Gibraltar, voted in the European Parliament election for the first time, as part of the South West England region.[7]

Changes in regional seat allocations[8]
Constituency Representation
in 1999
Representation
in 2004
Net Gain/Loss
East Midlands 6 6 Steady
East of England 8 7 Decrease1
London 10 9 Decrease1
North East England 4 3 Decrease1
North West England 10 9 Decrease1
Northern Ireland 3 3 Steady
Scotland 8 7 Decrease1
South East England 11 10 Decrease1
South West England1 7 7 Steady
Wales 5 4 Decrease1
West Midlands 8 7 Decrease1
Yorkshire and the Humber 7 6 Decrease1
Overall 87 78 Decrease9

1 Includes Gibraltar, the only British overseas territory which is part of the EU.

Results

Partial map, showing most popular party by counting area on Great Britain only.
Partial map, showing most popular party by counting area on Great Britain only.

Turnout for all the regions was 38.2% on an electorate of 44,157,267[9] (43,084,598 in Great Britain and 1,072,669 in Northern Ireland).[10] The Conservatives and Labour both polled poorly. The Conservatives, although getting a vote share 4.1% greater than Labour, experienced their lowest vote share in a national election since 1832. Labour's vote share was its lowest since 1918. Labour's decline in votes was regarded as being largely due to widespread public dissatisfaction about the Iraq War and (as with the Conservatives) the increased popularity of UK Independence Party (UKIP). UKIP saw a large increase in support, increasing its number of MEPs from 3 to 12, drawing level with the Liberal Democrats, who themselves had increased their representation from 10 to 12 seats. UKIP polled higher than the Liberal Democrats to push the latter into fourth place.

Turnout was lowest in Scotland, which did not hold local elections on the same day. In Scotland, Labour topped the poll, followed by the Scottish National Party (SNP). The Conservatives' share of the vote declined by 2 percent, making it the region with the smallest swing against them.[8]

Wales was the only region were Labour increased its share of the vote compared to 1999. The Conservatives managed to make gains pushing Plaid Cymru into third and whose share of the vote fell by 12 percentage points relative to 1999. Similarly UKIP narrowly beat the Liberal Democrats into fourth place. Wales was the region where the Green Party polled their lowest share of the vote.[8]

United Kingdom

Party Votes won % of vote Loss/Gain Seats Loss/Gain† % of seats
Conservative 4,397,090 25.9 -7.6 27 -8 34.6
Labour 3,718,683 21.9 -4.4 19 -6 24.4
UKIP 2,650,768 15.6 +9.1 12 +10 15.4
Liberal Democrats 2,452,327 14.4 +2.6 12 +2 15.4
Green 948,588 5.6 +0.3 2 0 2.6
BNP 808,201 4.8 +3.8 0 0 0
Respect 252,216 1.5 New 0 0 0
SNP 231,505 1.4 -1.2 2 0 2.6
DUP 175,761 1.0 -0.8 1 0 1.3
Plaid Cymru 159,888 0.9 -0.8 1 0 1.3
Sinn Féin 144,541 0.9 -0.3 1 +1 1.3
English Democrat 130,056 0.8 New 0 0 0
Liberal 96,325 0.6 -0.3 0 0 0
Independent - Martin Bell 93,028 0.6 New 0 0 0
Ulster Unionist 91,164 0.5 -0.6 1 0 1.3
SDLP 87,559 0.5 -1.3 0 -1 0
Green 79,695 0.5 -0.1 0 0 0
Scottish Socialist 61,356 0.4 New 0 0 0
CPA 56,771 0.3 New 0 0 0
Senior Citizens 42,861 0.3 New 0 0 0
Countryside 42,107 0.2 New 0 0 0
Independent - Herron 39,658 0.2 New 0 0 0
Independent - Gilliland 36,270 0.2 New 0 0 0
Pensioners 33,501 0.2 New 0 0 0
Christian Vote 21,056 0.1 New 0 0 0
ProLife Alliance 20,393 0.1 New 0 0 0
Forward Wales 17,280 0.1 New 0 0 0
Independent - Ellis 14,762 0.1 New 0 0 0
People's Party for Better Government 13,776 0.1 New 0 0 0
Peace 12,572 0.1 New 0 0 0
Socialist Environmental 9,172 0.1 New 0 0 0
Common Good 8,650 0.1 New 0 0 0
Independent - Neal 8,318 0.0 New 0 0 0
Scottish Wind Watch 7,255 0.0 New 0 0 0
Christian Democratic Party 6,821 0.0 New 0 0 0
Independent - Rhodes 5,671 0.0 New 0 0 0
Independent - Naisbitt 5,137 0.0 New 0 0 0
Green (NI) 4,810 0.0 New 0 0 0
Independent - Tait 3,624 0.0 New 0 0 0
Independent - Rogers 2,615 0.0 New 0 0 0
Independent - Shadmyraine 847 0.0 New 0 0 0
Total 16,443,397 78
All parties listed.

†Loss/gain figures for seats are losses/gains versus the 1999 notional result, as the number of MEPs overall fell.

Great Britain

Summary of the election results for Great Britain[2]

Party Votes won % of vote Loss/Gain Seats Loss/Gain† % of seats
Conservative 4,397,090 26.7 -9.0 27 -8 36.0
Labour 3,718,683 22.6 -5.4 19 -6 25.3
UKIP 2,650,768 16.1 +9.2 12 +10 16.0
Liberal Democrats 2,452,327 14.9 +2.3 12 +2 16.0
Green 948,588 5.8 +0.1 2 0 2.7
BNP 808,201 4.9 +3.9 0 0 0
Respect 252,216 1.5 New 0 0 0
SNP 231,505 1.4 -1.3 2 0 2.7
Plaid Cymru 159,888 1.0 -0.9 1 0 1.3
English Democrat 130,056 0.8 New 0 0 0
Liberal 96,325 0.6 -0.3 0 0 0
Independent - Martin Bell 93,028 0.6 New 0 0 0
Green 79,695 0.5 -0.1 0 0 0
Scottish Socialist 61,356 0.4 New 0 0 0
CPA 56,771 0.3 New 0 0 0
Senior Citizens 42,861 0.3 New 0 0 0
Countryside 42,107 0.3 New 0 0 0
Independent - Herron 39,658 0.2 New 0 0 0
Pensioners 33,501 0.2 New 0 0 0
Christian Vote 21,056 0.1 New 0 0 0
ProLife Alliance 20,393 0.1 New 0 0 0
Forward Wales 17,280 0.1 New 0 0 0
Independent - Herron 14,762 0.1 New 0 0 0
People's Party for Better Government 13,776 0.1 New 0 0 0
Peace 12,572 0.1 New 0 0 0
Common Good 8,650 0.1 New 0 0 0
Independent - Neal 8,318 0.1 New 0 0 0
Scottish Wind Watch 7,255 0.0 New 0 0 0
Christian Democratic Party 6,821 0.0 New 0 0 0
Independent - Rhodes 5,671 0.0 New 0 0 0
Independent - Naisbitt 5,137 0.0 New 0 0 0
Independent - Tait 3,624 0.0 New 0 0 0
Independent - Rogers 2,615 0.0 New 0 0 0
Independent - Shadmyraine 847 0.0 New 0 0 0
Total 16,443,397 75
All parties listed.

†Loss/gain figures for seats are losses/gains versus the 1999 notional result, as the number of MEPs overall fell.

Gibraltar

Gibraltar participated in the United Kingdom's election for the first time in 2004 as part of the South West England constituency. Gibraltar is a British overseas territory (BOT) and therefore is under the jurisdiction and sovereignty of the United Kingdom but does not form part of it.[11] Gibraltar is however part of the EU, the only BOT to be so. Following however, the result of the successful challenge of Matthews v United Kingdom before the European Court of Human Rights in 1999[6] residents of Gibraltar were given the right to vote in the European Parliament elections. The British government decided not to give Gibraltar its own seat due to its small electorate of just over 20,000 which would have meant with just one seat Gibraltar would have been over-represented by about 30 times the average.[7]

None of the main Gibraltar political parties contested the election, so voters chose from United Kingdom party lists. However, Lyana Armstrong-Emery of Gibraltar's Reform Party had a place on a joint list with the Green Party. In addition both the leader of the Conservative Party, Michael Howard, and his deputy, Michael Ancram, campaigned in Gibraltar.[12]

Turnout in Gibraltar was 57.5%, higher than the 37.6% for the South West England electoral region as a whole.[13] The Conservative Party polled over two-thirds of the Gibraltar vote, with no other party exceeding 10% support.

Northern Ireland

Turnout in Northern Ireland was 51.2%.[14] Sinn Féin beat the SDLP in the polls and took its first Northern Ireland seat. Sinn Féin also won a seat in the corresponding elections in the Republic of Ireland.[15] Sinn Féin and the DUP increased their shares of the vote relative to the 1999 European Parliament elections, while the shares for both the SDLP and the UUP fell.[8] This was also the final election in which a Unionist candidate topped the poll in Northern Ireland.[16] Jim Allister of the DUP and Bairbre de Brún of Sinn Féin were elected in the first round while Jim Nicholson of the UUP was elected in the third stage, after the votes of the other candidates were reallocated.[8]

Summary of the election results for Northern Ireland[17]

Party Candidate(s) Seats Loss/Gain First Preference Votes
Number % of vote
DUP Jim Allister 1 Steady 175,761 31.9
Sinn Féin Bairbre de Brún 1 Increase 1 144,541 26.3
Ulster Unionist Jim Nicholson 1 Steady 91,164 16.6
SDLP Martin Morgan 0 Decrease 1 87,559 15.9
Independent John Gilliland 0 Steady 36,270 6.6
Socialist Environmental Eamonn McCann 0 Steady 9,172 1.6
Green (NI) Lindsay Whitcroft 0 Steady 4,810 0.9
Total 549,277
Turnout 51.2%[14]

MEPs defeated

Labour

Conservative

Plaid Cymru

Aftermath

Both Tony Blair and Michael Howard faced criticism for their results with then Secretary of State for Health John Reid calling the results "disappointing" for Labour and "disastrous" for the Conservatives.[21]

Shortly after the election UKIP's Robert Kilroy-Silk, who was credited with raising the profile of the party during the election, was interviewed by Channel 4 television about leadership ambitions, Kilroy-Silk did not deny having ambitions to lead the party, but stressed that Roger Knapman would lead it into the next general election.[citation needed] However, the next day, on Breakfast with Frost, he criticised Knapman's leadership.[22] After further disagreement with the leadership, Kilroy-Silk resigned the UKIP whip in the European Parliament on 27 October 2004.[23] Initially, he remained a member, while seeking a bid for the party leadership.[24] However, this was not successful and he resigned completely from UKIP on 20 January 2005, calling it a "joke".[25] Two weeks later, he founded his own party, Veritas, taking a number of UKIP members, including both of the London Assembly members, with him.[26]

UKIP formed a new European Parliament Group, Independence/Democracy which was co-chaired by Nigel Farage and Hanne Dahl.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ At the time of the election the party had principal speakers rather than leaders.

References

  1. ^ "Previous European Parliamentary Elections – About Parliament". European Parliament. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
  2. ^ a b "European Election: United Kingdom Result". BBC News. Retrieved 22 May 2014.
  3. ^ Research Paper 04/50 European Parliament elections 2004, House of Commons Library, 23 June 2004
  4. ^ "Treaty of Nice: The other institutions and bodies of the Union". Europa. Retrieved 25 May 2014.
  5. ^ "Changes in the distribution of seats in the European Parliament". Centre Virtuel de la Connaissance sur l'Europe. Retrieved 25 May 2014.
  6. ^ a b "ECHR Portal HTML View". 16 May 2012. Archived from the original on 16 May 2012.
  7. ^ a b "Court upholds Rock voting rights". BBC News. Retrieved 22 May 2014.
  8. ^ a b c d e Research Paper 04/50 European Parliament elections 2004, House of Commons Library, 23 June 2004, p. 8
  9. ^ Fisher, Stephen; Smith, Shawna (2005). "United Kingdom". European Journal of Political Research. 44 (7–8): 1211–1220. doi:10.1111/j.1475-6765.2005.00286.x. ISSN 0304-4130.
  10. ^ Mellows-Facer, Adam; Cracknell, Richard; Yonwin, Jessica (23 June 2004). "European Parliament elections 2004" (PDF). House of Commons Library: 11-25. Retrieved 11 October 2022. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  11. ^ "UK Overseas Territories - GOV.UK". www.gov.uk.
  12. ^ Wilkinson, Isambard (18 May 2004). "The Tories won't let you down, Howard tells Gibraltar". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 19 September 2008.
  13. ^ Reyes, Brian (8 June 2009). "Landslide for Tories Disappointment for Labour". Gibraltar Chronicle. Archived from the original on 10 June 2009. Retrieved 2009-06-08. ()
  14. ^ a b "European Election: Northern Ireland Result". BBC News. 14 June 2004. Retrieved 24 May 2014.
  15. ^ "Vote further polarises Ulster politics". The Guardian. 15 June 2004. Retrieved 25 May 2014.
  16. ^ "DUP's worst ever Euro poll result". BBC News. 8 June 2009. Retrieved 25 May 2014.
  17. ^ "The 2004 European Election". www.ark.ac.uk.
  18. ^ "Democracy Live Brian Simpson MEP". BBC. Archived from the original on 22 May 2014. Retrieved 22 May 2014.
  19. ^ "MEP profiles - Jacqueline Foster". European Parliament. Retrieved 25 May 2014.
  20. ^ "Conservative MEPs salute Lord Bethell on his retirement as an MEP & welcome his successor, Ian Twinn". Archived from the original on 19 July 2008. Retrieved 4 July 2010.
  21. ^ "Leaders meet MPs over EU results". BBC News. Retrieved 22 May 2014.
  22. ^ "Kilroy-Silk wants UKIP leadership", Daily Telegraph, 3 October 2004
  23. ^ "Kilroy quits UKIP group of MEPs". BBC News. 27 October 2004.
  24. ^ Tempest, Matthew (7 October 2004). "Kilroy resigns Ukip whip". The Guardian.
  25. ^ "Kilroy-Silk quits shameful UKIP". BBC News. 21 January 2005.
  26. ^ "UKIP on the London Assembly? What Farage and the Politics Show didn't say…". MayorWatch. 23 March 2011.

External links

Manifestos and documents

This page was last edited on 4 February 2023, at 23:43
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.