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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of

The First Lok Sabha was constituted on 17 April 1952 after India's first general election. The 1st Lok Sabha lasted its full tenure of five years and was dissolved on 4 April 1957. First Session of this Lok Sabha commenced on 13 May 1952.

Total Lok Sabha seats were 489 and total eligible voters were 17.3 crore. The Indian National Congress (INC) won 364 seats. They were followed by Independents, winning a total of 37 seats. The Communist Party of India (CPI) and the Socialist Party (India) followed with 16 and 12 seats respectively. Indian National Congress got 45% of the total votes in this election and won 76% of the 479 contested seats.

Lok Sabha officers

As per Article 93 of Constitution of India, the Lok Sabha must have elected and non-elected officers. The elected members are Speaker and the Deputy Speaker whereas the non-elected members are the Secretariat staff.[1] Following were the 1st Lok Sabha officers and other important members.[2][3]

# Position Name From To Days in office
01 Speaker Ganesh Vasudev Mavlankar

M. A. Ayyangar

8 May 1952

8 Mar 1956

27 Feb 1956

10 May 1957



02 Deputy Speaker M. A. Ayyangar

Sardar Hukam Singh

30 May 1952

20 Mar 1956

7 Mar 1956

4 Apr 1957



03 Secretary-General M. N. Kaul 17 Apr 1952 4 Apr 1957 1,813
04 Leader of the House Jawaharlal Nehru 17 Apr 1952 4 Apr 1957 1,813
05 Leader of the Opposition note a A K Gopalan 17 Apr 1952 4 Apr 1957 1,813

a. ^ (Not Officially Declared) The position of Leader of the Opposition only got recognition in 1977 post Salary and Allowances of Leaders of Opposition in Parliament Act.[4]

List of members by political party

Members by political party in 1st Lok Sabha are given below:

Party Name Code Numer of MP's
Indian National Congress INC 364
Communist Party of India CPI 16
Socialist Party SP 12
Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party KMPP 9
Peoples Democratic Front PDF 7
Ganatantra Parishad GP 6
Shiromani Akali Dal SAD 4
Tamil Nadu Toilers Party TNTP 4
Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha ABHM 4
Commonweal Party CWP 3
Akhil Bharatiya Ram Rajya Parishad RRP 3
Bharatiya Jana Sangh BJS 3
Revolutionary Socialist Party RSP 3
Jharkhand Party JKP 3
Scheduled Caste Federation SCF 2
Lok Sevak Sangh LSS 2
Peasants and Workers Party of India PWPI 2
Forward Bloc (Marxist) FB(M) 1
Krishikar Lok Party KLP 1
Chota Nagpur Santhal Parganas Janata Party CNSPJP 1
Madras State Muslim League Party MSMLP 1
Travancore Tamil Nadu Congress Party TTNC 1
Independents 37
Nominated Anglo-Indians 2
Total 489

List of members by state

External links


  1. ^ "Constitution of India" (PDF). Ministry of Law and Justice (India). Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 June 2014. Retrieved 25 August 2016.
  2. ^ "Lok Sabha Officers". Lok Sabha website. Archived from the original on 7 December 2013. Retrieved 25 August 2016.
  3. ^ "First Lok Sabha office holders". Parliament of India - Lok Sabha. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  4. ^ "Leader of the Opposition". Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs. Archived from the original on 16 January 2010. Retrieved 25 August 2016.
This page was last edited on 15 October 2019, at 21:38
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