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1 (New York City Subway service)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

"1" train symbol
Broadway–Seventh Avenue Local
MTA NYC Subway 1 train leaving 125th St.jpg
South Ferry-bound 1 train of R62As departing 125th Street
Map of the "1" train
Northern endVan Cortlandt Park–242nd Street
Southern endSouth Ferry
Length14.7 mi (23.7 km)
Rolling stock10 R62s (1 train)
300 R62As (30 trains)[1]
Depot240th Street Yard
Started serviceOctober 27, 1904; 114 years ago (1904-10-27)
Route map

Down arrow  1 
Van Cortlandt Park–242nd Street
238th Street
231st Street
Marble Hill–225th Street
215th Street
207th Street
Dyckman Street
Handicapped/disabled access
191st Street
181st Street
168th Street (early 2020)
157th Street
145th Street
137th Street–City College
125th Street
116th Street–Columbia University
Cathedral Parkway–110th Street
103rd Street
96th Street
91st Street
86th Street
79th Street
72nd Street
66th Street–Lincoln Center
59th Street–Columbus Circle
50th Street
Up arrow  3 
Times Square–42nd Street
34th Street–Penn Station
28th Street
23rd Street
18th Street
14th Street
Christopher Street–Sheridan Square
Houston Street
Canal Street
Franklin Street
Chambers Street
WTC Cortlandt
Rector Street
South Ferry loops
Up arrow  1 
South Ferry

Lines used by the "1" train
Other services sharing
tracks with the "1" train
Unused lines, connections,
or service patterns
Termini of services

Cross-platform interchange

Platforms on different levels

The 1 Broadway–Seventh Avenue Local[2] is a rapid transit service in the A Division of the New York City Subway. Its route emblem, or "bullet", is colored red, since it uses the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line for its entire route.

The 1 operates at all times, making local stops between Van Cortlandt Park–242nd Street in Riverdale, Bronx and South Ferry in Lower Manhattan.

The modern 1 train has always run up to Van Cortlandt Park in the Bronx, but its route below 96th Street has varied through the years. In 1918, the modern IRT "H" system was introduced and the earlier trunk line service was discontinued. South of 96th Street, 1 trains either ran local to South Ferry or express to Brooklyn, a service pattern discontinued in 1959. From 1989 to 2005, the 1 ran in a skip-stop service pattern during rush hours, with the 9 providing the complementary skip-stop service on the same route.

Service history

Early service

R12 IRT 1.svg
Original R12 to R36 end rollsign

When the first subway opened between 1904 and 1908, one of the main service patterns was the West Side Branch, which the modern 1 train uses. Trains ran from Lower Manhattan to Van Cortlandt Park via what is now the IRT Lexington Avenue Line, 42nd Street Shuttle, and IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line. There was both local and express service with express trains using the express tracks south of 96th Street. Some express trains ran to Atlantic Avenue in Brooklyn via the Joralemon Street Tunnel during rush hours while all other trains turned around at City Hall or the South Ferry outer loop.[3][4][5]

On June 3, 1917, the first portion of the Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line south of Times Square–42nd Street (to 34th Street–Penn Station) opened; a separate shuttle service between Times Square and 34th Street was placed into service.[6] On July 1, 1918, this shuttle was extended south to South Ferry, with a shorter shuttle on the Brooklyn branch between Chambers Street and Wall Street.[7] Finally, the new "H" system was implemented on August 1, 1918, joining the two halves of the Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line and sending all West Side trains south from Times Square.[8]

As of 1934, all 1 Express trains were running from 242nd Street to New Lots Avenue weekdays and Saturdays during the day, alternating between New Lots and Flatbush Avenues evenings and Sunday afternoons, and were split at Brooklyn Museum on Sunday morning with the south half going to New Lots Avenue and the north half to Flatbush Avenue. Late night service was not operated. All 1 Local trains ran from 137th Street (extended to Dyckman Street during rush hours) to South Ferry days and evenings, and 242nd Street to between New Lots and Flatbush Avenues late nights.[9]

On September 5, 1937, the practice of splitting Sunday morning trains at Brooklyn Museum was discontinued, with the alternate trains going to New Lots Avenue or Flatbush Avenue.[9]

On July 1, 1938, all evening and Sunday trains were rerouted to New Lots Avenue.

By 1945, all 1 Local peak period trains were cut back from Dyckman Street to 137th Street.

Beginning on May 10, 1946, all 1 Brooklyn trains were made express during late nights running on 12 minute headways. Previously all 1 trains ran local from 12:30 to 5:30am and they alternated between Flatbush and New Lots Avenues.[10][11] On December 20, 1946, all late night trains were routed to Flatbush Avenue, while Sunday service still alternated between Flatbush and New Lots Avenues. On June 12, 1949, 137th Street to South Ferry Sunday locals were discontinued, but were resumed on March 5, 1950, at which time Sunday service was also rerouted to New Lots Avenue. On March 15, 1954, weekend 137th Street to South Ferry locals were discontinued,[12] and simultaneously weekend Brooklyn trains were rerouted to Flatbush Avenue.

An attempt was made to extend express service further north on January 14, 1955, when alternate rush trains ran express between 137th and 96th Streets in the peak direction.[13] This proved unsuccessful, and ended on June 28, 1956. Meanwhile, in Brooklyn, weekday trains were rerouted to Flatbush Avenue on December 20, 1957, and evening 137th Street to South Ferry locals were discontinued on May 23, 1958.

1 (1967-1979 New York City Subway bullet).svg
The bullet used from November 1967 to June 1979
The current bullet used since June 1979

West Side improvement

Under a $100,000,000 rebuilding program, increased and lengthened service was implemented during peak hours on the 1 train. Switching north of 96th Street became restricted to General Orders. On February 6, 1959, 1 trains began to run between 242nd Street and South Ferry all times. Trains began to be branded as Hi-Speed Locals, being as fast as the old express service with new R21s and R22s on the line.[14][15] During rush hours in the peak direction, alternate trains from 242nd Street only stopped at 168th Street while running express from Dyckman to 137th Streets in the direction of heavy traffic. The bypassed stations were served by locals originating from Dyckman Street.[16]

PM rush local/express service was discontinued on February 2, 1959, and morning rush express service was revised on January 8, 1962 to running express from 225th to Dyckman Streets and 168th to 137th Streets. This express service was discontinued on May 24, 1976, after which all 1 trains began to make all stops.

Skip stop, 9/11, and recent changes

On August 21, 1989, the 1/9 weekday skip-stop service started. The plan was to have skip-stop service begin north of 116th Street–Columbia University, but due to criticism, most notably that riders did not want 125th Street to be a skip-stop station, skip-stop service operated north of 137th Street–City College between the hours of 6:30 am and 7:00 pm. All 1 trains skipped Marble Hill–225th, 207th, 191st and 145th Streets, while all 9 trains skipped 238th, 215th, Dyckman and 157th Streets.[17][18][19][20] On September 4, 1994, midday skip-stop service was discontinued,[21] and 191st Street became a common station for skip-stop service.

After the September 11 attacks, 1 trains had to be rerouted since the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line ran directly under the World Trade Center site and was heavily damaged in the collapse of the Twin Towers. It initially ran as a shuttle alongside the 2 and 3 trains to Times Square, due to debris that fell on the tracks south of Pennsylvania Station. When that was cleared by September 17, it ran only between 242nd Street and 14th Street, making local stops north of and express stops south of 96th Street. Local service was replaced by the 2 and 3 trains, running express from Canal Street to Fulton Street due to debris covering the stops between them. The skip-stop service with the 9 train was suspended for the duration of the 9/11 emergency service plan. [22] On September 19, after a few switching delays at 96th Street, service was changed. 1 trains made all stops from 242nd Street to New Lots Avenue via the Clark Street Tunnel and IRT Eastern Parkway Line, to replace 3 trains (which terminated at 14th Street) at all times. All 1 trains continued running express with the 2 between the aforementioned streets until October 1, when it terminated at Chambers Street in Manhattan overnight.

On September 15, 2002, 1 trains returned to the South Ferry Loop and 9 skip-stop service was reinstated. However, Cortlandt Street, which was directly underneath the World Trade Center, was demolished as part of the clean-up and was rebuilt as part of the World Trade Center Transportation Hub until September 8, 2018, when it reopened as WTC Cortlandt.[23][24]

Bronx-bound 1 train of R62s at 125th Street
Bronx-bound 1 train of R62s at 125th Street

9 train service was discontinued on May 27, 2005 and 1 trains now make all stops at all times.[25][21][26] The skip-stop service made less sense by 2005 because of the increased number of trains being run and higher ridership at the bypassed stations; the MTA estimated that eliminating skip-stop service only added 2​12 to 3 minutes of travel time (for passengers at the northernmost stations at 242nd Street and 238th Street) but many passengers would see train frequencies double, resulting in decreased overall travel time (because of less time waiting for trains).[27]

On March 16, 2009, the new South Ferry station opened, replacing the original loop station.[28] However, Hurricane Sandy flooded the station, requiring it to be shut down for repairs. Rector Street served as a temporary terminal for the 1 until April 4, 2013,[29] when the 1 returned to the reopened loop station, also serving as a temporary terminal until the new South Ferry Station reopened on June 27, 2017.[30][31][32]


Service pattern

The 1 uses the following lines with the same service pattern at all times.[33]

Line From To Tracks
IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line Van Cortlandt Park–242nd Street South Ferry local


The 1 runs on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line in its entirety.[2]

Station service legend
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops late nights only Stops late nights only
Stops weekdays only Stops weekdays only
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops weekdays in the peak direction only
Station closed Station closed
Time period details
Handicapped/disabled access
Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
Handicapped/disabled access
Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
in the indicated direction only
Handicapped/disabled access
Aiga elevator.svg
Elevator access to mezzanine only
1 service
Handicapped/disabled access
Subway transfers Connections and notes
The Bronx
Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line
Stops all times Van Cortlandt Park–242nd Street
Stops all times 238th Street Northern terminal for some southbound rush hour trains[a]
Stops all times 231st Street
Handicapped/disabled access
Stops all times Marble Hill–225th Street Metro-North Hudson Line at Marble Hill
Stops all times 215th Street Northern terminal for some northbound a.m. rush hour trains[b]
Out-of-system transfers with MetroCard:
A all times at Inwood–207th Street
Stops all times 207th Street Bx12 Select Bus Service
Out-of-system transfers with MetroCard:
A all times at Inwood–207th Street
Stops all times Dyckman Street
Handicapped/disabled access
Station is ADA-accessible in the southbound direction only.
Stops all times 191st Street
Elevator access to mezzanine only
Stops all times 181st Street
Elevator access to mezzanine only
George Washington Bridge Bus Terminal
Station closed 168th Street
Elevator access to mezzanine only
A all timesC all except late nights (IND Eighth Avenue Line) Station is closed for elevator maintenance until early 2020.[34]
Stops all times 157th Street Bx6 Select Bus Service
Stops all times 145th Street
Stops all times 137th Street–City College Northern terminal for some a.m. rush hour trains
Stops all times 125th Street
Stops all times 116th Street–Columbia University M60 Select Bus Service to LaGuardia Airport
Stops all times Cathedral Parkway–110th Street
Stops all times 103rd Street
Stops all times 96th Street
Handicapped/disabled access
2 all times3 all times
Stops all times 86th Street 2 late nights M86 Select Bus Service
Stops all times 79th Street 2 late nights M79 Select Bus Service
Stops all times 72nd Street
Handicapped/disabled access
2 all times3 all times
Stops all times 66th Street–Lincoln Center
Handicapped/disabled access
2 late nights
Stops all times 59th Street–Columbus Circle
Handicapped/disabled access
2 late nights
A all timesB weekdays until 11:00 p.m.C all except late nightsD all times (IND Eighth Avenue Line)
Stops all times 50th Street 2 late nights
Stops all times Times Square–42nd Street
Handicapped/disabled access
2 all times3 all times
7 all times <7> rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction​ (IRT Flushing Line)
A all timesC all except late nightsE all times (IND Eighth Avenue Line at 42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal)
N all timesQ all timesR all except late nightsW weekdays only (BMT Broadway Line)
S all except late nights (42nd Street Shuttle)
Port Authority Bus Terminal
Stops all times 34th Street–Penn Station
Handicapped/disabled access
2 all times3 all except late nights M34 / M34A Select Bus Service
Amtrak, LIRR, and NJ Transit at Pennsylvania Station
Stops all times 28th Street 2 late nights
Stops all times 23rd Street 2 late nights M23 Select Bus Service
Stops all times 18th Street 2 late nights
Stops all times 14th Street 2 all times3 all except late nights
F all timesM all times except late nights (IND Sixth Avenue Line at 14th Street)
L all times (BMT Canarsie Line at Sixth Avenue)
PATH at 14th Street
Stops all times Christopher Street–Sheridan Square 2 late nights PATH at Christopher Street
Stops all times Houston Street 2 late nights
Stops all times Canal Street 2 late nights
Stops all times Franklin Street 2 late nights
Stops all times Chambers Street
Handicapped/disabled access
2 all times3 all except late nights
Manhattan Branch
Stops all times WTC Cortlandt
Handicapped/disabled access
PATH at World Trade Center
Stops all times Rector Street
Stops all times South Ferry
Handicapped/disabled access
N late nightsR all timesW weekdays only (BMT Broadway Line) M15 Select Bus Service
Staten Island Ferry at Whitehall Terminal


  1. ^ Some southbound 1 trains originate at this station during a.m. and p.m. rush hours
  2. ^ Some northbound 1 trains terminate at this station during the a.m. rush hour only


  1. ^ "Subdivision 'A' Car Assignments: Cars Required June 24, 2018" (PDF). 61 (7). Electric Railroaders' Association. July 2018: 16. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
  2. ^ a b "1 Subway Timetable, Effective June 24, 2018" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 24, 2018.
  3. ^ Commerce and Industry Association of New York, Pocket Guide to New York, 1906, pp. 19–26
  4. ^ The New York Times, Bronx to Montauk; One Change of Cars, April 30, 1908, page 4
  5. ^ Brooklyn Daily Eagle Almanac, 1916
  6. ^ The New York Times, Three New Links of the Dual Subway System Opened, June 3, 1917, page 33
  7. ^ The New York Times, Open New Subway to Regular Traffic, July 2, 1918, page 11
  8. ^ The New York Times, Open New Subway Lines to Traffic, August 2, 1918, page 1
  9. ^ a b "IRT Brooklyn Line Opened 90 Years Ago". New York Division Bulletin. New York Division, Electric Railroaders' Association. 53 (9). September 2010. Retrieved August 31, 2016 – via Issu.
  10. ^ "24-Hour Express Service on IRT To Become Effective at Midnight" (PDF). New York Times. May 9, 1946. Retrieved February 21, 2016.
  11. ^ Report for the three and one-half years ending June 30, 1949. New York City Board of Transportation. 1949.
  12. ^ "I. R. T. SERVICE REDUCED; Week-End Changes Made on West Side Local, Flushing Lines" (PDF). New York Times. April 3, 1954. Retrieved February 20, 2016.
  13. ^ "I. R. T. TO SKIP STOPS; Broadway Line to Speed Its Service in Rush Hours". The New York Times. December 20, 1954. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 15, 2016.
  14. ^ "New Hi-Speed Locals 1959 New York City Transit Authority". Flickr - Photo Sharing!. Retrieved June 15, 2016.
  15. ^ "WAGNER PRAISES MODERNIZED IRT; Mayor and Transit Authority Are Hailed as West Side Changes Take Effect" (PDF). Retrieved June 15, 2016.
  16. ^ "MODERNIZED IRT TO BOW 0N FEB. 6; West Side Line to Eliminate Bottleneck at 96th Street MODERNIZED IRT TO BOW ON FEB. 6" (PDF). Retrieved June 15, 2016.
  17. ^ "Announcing 1 and 9 skip-stop service on the Broadway-Seventh Avenue Line" (PDF). The Subway Nut. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 5, 2009. Retrieved August 1, 2009.
  18. ^ "The New York City Transit Authority in the 1980s". Archived from the original on May 4, 2007. Retrieved May 12, 2007.
  19. ^ Brozan, Nadine (June 4, 1989). "'Skip-Stop' Subway Plan Annoys No. 1 Riders". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 15, 2016.
  20. ^ Lorch, Donatella (August 22, 1989). "New Service For Subways On West Side". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 15, 2016.
  21. ^ a b Chan, Sewell (January 12, 2005). "MTA Proposes Dropping No. 9 Train". The New York Times. Retrieved April 18, 2010.
  22. ^ Bolden, Eric. "Line by Line History". BDMNQR2. Retrieved June 4, 2019.
  23. ^ Lueck, Thomas J. (September 15, 2002). "Old Service, Old Stops Restored on West Side". The New York Times. Retrieved April 18, 2010.
  24. ^
  25. ^ "Noteworthy - 9 discontinued". May 7, 2005. Archived from the original on May 7, 2005. Retrieved September 18, 2016.
  26. ^ Chung, Jen. "The Number 9 Train's Final Days". Gothamist. Archived from the original on August 25, 2016. Retrieved August 30, 2016.
  27. ^
  28. ^ "MTA | Press Release | MTA Headquarters |  MTA Opens New South Ferry Subway Terminal". Retrieved June 15, 2016.
  29. ^ " | Restoring South Ferry Station". November 28, 2012. Archived from the original on November 28, 2012. Retrieved June 15, 2016.
  30. ^ " | Superstorm Sandy: One Year Later". Retrieved June 15, 2016.
  31. ^ " | Old South Ferry Station to Reopen for Service". Retrieved June 15, 2016.
  32. ^ "South Ferry subway station reopens to public after Sandy damage". NY Daily News. Retrieved June 15, 2016.
  33. ^ "Subway Service Guide" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 1, 2019. Retrieved July 1, 2017.
  34. ^ "Station Info (168 St)". MTA. Retrieved December 14, 2018.

External links

This page was last edited on 5 June 2019, at 00:26
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